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Encyclopedia > Armed force

The armed forces of a state are its government sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations. They exist to further the foreign and domestic policies of their governing body. In some countries paramilitary forces are included in a nations armed forces. Armed force is the use of armed forces to achieve political objectives. A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, that enforces a monopoly on the use of force. ... A paramilitary organization is a group of civilians trained and organised in a military fashion. ...


The study of the use of Armed Forces is called military science. Broadly speaking, this involves considering offense and defense at three "levels": strategy, operational art, and tactics. All of these areas study the application of the use of force in order to achieve a desired objective. Military science concerns itself with the study of the diverse technical, psychological, and practical phenomena that encompass the events that make up warfare, especially armed combat. ... A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal, as differentiated from tactics or immediate actions with resources at hand. ... Operational art is the act of applying military art to the operational art of war. ... Military tactics is the collective name for methods of engaging and defeating an enemy in battle. ...

Contents


Organization

Armed forces may be organized as standing forces (e.g. regular army), which describes a professional army that is engaged in no other profession than preparing for and engaging in warfare. In contrast, there is the citizen army. A citizen army (also known as a militia or reserve army) is only mobilized as needed. Its advantage lies in the fact that it is dramatically less expensive (in terms of wealth, manpower, and opportunity cost) for the organizing society to support. The disadvantage is that such a "citizen's army" is less well trained and organized. The Regular Army is the name given to the permanent force of the United States Army that is maintained during peacetime. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Human relationships within an ethnically diverse society. ...


A compromise between the two has a small cadre of professional NCOs (non-commissioned officers) and officers who act as a skeleton for a much larger force. When war comes, this skeleton is filled out with conscripts or reservists (former full-time soldiers who volunteer for a small stipend to occasionally train with the cadre to keep their military skills intact), who form the wartime unit. This balances the pros and cons of each basic organization, and allows the formation of huge armies (in terms of millions of combatants), necessary in modern large scale warfare. NCO may mean: a numerically-controlled oscillator in electronics a non-commissioned officer in the military   This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The United States detonated an atomic bomb over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. ...


The armed forces in many larger countries are divided into three forces: an army, an air force, and usually a navy (unless geography dictates otherwise). These forces may be solely for the purposes of training and support, or may be completely independent branches responsible for conducting operations independently of other services. Most smaller countries have a single organization that encompasses all armed forces employed by the country in question. Army (from French armée) can, in some countries, refer to any armed force. ... An air force is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of WW1 A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ...


Various countries have a variation on this standard model of three basic forces. Some, following the French model, use four forces, an army, a navy, an air force, and a gendarmerie, all with equal status. Other variations include South Africa (army, navy, air force, military health service), and Egypt (army, navy, air force, air defence.) The United States has five armed forces or services; the US Army, US Navy, US Air Force, US Marine Corps, and the US Coast Guard. A gendarmerie (pronounced ) is a military body charged with police duties among civilian populations. ...


In larger armed forces the culture between the different branches of a countries armed forces can be quite different. It has been said that "a navy and an air force man equipment" whereas "an army equips men".


The state of readiness of a military organisation may be indicated by its DEFCON state (US) or BIKINI state (UK). Defense Condition is a measure of the activation and readiness level of the United States armed forces. ... The BIKINI state is an indication of an alert state as used by the British government, specifically the Ministry of Defence, to warn of non-specific forms of terrorist activity. ...


Benefits and costs

Recent annual military budgets of those countries with the greatest military expenditure.
Recent annual military budgets of those countries with the greatest military expenditure.

The obvious benefit to a country in maintaining armed forces is in providing protection from foreign threats, and from internal conflict. In recent decades armed forces personnel have also been used as emergency civil support roles in post-disaster situations. On the other hand they may also harm a society by engaging in counter-productive (or merely unsuccessful) warfare. Figures per annum. ... Figures per annum. ...


Expenditure on science and technology to develop weapons and systems sometimes produces side benefits, although some claim that greater benefits could come from targeting the money directly.


Excessive expenditure on armed forces can drain a society of needed manpower and material, significantly reducing civilian living standards. If continued over a significant period of time, this results in reduced civilian research and development, degrading the society's ability to improve its infrastructure. This lack of development in turn can affect armed forces in a vicious cycle. See North Korea for a typical modern example of this problem. A civilian is a person who is not a member of a military. ...


Transarmament is a recent movement to replace armed forces with nonviolence training and infrastructure. Transarmament (also known as civilian-based defense) is the partial or total replacement of armed forces with the physical and social infrastructure to support nonviolent resistance. ... Nonviolence (or non-violence) is a set of assumptions about morality conflict that leads its proponents to reject the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political goals. ...


Armed forces of the world

See: Category:Military by country


See also

This is a list of countries by military expenditures for the year 2004. ... Number of active troops per country Military manpower is measured by the total amount of active troops within the command of a country. ... Here is a list of armed forces ranked by active troop strength. ... This is a list of the 27 countries that do not maintain an army. ... A military unit is an organisation within an armed force. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... A military academy is a military educational institution. ... Military courtesy is one of the defining features of a professional military. ... Military fiat is a process whereby a decision is made and enforced by military means without the participation of other political elements. ... Military history is information composed of the events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of conflict. ... Military incompetence refers to failures of members of the military. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... US General Douglas MacArthur (left), military ruler of Japan 1945-1952, next to Japans defeated Emperor, Hirohito Military rule may mean: Militarism as an ideology of government Military occupation (or Belligerent occupation), when a country or area is conquered after invasion List of military occupations Martial law, where military... Military science concerns itself with the study of the diverse technical, psychological, and practical phenomena that encompass the events that make up warfare, especially armed combat. ... Military tactics is the collective name for methods of engaging and defeating an enemy in battle. ... This article lists military technology items, devices and methods. ... Military aid to the civil power (MACP) is assistance by the armed forces to the police in maintaining law and order. ... Military Aid to the Civil Community (MACC) is a phrase referring to the armed forces providing a service to the civilian community. ... This is a list of Air Forces, sorted alphabetically by country. ... This is a list of navies, present and historical: Argentina: Armada Republica Argentina Australia: Royal Australian Navy Bangladesh: Bangladesh Navy Brazil: Marinha do Brasil Canada: Canadian Forces Maritime Command (formerly Royal Canadian Navy) China, Peoples Republic of: Peoples Liberation Army Navy China, Republic of (Taiwan): Republic of China... The article provides links to lists of armies arranged by ordinal number, name, country or conflict. ... History -- Military history -- Lists of battles This is a partial list of battles that have entries in Wikipedia. ... An exchange officer is a commissioned officer in a countrys armed forces who is temporarily attached to a unit of the armed forces of another country. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
www.mil.se - Swedish Armed Forces - Interesting and instructive (0 words)
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The Armed Forces are to be able to counter armed attacks regardless of their origin, and to defend the entire country.
Together with the Civil Defence organisation, the Armed Forces must also be able to prevent or assist in managing civilian disasters and crises, such as natural disasters, environmental accidents, acts of terrorism and large influxes of refugees.
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AE Armed Forces - Europe same day AE Armed Forces - Europe flower delivery.
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