FACTOID # 16: In the 2000 Presidential Election, Texas gave Ralph Nader the 3rd highest popular vote count of any US state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Igloo" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Igloo
Igloo
Igloo

An igloo (Inuit language: iglu, Inuktitut syllabics: ᐃᒡᓗ, "house", plural: iglooit or igluit, but in English commonly igloos), translated sometimes as snowhouse, is a shelter constructed from blocks of snow, generally in the form of a dome. Although igloos are usually associated with all Inuit, they were predominantly constructed by people of Canada's Central Arctic and Greenlands Thule area. Other Inuit people tended to use snow to insulate their houses which consisted of whalebone and hides. The use of snow is due to the fact that snow is an insulator (due to its low density). On the outside, temperatures may be as low as -45 °C (-49 °F), but on the inside the temperature may range from -7 °C (19 °F) to 16 °C (61 °F) when warmed by body heat alone[1]. From [1], PD image from NOAA File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... From [1], PD image from NOAA File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The language of the Inuit people is traditionally spoken across the North American Arctic and to some extent in the subarctic in Labrador. ... The Inuktitut syllabary (Inuktitut: ᑎᑎᕋᐅᓯᕐᒃ ᓄᑖᕐᒃ titirausiq nutaaq) is a writing system used by Inuit people in Nunavut and in Nunavik, Quebec. ... -1... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dome (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ... Map of Greenland Qaanaaq (roughly pronounced KAH-nahk), formerly Thule, is a town and municipality in northwestern Greenland. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Types of igloo

Big igloo in front of Kinngait in southern region of Baffin Island.
Big igloo in front of Kinngait in southern region of Baffin Island.

There are three types of igloo, all of different sizes and all are used for different purposes. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixel Image in higher resolution (3118 × 2086 pixel, file size: 262 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Igloo User talk... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixel Image in higher resolution (3118 × 2086 pixel, file size: 262 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Igloo User talk... Part of the town, taken in September 2005 Cape Dorset (Inuktitut: Kinngait; Syllabics: ᑭᙵᐃᑦ) is located on Baffin Island in Nunavut, Canada, and is served by Cape Dorset Airport. ... Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada. ...


The smallest is constructed as a temporary shelter. Hunters while out on the land or sea ice camped in one of these iglooit for one or two nights. This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ...


Next in size was the semi-permanent, intermediate sized family dwelling. This usually was a single room dwelling that housed one or two families. Often there were several of these in a small area, which formed an "Inuit village". Look up Family in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ...


The largest of the igloos was normally built in groups of two. One of the buildings was a temporary building constructed for special occasions, the other was built near by for living. This was constructed either by enlarging a smaller igloo or building from scratch. These could have up to five rooms and housed up to 20 people. A large igloo may have been constructed from several smaller igloos attached by their tunnels giving a common access to the outside. These were used to hold community feasts, traditional dances (see Inuit music) and Katajjaq. The Inuit live across the northern sections of Canada, especially in Yukon, Nunavat and Northwest Territories, as well as in Alaska and Greenland. ... Inuit throat singing or katajjaq, also known (and commonly confused) under the generic term overtone singing, is a form of musical performance among the Inuit. ...


Constructing an igloo

Igloo, Sideview diagram; opening to the right. Yellow signifies ground.
Igloo, Sideview diagram; opening to the right. Yellow signifies ground.

The snow used to build an igloo must have sufficient structural strength to be cut and stacked in the appropriate manner. The best snow to use for this purpose is snow which has been blown by wind, which can serve to compact and interlock the ice crystals. The hole left in the snow where the blocks are cut from is usually used as the lower half of the shelter. Sometimes, a short tunnel is constructed at the entrance to reduce wind and heat loss when the door is opened. Due to snow's excellent insulating properties, inhabited igloos are surprisingly comfortable and warm inside. In some cases a single block of ice was inserted to allow light into the igloo. Drawn by User:Menchi using PSP for Wikipedia File links The following pages link to this file: Igloo Categories: GFDL images ... Drawn by User:Menchi using PSP for Wikipedia File links The following pages link to this file: Igloo Categories: GFDL images ...

Igloo, Snowbrick laying method.
Igloo, Snowbrick laying method.

Architecturally, the igloo is unique in that it is a dome that can be raised out of independent blocks leaning on each other and polished to fit without an additional supporting structure during construction. The igloo, if correctly built, will support the weight of a person standing on the roof. Also, in the traditional Inuit igloo the heat from the kulliq (stone lamp) caused the interior to melt slightly. This melting and refreezing built up an ice sheet and contributed to the strength of the igloo. Image File history File links Igloo_spirale. ... Image File history File links Igloo_spirale. ... This article is about building architecture. ...

A 1916 drawing of the interior of an Alaskan igloo
A 1916 drawing of the interior of an Alaskan igloo

The sleeping platform is a raised area compared to where one enters the igloo. Because warmer air rises and cooler air settles, the entrance area will act as a cold trap whereas the sleeping area will hold whatever heat is generated by a stove, lamp or body heat. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x737, 182 KB) Summary Drawing of interior of Eskimo igloo in Alaska, 1916, from U.S. Library of Congress. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x737, 182 KB) Summary Drawing of interior of Eskimo igloo in Alaska, 1916, from U.S. Library of Congress. ...


Modifications

The Central Inuit, especially those around the Davis Strait, line the living area with skin, which can increase the temperature within from around 2 °C (36 °F) to 10-20 °C (50-68 °F). Map of Baffin Island and surrounding areas, including Davis Strait. ...


Heraldry

In heraldry, the igloo appears as the crest in the coat of arms of Nunavut. Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... The Coat of Arms of the Territory of Nunavut (formally known as The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Nunavut), was granted by a warrant by Roméo LeBlanc, Governor-General of Canada, dated March 31, 1999, one day before the territory of Nunavut, Canada was created. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district, see Nunavut (electoral district). ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Igloo

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Igloo An igloo (Inuktitut iglu / ᐃᒡᓗ, house), translated sometimes as snowhouse, is a shelter constructed from blocks of snow, generally in the form of a dome. ... A snow fort is a usually open topped temporary structure made of snow walls that is used for recreational purposes. ... A quinzhee, or quinzee, is a type of snow shelter made by making a pile of snow, waiting for it to settle together, then hollowing out the inside. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ How Warm is an Igloo?, BEE453 Spring 2003 Rich Holihan, Dan Keeley, Daniel Lee, Powen Tu and Eric Yang (PDF)

References

, Looking at Ulukhaktok from the bluffs that give the community its name. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
IGLOOS: North American Native Pre-Contact Housing (1221 words)
You can peer through the window (that in a traditional snow-dome igloo would be made of translucent seal gut) or take the model apart to see how benches, storage and other features of the inside were arranged.
Photographed in the early 1900's by Canadian anthro Diamond Jenness, hunters' igloos are shown foreground and at the edge of the shore's frozen ice.
There's not much mention of the lamp seasoning, a week to a month of melting and refreezing, which gave the real igloos their great physical strength by turning the snow blocks to ice from the inside out.
Igloo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (915 words)
An igloo (Inuktitut iglu / ᐃᒡᓗ, "house", plural: iglooit or igluit), translated sometimes as snowhouse, is a shelter constructed from blocks of snow, generally in the form of a dome.
The smallest of all igloos was constructed as a temporary shelter.
In heraldry, the igloo appears as the crest in the coat of arms of Nunavut.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m