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Encyclopedia > Zygmunt III Vasa
Zygmunt III Waza
Zygmunt III Vasa
Reign in Poland September 18, 1587
April 19, 1632.
Reign in Sweden November 17, 1592
July 24, 1599.
Elected in Poland September 18, 1587, at Wola (now a district of
Warsaw, Poland).
Coronation in Poland December 27, 1587,
Wawel Cathedral,
Kraków, Poland.
Coronation in Sweden February 19, 1594.
Royal motto Pro jure et populo
("For justice and the people")
Royal House Vasa.
Parents John III,
Katarzyna Jagiellon.
Consorts Anna of Austria,
Constance of Austria.
Children With Anna of Austria:
Anna Maria,
Katarzyna,
Władysław IV,
Katarzyna,
Krzysztof.
With Constance of Austria:
Jan II Kazimierz,
Jan Albert,
Karol Ferdynand,
Aleksander Karol,
Anna Konstancja,
Anna Katarzyna Konstancja.
Date of Birth June 20, 1566.
Place of Birth Gripsholm Castle, Södermanland, Sweden.
Date of Death April 19, 1632.
Place of Death Warsaw, Poland.
Place of Burial Zygmunt's Chapel, Wawel,
Kraków, Poland,
February 4, 1633.

King Zygmunt III Vasa of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (in latin) Sigismundus Tertius Dei gratia rex Poloniæ, magnus dux Lithuaniæ, Russiæ, Prussiæ, Masoviæ, Samogitiæ, Livoniæque, necnon Suecorum, Gothorum Vandalorumque hæreditarius rex.)., Sigismund of Sweden (June 20, 1566 O.S.April 19, 1632 O.S.), was the son of Sweden's King John III (15371592) of the House of Vasa, and his first wife, Catherine Jagiellon (15261583). Image File history File links SigmIIIVasa. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... Events The Jesuit educational plan known as the Ratio Studiorum is issued (January 8). ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... The Wawel Cathedral is Polands national sanctuary with 1000-year-old history, it was the coronation site of Polish monarchs. ... Tomb of Kazimierz the Great St. ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ... The Royal mottos or ValsprÃ¥k of the Swedish monarchs has been a tradition since first used by Gustav I of Sweden, in the early 16th century. ... The term Royal House refers to the official designation and name of a royal family instead of surname. ... The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Catherine Jagiellon. ... Anna of Austria, Habsburg, (Polish Anna Austriaczka1, Anna Habsburżanka, Anna Rakuszanka) (b. ... Constance of Austria (also known as Constance Renate of the Habsburgs, in Polish as Konstancja Austriaczka or Konstancja Rakuszanka) (1588-1631) was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria. ... Anna of Austria, Habsburg, (Polish Anna Austriaczka1, Anna Habsburżanka, Anna Rakuszanka) (b. ... Reign in Poland From November 8, 1632 until May 20, 1648 Reign in Russia From 1610 until 16351 Coronation On February 6, 1633 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Cecylia Renata Ludwika Maria Gonzaga Children with Cecylia Renata Zygmunt... Constance of Austria (also known as Constance Renate of the Habsburgs, in Polish as Konstancja Austriaczka or Konstancja Rakuszanka) (1588-1631) was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria. ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna Teresa... Johan Albert (25th June 1612 - 29th December 1634) (also known as Jan Albert Waza and Jan Olbracht Waza, (Waza can be also written as Vasa), born in Warsaw, died in Padua, Italy. ... Charles Ferdinand Vasa, Polish Karol Ferdynand Vasa (1613-1655). ... Alexander Karl Vasa, (4th November 1614 _ 19th November 1634) (also known as Aleksander Karol Waza). ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... Arx Gripsholm, cirka 1700, in Suecia antiqua et hodierna, with the town Mariefred at the right. ... Södermanland is the name of a geographical region in Sweden which can refer to: Sudermannia, or Södermanland - a historical Province of Sweden Södermanland County, or Södermanlands län - a current County of Sweden Part of Stockholm County, or Stockholms län - a current County of Sweden... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... Tomb of Kazimierz the Great St. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1183x1769, 114 KB) Sigismund III of Poland at horse. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1183x1769, 114 KB) Sigismund III of Poland at horse. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... In Britain and countries of the British Empire, Old Style or O.S. after a date means that the date is in the Julian calendar, in use in those countries until 1752; New Style or N.S. means that the date is in the Gregorian calendar, adopted on 14 September... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... In Britain and countries of the British Empire, Old Style or O.S. after a date means that the date is in the Julian calendar, in use in those countries until 1752; New Style or N.S. means that the date is in the Gregorian calendar, adopted on 14 September... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). ... Catherine Jagiellon. ... Events January 14 - Treaty of Madrid. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ...


