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Encyclopedia > Zvornik
Зворник
Zvornik
Coat of arms
Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Shown in bright red (click to enlarge)
The light red indicates the Republika Srpska entity
General Information
Entity Republika Srpska
Municipality area 387 km²
Population
- (est.)

79,000
- (1991 census) 81,111
Coordinates 44°39′N, 19°10′E
Area code +387 56
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
CEST (UTC+2)
Website www.opstina-zvornik.org
Politics
Mayor Budimir Aćimović (SPRS)
Zvornik
Monument in Zvornik dedicated to the Serbian soldiers and civilians of the 1992-95 war

Zvornik (Cyrillic: Зворник) is a city on the Drina river in northeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, located south of Bijeljina. The town Mali Zvornik ("little Zvornik") lies directly across the river in Serbia, and not far north is Loznica. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 631 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1520 pixel, file size: 290 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... Anthem: Bože Pravde2 (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... 1991 Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Census was the last census of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina taken before the Bosnian War. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This is a list of dialing codes in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Socialist Party of the Republika Srpska (Socialisticka Partija Republike Srpske ) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 452 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (856 × 1136 pixel, file size: 185 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 452 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (856 × 1136 pixel, file size: 185 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde2 (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Bijeljina (Cyrillic: Бијељина) is a town and municipality in northeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Mali Zvornik (Мали Зворник) is a town and municipality located in the Mačva District of Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ... Loznica (Лозница) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ...

Contents

Zvornik Today

The Municipality of Zvornik is one of the 9 most developed municipalities in the Republika Srpska. Zvornik has a square named after King Petar I of Serbia. A town in the Republika Srpska is also named after him, using his nom de guerre - Mrkonjić Grad. Armenian king Tigranes the Great. ... King Peter I of Yugoslavia (Serbian Cyrillic: Петар I Карађорђевић, Petar I KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević) (29 June 1844 – 16 August 1921) was King of Serbia from 1903 to 1918 after which he became the first King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ... A pseudonym (Greek pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons true name. ... Mrkonjić-Grad (Cyrillic: Мркоњић-Град) is a town and municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Saint’s Day

Zvornik municipality has its patron saint – St. Petka Trnova whose day is celebrated on August 8th. Saint martyr Paraskeva lived in 2nd century AD. Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ...


Originally, she had Roman roots coming from a Christian family. After her parents had died, she gave away all her property to the poor and became a nun.


Due to her preaching of Christian religion and many miracles that she had done, she was imprisoned, tortured, and in the end killed with the sward, as ordered by prince Tarasije.


Population

According to the 1910 census, the majority in the Zvornik municipality were Orthodox Christians (54.78%).


Before the war in Bosnia, the Zvornik municipality was one of the largest in the country with a population of 81,111. The city of Zvornik itself had 14,852 inhabitants. This is a history of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


The city's demographic situation has changed drastically in the last 15 years. Up until 1992, the municipality had a population of 81,111 residents with a Muslim by nationality majority and a large Serb minority. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Muslims by nationality was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe people who spoke Serbo-Croatian language and professed Islam that werent identified as one of the other nations. ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Ethnic groups included:

Languages Serbo-Croat(Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian) Macedonian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups South Slavs Muslims by nationality (Muslimani, Муслимани) was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe mainly native Slavic Muslims. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Ethnic map of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2006 municipality data. ... Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) is an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Coat of arms of the Bosnian and Herzegovinian Croats Ethnic map of BIH, 2006. ...

History

Early history

Zvornik is one of the oldest cities in Bosnia, being first mentioned in the year 1410, although it was known as Zvonik ("bell tower") at that time. The town's geographic location has made it an important trade link between Bosnia and the east. For instance, the main road connecting Sarajevo and Belgrade runs through the city. Zvornik has also the distinction of being the only city in Bosnia that directly lies on the border to Serbia. March 29 - The Aragonese capture Oristano, capital of the giudicato di Arborea in Sardinia July 15 – Battle of Grunwald (also known as Tannenberg or Zalgiris). ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ...


