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Encyclopedia > Zululand

Zululand was the Zulu-dominated area of what is now northern KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Zululand stretches from the Tugela River in the South to Pongola River in the north. The Zulu are an African ethnic group of about 11 million people who live mainly in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... Capital Pietermaritzburg Largest city Durban Area  - Total Ranked 7th 92,100 km² Premier Sbu Ndebele (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density Ranked 1st 9,426,019 8,417,021 102/km² (2001) Languages isiZulu (80. ... The Tugela River (also known as Thukela) is the largest river in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ...


History

In 1816 Shaka acceded to the Zulu throne. Within a year he had conquered the neighboring clans, and had made the Zulu into the most important ally of the large Mtetwa clan, which was in competition with the Ndwandwe clan for domination of the northern part of modern day KwaZulu-Natal. Shaka Shaka (sometimes spelled Chaka) (ca. ... The Ndwandwe clan are a subgroup of the Nguni people who populate sections of Southern Africa. ... KwaZulu-Natal (often referred to as KZN) is a province of South Africa. ...


He also initiated many military, social, cultural and political reforms, creating a well organized centralized Zulu state. The most important of these were the transformation of the army, thanks to innovative tactics and weapons he conceived, and a showdown with the spiritual leadership, clipping the wings, claws and fangs of the witchdoctors, effectively ensuring the subservience of the "Zulu church" to the state.


Another important reform was to integrate defeated clans into the Zulu, on a basis of full equality, with promotions in the army and civil service being a matter of merit rather then circumstance of birth.


After the death of Mtetwa king Dingiswayo around 1818, at the hands of Zwide king of the Ndwandwe, Shaka assumed leadership of the entire Mtetwa alliance. The alliance under his leadership survived Zwide's first assault at the Battle of Gqokli Hill. Within two years he had defeated Zwide at the Battle of Mhlatuze River and broken up the Ndwandwe alliance, some of whom in turn began a murderous campaign against other Nguni tribes and clans, setting in motion what has come to be known as Defecane or Mfecane, a mass migration of tribes fleeing tribes fleeing the remnants of the Ndwandwe fleeing the Zulu. By 1825 he had conquered a huge empire covering a vast area from the sea in the east to the Drakensberg mountains in the west, and from the Pongola River in the north to the Bashee river in the south, not far from the modern day city of East London.-1... King Zwide was the chief of the Ndwandwe clan from about 1805 to around 1820. ... The Battle of Gqokli Hill was conducted in 1818, a part of the Zulu Civil War, between Shaka of the Zulu nation and Zwide of the Ndwandwe, in Shakas territory. ... Mfecane (isiZulu), also known as the Difaqane or Lifaqane (Sesotho), is an African expression used about chaos and disturbances. ... East London (Afrikaans: Oos-Londen, Xhosa: Imonti) is a city in southeast South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province at 32. ...


An offshoot of the Zulu, the Kumalos, better known to history as the Matabele created under their king, Mzilikazi an even larger empire, including large parts of the highveld and modern day Zimbabwe. The Matabele are a branch of the Zulus who split from King Shaka in the early 1820s under the leadership of Mzilikazi, a former general in Shakas army. ... Mzilikazi (meaning the path of blood) (ca. ...


Shaka, who had had contacts with English explorers realized that the white man posed a threat to local populations, and had planned to begin an intensive program of education to enable the Nguni people to catch up with the Europeans. However, in 1828 he was assassinated by his half brother Dingane, who succeeded him. Dingane was responsible for the execution of Piet Retief and a number of Boers in 1838. In 1840 Dingane was murdered near Hlatikhulu Forest on the Lebombo Mountains near Ingwavuma. Under his successors Mpande (another half-brother), who reigned till 1878, and Mpande's son Cetshwayo the Zulu were able to rebuff Boer attempts to conquer them. Dingane kaSenzangakhona (ca. ... Hlatikulu Forest is a forest in the Lebombo Mountains of South Africa, between Ingwavuma and the Pongola Gorge. ... The Lebombo Mountains are a range of mountains in Southern Africa stretching from Hluhluwe in KwaZulu-Natal in the south to Punda Maria in the Limpopo Province in South Africa. ... Location of Ingwavuma in KwaZulu-Natal Province Ingwavuma is a town in the Umkhanyakude District Municipality of KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... Mpande (1798 - 1872) was king of the Zulu nation from 1840 to 1872, making him the longest reigning Zulu king. ... Cetshwayo kaMpande (circa 1826 - February 8, 1884) was the king of the Zulu nation from 1872 to 1879 and their leader during the Zulu War. ...


However, they then were presented with the problem of the British. In 1878 Sir Henry Bartle Frere, British Commissioner for South Africa, issued an ultimatum that he disband his army and concede to a number of demands. (This ultimatum was delivered at the Ultimatum tree, which can still be visited on the Natal bank of the Tugela river, below the present-day N2 highway bridge). The Anglo-Zulu War resulted. Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere, 1st Baronet (March 29, 1815 - May 29, 1884) was a British administrator. ... The Battle of Rorkes Drift The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between Britain and the Zulus, and signalled the end of the Zulus as an independent nation. ...


