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Encyclopedia > Ziguinchor
Ziguinchor
—  Commune  —
Place Jean-Paul II in the Escale neighborhood of Ziguinchor
Place Jean-Paul II in the Escale neighborhood of Ziguinchor

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Ziguinchor (Senegal )
Ziguinchor
Location within Senegal
Coordinates (region:SN_type:city): 12°33′43″N 16°16′62″W / 12.56194, -16.28389
Country Flag of Senegal Senegal
Region Ziguinchor Region
Departement Ziguinchor
Government
 - Mayor Robert Sagna
Area
 - Total km² (3.5 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (2007)
 - Total 230,000
 - Density 25,555.6/km² (66,188.6/sq mi)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Twin Cities
 - Saint-Maur-des-Fossés France

Ziguinchor is the capital of the Ziguinchor Region, and the chief town of the Casamance area of Senegal, lying at the mouth of the Casamance River. It has a population of over 230,000 (2007 estimate). It is the second city of Senegal, but largely separated from the north of the country by The Gambia. These are cities in Senegal: Bakel Cap Skirring Dakar Diourbel Joal-Fadiout Kaolack Kédougou Kidira Kolda Linguere Matam Ouro Sogui Podor Richard Toll St-Louis Tambacounda Thiès Touba Yoff Ziguinchor Categories: Lists of cities ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... Senegal is subdivided into 11 regions (régions, singular - région) (regional capitals have the same name as their respective regions): Dakar Diourbel Fatick Kaolack Kolda Louga Matam Saint-Louis Tambacounda Thiès Ziguinchor See also Departments of Senegal External links List of administrative divisons in Senegal Map of main... Ziguinchor is a region of Senegal (regional capitals have the same name as their respective regions). ... The 11 regions of Senegal are each divided into departments of which there are 34 in total. ... Robert Sagna (born April 17, 1939) is a Senegalese politician who is currently a candidate in the February 2007 presidential election. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... GMT redirects here. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... // This is a list of twin towns or sister cities — that is, pairs of towns or cities in different countries which have town twinning arrangements. ... Saint-Maur-des-Fossés is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. ... Ziguinchor is a region of Senegal (regional capitals have the same name as their respective regions). ... The flag of the Democratic Forces Movement of Casamance was adopted in 1988. ... The Casamance River is a river that flows west between Gambia and Guinea-Bissau and into the Atlantic Ocean along a path about 200 miles (320 km) in length. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Contents

History

The first European settlement in the area was founded by the Portuguese in 1645. According to tradition, Ziguinchor's name and meaning comes from the time when Portuguese traders and explorers came to the region to form a trading post, and derives from Portuguese Cheguei e choram, "I came and they cry". The local people, seeing the Europeans, began crying, thinking they were to be enslaved. Ziguinchor was in fact a Slave port for much of the Portuguese occupation. // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ...


The spot had not been chosen at random. While a Jola village predated the town, it was situated to trade with the Jola kingdom of Kasso, which dated back to the Mali Empire, when Mandinke people moved into the area from the south and east. Extent of the Mali Empire (ca. ...


Following the end of the slave trade, Portuguese commerce stultified, and the town was eventually handed over to France on 22 April 1888, in a deal brokered amongst the colonial powers at the Berlin conference of 1886. is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The conference of Berlin The Berlin Conference (German: or Congo Conference) of 1884–85 regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germanys sudden emergence as an imperial power. ...


Under the French, Ziguinchor became a major trade port, mostly due to the intensive Groundnut cultivation the colonial government encouraged in the interior. By 1900, the area around was largely converted to Christianity, although large Syncrenist and Muslim communities flourish. This article is about peanut, the food. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


Rice growing, the traditional crop of the region, was hurt by the push to cultivate groundnuts, and extensive forest areas were cleared. The French government also imported rice across West Africa from the intensive farming they encouraged in French Indochina, shrinking the market for Casamance's main produce. Flag Capital Hanoi Language(s) French Political structure Federation Historical era New Imperialism  - Addition of Laos 1893, 1887  - Vietnamese Declaration of Independence September 2, 1945  - Independence of Laos July 19, 1949  - Independence of Cambodia November 9, 1953  - Recognized Independence of Vietnam 1954, 1954 Area  - 1945 750,000 km² Currency French...


