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Encyclopedia > Wand
"The giant Galligantua and the wicked old magician transform the duke's daughter into a white hind." illustration by Arthur Rackham, depicting a magician with a wand

The Great Book of Saint Cyprian (aka Ciprianillo) gives step-by-step instructions on how to make a magic wand. The Great Book of Saint Cyprian ( Portuguese: O Antigo Livro de SÃ£o Cipriano: Capa de AÃ§o) is a book that deals with the occult. ...

## Metrology

The wand is also a pre-Norman unit of length used in the British Isles equal to approximately the modern metre, apparently dating from an early use as a yardstick (originally as a generic term). The 'wand' survived for a time under the Normans. Then when the yard was established, the wand came to be known as the 'yard and the hand', and then disappeared, either slowly or by being banned by law.

The old English unit of 1007 millimetres was called a 'wand', and although the 'yard' was created to replace the wand, the wand was still used for some centuries because of its convenience as part of an old English decimal system that included:

• 1 digit (base of long finger) about 20 millimetres
• 10 digits = 1 small span (span of thumb and forefinger) 200 millimetres
• 10 small spans = 1 armstretch (1 fathom from finger tip to finger tip) about 2 metres
• 10 fathoms = 1 chain about 20 metres
• 10 chains = 1 furlong about 200 metres
• 10 furlongs = 1 thus-hund of about 2000 metres

The wand that has survived today as part of folklore may in fact be a rendition of the ancient British length unit. Thus a true wand would be a metre in length and not 30 cm. A fathom is the name of a unit of length in the Imperial system (and the derived U.S. customary units). ... As a unit of measurement within the Imperial system, the chain (surveyors chain, Gunters chain) is defined as 22 yards, 66 feet, or four rods. ... A furlong is a measure of distance within imperial units and U.S. customary units, and is equal to 660 feet or 201. ...

## Symbolism

In ecclesiastical and formal government ceremonial, special officials may carry a wand of office or staff of office representing their power. Compare in this context the function of the ceremonial mace, the sceptre, and the staff of office. This is a practice of long standing; in Ancient Egypt, priests were depicted with rods. Its age may be even greater, as Stone Age cave paintings show figures holding sticks, which may be symbolic representations of their power.[1] Part of the ceremony of the Changing of the Guard in Whitehall, London. ... // A staff is a large, thick stick or stick-shaped object used to help with walking, as a status symbol, or as a weapon. ... Much of the recent sociological debate on power revolves around the issue of constraining and/or enabling nature of power. ... This article needs cleanup. ... A sceptre or scepter is an ornamental staff held by a ruling monarch, a prominent item of kingly regalia. ... A staff of office is a staff and carrying it often denotes social rank or prestige. ...

Freudians would suggest that wands may express phallic symbolism of domination. Sigmund Freud His famous couch Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 - September 23, 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology, a movement that popularized the theory that unconscious motives control much behavior. ... The phallus usually refers to the male penis, or sex organ. ...

## Religious Usage

In Pharanoic Egypt, toilette articles, weapons against possible enemies, amulets against serpents, were also left in the tomb, together with magic texts and a magic wand which enabled the ka (soul) to use them. The rod of Moses was a hazel wand. In catacomb frescoes of the third and fourth centuries, Christ is frequently represented performing miracles by means of a wand.[1] In classical Greco-Roman mythology, the god Hermes/Mercury has a special wand called a caduceus. Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... Hermes bearing the infant Dionysus, by Praxiteles, found at the Heraion, Olympia, 1877 Hermes Greek IPA: ), in Greek mythology, is the Olympian god of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them, of shepherds and cowherds, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of weights and measures... A sculpture of the Roman god Mercury by 17th-century Flemish artist Artus Quellinus. ... The Caduceus Two caduceuses without wings as decoration of door portal in ZtracenÃ¡ street in Olomouc (Czech Republic). ...

There is some scholarly opinion that the magic wand may have its roots in the drumstick of a shaman, especially in Central Asia and Siberia, as when using it to bang on his drum or point, to perform religious, healing, and magical ceremonies. 1 A shaman doctor of Kyzyl. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Siberian Federal District (darker red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) arctic northeast Siberia Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia and comprising a large part of the Euro-Asian Steppe. ...

## Tarot cards

"Wands" is also another name for the suit of batons, a suit of the minor arcana of the Tarot. It is normally associated with the element of fire. Visconti-Sforza tarot deck - The Devil card is a XX Century remake of the card missing from the original XV Century Deck The tarot is a set of cards featuring 21 trump cards and a special card called The Fool, in addition to the usual suit (face and pip) cards...

## Other uses

• In music, the term sometimes applies to the modern model of conductor's baton (the earlier staff and baton cantoral being heavier and thus unfit for precise gestures).
• In literary language, "wand" can be a synonym for rod as an implement for corporal punishment, in the generic sense: either a multiple rod or a single branch (switch or cane), but not a specific physical type.
• Given their various symbolic and other associations, wands are suitable pervertibles, especially for role play.
• Based on their magical symbolism, stage magicians often use "magic wands" as part of their misdirection. These wands are traditionally black, with white tips.
• A lacrosse stick is colloquially referred to as a "wand."

