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Encyclopedia > Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali


Incumbent
Assumed office 
November 7, 1987
Preceded by Habib Bourguiba
Succeeded by Incumbent

Born September 9, 1936 (1936-09-09) (age 70)
Hammam-Sousse, Tunisia
Political party Democratic Constitutional Rally

General Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (زين العابدين بن علي; born in Hammam-Sousse on September 3, 1936) is the President of the Tunisian Republic since 7 November 1987 and only the second one since its independence from France on 20 March 1956. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Tunisia since 1957. ... The incumbent, in politics, is the current holder of a political office. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Habib Bourguiba - 1980 Habib Ben Ali Bourguiba (Arabic: حبيب بورقيبة) (born August 3, 1903 in Monastir, Tunisia – died April 6, 2000) was a Tunisian statesman and the first President of the Republic of Tunisia from July 25, 1957 to November 7, 1987. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sousse (Arabic سوسة Susa ; (140 km south of Tunis), is situated on the east coast of Tunisia and is the most important junction for overland communications in Tunisia. ... The Democratic Constitutional Rally (French: Rassemblement Constitutionel Démocratique) is the ruling party in Tunisia. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sousse (Arabic سوسة Susa ; (140 km south of Tunis), is situated on the east coast of Tunisia and is the most important junction for overland communications in Tunisia. ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Government appointment

He was appointed to establish and manage the Defense Ministry's Military Security in 1964, which he ran until 1974. General Ben Ali was promoted to director-general of National Security at the Ministry of the Interior in 1977 after serving as military attaché to the Kingdom of Morocco. He returned from four years as Ambassador to Poland to become once again head of National Security at the Ministry of the Interior but this time with Cabinet rank. Many disappearances deaths and torture cases were reported to the human rights organisations.For his success in dealing with the political opponents and their threat to the regime he was promoted to Minister of the Interior, and retained this position until he was appointed Prime Minister. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ...


Ben Ali was appointed Prime Minister and constitutional successor by President Habib Bourguiba on 1 October, 1987. Five weeks after becoming head of the government, he had President Bourguiba declared medically unfit for the duties of the office and assumed the presidency on 7 November, 1987. The constitutional destitution of President Bourguiba was popular and legitimately based on Article 57, that allowed the procedure; the political life of the country having been deadlocked in an unending presidential succession debate and political crisis, cronyism and economic stagnation. Habib Bourguiba - 1980 Habib Ben Ali Bourguiba (Arabic: حبيب بورقيبة) (born August 3, 1903 in Monastir, Tunisia – died April 6, 2000) was a Tunisian statesman and the first President of the Republic of Tunisia from July 25, 1957 to November 7, 1987. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


He then retained his predecessor's pro-western foreign policy and supported the economy which has been growing since the early 1990s. Growth in 2002 slowed to a 15-year low of 1.9% due to drought and lackluster tourism. Better conditions after 2003 have helped push growth to about 5% of GDP. Privatization, increasing foreign investment, improvements in government efficiency and reduction of the trade deficit are challenges for the future [1]. For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Work as President

Ben Ali's Democratic Constitutional Rally (formerly Neo-Destour party) continues to dominate the national politics. In 1999, although two alternative candidates were permitted for the first time to stand in the presidential elections, Ben Ali was reelected with 99.66% of the vote. He was again reelected on 24 October 2004, officially taking 94.48% of the vote, after a controversial constitutional referendum in 2002 which allowed him to seek reelection. The Democratic Constitutional Rally (French: Rassemblement Constitutionel Démocratique) is the ruling party in Tunisia. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


In March 2002 Ben Ali called for the United Nations to setup a 'World Solidarity Fund' [2] modelled on Tunisia's own solidarity fund [3].


Freedom of the press is officially guaranteed and condoned. However, human rights organization Reporters Sans Frontieres states that "Tunisians have no access to independent news in the local media and the press, radio, TV and the Internet is under the president’s control. Journalists and media are actively discouraged from being more independent by means of bureaucratic harassment, advertising boycotts and police violence." [4].


Many political prisoners remain in jails or in exile in and out of the country. Many disappearances, deaths and torture cases were reported to the human rights organisations. Many arrests are a result of indiviuals venturing into the internet to bypass government propaganda and controlled press.[5] Ben Ali introduced a law that exonerate him from future prosecution and thus gave himself an amnesty. Ben Ali was first married to Naima Kefi, the daughter of General Kefi, Tunisia's first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and had three daughters (Ghazwa, Dorsaf and Cyrine); he divorced her in 1992 and married Leila Trabelsi, whom he met when he was President Habib Bourguiba's minister of the Interior. With her, he has two daughters (Nessrine and Halima) and a son (Mohamed Zine El Abidine) (source: Encyclopedia of the Orient at [6]).


Suppression of Muslim dress

Tunisia banned Muslim women from wearing headscarves in public places. Recently, this ban has been intensified, with police stopping women on streets, asking them to remove the headscarf and sign an affidavit stating that they will never wear it again [7]. Headscarves are scarves covering most or all of the top of a woman’s hair and her head. ...


External link

Preceded by
Habib Bourguiba
President of Tunisia
1987–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zine el Abidine Ben Ali (760 words)
Ben Ali took power in a bloodless coup on November 7, when the cranky and old Bourguiba was ousted.
Ben Ali was at that time prime minister, and had strong connections in the army, which gave support to the coup.
Ben Ali's economic politics are a kind of social democracy, the government trying to control the activities of investors and private companies.
Zine el Abidine Ben Ali (760 words)
Ben Ali took power in a bloodless coup on November 7, when the cranky and old Bourguiba was ousted.
Ben Ali was at that time prime minister, and had strong connections in the army, which gave support to the coup.
Ben Ali's economic politics are a kind of social democracy, the government trying to control the activities of investors and private companies.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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