During the Ottoman occupation, Zvornik was the capital of the Zvornik sanjak (an administrative region). This was primarily the case because of the city's crucial role in the economy and the strategic importance of the city's location. Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Ottoman Empire, 1299]] Sultans  - 1281–1326... Sanjak and Sandjak (other variants: sinjaq, sanjaq) are the most common English transliterations of the Turkish word Sancak, which literally means banner. In Arabic the sanjaks were also called liwas. ...


Bosnian War

During the Bosnian War, most of Zvornik's Bosniak population was expelled, and there was a massive intake of Serb refugees from Muslim and Croat controlled areas. At the beginning of the war, there were some instances of mass killings in Zvornik and the surrounding villages.[1] It is known that the suburbs of Karakaj and Čelopek were places of concentration camps where hundreds of Bosniaks were killed.[2] Recently, mass graves of victims killed in the massacre of Srebrenica were found in the village of Liplje, south of Zvornik.[citation needed] Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim... A mass murder (massacre) involves the murder of large numbers of people either by a state or an individual. ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... Image:Mass Grave Bergen Belsen May 1945. ... Srebrenica (Cyrillic: Сребреница; IPA: /srÉ›.brÉ›.ni. ...


After the war, the town's population consisted of only Serbs. With the help of the international community, there has been an effort to return refugees back to the municipality, but the process has been slow and will take many years to complete.


At the same time almost none of the Serbian refugees that settled in Zvornik during the Bosnian war and right after did not go back to their pre-war location. It is also worth mentioning that Zvornik's population nearly doubled in the post war years because of a huge influx of Serbian refugees from Tuzla and the Sarajevo region. Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Tuzla Canton Land area 302,35 km² Population 165,000 Population density 545/km² Coordinates Area code +387 35 Mayor Jasmin Imamović (SDP) Website http://www. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ...


Climate

Serbian Orthodox Church in Zvornik

Just like most of Bosnia, Zvornik has very hot summers and cold winters. Except for the area near the river Drina, the city is surrounded by mountains with preserved forests, which creates a beautiful scenery with the town's location at the bottom of a valley. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Education

It is presumed that the Orthodox primary school was established in Zvornik before the 18th century. In 1880, this school was transferred to a new building (present-day’s printing – house). The school was built by the Serbs for education of their children. The state primary school became operational in 1866/67. In 1920, a Secondary School for construction with commercial department was built. It was the only secondary school until the Second World War.


There are five elementary schools on the territory of the Municipality Zvornik: “Sveti Sava” in Zvornik, which was one of the biggest schools by number of pupils in the former SFRJ, “Petar Kočić” in Kozluk, “Vuk Karadžić” in Roćević, “Desanka Maksimović” in Čelopek and “Nikola Tesla” in Pilica.


Sport

The local football club, FK Drina Zvornik, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska. A football team is the collective name given to a number of players who play together in a football game, be it American football, Association football (soccer), Australian rules football, Canadian football, Brazilian football, Gaelic football, Rugby league, Rugby union, or other version of football. ... FK Drina (Cyrillic: ФК Дрина) is a football club from the town of Zvornik, in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Prva liga Republike Srpske or Прва лига Републике Српске (First league of the Republika Srpska) is a second level football competition in Bosnia-Herzegovina. ...


See also

Podrinje is a geographical region in Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina around Drina River. ...

External links

  • Zvornik
 
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Coordinates: 44°23′N, 19°06′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Zvornik: Information From Answers.com (390 words)
Zvornik is a city on the Drina river in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Before the war in Bosnia, the Zvornik municipality was one of the largest in the country with a population of 81,000.
During the Ottoman occupation, Zvornik was the capital of the "Zvornik Sandjak," or the Zvornik administrative region, which was a result of the city's crucial role in the economy and the strategic location.
Zvornik, Bosnia and Herzegovina (389 words)
Zvornik is a city on the Drina river in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, located southwest of Tuzla and north of Srebrenica.
Zvornik is one of the oldest cities in Bosnia, being first mentioned in the year 1410, although it was known as Zvonik ("bell tower") at that time.
During the Ottoman occupation, Zvornik was the capital of the Zvornik sanjak (an administrative region), which was a result of the city's crucial role in the economy and the strategic location.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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