Zygmunt ruled the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, where he was known as Zygmunt III Waza, 15871632, and Sweden, where he was known as Sigismund Vasa, from 1592 until deposed in 1599. Thus he began and ended his kingship in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, spending 38 of his kingship's 45 years exclusively on the Polish-Lithuanian throne. 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... Events The Jesuit educational plan known as the Ratio Studiorum is issued (January 8). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Elected to the Polish-Lithuanian throne, Zygmunt III sought to create a personal union between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden. After he had been deposed from the Swedish throne, he concentrated on attempts to reclaim it. His reign initiated a series of wars between the Commonwealth and Sweden that would last until the 1660s. Due to his failure to achieve anything of lasting importance apart from setting the stage for future devastating wars, some historians, such as Paweł Jasienica, regard his reign as marking the beginning of the end of the Polish Golden Age. A personal union is a political union of two or more entities that, internationally, are considered separate states, but through established law, share the same head of state —hence also whatever political actions are vested in the head of state, but no (or very few) others. ... Events and Trends Samuel Pepys begins his famous diary in 1660 and ends it, due to failing eyesight in 1669. ... PaweÅ‚ Jasienica was the pen-name of Leon Lech Beynar (November 10, 1909 – August 19, 1970), a Polish amateur historian, journalist, writer, soldier. ... Polish Golden Age reffers to the times from 15th century Jagiellon Poland to mid-17th century, when in 1648 the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was ravaged by the Chmielnicki Uprising and The Deluge and the Golden Age ended. ...


Zygmunt III was commemorated by the striking Zygmunt's Column in Warsaw, commissioned by his son and successor, Władysław IV Zygmunts Column before Warsaws Royal Castle. ... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Reign in Poland From November 8, 1632 until May 20, 1648 Reign in Russia From 1610 until 16351 Coronation On February 6, 1633 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Cecylia Renata Ludwika Maria Gonzaga Children with Cecylia Renata Zygmunt...

Contents


Royal titles

  • Royal titles in Latin: Sigismundus Tertius Dei gratia rex Poloniæ, magnus dux Lithuaniæ, Russiæ, Prussiæ, Masoviæ, Samogitiæ, Livoniæque, necnon Suecorum, Gothorum Vandalorumque hæreditarius rex.

Sigismund Waza-Jagellon (1566-1632) was elected King of Poland and reigned 1587-1632. By paternal inheritance, he succeeded 1592 as King of Sweden and was regarded as having abdicated 1599 and finally deposed 1604. He was a heir to the title King of Jerusalem. Ruthenia is a name applied to parts of Eastern Europe which were populated by Eastern Slavic peoples, as well as to various states that existed in this territory in the past. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (Old Prussian: Prūsa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad... Historical division of Masovia Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital at Warsaw. ... Note: this article is about the ethnographic region of Lithuania. ... Estonia, Livonia and Courland from a 1740 map Livonia (Latvian: Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa; German: Livland; Polish: Inflanty; Russian: Лифляндия or Liflandiya) once was the land of the Finnic Livonians, but came in the Middle Ages to designate a much broader territory controlled by the Livonian Order on the eastern coasts of... Invasion of the Goths: a late 19th century painting by O. Fritsche portrays the Goths as cavalrymen. ... This is a list of Kings of Jerusalem, from 1099 to 1291, as well as claimants to the title up to the present day. ...


Biography

Zygmunt III as a child. Painting by Johan Baptista van Uther.
Zygmunt III as a child. Painting by Johan Baptista van Uther.

He was born at Gripsholm during his parents' imprisonment by King Eric XIV. Although Sweden was Protestant, Zygmunt was raised a Catholic. This fact, combined with the troublesome personal union, would later strike back at his attempts to find support in Sweden. Image File history File links Sigismund_as_child. ... Image File history File links Sigismund_as_child. ... Arx Gripsholm, cirka 1700, in Suecia antiqua et hodierna, with the town Mariefred at the right. ... Erik XIV (December 13, 1533 – February 26, 1577) was King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A personal union is a political union of two or more entities that, internationally, are considered separate states, but through established law, share the same head of state —hence also whatever political actions are vested in the head of state, but no (or very few) others. ...