A conductor conducting a band at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... A modern wooden conducting baton Harvard University student Kenton Hetrick with the worlds largest baton A baton is a stick that is used by conductors primarily to indicate the musical beat of a piece through horizontal and vertical movements. ... In geometry, a Rod is a 3-dimensional, solid (filled) cylinder. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Corporal punishment. ... Pervertible (frequently misspelt pervertable) is a term originally coined by David Stein to describe ordinary non-sexual objects, especially everyday household objects, that can be used sexually, particularly in BDSM play such as spanking (and thus also outside the BDSM scene). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Misdirection is a form of deception in which the attention of an audience is focused on one thing in order to distract its attention from another. ... A lacrosse stick is a lacrosse players most important piece of equipment. ...

## Wands in fiction

Circe with her magical wand, painting by John William Waterhouse

Magic wands commonly feature in works of fantasy fiction as spell-casting tools. Few other common denominators exist, so the capabilities of wands vary wildly. Note that wands fill basically the same role as wizards' staffs, though staffs generally convey a more 'serious' image; a fairy godmother would definitely use a wand, possibly with a star on the end, while Gandalf would most often not (however, in The Hobbit, he is seen using a wand to fight the goblins of the Misty Mountains and their Wargs). In dramatic fiction, wands can serve as weapons in magical duels. Image File history File links John_William_Waterhouse_-_Circe_(The_Sorceress). ... Image File history File links John_William_Waterhouse_-_Circe_(The_Sorceress). ... John William Waterhouse. ... Smaug in his lair: an illustration for the fantasy The Hobbit Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ... Fiction (from the Latin fingere, to form, create) is storytelling of imagined events and stands in contrast to non-fiction, which makes factual claims that can be substantiated with evidence. ... The spell is a magical act intended to cause an effect on reality using supernatural means of liturgical or ritual nature. ... A modern hammer is directly descended from ancient hand tools A tool or device is a piece of equipment which typically provides a mechanical advantage in accomplishing a physical task. ... // A staff is a large, thick stick or stick-shaped object used to help with walking, as a status symbol, or as a weapon. ... In fairy tales, a fairy godmother is a fairy or person with magical powers who acts as a mentor or parent to someone. ... A pentagram A pentagram (sometimes known as pentalpha or pentangle) is the shape of a five-pointed star drawn with five straight strokes. ... For other uses, see Gandalf (disambiguation). ... The Hobbit is a fantasy novel written by J. R. R. Tolkien in the tradition of the fairy tale. ... The bayonet is used as both knife and spear. ... A duel is a formalized type of combat. ...

The first magical wand featured in the Odyssey: that of Circe, who used it to transform Odysseus's men into animals. Italian fairy tales put them into the hands of the powerful fairies by the late Middle Ages.[2] In the ballads such as Allison Gross and The Laily Worm and the Machrel of the Sea, the villainesses use silver wands to transform their victims.[3] Beginning of the Odyssey The Odyssey (Greek ÎŸÎ´ÏÏƒÏƒÎµÎ¹Î± (OdÃºsseia) ) is one of the two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to the Ionian poet Homer. ... Circe, a painting by John William Waterhouse. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... Allison Gross is a traditional ballad, catalogued as Child Ballad #35. ... The Laily Worm and the Machrel of the Sea is Child ballad number 36. ...

### The world of Harry Potter

In the fictional world of Harry Potter, as described by J. K. Rowling, a wand serves as a focusing tool that enhances a wizard's capabilities to perform magic. While performing magic without wands is possible, wands are required in most spells. Wands come in many varieties, being made of different woods (such as holly, vine, oak, and hawthorn), and having different magical cores (phoenix feather, unicorn hair, dragon heartstring, etc.). The wand shop in Diagon Alley, Ollivander's, sells wands. This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Joanne Rowling OBE (born 31 July 1965[1]) is an English fiction writer who writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling. ... In the Harry Potter books, magic is depicted as a natural force, one that can be magicaly used to override the usual laws of nature while still being approached entirely scientifically. ... In J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter novels and their filmed adaptations, Diagon Alley is a street in London, and is effectively a magical high street. ... In J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter novels and their filmed adaptations, Diagon Alley is a street in London, and is effectively a magical high street. ...

An interesting aspect of J.K.Rowling's wands is that they are intrinsically magical. Wizards worry about letting a muggle come into contact with a wand and the scenes set in Ollivander's shop show that a wand will work differently for one witch or wizard than for another. His wands can be siblings, to the furtherment of plot twists, and exhibit other signs of partial animation. At the same time, a broken wand can be mended with "Spellotape" (Magic sellotape) - allthough it may backfire - and wands can be lent, although the performance of the spell may not be as great.

