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Encyclopedia > Zygmunt II August
Zygmunt II August (drawing by Jan Matejko)
Zygmunt II August
Reign From April 1, 1548
until July 6, 1572
Coronation On September 15, 1697
in the Wawel Cathedral,
Kraków, Poland
Royal House Jagiellon
Parents Zygmunt I the Old
Bona Sforza
Consorts Elizabeth of Habsburg (Elżbieta Habsburżanka)
Barbara Radziwiłł
Catherine of Habsburg (Katarzyna Habsburżanka)
Barbara Giżycka
Children with Barbara Giżycka
Barbara
Date of Birth August 1, 1520
Place of Birth Kraków, Poland
Date of Death July 6, 1572
Place of Death Knyszyn, Poland
Place of Burial Wawel cathedral, Kraków, Poland
buried on February 10, 1574

Zygmunt II August (Lithuanian: Žygimantas Augustas) (August 1, 1520, Cracow - July, 1572, Knyszyn) was the only son of Zygmunt I the Old, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, whom he succeeded in 1548, and Bona Sforza. Jan Matejko , self-portrait Jan Matejko (aka Jan Mateyko; Free City of Kraków, July 28, 1838 – November 1, 1893, Kraków, was a Polish artist famous for paintings of notable Polish political and military events. ... Zygmunt II August This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... Tomb of Kazimierz the Great St. ... The term Royal House refers to the official designation and name of a royal family instead of surname. ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga... Bona Sforza Bona Sforza (born February 2, 1494 - November 19, 1557) was a queen of Poland and a second wife of Sigismund I of Poland since 1518. ... The name Elisabeth of Austria, in some cases also referred to as Elisabeth of Habsburg, belongs to several notable historical figures, including the following: Elisabeth of Austria (d. ... Noble Family RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Coat of Arms TrÄ…by Parents Jerzy RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Barbara Kola Consorts Stanislaw GesztoÅ‚d Zygmunt II August Children none Date of Birth December 6, 1523 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death May 8, 1551 Place of Death Kraków Barbara Radziwiłłówna (Lithuanian: Barbora RadvilaitÄ—) (1520-1550... Catherine of Habsburg or Catherine of Austria (14 January 1507– 12 February 1578), of the Habsburg family, princess of Spain, born a daughter of Philip, Archduke, Lord of Flanders, etc. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... mary elline m. ... Tomb of Kazimierz the Great St. ... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Knyszyn is a town in north-eastern Poland. ... Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... Tomb of Kazimierz the Great St. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events April 14 - Battle of Mookerheyde. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... mary elline m. ... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Knyszyn is a town in north-eastern Poland. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga... The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and Pogoń in Polish Another version of the Lithuanian banner The Grand Duchy of Lithuania ( Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė, Belarusian: Вялі́кае Кня́ства Літо́ўскае (ВКЛ), Ukrainian: Велике Князівство Литовське (ВКЛ... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... Bona Sforza Bona Sforza (born February 2, 1494 - November 19, 1557) was a queen of Poland and a second wife of Sigismund I of Poland since 1518. ...


Royal titles

  • Royal titles in Latin:Sigismundus Augustus Dei gratia rex Poloniae, magnus dux Lithuaniae, nec non terrarum Cracoviae, Sandomiriae, Siradiae, Lanciciae, Cuiaviae, Kijoviae, Russiae, Woliniae, Prussiae, Masoviae, Podlachiae, Culmensis, Elbingensis, Pomeraniae, Samogitiae, Livoniae etc. dominus et haeres.

