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Encyclopedia > Zugspitze
Zugspitze

Elevation 2,962 m (9,718 feet)
Location German-Austrian border
Range Bavarian Alps
Prominence 1,746 m
Coordinates 47°25′N, 10°59′E
Topo map BEV ÖK50 116
First ascent 1820 by G. Deutschl, Maier and J. Naus
Easiest route Through the Reintal to the Knorrhütte and across the plateau
Translation draughty peak (German)
Pronunciation [ʦugʃpɪtsə]

The Zugspitze is the highest mountain in Germany. It is located at the Austrian border in the town of Grainau of the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria. On the Austrian side is the town of Ehrwald in the district of Reutte, Tyrol. There is a cog railway (Zugspitzbahn) leading from the tourist resort of Garmisch-Partenkirchen to the peak. There are also two cable cars that go to the peak from the base: one ascends from the German side of the mountain at the Eibsee, and the other ascends from Austria. The peak is regularly crowded with tourists. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... This article needs cleanup. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Example of a topographic map with contour lines Part of the same map in a perspective shaded relief view illustrates how the contour lines of the original follow the terrain Topographic maps are a variety of map characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief, usually using contour... Bev may refer to: The first name Beverly or Beverley can be contracted to the more informal Bev. Well-known Bevs include: Beverley Knight, a female R&B/soul singer from the UK Bev Bighead, a fictional frog in Rockos Modern Life Bevs, UK-slang for beverages, generally implying... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Grainau is a town in the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in Bavaria, Germany. ... Garmisch-Partenkirchen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... The Bezirk Reutte is an administrative district (Bezirk) in Tyrol, Austria. ... Tyrol (German: , Czech: ) is a state or Bundesland, located in the west of Austria. ... Rack railway track using Von Roll system rack. ... Garmisch-Partenkirchen (29,875 inhabitants; 01-01-2004) is a market town, and the administrative centre of the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in the Oberbayern region of Bavaria, Germany, near the border with Austria. ... Aerial tramway suspended on two track cables with an additional haulage rope Cable car at Zell am See in the Austrian Alps. ...

View from the enclosed cable car (from the Austrian side) to the Zugspitze

For those wishing to reach the summit under their own power, various hiking and ski trails can also be followed to the top. Hiking to the top from the base takes between one and two days. Food and lodging is available on some trails. In winter the Zugspitze is a popular skiing destination, with several slopes on both sides. The Zugspitzplatt is the highest ski resort of Germany and thus has enough snow all winter. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (864 × 576 pixel, file size: 284 KB, MIME type: image/gif) Taken by me (Pulsar06). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (864 × 576 pixel, file size: 284 KB, MIME type: image/gif) Taken by me (Pulsar06). ... A shaped, twin-tip alpine ski. ...


The border between Germany and Austria goes right through the mountain. There is a border checkpoint at the summit; since Germany and Austria are both part of the Schengen zone, the border crossing is no longer staffed. Self-illuminating Border flower pot between Burghausen, Salzach(river) in Germany and Ach in Austria. ...  Implementing countries  Members (not yet implemented)  Expressed interest in joining A monument to the Agreement in Schengen A typical Schengen border crossing without any border control post, just the common EU-state sign welcoming the visitor, as here between Germany and Austria The 1985 Schengen Agreement is an agreement among...


The Zugspitze belongs to the Wetterstein range in the northern Kalkalpen. It gets its name from the many avalanches (Lawinenzüge in German) on its steep north slopes. A Himalayan avalanche near Mount Everest. ...


At the Zugspitze's summit is the Münchner Haus, an Alpenvereinshütte, a facility built by the Deutscher Alpenverein. For more than a hundred years now, the summit has also had a weather station, which nowadays also gathers data for the Global Atmosphere Watch. Payerhütte in the Ortler Alps, Italy An Alpine hut is a building located in the mountains intended to provide food and shelter to mountaineers and climbers. ... Global Atmosphere Watchs logo The Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) is a worldwide system established by the World Meteorological Organization – a United Nations agency – to monitor trends in the Earths atmosphere. ...

View from the Zugspitze platform looking south toward Zugspitzplatt (Germany). Notice the gold cross in the left foreground marking the highest point in Germany.
View from the Zugspitze platform looking south toward Zugspitzplatt (Germany). Notice the gold cross in the left foreground marking the highest point in Germany.