His mother, Katarzyna Jagiellonka, was the daughter of Zygmunt I the Old and his wife Bona Sforza. The Jagiellon dynasty had held the crown of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth since the first Jagiellon ruler, Władysław II Jagiełło, had received in 1386 it through his wife Jadwiga Angevin. Catherine Jagellonica Catherine Jagiellonica of Poland, (1526 - 1583), was the youngest daughter of Sigismund I of Poland and Bona Sforza, heir to her mothers claim to the title of King of Jerusalem. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga... Bona Sforza Bona Sforza (born February 2, 1494 - November 19, 1557) was a queen of Poland and a second wife of Sigismund I of Poland since 1518. ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty originating in Lithuania, which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o. ... Jadwiga. ...


In 1587, he was a candidate for the monarch of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, following the death of previous Polish king, Stefan Batory. The election was held in the shadow of conflict between the Polish nobility (szlachta), with the two opposing sides gathered around Chancellor Jan Zamoyski and the Zborowscy family. Zygmunt, supported by Zamoyski and the former king's wife, Anna Jagiellon, was elected King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commnwealth on 19 August 1587 and recognized as such by the interrex, the Primate of Poland, Stanisław Karnkowski. 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A monarch (see sovereign) is a type of ruler or head of state. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ... Stefan Batory (1533-1586) was Prince of Transylvania (1571-1575), then King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1575-1586). ... Polish szlachcic. ... Kanclerz (Polish for Chancellor, from latin:castellanus) was one of the highest officials in the historic Poland. ... Noble Family Zamoyski Coat of Arms Jelita Parents Stanisław Zamoyski Anna Herburt Consorts Anna Ossolińska Krystyna Radziwiłł Gryzelda Batory Barbara Tarnowska Children with Barbara Tarnowska Tomasz Zamoyski Date of Birth March 19, 1542 Place of Birth Skokówka, Poland Date of Death June 3, 1605 Place of Death Zamość, Poland Jan... Anna Jagiellon. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... Interrex or inter-rex (Latin; plural, interreges) was literally a ruler between kings. ... Archbishops of Gniezno and simultaneously Primates of Poland since 1412. ... StanisÅ‚aw Karnkowski (1520-1603), the Great Referendary of the Crown (since 1558), the Great Secretary of the Crown (since 1563), bishop of WrocÅ‚aw (since 1567), archbishop of Gniezno - Primate of Poland (since 1581). ...


However, the election was disputed by other candidate, Maximilian III of Austria, and opponents of Sigismund chose not to respect the election outcome and decreed that Maximilian is the righteous monarch. Neither Sigismund nor Maximilian were present in Commonwealth at that time. After receiving news of his election, Sigismund quickly departed from Sweden and arrived in Oliwa on 7 October (his landing was delayed due to the hostility from the Protestand Gdańsk). In his pacta conventa Sigismund accepted a reduction of monarch power in favour of the Sejm (Commonwealth parliament). Lesser Prussian Treasurer Jan Dulski representing the Crown Marshall Andrzej Opaliński proclaimed him to be the king. Sigismund returned to his ship on the same day, arriving in Gdańsk next day, and after approximately two weeks he had departed to Kraków, where he was crowned on 27 December of that year. Archduke Maximilian III of Austria, also known as Maximilian the Deutschmeister (born October 12, 1558 in Wiener Neustadt; died November 2, 1618 in Vienna) was the third son of Emperor Maximilian II. From 1585 onwards, he was the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and administrator of Prussia. ... Oliwa (Oliva) is one of the quarters of GdaÅ„sk. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... GdaÅ„sk (pronounced (?), German: Danzig, Kashubian: GduÅ„sk, Latin: Gedania; also other languages) is the sixth-largest city in Poland, and also its principal seaport and the capital of the Pomeranian Voivodship. ... External links From Polish online encyclopedia Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish history ... Insert non-formatted text hereInsert non-formatted text here:This article is about the legislative institution. ... Tomb of Kazimierz the Great St. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


When Maximilian attempted to resolve the dispute by bringing a military force and starting the war of Polish succession, he was defeated at the battle of Byczyna by the supporters of Zygmunt, under the command of Polish hetman Jan Zamojski. Maximilian was taken captive and released only after intervention by Pope Sixtus V. In 1589, he waived his right to the Polish crown. Combatants Poland Austria Commanders Jan Zamojski Maximilian III of Austria Strength 3700 cavalry, 2300 infantry 6000 infantry Casualties 1000 2000 The Battle of Byczyna took place on January 24 1588 between polish-lithuanian army of new elected polish king Sigismund III Vasa under command of hetman Jan Zamojski and austrian... Hetman (from Czech: hejtman, German: Hauptmann, Old Slavonic vatamman, Turkish: Ataman) was the title of the second highest military commander (after the monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, known from 1569 to 1795 as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Noble Family Zamoyski Coat of Arms Jelita Parents Stanisław Zamoyski Anna Herburt Consorts Anna Ossolińska Krystyna Radziwiłł Gryzelda Batory Barbara Tarnowska Children with Barbara Tarnowska Tomasz Zamoyski Date of Birth March 19, 1542 Place of Birth Skokówka, Poland Date of Death June 3, 1605 Place of Death Zamość, Poland Jan... Sixtus V, born Felice Peretti (December 13, 1521 -– August 27, 1590) was pope from 1585 to 1590. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ...