At the very beginning of his reign he came into collision with the turbulent szlachta or gentry, who had already begun to oust the great families from power. The ostensible cause of their animosity to the king was his second marriage, secretly contracted before his accession, with the beautiful Lithuanian Calvinist, Barbara Radziwiłł, daughter of Hetman Jerzy Radziwiłł. Tomb of Kazimierz the Great St. ... Sandomierz is a city in south-eastern Poland with 27,000 inhabitants (1995). ... Coat of Arms of Sieradz Sieradz is a town on Warta river in central Poland with 44,700 inhabitants (1995). ... Łęczyca (in full The Royal Town of Łęczyca, Polish: Królewskie Miasto Łęczyca) is a town of 18000 inhabitants in central Poland. ... KUYAVIA (sometimes spelt Cuyavia; in German KUJAWIEN, in Polish KUJAVY) is a historical region of Poland, named after the pagan tribe of the Kujawier (name in German) still known there under that name in the tenth century AD. It is the northernmost part of Greater Poland, west of Masovia and... A monument to St. ... Ruthenia is a name applied to parts of Eastern Europe which were populated by Eastern Slavic peoples, as well as to various states that existed in this territory in the past. ... Pochayiv Lavra, the spiritual heart of Volhynia Volhynia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: ; also called Volynia) comprises the historic region in western Ukraine located between the rivers Pripyat and Western Bug -- to the north of Galicia and of Podolia. ... Royal and Ducal Prussia in the second half of 16th century Ethnic map Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth with its major subdivisions as of 1619, superimposed on present-day national borders Ducal Prussia or Brandenburg-Prussia was since 1525 the eastern part of the land called Prussia, officially referred to as Terra... Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital in Warsaw. ... Podlasie (Latin Podlachia) is a historical region in eastern part of Poland and western Belarus. ... CheÅ‚mno Land or Culmland (Polish: Ziemia CheÅ‚miÅ„ska, German: Kulmerland) is a historical region in central Poland bounded by the Vistula and DrwÄ™ca rivers. ... ElblÄ…g (Polish pronunciation: (?); local dialect: ElbiÄ…g ([:εlbiɔ̃g]); German: ( ); Old Prussian: Truso, Ilfing) is a city in northern Poland with 128,700 inhabitants, the capital of the Powiat of ElblÄ…g, situated in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodship since 1999, previously capital of ElblÄ…g Voivodship (1975–1998), and... Historic Pomerania (outlined in yellow) on the background of modern country borders. ... Note: this article is about the ethnographic region of Lithuania. ... Estonia, Livonia and Courland from a 1740 map Livonia (Latvian: Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa; German: Livland; Polish: Inflanty; Russian: Лифляндия or Liflandiya) once was the land of the Finnic Livonians, but came in the Middle Ages to designate a much broader territory controlled by the Livonian Order on the eastern coasts of... In an unadorned church, the 17th century congregation stands to hear the sermon. ... Noble Family RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Coat of Arms TrÄ…by Parents Jerzy RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Barbara Kola Consorts Stanislaw GesztoÅ‚d Zygmunt II August Children none Date of Birth December 6, 1523 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death May 8, 1551 Place of Death Kraków Barbara Radziwiłłówna (Lithuanian: Barbora RadvilaitÄ—) (1520-1550... Hetman (from Czech: hejtman, German: Hauptmann, Old Slavonic vatamman, Turkish: Ataman) was the title of the second highest military commander (after the monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, known from 1569 to 1795 as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Noble Family RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Coat of Arms TrÄ…by Parents MikoÅ‚aj RadiwiÅ‚Å‚owicz Zofia Anna Monwind Consorts Barbara Kiszka Barbara Kola Children with Barbara Kola Mikolaj Rudy RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Anna Elżbieta RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Barbara RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Date of Birth 1480 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death April, 1541 Place of Death  ? Jerzy...


But the Austrian court and Sigismund's own mother, Queen Bona, seem to have been behind the movement, and so violent was the agitation at Sigismund's first diet (October 31, 1548) that the deputies threatened to renounce their allegiance unless the king instantly repudiated Barbara. This he refused to do, and his moral courage united with no small political dexterity enabled him to win the day. By 1550, when he summoned his second diet, a reaction in his favor began, and the lingering petulance of the gentry was sternly rebuked by Kmita, the marshal of the diet, who openly accused them of attempting to diminish unduly the legislative prerogative of the crown. The death of Barbara, five days after her coronation (December 7, 1550), under very distressing circumstances which led to an unproven suspicion that she had been poisoned by Queen Bona, compelled Sigismund to contract a third purely political union with the Austrian archduchess Catherine, the sister of Sigismund's first wife Elizabeth, who had died within a year of her marriage to him, while he was still only crown prince. The third bride was sickly and unsympathetic, and from her Sigismund soon lost all hope of progeny, to his despair, for since he was the last male of the Jagiellos in the direct line, the dynasty was threatened with extinction. He sought to remedy the evil by liaisons with two of the most beautiful of his countrywomen, Barbara Gizanka and Anna Zajanczkowska. The diet undertook to legitimatize and acknowledge as his successor any male heir who might be born to him. But their desires did not come to fruition, for the king died childless. Categories: People stubs | 1494 births | 1557 deaths | Polish queen consorts ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Catherine of Habsburg or Catherine of Austria (14 January 1507– 12 February 1578), of the Habsburg family, princess of Spain, born a daughter of Philip, Archduke, Lord of Flanders, etc. ... There are many women who might be known as Elisabeth of Austria: the most noted of these is the Empress Sisi, whose article is found at Elisabeth_of_Bavaria Other Elisabeth of Austrias include: Elisabeth of Austria (1437-1505), wife of Casimir IV of Poland Elisabeth of Austria (1554 - 1592), wife of...

