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Encyclopedia > Zinder

Zinder is the second largest city in Niger, lying north of Kano in Nigeria. From the eighteenth century it was the centre of the state of Damgaram. It had a population of over 20,000 and was known for its city wall, remains of which can still be seen, and for its slave market.


The city was captured by the French in 1899, and when Niger became a colony it was the first capital, until Niamey was promoted in 1926. Today, Zinder comprises three main areas. Birni, the old town, is home to Zinder Great Mosque and the Zinder Sultan's Palace, as well as a museum. Zengou, the old Hausa settlement, is known for its vernacular architecture. The new town, in between Birni and Zengou, is the commercial centre, known for its large markets.


  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Zinder (Niger Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (244 words)
Zinder was situated on an old trans-Saharan caravan route that connected N Nigeria with the African coast as early as the 11th cent.
The walled town was the capital of a Muslim state controlled by Bornu from the 16th to the mid-19th cent.
Zinder was conquered by the French in 1899 and during World War I was the scene of an unsuccessful Tuareg uprising against French control.
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