After independence, the city saw its economic growth slow, in part due to the War of Independence in neighboring Guinea-Bissau. Portuguese military crossed into the area at least once, persuing PAIG rebels, and cannon fire could be heard in the city for much of the war. During this period Ziguinchor became a main post for both the Senegalese Army and French forces, guarding the frontier; a frontier which cut in two Diola families and communities. ... PAIGC emblem A PAIGC soldier with an AK-47 The African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (Portuguese: Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde), or PAIGC is a political party in Guinea-Bissau. ... The Diola are a people living in The Gambia, Senegal (Casamance), and Guinea-Bissau. ...


As the capital of Casamance, Ziguinchor has been at the center of the three decade long conflict with Dakar, that has flared into open civil war on more than one occasion. With a population that is a majority Diola and Christian, the effects of a large migration of Wolof Muslims fleeing drought in the north during the 1970s caused tensions to flare. A 1983 demonstration against price rises in Ziguinchor Market was put down violently by Senegalese forces, and an insurgency by the Democratic Forces of Casamance (MFDC) followed, effectively wrecking the economy of the region. The 2004 peace accords, signed in Ziguinchor, were hoped to be the end of the violence, but in 2006, sporadic fighting by an MFDC split and laying of land mines again erupted in rural areas nearby.[1] The Diola are a people living in The Gambia, Senegal (Casamance), and Guinea-Bissau. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Wolof may refer to: the ethnic group of the Wolof people; the Wolof language; things originating from the culture or tradition of the Wolof people. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...


Transport and economy

Ziguinchor remains economically dependant on its role as a cargo port, transport hub and ferry terminal. The "Nationale 4" highway crosses the Casamance River just east of the city, linking the region with with Bignona about 25km to the north, and (via The Gambia), the rest of Senegal. This article is about transported goods. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... The Casamance River is a river that flows west between Gambia and Guinea-Bissau and into the Atlantic Ocean along a path about 200 miles (320 km) in length. ... Bignona is a town located in the Ziguinchor Region of Senegal. ...


The MV Joola, which sank in 2002, was sailing from Ziguinchor to Dakar. It's sinking, only replaced in 2005, cut off the major major link between Casamance and the rest of the country.[2] The new ferry, which began regular runs in 2007, is named for local anti-colonial martyr Aline Sitoé Diatta, promises a boost to the local economy. [3] MV Joola was a Senegalese government-owned ferry that capsized off the coast of Gambia on September 26, 2002. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper (commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop (PDS) (since 2002) Area 82. ...


Facilities in the town include markets, a cathedral and an airport. In February 2007, the new Université de Ziguinchor opened in the city.[4] It is also home to a large peanut oil factory. A vibrant tourist destination, the beaches of nearby Cap Skirring were discovered by foreign tourists in the 1960s, and the location was bbuilt up to be come one of the first Club Med resorts. Ziguinchor region is also known for growing great quantities of rice, oranges, mangoes, bananas, cashews, tropical fruits and vegetables, fish, and prawns, much of which are processed locally and exported from the city, its port, and its airport. Look up Market in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. This article is about the legume. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with cooking oil. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Cap Skirring, also spelt Cap Skiring, is a town on the Atlantic Ocean coast of the Basse Casamance region of Senegal. ... Club Med (short for Club Méditerranée) is a French corporation of vacation resorts found in many parts of the world, usually in highly exotic locations. ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... Binomial name Anacardium occidentale L. The Cashew Anacardium occidentale is a tree in the flowering plant family, Brazil, where it is called by its Portuguese name Cajú (the fruit) or Cajueiro (the tree). ...