### Role-playing and Video Games

In Dungeons & Dragons and D&D-derived computer role-playing games such as NetHack, wands function as storage devices for specific magical spells, which a wielder can only use a certain number of times before running out of "charges". Wands often allow non-wizard player characters to use spells, and also enable wizards to use spells they couldn't ordinarily cast. Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&D or DnD) is a fantasy role-playing game (RPG) currently published by Wizards of the Coast. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Role-playing game (video games). ... NetHack is a single-player roguelike computer game originally released in 1987. ... Magic: The Gathering. ... The Wizard is a magician character class in many role-playing games. ... A player character or playable character (PC) is a fictional character in a game who is controlled or controllable by the player. ...

In HARP wands are part of casting traditions and as such aid in casting attempts but are not necessary for all spellcasters. High Adventure Role Playing (HARP) is a fantasy role-playing game, designed by Tim Dugger & Heike A. Kubash, and published by Iron Crown Enterprises (ICE). ...

In The Dark Eye wands are bound to the mage who created them. They serve various purposes and can be enhanced during gameplay by casting special permanent spells on them. For instance, a wand may get the ability to produce light or reduce the spellcasters use of arcane energy. Of course wands can be used as (unbreakable) weapons too. The Dark Eye (TDE, German: Das Schwarze Auge (DSA), literally the black eye, but without its idiomatic sense, as the German version of black eye is schwarzes Auge literally black eye), is a German role-playing game created by Ulrich Kiesow and launched by the Schmidt Spiel & Freizeit GmbH and...

Wands also feature in a number of other fantasy video games, such as The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past, in which they usually serve as one of many weapons available to the player's character. â€œComputer Gamesâ€ redirects here. ... The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past, released in Japan on November 21, 1991, as &#12476;&#12523;&#12480;&#12398;&#20253;&#35500; &#31070;&#12293;&#12398;&#12488;&#12521;&#12452;&#12501;&#12457;&#12540;&#12473; (Zeruda no Densetsu: Kamigami no Toraif&#333;su, literally The Legend of Zelda: Triforce of the Gods... The bayonet is used as both knife and spear. ...

Wands sometimes don't have any meaningful purpose or effect on gameplay, but are just parts of the story, as in Puyo Pop Fever, where Miss Accord, a character of the game, has lost her wand that she calls her "flying cane." Puyo Pop Fever, known in Japan as Puyo Puyo Fever (ã·ã‚ˆã·ã‚ˆãƒ•ã‚£ãƒ¼ãƒãƒ¼), is a puzzle game released mainly on the Dreamcast, Nintendo GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo DS, and PlayStation Portable and was developed by Sonic Team. ...

In Super Mario Bros. 3, the Koopa Kids use wands and in Yoshi's Island, Kamek uses them to transform certain things. Super Mario Bros. ... Larry, the youngest of the brood, shows off the Koopa Kids trademark upright hairdo. ... Super Mario World 2: Yoshis Island, most commonly referred to as Yoshis Island, is a Super Famicom/Super Nintendo game released in Japan on September 4, 1995. ... Kameks main form of transportation is his flying broomstick, although he can also use magic to teleport short distances. ...

In World of Warcraft, wands are used as range weapons for magical users. World of Warcraft (commonly abbreviated as WoW) is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by Blizzard Entertainment and is the fourth game in the Warcraft series, excluding expansion packs and the cancelled Warcraft Adventures: Lord of the Clans. ...

In WWE Smackdown vs. Raw 2007 wrestler / diva Candice Michelle carries a wand down to the ring during her entrance. WWE SmackDown vs. ... Wrestling can be: Sport wrestling Professional wrestling Another term for grappling This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

In Conquer Online, wands are used as range weapons and for the skill "snow" they can hit multiple targets for just one hit and they do fairly decent damage. This weapon is a a great way to level! This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...

## Notes

• 1 Ivar Lissner, Man, God and Magic, 1961. [2]

## References

1. ^ David Colbert, The Magical Worlds of Harry Potter, p 195, ISBN 0-9708442-0-4
2. ^ Raffaella Benvenuto, "Italian Fairies: Fate, Folletti, and Other Creatures of Legend"
3. ^ Francis James Child, The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, v 1, p 315-6, Dover Publications, New York 1965

This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge&#8212;writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others&#8212;in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by The Encyclopedia Press. ...

Results from FactBites:

 Harry Potter Toy | See our Wizard Wands and Harry Potter Toys, harry potter wand, magic wands (1854 words) Because your wand spends most of its time in your pockets (business wizards), your kitchen counter (stay at home wizards), rolling around your desks (students), and in your hands, it is no wonder that your wand will eventually become the victim of multiple scratches, abrasions, not to mention loads of nasty finger prints. Many house witches who have a tendency of leaving their wands in their apron pockets or out on the kitchen counter notice that after a few years, they need to pronounce their incantations louder and louder or articulate their words greatly as their wands' cores are becoming useless. Wand theft or use of another's wand without their permission is a very serious offense and holds the penalty of 3 years in Azkaban.
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