Polish-Swedish union 1592-1599
Polish-Swedish union 1592-1599

In 1592 he married the Austrian archduchess Anna Habsburzanka and after his father's death the same year, he received permission from Sejm to accept the Swedish throne. After Sigismund promised to uphold Swedish Lutheranism he was crowned king of Sweden in 1594. He tried to rule Sweden from Poland leaving Sweden under control of a regent, his paternal uncle, Duke Charles. In 1596 he succeeded in creating the Union of Brest, which attempted to bring part of the Orthodox religion into Catholicism. In the same year he transferred the capital of Poland from Kraków to Warsaw. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x1568, 578 KB) Summary Polish-Swedish union 1592-1599 author-Maciej SzczepaÅ„czyk-user Mathiasrex Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Zygmunt III Vasa ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x1568, 578 KB) Summary Polish-Swedish union 1592-1599 author-Maciej SzczepaÅ„czyk-user Mathiasrex Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Zygmunt III Vasa ... Anna of Austria, Habsburg, (Polish Anna Austriaczka1, Anna Habsburżanka, Anna Rakuszanka) (b. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... Luthers seal Lutheranism is a Christian tradition committed to the main theological insights of Martin Luther. ... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts as head of state, especially if not the monarch (who has higher titles). ... Charles IX (Karl IX) (October 4, 1550 – October 30, 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. ... Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Union of Brest (Belarusian: Берасьце́йская ву́нія) refers to the 1595-1596 decision of the (Ruthenian) Church of Rus, the Metropolia of Kiev-Halych and all Rus, to break relations with the Patriarch of Constantinople and place themselves under the (patriarch) Pope of Rome. ... Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ... This article considers Catholicism in the broadest ecclesiastical sense. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ...


After his wife Anna died in 1598 he married her sister Constance of Austria in 1605. Troubles were growing on the southern border of the Commonwealth, where Jan Zamoyski and other magnates were engaged in the Magnate wars in Moldavia. Eventually after the defeat of Polish forces in the battle of Cecora in 1620 Commonwealth would have to relinquish its claims to the Principality of Moldavia. Constance of Austria (also known as Constance Renate of the Habsburgs, in Polish as Konstancja Austriaczka or Konstancja Rakuszanka) (1588-1631) was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria. ... Events April 13 - Tsar Boris Godunow dies - Feodor II accedes to the throne May 16 - Paul V becomes Pope June 1 - Russian troops in Moscow imprison Feodor II and his mother. ... The Moldavian Magnate Wars refer to the period at the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century when the magnates of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth intervened in the affairs of Moldavia, clashing with the Habsburgs and the Ottoman Empire for domination of the territory. ... Battle of Cecora Conflict Polish-Ottoman Wars Date 17 September-7 October 1620 Place near Cecora and Prut river, Moldova Result Polish defeat Battle of Cecora (also known as Battle of Tutora) was battle between Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Ottomans forces (Turks and Tatars) from 17 September 1620 to... It has been suggested that Moldavia (historical region) be merged into this article or section. ...

  Swedish Royalty
  House of Vasa

Gustav I
Children
   Eric, John, Catherine, Cecilia, Magnus, Anna, Sofia, Elizabeth, Charles
Eric XIV
Children
   Sigrid, Gustav
John III
Children
   Sigismund, Princess Anna, John
Sigismund
Children
   Władysław IV, John II Casimir, John Albert, Charles Ferdinand, Alexander Charles, Anna Catherine Konstantia
Charles IX
Children
   Catherine, Gustav Adolf, Maria Elizabeth, Christina, Carl Philip
Grandson
   Charles X Gustav
Gustav II Adolf
Children
   Christina
Christina