Barbara Radziwiłł death, 19th century painiting by Wojciech Gerson
Barbara Radziwiłł death, 19th century painiting by Wojciech Gerson

This matter of the king's marriage was of great political importance, the Protestants and the Catholics being equally interested in the issue. Had he not been so good a Catholic Sigismund might well have imitated the example of Henry VIII by pleading that his detested third wife was the sister of his first and consequently the union was uncanonical. The Polish Protestants hoped that he would take this course and thus bring about a breach with Rome at the very crisis of the confessional struggle in Poland, while the Habsburgs, who coveted the Polish throne, raised every obstacle to the childless king's remarriage. Not till Queen Catherine's death on February 28, 1572 were Sigismund's hands free, but he followed her to the grave less than six months afterwards. Sigismund's reign was a period of internal turmoil and external expansion. Download high resolution version (800x698, 73 KB)barbara radziwill death, painting from 19th century 19th century painiting by Wojciech Gerson This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (800x698, 73 KB)barbara radziwill death, painting from 19th century 19th century painiting by Wojciech Gerson This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Wojciech Gerson (1831-1901) was a Polish painter and professor. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... In English, this name, which is derived from Greek may be spelled Catherine, Katherine, Katharine, or Kathryn. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ...

Obojga Narodow Coat of Arms
Obojga Narodow Coat of Arms

He saw the invasion of Poland by the Reformation, and the democratic upheaval which placed all political power in the hands of the szlachta; he saw the collapse of the ancient order of the Knights of the Sword in the north (which led to the acquisition of Livonia by the republic) and the consolidation of the Turkish power in the south. Throughout this perilous transitional period Sigismund's was the hand which successfully steered the ship of state amidst all the whirlpools that constantly threatened to engulf it. A far less imposing figure than his father, the elegant and refined Sigismund II was nevertheless an even greater statesman than the stern and majestic Sigismund I. Download high resolution version (364x601, 115 KB)Coat of arms Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth This work is copyrighted. ... Download high resolution version (364x601, 115 KB)Coat of arms Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth This work is copyrighted. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Polish szlachcic. ... The Livonian Brothers of the Sword (Latin Fratres militiae Christi, literally the brothers of the army of Christ), also known as the Christ Knights, Sword Brethren or The Militia of Christ of Livonia, was a military order started in 1202 by Albert von Buxhövden, bishop of Riga (or Prince-Bishop... Estonia, Livonia and Courland from a 1740 map Livonia (Latvian: Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa; German: Livland; Polish: Inflanty; Russian: Лифляндия or Liflandiya) once was the land of the Finnic Livonians, but came in the Middle Ages to designate a much broader territory controlled by the Livonian Order on the eastern coasts of... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga Anna with Bona...

"Death of Sigismund II Augustus at Knyszyn", oil on canvas by Jan Matejko, 1886, National Museum in Warsaw.
"Death of Sigismund II Augustus at Knyszyn", oil on canvas by Jan Matejko, 1886, National Museum in Warsaw.

Tenacity and patience, the characteristics of all the Jagiellos, he possessed in a high degree, and he added to them a supple dexterity and a diplomatic finesse which he may have inherited from his Italian mother. Certainly no other Polish king so thoroughly understood the nature of the ingredients of that witch's cauldron, the Polish diet, as he did. Both the Austrian ambassadors and the papal legates testify to the care with which he controlled this nation so difficult to lead. Everything went as he wished, they said, because he seemed to know everything beforehand. He managed to get more money than his father could ever get, and at one of his diets won the hearts of the whole assembly by unexpectedly appearing before them in the simple grey coat of a Masovian squire. Like his father, a pro-Austrian by conviction, he contrived even in this respect to carry the Polish nation, always so distrustful of the Germans, entirely along with him, thereby avoiding all serious complications with the ever dangerous Turks. Death of Sigismund Augustus at Knyszyn by Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Death of Sigismund Augustus at Knyszyn by Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Knyszyn is a town in north-eastern Poland. ... Jan Matejko , self-portrait Jan Matejko (aka Jan Mateyko; Free City of Kraków, July 28, 1838 – November 1, 1893, Kraków, was a Polish artist famous for paintings of notable Polish political and military events. ... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Historical division of Masovia Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital at Warsaw. ...