Ethnicity

Labelled the most cosmopolitan city in Senegal, Ziguinchor is a melting pot of all the ethnic groups co-existing in Senegal: Manding, Jola, Wolof, Peul/Hal Pulaar, Mancagne, Manjack, Soninke, Serer, Bainounck and Creole. Jola have been the majority of the population in the region since at least 1500, and culturally share much with the people of Guinea-Bissau. One of three dialects of Guinea-Bissau Creole, Cacheu–Ziguinchor, is centered around the city. Resistant to first Islam and later Christianity, many Jola retain a degree of animist practices, while Basse Casamance is the only majority Catholic area in Senegal. The Mandinka are a people of West Africa. ... The Diola are a people living in The Gambia, Senegal (Casamance), and Guinea-Bissau. ... Wolof may refer to: the ethnic group of the Wolof people; the Wolof language; things originating from the culture or tradition of the Wolof people. ... Categories: Africa-related stubs | Burkina Faso | Cameroon | Ethnic groups of Africa | Fulani Empire | Mali | Nigeria ... Also called Sarakole, Seraculeh, or Serahuli, the Soninke are a Mandé people who descend from the Bafour, and are closely related to the Imraguen of Mauritania. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Look up Creole, creole in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Diola are a people living in The Gambia, Senegal (Casamance), and Guinea-Bissau. ... Kriol (crioulo in Portuguese) is a language spoken by 60% of the population of Guinea-Bissau, where it is the lingua franca, and also in Senegal. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Ziguinchor is a region of Senegal (regional capitals have the same name as their respective regions). ...


Famous residents

Ziguinchor is the birth place of some famous Senegalese writers and filmakers (Sembene Ousmane), artists (Doura Mane, Bouly Sonko, Ousmane Sow Huchard "Soleya Mama", the Tourekunda brothers etc), sports men (Jules Francois Bocande, Bassirou NDiaye, Lansana Coly etc). Sembene Ousmane (born January 1, 1923) is a Senegalese film director, producer and writer. ... Jules Bocandé, (born 25 November 1958, in Ziguinchor, Senegal) is a former football Striker. ...


Politics

Zinguinchor has been a stronghold of the Socialist Party of Senegal since independence. It's current mayor, Robert Sagna, has been in office since 1984, and was a past minister in Socialist Party governments. In the begining of 2007 Sanga left the PSS, and led the Taku Défaraat Sénégal coalition in a failed presidential bid.[5] In 2001's legislative elections, a big push by President Abdoulaye Wade's ruling PDS party, spearheading the Sopi coalition (joined in 2008 by And-Jëf/Pads), was led by Zinguinchor politician Abdoulaye Baldé, a former General Secretary to the President. In the 2001 elections, the a Zinguinchor National Assembly seat was gained by the PDS, and held again in 2007, prompting speculation that Sagna and his party's days of dominating local politics were numbered. Sanga, though, won a legislative seat on proportional representation in 2007, and continues in both offices.[6] Robert Sagna (born April 17, 1939) is a Senegalese politician who is currently a candidate in the February 2007 presidential election. ... Abdoulaye Wade (born May 29, 1926 in Kébémer[2]) is the third and current President of Senegal, in office since 2000. ... The unicameral National Assembly of Senegal (French: Assemblée nationale du Sénégal) is the countrys legislative body. ...


Africa Nations Cup

In 1992 Ziguinchor was one of the city-hosts of the Africa Cup of Nations football championship. The city Sports and Arts Associations conceived for the first time the concept of having specific suburbs housing each national team in order to give a vibrant and joyful atmosphere to the Football tournament that saw Algeria, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Zambia, Egypt, Congo play the first half of the Championship in that city.


Sister cities

Ziguinchor has a sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI): This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Maryland. ... Not to be confused with Prince George County, Virginia. ...