Due to Zygmunt's strong support of the Counterreformation, his support in largely Protestant Sweden eroded quickly. Charles soon took full control of Sweden and rebelled against Zygmunt, ostensibly due to fears that Zygmunt might re-Catholicize Sweden. In 1598 Zygmunt tried to defeat him with a mixed army from Sweden and Poland but was defeated at the Battle of Stångebro. Zygmunt was forbidden to rule Sweden from abroad but nevertheless returned to Poland, and so in 1599 was deposed. This and his decision to incorporate Livonia into the Commonwealth led to the Polish-Swedish War, which lasted, with minor breaks, to 1629. Little was gained in this war by either side. The kingship was ultimately ceded to Charles. Zygmunt, however, did not relinquish his claim to the Swedish throne, and his subsequent foreign policy was aimed at regaining the Swedish crown. This led to bitter relations and several wars between the two countries, to end only after the Great Northern War. The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (733x907, 190 KB) Snopek coat of arms, the arms of the Vasa dynasty and various kings of both Poland and Sweden made by Halibutt in Blender and GIMP Based on the excellent French Wikipédia:Projet/Blasons and help from w... Gustav I of Sweden, commonly known as Gustav Vasa, but originally known as Gustav Eriksson (May 12, 1496 – September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ... Erik XIV (December 13, 1533 – February 26, 1577) was King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568. ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Princess Catherine of Sweden (Prinsessan Katarina) (November 10, 1584 – December 13, 1638) was the daughter of Charles IX of Sweden. ... Cecilia of Sweden, also Cecilia Vasa (Stockholm, November 16, 1540 - 1627), was Princess of Sweden and daughter of King Gustav I and Queen Margareta Leijonhufvud. ... Charles IX (Karl IX) (October 4, 1550 – October 30, 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. ... Erik XIV (December 13, 1533 – February 26, 1577) was King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568. ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Reign in Poland November 8, 1632 – May 20, 1648. ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... John Albert Vasa (Jan Albert Waza) (June 25, 1612 – December 29, 1634), bishop of Warmia and Kraków, cardinal. ... Charles Ferdinand Vasa (Karol Ferdynand Vasa) (1613-1655), was Duke of Opole from 1648 to 1655. ... Alexander Charles Vasa (Aleksander Karol Waza) (November 4, 1614 – November 19, 1634) was the fifth son of King Sigismund III of Poland and his wife Constance of Austria. ... Charles IX (Karl IX) (October 4, 1550 – October 30, 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. ... Princess Catherine of Sweden (Prinsessan Katarina) (November 10, 1584 – December 13, 1638) was the daughter of Charles IX of Sweden. ... Gustav II Adolf (also known as Gustaf Adolf den store or Gustavus II Adolphus) (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and referred to by Protestants as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... For the present-day Prince Carl Philip, please refer to Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Wermelandia. ... Charles X Gustav (Karl X Gustav) (November 8, 1622 – February 13, 1660), was King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. ... Gustav II Adolf (also known as Gustaf Adolf den store or Gustavus II Adolphus) (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and referred to by Protestants as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... Christina (Kristina) (December 8, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ... Christina (Kristina) (December 8, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ... The Counter-Reformation or the Catholic Reformation was a strong reaffirmation of the doctrine and structure of the Catholic Church, climaxing at the Council of Trent, partly in reaction to the growth of Protestantism. ... The Battle of StÃ¥ngebro took place at Linköping, Sweden on September 25, 1598, and effectively ended the personal union between Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, that had only existed since 1592. ... Events The Jesuit educational plan known as the Ratio Studiorum is issued (January 8). ... Estonia, Livonia and Courland from a 1740 map Livonia (Latvian: Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa; German: Livland; Polish: Inflanty; Russian: Лифляндия or Liflandiya) once was the land of the Finnic Livonians, but came in the Middle Ages to designate a much broader territory controlled by the Livonian Order on the eastern coasts of... The Polish-Swedish Wars refer to a series of wars between Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden, in the wider meaning to the series of wars in which both Sweden and Poland participated between 1563 and 1721, in the narrower meaning to denote the two wars between 1600 and 1629. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... The Great Northern War was the war fought between a coalition of Russia, Denmark-Norway and Saxony-Poland (from 1715 also Prussia and Hanover) on one side and Sweden on the other side from 1700 to 1721. ...


In 1605 Zygmunt attempted to strengthen the monarch's power by asking the Sejm (the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's parliament) to limit the liberum veto, increase taxes, and augment the military. His opponents, led by Mikołaj Zebrzydowski, declared a confederation and rokosz at Sandomierz, leading to a civil war known as rokosz Zebrzydowskiego. Eventually, royalist forces defeated the rokoszans on 6 July 1607 at the Battle of Guzów, but the eventual compromise was a return to the status quo ante from before 1605. Events April 13 - Tsar Boris Godunow dies - Feodor II accedes to the throne May 16 - Paul V becomes Pope June 1 - Russian troops in Moscow imprison Feodor II and his mother. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Liberum veto (Latin: free veto) was a parliamentary device in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth that allowed any deputy to a Sejm to force an immediate end to the current session and nullify all legislation already passed at it. ... MikoÅ‚aj Zebrzydowski (1553–1620), voivode of Lublin from 1589, Grand Crown Marshal 1596–1600, voivode of Kraków from 1601. ... A confederation is an association of sovereign states, usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution. ... Rokosz was a privilege of szlachta in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth to refuse the Kings orders and legally act against him if the monarch were to break the laws and privileges of the szlachta. ... Sandomierz is a city in south-eastern Poland with 27,000 inhabitants (1995). ... ...