The first recorded ascent to the summit was accomplished by a team of land surveyors on 27 August 1820. The team was led by Lieutenant Josef Naus, who was accompanied by two men named Maier and G. Deutschl. However, local people had conquered the peak over 50 years earlier, according to a 1770 map discovered by the Alpenverein [1]. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 160 pixelsFull resolution (6682 × 1338 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 160 pixelsFull resolution (6682 × 1338 pixel, file size: 4. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Battle of Chesma, by Ivan Aivazovsky. ...


On 7 January 1882 the first successful winter assault on the Zugspitze was accomplished by F. Kilger, H. and J. Zametzer and H. Schwaiger. January 7 is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Map showing the Zugspitze's location
Map showing the Zugspitze's location

Climbing up the Zugspitze can involve several routes. The difference in elevation between Garmisch-Partenkirchen and the summit is 2 200 m, making the climb a challenge even for trained mountaineers. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mountaineering is an umbrella term that can variously be used to describe the actions of climbing, hillwalking and scrambling. ...


On the German side, from Garmisch-Partenkirchen, climbers go either through the Höllental ("Valley of Hell") or the Reintal. The way through the Reintal is the easiest, but also the longest and takes 8 to 10 hours. This path goes through the Partnachklamm, a scenic gorge, then through the Reintal up to the Zugspitzplatt, a barren plateau. from there up to the summit. Climbers can stay for the night at two Alpine huts, the "Reintalangerhütte" or the "Knorrhütte". Garmisch-Partenkirchen (29,875 inhabitants; 01-01-2004) is a market town, and the administrative centre of the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in the Oberbayern region of Bavaria, Germany, near the border with Austria. ... The Höllental (Valley of Hell) is one of the routes on the German side leading up the Zugspitze on the German-Austrian border in the northern Alps. ... A gorge is a narrow passage between steep mountains or hills. ...


The more popular, but harder route is through the Höllental. It starts at Hammersbach near Garmisch, goes through the Höllentalklamm, a similar gorge up to the "Höllentalangerhütte", where one can take a meal or stay for the night. It then crosses the Höllentalferner, the remnants of a small glacier. After that it traverses a wall with the help of iron ladders and steps. Via ferrata equipment is recommended for that part. Over the Irmerscharte (a gap) it reaches the summit. This path should take 7 to 8 hours. A via ferrata (Italian for iron road. ...


From the Austrian village of Ehrwald, there are also two variants. One goes straight through the Western Flank, which is the shortest route overall, but rather hard. It includes a via ferrata, and there is a hut called "Wiener Neustädter Hütte" by the Austrian Alpine Club. An easier path leads via the Ehrwalder Alm, across a small pass called "Gatterl", joining the Reintal path at the Knorrhütte.

View from the Zugspitze platform looking north toward Germany. Notice Eibsee in the middle and the town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen to the right.
View from the Zugspitze platform looking north toward Germany. Notice Eibsee in the middle and the town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen to the right.

The Zugspitze's exact height was a matter of debate for quite a while. Given figures ranged from 2 960 m to 2 970 m, but it is now generally accepted that the peak is 2 962 m above sea level as a result of a survey done by the Bavarian land survey office. The lounge at the new café is named "2962" for this reason. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 231 pixelsFull resolution (4618 × 1331 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 231 pixelsFull resolution (4618 × 1331 pixel, file size: 1. ... Garmisch-Partenkirchen (29,875 inhabitants; 01-01-2004) is a market town, and the administrative centre of the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in the Oberbayern region of Bavaria, Germany, near the border with Austria. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ...


External links

References

  1. ^ "Locals had climbed peak before it was 'conquered'", The Guardian, 2006-09-21. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zugspitze - Wikipedia (1053 words)
Mit einer kurzen Unterbrechung nach Kriegsende 1945 finden seit dieser Zeit permanente, bemannte Wetterbeobachtungen auf der Zugspitze statt.
Steige auf die Zugspitze führen von Grainau durch das Höllental, von Partenkirchen durch die Partnachklamm mit Anschluss in das Reintal und von Ehrwald auf der Tiroler Seite über die Westflanke.
Auf beiden Wegen sind bis zum Gipfel der Zugspitze 2.200 Höhenmeter zu überwinden, somit ist der Aufstieg auch für Trainierte eine Herausforderung.
Zugspitze at AllExperts (681 words)
The Zugspitze (Zug = "draught", Spitze = "peak") is the highest mountain in Germany.
At the Zugspitze's summit is the Münchner Haus, well known in Germany as an Alpenvereinshütte, a facility used by the mountain-climbing association (Alpenverein).
On 7 January 1882 the first successful wintertime assault on the Zugspitze was accomplished by F. Kilger, H. and J. Zametzer and H. Schwaiger.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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