Only a statesman of genius could have mediated for twenty years, as he did, between the church and the schismatics without alienating the sympathies of either. But the most striking memorial of his greatness was the Union of Lublin, which finally made of Poland and Lithuania one body politic called the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth or Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów, and put an end to the jealousies and discords of centuries. The merit of this crowning achievement belongs to Sigismund alone; but for him it would have been impossible. Sigismund II died at his beloved Knyszyn on July 6, 1572, at the age of 52. The Union of Lublin, painted by Jan Matejko The Union of Lublin (Lithuanian: Liublino unija; Belarusian: Лю́блінская ву́нія; Polish: Unia lubelska) - signed on July 1, 1569 in Lublin, united the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, with the official... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Knyszyn is a town in north-eastern Poland. ...


See also

  • History of Poland (1385-1569)
  • History of Poland (1569-1795)
Preceded by:
Zygmunt I the Old
King of Poland
1548–1572
Succeeded by:
Henry
Monarchs of Poland
Piast: Siemowit | Lestko | Siemomysł | Mieszko I | Bolesław I the Brave | Mieszko II Lambert | Bezprym | Mieszko II Lambert | Kazimierz I the Restorer | Bolesław II the Bold | Władysław I Herman | Zbigniew of Poland | Bolesław III Wrymouth | Władysław II the Exile | Bolesław IV the Curly | Mieszko III the Old | Kazimierz II the Just | Leszek I the White | Władysław III Spindleshanks | Leszek I the White | Mieszko IV Tanglefoot | Leszek I the White | Władysław III Spindleshanks | Konrad I of Masovia | Henryk I the Bearded | Henryk II the Pious | Konrad I of Masovia | Bolesław V the Chaste | Leszek II the Black | Henryk IV Probus | Przemysł II
Přemyslid: Václav II | Václav III
Piast: Władysław I the Elbow-high | Kazimierz III the Great
Angevin: Ludwik the Hungarian | Jadwiga Angevin
Jagiellon: Władysław II Jagiełło | Władysław III of Varna | Kazimierz IV Jagiellon | Jan I Olbracht | Alexander Jagiellon | Zygmunt I the Old | Zygmunt II August
Elected: Henryk III Walezy | Anna Jagiellon | Stefan Batory | Zygmunt III Vasa | Władysław IV Vasa | Jan II Kazimierz Vasa | Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki | Jan III Sobieski | August II the Strong | Stanisław Leszczyński | August II the Strong | Stanisław Leszczyński | August III the Saxon | Stanisław August Poniatowski