Another important conflict in his reign was the Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618), also known as the Dymitriads. Zygmunt and many Polish magnates attempted to exploit the Muscovite civil war (the Time of Troubles), and after a lengthy war the 1618 Truce of Deulino gave some territorial concessions to the Commonwealth (mainly the Smoleńsk Voivodship). Nonetheless, this war increased tensions between Poland and Russia, and ruined the prospects for a Polish-Lithuanian-Muscovy Commonwealth. Combatants Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Muscovite Russia Commanders Strength Casualties The Polish-Muscovite War (1605–1618) is the name of the series of wars (1605–1618) between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Muscovite Russia (or Muscovy), in the background of the Russian dynastic crisis known as the Time of Troubles (1598... Dymitriads (Polish Dymitriady) is the name for the series of wars (1605-1618) between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Muscovyn forces during the Russian civil war (known as the Time of Troubles (1606-13)). Commonwealth forces attempted to exploit Russian weakness and intervened in its civil war, supporting tsar pretenders... The Time of Troubles (Russian: Смутное время, Smutnoye Vremya) was a period of Russian history comprising the years of interregnum between the death of the last of Moscow Rurikids, Tsar Feodor Ivanovich, in 1598 and the establishment of the Romanov Dynasty in 1613. ... Truce of Deulino (also known as Peace or Treaty of Dywilino), was signed in December 1618 and concluded the Dymitriad wars (also known as Polish-Muscovy War of 1605-1618) between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Muscovy. ... SmoleÅ„sk Voivodship (Polish: Województwo SmoleÅ„skie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) since 15th century till the partitions of Poland in 1795. ... Polish-Lithuanian-Muscovite Commonwealth (in Polish also known as unia troista — triple union) was a never-formed state based on a personal union between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Muscovite Russia. ...

Zygmunt III Vasa. Painting by Marcin Kober, ca. 1590.
Zygmunt III Vasa. Painting by Marcin Kober, ca. 1590.

Sigismund was a talented painter and goldsmith: of his three paintings that survive until the present day one was through centuries erroneously attributed to Tintoretto; from his workshop came the main part of the famous silver coffin of St. Adalbert of Prague at the Cathedral in Gniezno. Image File history File links Sigismund_III_of_Poland. ... Image File history File links Sigismund_III_of_Poland. ... Marcin Kober (ca. ... Detail of a self-portrait Tintoretto (real name Jacopo Robusti; 1518 - May 31, 1594) was one of the greatest painters of the Venetian school and probably the last great painter of Italian Renaissance. ... Adalbert (Czech: Vojtěch, Polish: Wojciech, Germanic equivalent Adalbert - the joy of warrior) was a 10th century bishop of Prague who was martyred in his efforts to convert the Baltic Prussians. ... Motto: none Voivodship Greater Poland Municipal government Mayor Jaromir Dziel Area 40,9 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 71 040 none 1737/km² Founded City rights 8th century 1239 Latitude Longitude 52°32 N 17°36 E Area code +48 61 Car plates PGN Twin towns Anagni, Esztergom, Falkenberg, Saint...


He died at the age of 65 in the royal castle in Warsaw.


