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Encyclopedia > Zurna
Zurna'
Zurla,Surnay,Zournas, Zurnas,Zurma,Sornai, Lettish horn,Surla,Surna
Zurna
Classification

Double reed Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... A double reed is a type of reed used to produce sound in various wind instruments. ...

Playing range
Related instruments

For other meanings, see Zurna (disambiguation) and Surna (disambiguation) The playing range of a musical instrument is the region of pitch in which it can play, i. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Sorna (Persian سورنا, سُرنا sornā, also سورنای, سُرنای sornāy, also Surna and Surnay) is an ancient Iranian woodwind instrument. ... The rhaita or ghaita is a double reed instrument from Northern Africa. ... Two Suonas The suona (simplified: 唢呐; traditional: 嗩吶; also called the laba 喇叭 or haidi 海笛) is a Han Chinese shawm (oboe). ... Sopile (or rozenice named in Istra) are ancient traditional music instrument similarly to the nowadays oboa which is kept until todays on the region of Kvarner, Kastav, Vinodol, Island Krk and Istra. ... The shawm was a Renaissance musical instrument of the woodwind family, made in Europe from the late 13th century until the 17th century. ... Zurna can mean: Zurna, a Turkish musical instrument. ... Surna can mean: Surna, a synonym for the zurna instrument. ...


The Zurna (also called Surnay, birbynė, lettish horn, surla, sornai, zournas, zurma) is an Anatolian woodwind instrument. It is similar to the Mizmar. The Zurna had often been featured in the Ottoman military bands. Zurnas are also used in the folk music of the countries in the region, especially Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Armenia, Iran and the other Caucasian countries. It has origins in ancient Egypt, and has now spread throughout the Islamic world, China, and Eastern Europe. In Russian folk music, it is used in sad folk songs. It is often used in the music of Lithuania and Belarus, where bands such as Sutaras and Stary Olsa use them in traditional music. Use of zurna can be heard in the t.A.T.u. song "Stars". This article is about two nested areas of Turkey, a plateau region within a peninsula. ... A woodwind instrument is an instrument in which sound is produced by blowing against an edge or by a vibrating with air a thin piece of wood known as a reed. ... In Arabic music, a mizmar is any single or double reed wind instrument. ... Ottoman Empire Ottoman Military bands, or Mehter Takımı(in Turkish), are considered to be the oldest type of military marching band in the world. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Khafres Pyramid and the Great Sphinx of Giza, built about 2550 BC during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom,[1] are enduring symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was a civilization in Northeastern Africa concentrated along the middle to lower reaches of the Nile River... Stary Olsas AleÅ› ÄŒumakoÅ­ playing a Belarussian made Surnay, at a midevial fair Stary Olsa (Belarusian: ) is a Belarusian medieval folk band. ... This article is about the Russian singing duo. ... The first single relased from Switchfoots newest album Nothing is Sound. ...


The Zurna is most likely the immediate predecessor of the European Shawm as well as the Chinese Suona still used today in temple and funeral music. The Japanese charumera used by itinerant noodle vendors is a small zurna, its name deriving from the Portuguese chirimiya. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The shawm was a Renaissance musical instrument of the woodwind family, made in Europe from the late 13th century until the 17th century. ... Two Suonas The suona (simplified: 唢呐; traditional: 嗩吶; also called the laba 喇叭 or haidi 海笛) is a Han Chinese shawm (oboe). ...


There are several types of zurnas. They all share one and the same sound inductor - the so called kalem - which is actually a very tight (and short) double reed, sometimes made out of wheat leaves. The Armenian zurna is the shortest type reaching only 15cm, and respectively it is has the highest pitch of all the zurna family. The longest (and lowest) is the Kaba zurna, used in northern Turkey and Bulgaria. As a rule of thumb, a zurna is conical and made of wood.

Turkish Zurna in Ottoman band
Turkish Zurna in Ottoman band

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1656x2208, 681 KB) en: Ottoman military band. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1656x2208, 681 KB) en: Ottoman military band. ...

Etymology and terminology

Oldest Turkish records suruna in Codex Cumanicus(CCM fol. 45a) < Persian word that is combined of two parts: The Codex Cumanicus was a linguistic manual of the Middle Ages, presumably designed to help Catholic missionaries to the Kipchaks. ... Farsi redirects here. ...