The Jagiellon Era 1385-1569, was dominated by the union of Poland with Lithuania under the Jagiellon Dynasty, founded by the Lithuanian grand duke Jagiello. ... Main article: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth The Nihil novi act adopted by the Polish Diet in 1505 transferred all legislative power from the king to the Diet. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ... Henry III (French: Henri III) (September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), born Alexandre-Édouard, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from May 30, 1574 until his death. ... Until 1795, Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes (ca. ... The Piast dynasty is a line of Kings and dukes that ruled Poland from its beginnings as an independent state up to 1370. ... Siemowit (also Ziemowit) was, according to the chronicles of Gallus Anonymus, the son of Piast and Rzepicha. ... Lestko (also Lestek, Leszek) is the second legendary duke of Poland, and son of Siemowit, born probably 930/940 Though proof of his actual existence is unclear, he had to have been a major figure in his time, due to the fact that before Poland existed as a state, the... SiemomysÅ‚ is the third legendary Polish duke, and said to be the father of Polands first historical ruler, Mieszko I. SiemomysÅ‚ is credited with leaving the lands known as Greater Poland to his son, who further expanded them during his reign. ... Reign ca. ... Reign 992 — 1025. ... Reign From 1025 until 1031 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death May 10... Bezprym (986-1032), the first-born son of king of Poland BolesÅ‚aw I Chrobry and his second wife, who came from Hungary (unknown name); he was deprived of throne of Poland due to giving it to his brother Mieszko II. In 1031, in alliance with Conrad II, Holy Roman... Reign From 1025 until 1031 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death May 10... Kazimierz I the Restorer. ... BolesÅ‚aw II the Bold. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I Herman. ... Zbigniew of Poland (born after 1070, died 1112). ... BolesÅ‚aw III Wrymouth. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II the Exile. ... BolesÅ‚aw IV the Curly. ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Greater Poland | Dukes of Poznan | Dukes of Gniezno | Dukes of Kalisz ... Kazimierz II the Just. ... Leszek I the White. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Spindleshanks. ... Leszek I the White. ... Mieszko IV Tanglefoot (Polish: Mieszko IV PlÄ…tonogi; Mieszko IV of Racibórz; ca. ... Leszek I the White. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Spindleshanks. ... Konrad I of Masovia. ... Henryk I the Bearded. ... Henryk II Pobożny Henry II the Pious, (Polish: Henryk II Pobożny, b. ... Konrad I of Masovia. ... BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy Boleslaus the Chaste or the Shy (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy) (21 June 1226 O.S. – 7 December 1279 O.S.) was the son of Leszek the White. ... Leszek Czarny Leszek II the Black (Polish: Leszek II Czarny) ruled 1279-1288. ... See also List of Polish rulers Piast_dynasty Dukes of Silesia Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Wroclaw ... PrzemysÅ‚ II PrzemysÅ‚ II (October 14, 1257 – February 8, 1296), was Duke of PoznaÅ„, Greater Poland, Kraków and Pomerania, and King of Poland from 1295 until his death. ... PÅ™emyslid coat of arms. ... WacÅ‚aw II Wenceslaus II Premyslid (Czech: Václav II; Polish: WacÅ‚aw II Czeski; September 17, 1271 – June 21, 1305) was King of Bohemia (1278 - 1305), Duke of Kraków (1291 - 1305), King of Poland (1300 - 1305). ... Wenceslaus III Premyslid (Czech and Slovak Václav, Hungarian Vencel, Polish WacÅ‚aw), (October 6, 1289 – August 4, 1306) was the king of Hungary (1301 - 1305) and king of Bohemia (1305 - 1306). ... The Piast dynasty is a line of Kings and dukes that ruled Poland from its beginnings as an independent state up to 1370. ... Wladislaus I on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus I the Short or Elbow-high (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I Łokietek) (1261–1333), was a King of Poland. ... Kazimierz III the Great by Jan Matejko Kazimierz III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki; 1310 – 1370), King of Poland (1333-70), was the son of King WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I the Elbow-high and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Greater Poland. ... Angevin is the name applied to three distinct medieval dynasties which originated as counts (from 1360, dukes) of the western French province of Anjou (of which angevin is the adjectival form), but later came to rule far greater areas including England, Ireland, Hungary, Poland, Naples, and Jerusalem (see Angevin Empire). ... Louis the Great. ... Jadwiga. ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty originating in Lithuania, which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III of Varna. ... Reign 1440 - June 7, 1492 as Grand Duke of Lithuania. ... Reign September 23, 1492 - June 17, 1501. ... Reign December 12, 1501 - August 19, 1506. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga... Election of Michal Korybut Wisniowiecki as king of Poland at Wola, outside Warsaw ( 1669). ... Henry III (French: Henri III) (September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), born Alexandre-Édouard, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from May 30, 1574 until his death. ... Anna Jagiellon. ... Stefan Batory (1533-1586) was Prince of Transylvania (1571-1575), then King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1575-1586). ... Reign in Poland September 18, 1587 – April 19, 1632. ... Reign in Poland November 8, 1632 – May 20, 1648. ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... Reign From June 19, 1669 until November 10, 1673 Elected On June 19, 1669 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 29, 1669 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Noble Family WiÅ›niowiecki Coat of Arms Korybut Parents Jeremi MichaÅ‚ WiÅ›niowiecki Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska Consorts... Jan III Sobieski (1629-1696) (also known in English literature as John Sobieski) was one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1674 until his death. ... Reign 1697 – 1706, and 1709 – February 1, 1733. ... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Reign 1697 – 1706, and 1709 – February 1, 1733. ... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Reign 1734 – October 5, 1763. ... For other persons named StanisÅ‚aw Poniatowski, see StanisÅ‚aw Poniatowski. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

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Zygmunt I the Old - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (517 words)
Zygmunt I the Old (Polish: Zygmunt I Stary; Sigismund I the Old; 1467 – 1548), fifth ruler of the Jagiellon dynasty, reigned as King of Poland from 1506 to his death in 1548.
In return for Maximilian lending weight to the provisions of the 2nd Peace of Thorn, Zygmunt consented to the marriage of the children of Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary, his brother, to the grandchildren of Maximilian.
Zygmunt's eldest daughter Hedwig (Jadwiga) (1513-1573) married Elector Joachim II of Brandenburg.
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