Sigismund's politics

Many historians believe that Sigismund viewed Poland only as a tool that would allow him to eventually regain the throne of Sweden. To this end he tried to strengthen his royal power and allied himself with Habsburgs and Counter-Reformation forces. Those politics were opposed by many from Polish nobility (the szlachta), most notably the chancellor Jan Zamojski. This led to a semi-legal rebellion against the king (rokosz), known as rokosz of Zebrzydowski (16061608), which was a response to Sigismund attempt to introduce majority voting in place of unanimity in the Sejm. Eventually Sigismund's loyalist forces were victorious, but the rebels went unpunished. Partially in order to pacify the restless szlachta, Sigismund supported war with Muscovy (the Dimitriads, 16081618). Although Commonwealth forces were almost constantly shuffled between wars in the East (with Muscovy), north (with Sweden) and South (with Ottomans - the Polish-Ottoman wars), Sigismund took advantage of Russia civil war (the Time of Troubles and secured temporary territorial gains for the Commonwealth. Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... The Counter-Reformation or the Catholic Reformation was a strong reaffirmation of the doctrine and structure of the Catholic Church, climaxing at the Council of Trent, partly in reaction to the growth of Protestantism. ... Polish szlachcic. ... Noble Family Zamoyski Coat of Arms Jelita Parents Stanisław Zamoyski Anna Herburt Consorts Anna Ossolińska Krystyna Radziwiłł Gryzelda Batory Barbara Tarnowska Children with Barbara Tarnowska Tomasz Zamoyski Date of Birth March 19, 1542 Place of Birth Skokówka, Poland Date of Death June 3, 1605 Place of Death Zamość, Poland Jan... Rokosz was a privilege of szlachta in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth to refuse the Kings orders and legally act against him if the monarch were to break the laws and privileges of the szlachta. ... Rokosz of Zebrzydowski (also known as Zebrzydowski Rebellion, Polish: rokosz Zebrzydowskiego) was a rokosz (semi-legal rebellion) in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth against its king Zygmunt III Waza. ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill Premier Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... Simple majority voting is a straightforward form of voting whereby the option with a simple majority of votes wins. ... Unanimity is near complete agreement by everyone. ... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское)) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ... Combatants Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Muscovite Russia Commanders Strength Casualties The Polish-Muscovite War (1605–1618) is the name of the series of wars (1605–1618) between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Muscovite Russia (or Muscovy), in the background of the Russian dynastic crisis known as the Time of Troubles (1598... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... The Moldavian Magnate Wars refer to the period at the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century when the magnates of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth intervened in the affairs of Moldavia, clashing with the Habsburgs and the Ottoman Empire for domination of the territory. ... The Time of Troubles (Russian: Смутное время, Smutnoye Vremya) was a period of Russian history comprising the end of 16th and beginning of 17th century. ...

Zygmunt III's royal seal.
Zygmunt III's royal seal.

While Sigismund never managed to regain the Swedish throne, his politics of personal ambition did succeed in provoking a long series of conflicts between the Commonwealth and Sweden and Muscovy. While the Commonwealth Sejm managed to thwart many ambitious (and dangerous) offensive plans of Sigismund (and later of his son, Wladislaw), the Vasa dynasty nonetheless succeeded in partially drawing the Commonwealth into the Thirty Years' War. This senseless conflict with Sweden, combined with wars against Ottomans and Muscovy eventually culminated well after Sigismund's death in the series of events known as The Deluge, which ended the Golden Age of the Commonwealth. Image File history File links Sigismund_of_Sweden_seal. ... Image File history File links Sigismund_of_Sweden_seal. ... It has been suggested that List of Polish uprisings be merged into this article or section. ... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское)) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War was fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally on the territory of todays Germany, but also involving most of the major continental powers. ... Combatants Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and allies Sweden and allies Commanders Jan Kazimierz of Poland Charles X of Sweden Strength Casualties This article is about the history of Poland. ...


During his reign he allowed the Brandenburg Hohenzollerns to inherit Ducal Prussia. Surrounding but excluding the national capital Berlin, Brandenburg is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... The House of Hohenzollern is a German dynasty of electors, kings, and emperors of Prussia, Germany, and Romania. ... Royal and Ducal Prussia in the second half of 16th century Ethnic map Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth with its major subdivisions as of 1619, superimposed on present-day national borders Ducal Prussia or Brandenburg-Prussia was since 1525 the eastern part of the land called Prussia, officially referred to as Terra...


The royal family

Sigismund married twice. Firstly, on May 31, 1592, to Anna of Austria, Habsburg (15731598), daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria (15401590) and his wife Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608). They had five children: May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... Anna of Austria, Habsburg, (Polish Anna Austriaczka1, Anna Habsburżanka, Anna Rakuszanka) (b. ... Events January - articles of Warsaw Confederation signed, sanctioning religious freedom in Poland. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I. April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria ( Vienna June 3, 1540 – July 10, 1590 in Graz) was an Archduke of Austria and Regent of Inner Austria from the House of Habsburg from 1564. ... Events January 6 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves, his fourth Queen consort. ... Events March 14 - Battle of Ivry - Henry IV of France again defeats the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne. ... Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608) was daughter of Albert V, Duke of Bavaria. ...

