In baseball a tag out, sometimes just called a tag, is a play in which a baserunner is out because he is touched by the fielder's hand holding a live ball while the runner is in jeopardy. A baserunner is in jeopardy when:
he is not touching a base (other than after overrunning first base or when advancing to an awarded base, such as on a base on balls);
he failed to touch a previous base, or to touch them in order; or
he is touching a base that a preceding baserunner is also touching, except when forced to vacate the previous base because the batter became a baserunner
A tag is the most common way to retire baserunners who are not in danger of being forced out (as in (1) above), but a tag can put runners out on a force or a non-force play, as well as on an appeal play (as in (3) or (4) above). Runners attempting to advance are sometimes thrown out, which means that a fielder throws the ball to someone covering the base, who then tags the runner before the runner touches the base. A runner who leads off a base too far might be picked off; that is, the pitcher throws to a fielder covering the base, who then tags the runner out.
Tag-Out Device: A prominent warning device such as a tag and means of attachment which can be securely fastened to an energy isolating device in accordance with an established procedure to indicate the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tag-out device is removed.
Caution Tag: A warning device such as a tag and means of attachment used to warn employees of an existing or potential hazard.
Employee tags are mandatory and shall be used only for personnel protection; shall be clearly distinguishable from caution tags, and shall include a legend such as DO NOT START DO NOT OPERATE, or a similar directive that informs employees working in the area not to start up the equipment.
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