References

  1. ^ Ernest Harsch. Peace pact raises hope in Senegal: After 22 years, Casamance war is winding down, From Africa Renewal, Vol.19 #1 (April 2005), page 14.
    Crowds cheer Senegal peace deal, BBC, 30 December 2004. Casamance rebels attack town, BBC, 4 January, 2002.
  2. ^ Eyewitness: Senegal weeps for ferry loss, BBC, 28 September, 2002.
    Senegal restores vital ferry link, BBC, 12 November 2005.
  3. ^ LIAISON MARITIME DAKAR-ZIGUINCHOR : “Aline Sitoé Diatta, c'est le refus de la fatalité”, selon le président, Le Soleil, 15 December 2007.
  4. ^ OUVERTURE DE L’UNIVERSITE DE ZIGUINCHOR, Agance Pres Senegalais, 3 March 2007.
  5. ^ Mame Less Camara, Senegal's presidential contenders, BBC News, 22 February 2007.
  6. ^ Pds et Aj décident d'aller en coalition à Ziguinchor, Le Soleil, 28 February, 2008. SÛR DE LA VICTOIRE DE LA COALITION SOPI A ZIGUINCHOR, Abdoulaye Baldé lance des piques à Robert Sagna. Nettali. 12 May 2007 . Deux défaites successives à Ziguinchor : Est-ce le chant du cygne pour Robert Sagna ?, Rewmi, 06 June 2007 Robert Sagna va t-il vers la rupture ? Chronique d’un départ annoncé, Parti socialiste Sénégal , 13 December 2006
  • Much of this article was translated from the French language Wikipedia article fr:Ziguinchor.
  • Ferdinand de Jong. Politicians of the Sacred Grove: Citizenship and Ethnicity in Southern Senegal. Africa: Journal of the International African Institute, Vol. 72, No. 2 (2002), pp. 203-220 On the political and cultural tactics of longtime mayor Robert Sagna.

Robert Sagna (born April 17, 1939) is a Senegalese politician who is currently a candidate in the February 2007 presidential election. ...

Further reading

  • (French) Jean-Claude Bruneau, Ziguinchor en Casamance : aspects géographiques de la capitale régionale du Sud Sénégalais, Université de Bordeaux III, 1975, 409 p. (Thèse de 3rd cycle)
  • (French) Jean-Claude Bruneau, Ziguinchor en Casamance : la croissance urbaine dans les pays tropicaux, Talence, Ministère des universités, CNRS, Centre d'études de géographie tropicale, 1979
  • (French) Nfally Diedhiou, Administration coloniale et travail forcé en Casamance. Étude de cas du réseau routier à travers la construction de la route Tobor-Ziguinchor, Dakar, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, 2000, 119 p. + annexes, (Mémoire de Maîtrise)
  • (French) Maguette Diop, Monographie climatique d’une station synoptique : Ziguinchor (1946-1975), Université de Dakar, 1977 (Mémoire de Maîtrise)
  • (French) Baudouin Duquesne, Le secteur informel en Afrique. Approche théorique et étude de cas : "les barroms-sarrettes de Ziguinchor", Sénégal, 1986
  • (French) Mamadou Goudiaby, Monographie de la ville de Ziguinchor de 1886 à 1960 : le problème des sources, Dakar, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, 2001, 51 p. (Mémoire de DEA)
  • (French) Caroline Juillard, Sociolinguistique urbaine : la vie des langues à Ziguinchor (Sénégal), Paris, CNRS, 1995
  • (French) Mamadou Goudiaby, Monographie de la ville de Ziguinchor de 1886 à 1960 : le problème des sources, Dakar, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, 2001, 51 p. (Mémoire de DEA)
  • (French) Jacqueline Trincaz, Colonisations et religions en Afrique noire. L’exemple de Ziguinchor, Paris, L’Harmattan, 1981, VIII + 360 p. (Thèse de 3rd cycle publiée)
  • (French) Pierre-Xavier Trincaz, Colonisation et régionalisme, la double domination : exemple de Ziguinchor en Casamance, Sénégal. Etude urbaine socio-économique d’une capitale régionale d’Afrique, Paris, Université de Paris V, 1979 (Thèse de 3rd cycle publiée en 1984, Colonisation et Régionalisme. Ziguinchor en Casamance, Paris, ORSTOM, 270 p.

The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) is one of the most prominent scientific research institutions in France. ... (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper (commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop (PDS) (since 2002) Area 82. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) is one of the most prominent scientific research institutions in France. ... (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper (commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop (PDS) (since 2002) Area 82. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... University of Paris V: René Descartes is one of the main Paris universities, with a strong focus on : Medical Sciences (Medicine, Pharmacy, Psychology) Mathematics Law Sport Main web site (French) Categories: | ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ziguinchor

Coordinates: 12°35′N, 16°16′W Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ziguinchor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (190 words)
Ziguinchor (from Portuguese Cheguei e choram, "I came and they Cry") is the capital of the Casamance region of Senegal, lying on the Casamance River.
It has a population of 153,269 (2002 census).
The MV Joala, which sank in 2002, was sailing from Ziguinchor to Dakar.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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