  1. Anna Maria (15931600)
  2. Katharina (15941594)
  3. Vladislaus (15951648), (reigned 16321648 as Władysław IV Waza of Poland)
  4. Katharina (15961597)
  5. Kristofer (15981598)

And secondly, on December 11, 1605, to his first wife's sister, Constance of Austria (15881631). They had seven children: Events May 18 - Playwright Thomas Kyds accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe. ... 1597 1598 1599 - 1600 - 1601 1602 1603 |- | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s |- | align=center | Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century |} // Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned at the... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ... Reign in Poland From November 8, 1632 until May 20, 1648 Reign in Russia From 1610 until 16351 Coronation On February 6, 1633 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Cecylia Renata Ludwika Maria Gonzaga Children with Cecylia Renata Zygmunt... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time. ... // Events January 17 - Englands Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... // Events January 17 - Englands Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. ... Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Events 17 January - A court case in Guildford recorded evidence that a certain plot of land was used for playing “kreckett” (i. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I. April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I. April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 13 - Tsar Boris Godunow dies - Feodor II accedes to the throne May 16 - Paul V becomes Pope June 1 - Russian troops in Moscow imprison Feodor II and his mother. ... Constance of Austria (also known as Constance Renate of the Habsburgs, in Polish as Konstancja Austriaczka or Konstancja Rakuszanka) (1588-1631) was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria. ... 1588 was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... // Events February 5 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. ...

  1. Johan Kasimir (16071608)
  2. John Casimir (16091672), (reigned 16481668 as John Casimir II Vasa of Poland)
  3. Johan Albert (16121634)
  4. Karol Ferdynant (16131655)
  5. Alexander Karl (16141634)
  6. Anna Konstantia (1616)
  7. Anna Katharina Konstanze (16191651)

Events January 20 - Tidal wave swept along the Bristol Channel, killing 2000 people. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna Teresa... // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... // Events January 17 - Englands Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. ... // Events January - The Triple Alliance of 1668 is formed. ... Johan Albert (25th June 1612 - 29th December 1634) (also known as Jan Albert Waza and Jan Olbracht Waza, (Waza can be also written as Vasa), born in Warsaw, died in Padua, Italy. ... Events January 20 - Mathias becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... Charles Ferdinand Vasa, Polish Karol Ferdynand Vasa (1613-1655). ... Events January - Galileo observes Neptune, but mistakes it for a star and so is not credited with its discovery. ... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... Alexander Karl Vasa, (4th November 1614 _ 19th November 1634) (also known as Aleksander Karol Waza). ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... Events October 25 — Dirk Hartog makes the second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at an island off the Western Australian coast Pocahontas arrives in England War between Venice and Austria Collegium Musicum founded in Prague Nicolaus Copernicus De revolutionibus is placed on the Index of Forbidden Books... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ...

Other

Zygmunt III Waza is one of the personages in a famous painting by Jan Matejko, depicting the preaching of Piotr Skarga. Jan Matejko , self-portrait Jan Matejko, also Jan Mateyko (b. ... Skargas Sermon, by Jan Matejko, 1862, oil on canvas, 224 x 397 cm. ...


See also

Preceded by:
Anna and Stefan Batory
King of Poland
1587–1632
Succeeded by:
Władysław IV
Preceded by:
John III
King of Sweden
1592–1599
Succeeded by:
Charles Albert, Duke of Värmland and Södermanland
Regent of Sweden
Monarchs of Poland
Piast: Siemowit | Lestko | Siemomysł | Mieszko I | Bolesław I the Brave | Mieszko II Lambert | Bezprym | Mieszko II Lambert | Kazimierz I the Restorer | Bolesław II the Bold | Władysław I Herman | Zbigniew of Poland | Bolesław III Wrymouth | Władysław II the Exile | Bolesław IV the Curly | Mieszko III the Old | Kazimierz II the Just | Leszek I the White | Władysław III Spindleshanks | Leszek I the White | Mieszko IV Tanglefoot | Leszek I the White | Władysław III Spindleshanks | Konrad I of Masovia | Henryk I the Bearded | Henryk II the Pious | Konrad I of Masovia | Bolesław V the Chaste | Leszek II the Black | Henryk IV Probus | Przemysł II
Přemyslid: Václav II | Václav III
Piast: Władysław I the Elbow-high | Kazimierz III the Great
Angevin: Ludwik the Hungarian | Jadwiga Angevin
Jagiellon: Władysław II Jagiełło | Władysław III of Varna | Kazimierz IV Jagiellon | Jan I Olbracht | Alexander Jagiellon | Zygmunt I the Old | Zygmunt II August
Elected: Henryk III Walezy | Anna Jagiellon | Stefan Batory | Zygmunt III Vasa | Władysław IV Vasa | Jan II Kazimierz Vasa | Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki | Jan III Sobieski | August II the Strong | Stanisław Leszczyński | August II the Strong | Stanisław Leszczyński | August III the Saxon | Stanisław August Poniatowski

 
 

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