  1. Sur = festival & red
  2. Nay / Na = Reed / Pipe ". [1].

Terminology in Anatolia

Turkish terminology


1. Head and reed

  • zaynak Ankara
  • nazik Abdal
  • ula Uludağ
  • çatal Çankırı
  • zinak Diyarbakır - Kurdish
  • nezik Gaziantep
  • fasla Kırklareli
  • zaynak - Kurdish

2. Pipe Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after İstanbul. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Mount Uludağ Uludağ, the ancient Mysian Olympus, is a mountain in Bursa Province, Turkey, of altitude 2,543 m. ... Çankırı is a town in Turkey, in Çankırı Province, about 140 km northeast of Ankara. ... Diyarbakır (Ottoman Turkish: دیاربکر land of the Bekr as derived from Persian; Kurdish Amed; Syriac ; Greek Amida; Armenian Ամիդ Amid) is a major city in the Southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey. ... Gaziantep (Kurdish: , informally, Antep) is the capital city of Gaziantep Province in Turkey. ... Kırklareli (in Ottoman times Kırkkimesne (the forties) or Kırkkilise (forty churches), Greek: Σαράντα Εκκλησιές, Saranta Ekklisyes; Bulgarian: Лозенград, Lozengrad) is the capital of Kırklareli Province in the European part of Turkey, known as Eastern Thrace. ...

  • metef Ankara
  • metem Abdal
  • çığırdan Uludağ
  • demir Çankırı
  • bülbülük Diyarbakır
  • kanel Kırklareli
  • metef - Kurdish
  • lüle Sivas

Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after İstanbul. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Mount Uludağ Uludağ, the ancient Mysian Olympus, is a mountain in Bursa Province, Turkey, of altitude 2,543 m. ... Çankırı is a town in Turkey, in Çankırı Province, about 140 km northeast of Ankara. ... Diyarbakır (Ottoman Turkish: دیاربکر land of the Bekr as derived from Persian; Kurdish Amed; Syriac ; Greek Amida; Armenian Ամիդ Amid) is a major city in the Southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey. ... Kırklareli (in Ottoman times Kırkkimesne (the forties) or Kırkkilise (forty churches), Greek: Σαράντα Εκκλησιές, Saranta Ekklisyes; Bulgarian: Лозенград, Lozengrad) is the capital of Kırklareli Province in the European part of Turkey, known as Eastern Thrace. ... Sivas is the provincial capital of Sivas Province in Turkey. ...

See also

For other uses, see Ney (disambiguation). ... Sorna (Persian سورنا, سُرنا sornā, also سورنای, سُرنای sornāy, also Surna and Surnay) is an ancient Iranian woodwind instrument. ... The rhaita or ghaita is a double reed instrument from Northern Africa. ... Two Suonas The suona (simplified: 唢呐; traditional: 嗩吶; also called the laba 喇叭 or haidi 海笛) is a Han Chinese shawm (oboe). ... Kangling is the Tibetan word for a trumpet or horn made out of a human thighbone. ... Sopile (or rozenice named in Istra) are ancient traditional music instrument similarly to the nowadays oboa which is kept until todays on the region of Kvarner, Kastav, Vinodol, Island Krk and Istra. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Picken, Laurence. Folk Music Instruments of Turkey. Oxford University Press. London. p. 485

The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ...

External links

  • History of the Zurna, from ancient times until the 18th century; in German: Janissary instruments and Europe
  • Zurna-FAQ This site is trying to answer the typical questions a beginner has about zurna, explains and illustrates key techniques a zurna player must master.
  • KabaZurna This site is mostly in Turkish but has pictures from the making, sound clips etc.. which may be useful to non Turkish speakers.
  • Zurla
  • Historical background of Zurna

  Results from FactBites:
 
zurnablog.zurna.com - Zurna Blog - Zurna Mobil Onayli olun, hem tepede gozukun, hem mobil mesajlasin! Fakelere de ... (5248 words)
Zurna bildiğiniz gibi bir arkadaşlık platformu ama aynı zamanda paylaşım sistemi.
Aranızda geçmiş sorunları Zurna yönetimine bildirmenizin hiçbir değeri yok, çünkü artık kişileri artık iki kişi arasında olmuş bir konuşmadan dolayı, veya kişisel sayfalara yazılmış yorumlardan dolayı banlemiyoruz.
Zurna Sozluk var, istedigimiz kavramlari orda Eksisozluk'te oldugu gibi kendi bakis acimizdan ifade edebiliyoruz ayni sekilde.
Zurna FAQ (2643 words)
Zurna is a musical instrument of the wind family, with a reed for generating the voice, and a tubular body with fingerholes like in a flute.
The reed of zurna is a cylindrical bamboo pipe thinner than the little finger, where the stiff and shiny glaze is peeled off, the zurna side is attached to a conical metal body, and the mouth side is flattened to a very narrow ellipse.
It is worth noting that zurna and obo players are those among musicians at most risk for occupational hasard (trouble with saliva secretion) because of the need to exert high pressure over long stretches of time.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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