Initially the British suffered heavy defeats at the Battle of Isandlwana January 22, 1879 where more than 1000 British soldiers were killed on one day by the Zulu army. This was worst defeat the British army had ever suffered at the hands of a non-European fighting force at the Battle of Isandlwana. The defeat prompted a reorganisation of the war and more troops were sent to Natal to ensure a British victory at Ulundi in 1879. Cetshwayo was exiled and Zululand was cut up into 13 regions each administered by a kinglet. The Battle of Isandlwana was a battle in the Zulu War in which a Zulu army wiped out a British force on January 22, 1879. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of Isandlwana was a battle in the Zulu War in which a Zulu army wiped out a British force on January 22, 1879. ... Ulundi was at one time the capital of Zululand in South Africa, and later the capital of the Bantustan of KwaZulu. ... 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The largest of these was given to John Dunn, a white hunter who had befriended Cetshwayo. John Dunn was born Port Alfred, Cape Colony in 1833 and was 3 years old when his parents moved to Port Natal (now called Durban in South Africa). ... Cetshwayo kaMpande (circa 1826 - February 8, 1884) was the king of the Zulu nation from 1872 to 1879 and their leader during the Zulu War. ...


After the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879 a British resident Melmoth Osborne was appointed to mediate between the local chiefs and the British government, but continuing strife prompted the annexation of Zululand on May 9, 1887. The whole Province of Zululand, including Tongaland, was annexed to Natal on December 31, 1897. (say more about the administration of Zululand) The Battle of Rorkes Drift The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between Britain and the Zulus, and signalled the end of the Zulus as an independent nation. ... 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... Tongaland, or Amatongaland, existed in southeast Africa, lastly as a district of Zululand, forming the northern neck of Zululand. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1895 the areas of Ubombo and Ingwavuma were visited by Sir Charles Saunders of Eshowe and subsequently annexed to Zululand in 1897. Ubombo is a small town in northern KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa. ... Location of Ingwavuma in KwaZulu-Natal Province Ingwavuma is a town in the Umkhanyakude District Municipality of KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... Sir Charles Saunders (d. ... Eshowe, Uthungulu District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa is the oldest town of European settlement in Zululand. ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Postal System

This overprinted British stamp was used at Eshowe in August 1890.
This overprinted British stamp was used at Eshowe in August 1890.

A post office was established in Eshowe in 1887, but an official postal system was not started until May 1, 1888, at which time both Zululand and Natal became members of the Universal Postal Union. At first, the territory used postage stamps of Great Britain and Natal overprinted "ZULULAND". Image File history File links Zululand 1p stamp of 1888, scanned by User:Stan Shebs File links The following pages link to this file: Zululand User:Stan Shebs/Gallery/Philately ... Image File history File links Zululand 1p stamp of 1888, scanned by User:Stan Shebs File links The following pages link to this file: Zululand User:Stan Shebs/Gallery/Philately ... Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ... Eshowe, Uthungulu District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa is the oldest town of European settlement in Zululand. ... A British pillar box The postal system is a system by which written documents typically enclosed in envelopes, and also small packages containing other matter, are delivered to destinations around the world. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... The Universal Postal Union (UPU) is a international organization that coordinates postal policies between member nations, and hence the world-wide postal system. ... This 1974 stamp from Japan depicts a Class 8620 steam locomotive. ... An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics) to the face of a postage stamp after it has been printed. ...

A halfpenny of the Key Plate issue, used in 1896.
A halfpenny of the Key Plate issue, used in 1896.

Regular ("Key Plate") issues with a profile of Queen Victoria, inscribed "ZULULAND" appeared in 1894 and were in use at 21 post offices, up until the annexation by Natal. Only the lowest values are commonly seen today, priced at US$2 or so, while some higher values are worth hundreds of dollars. Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Zululand User:Stan Shebs/Gallery/Philately ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Zululand User:Stan Shebs/Gallery/Philately ... Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria Wettin, née Hanover) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1876 until her death. ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
ZULULAND, South Africa (1163 words)
Eshowe: Eshowe is the oldest town in Zululand and is situated around the Dlinza indigenous forest.
Mtunzini: Known as ‘the place of shade’, Mtunzini is a coastal town in Zululand, perched on a hill overlooking the beach with a beautiful dune forest and an estuary lined with mangrove swamp forest.
Zululand Rhino Reserve: The Zululand Rhino Reserve was created in 1995 in a strategic partnership between the World Wildlife Fund, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife and property owners, to provide a haven for the fast dwindling fl rhino population.
Zululand - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia (756 words)
Zululand's population fluctuates wildly during the winter months when many of its residents fly south to escape the deadly savannah blizzards.
The official language of Zululand is Zuluian, a tongue that consists primarily of hooting, wild gibberish and frenetic dancing.
Zululand is ruled by the tyrannical government, with the immensely decadent dictator Fidel Maostro issuing executions and invasions from his solid silver palace on the top of Mount Kilimanjaro.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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