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Encyclopedia > Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou

Zhang Yimou honored at the Hawaii International Film Festival 2005
Chinese name (Traditional)
Chinese name (Simplified)
Pinyin Zhāng YìmóuListen ) (Mandarin)
Origin People's Republic of China
Born November 14, 1950 (1950-11-14) (age 57)
Xi'an, China
Occupation Film director, producer, cinematographer and Actor
Spouse(s) Hua Xie

Zhang Yimou (born November 14, 1951) is an internationally acclaimed Chinese filmmaker and one-time cinematographer. He made his directorial debut in 1987 with the film Red Sorghum. Image File history File linksMetadata ZhangYimou-Hawaii. ... The Hawaii International Film Festival (HIFF) is a film festival held in the US State of Hawaii. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Zhang_Yimou. ... This article is on all of the Northern and Southwestern Chinese dialects. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Xian redirects here. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ... Cameraman redirects here. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... This page lists the winners and nominees for the BAFTA Award for Best Film, BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language and Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film for each year, in addition to the retired earlier versions of those awards. ... Raise the Red Lantern (Simplified Chinese: 大红灯笼高高挂; Traditional Chinese: 大紅燈籠高高掛; pinyin: Dà Hóng DÄ“nglóng Gāogāo Guà; literally Hang High the Big Red Lantern) is an award-winning 1991 Chinese-Hong Kong-Taiwan film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Gong Li. ... Not to be confused with the Japanese film Ikiru, which also translates as To Live. To Live (Chinese: ; pinyin: huó zhe) is a Chinese film directed by Zhang Yimou in 1994, starring Ge You and Gong Li and produced by the Shanghai Film Studio and ERA International. ... Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 The Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) is a species of bear that can reach weights of 130-700 kg (300 to 1500 pounds). ... Red Sorghum (紅高梁, Pinyin: Hong gao liang) is a 1987 Chinese film, the first to be directed by Zhang Yimou, based off a novel by Mo Yan. ... The Leone d’Argento (English: ) refers to a number of awards presented at the Venice Film Festival. ... Raise the Red Lantern (Simplified Chinese: 大红灯笼高高挂; Traditional Chinese: 大紅燈籠高高掛; pinyin: Dà Hóng DÄ“nglóng Gāogāo Guà; literally Hang High the Big Red Lantern) is an award-winning 1991 Chinese-Hong Kong-Taiwan film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Gong Li. ... The Golden Lion (it: Leone dOro) is the name of the highest prize given to a film at the Biennale Venice Film Festival. ... The Story of Qiu Ju (秋菊打官司, 1992) is a Chinese comedy-drama film. ... Not One Less (一个都不能少: pinyin: Yï gè döu bù néng shÇŽo) is a 1999 drama movie by Chinese director Zhang Yimou. ... The winners of the Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director. ... House of Flying Daggers (Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is a 2004 action/romance movie directed by Zhang Yimou. ... The National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director is an annual award given by National Society of Film Critics to honor the best film director of the year. ... Hero (Chinese: ; pinyin: YÄ«ngxióng) is a Chinese wuxia film, directed by Zhang Yimou with music by Tan Dun. ... House of Flying Daggers (Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is a 2004 action/romance movie directed by Zhang Yimou. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Cameraman redirects here. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Red Sorghum (紅高梁, Pinyin: Hong gao liang) is a 1987 Chinese film, the first to be directed by Zhang Yimou, based off a novel by Mo Yan. ...

Contents

Early life

Zhang Yimou was born in Xi'an, in Shaanxi Province. As a child, he suffered derision and stigmatization because of his family's association with the Kuomintang (Nationalist party). His father had been a major under Chiang Kai-shek and an elder brother had followed the Nationalist forces to Taiwan after their 1949 defeat in the civil war. Xian redirects here. ... Not to be confused with the neighboring province of Shanxi Shaanxi (Simplified Chinese: 陕西; Traditional Chinese: 陝西; pinyin: Shǎnxī; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shensi, pronounced like Shahn-shee) is a northwestern province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was the Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925. ...


When the Cultural Revolution erupted in 1966 he was forced to suspend studying and worked, first as a farm hand, and then, for seven years, as a labourer in a cotton textile mill, much like the one he portrayed in Ju Dou. During this time he took up painting and amateur still photography. He had to sell his blood for five months to get enough money to purchase his first camera when he was 18. This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ... Ju Dou (Chinese: 菊豆; Pinyin: Jú Dòu; 1991) is a Chinese film directed by Zhang Yimou and Yang Fengliang (though it is almost universally considered to be a product of Zhangs vision as director) and starring Gong Li as the title character. ... Lens and mounting of a large format camera Photography is the technique of recording and generating permanent images, by the capturing and preservation of physical stimulus-patterns on a layer of photosensitive material. ...


Early career

When the Beijing Film Academy opened in 1978, Zhang was already 27, over-aged and without the prerequisite academic qualifications. He wrote a personal appeal to the Ministry of Culture, citing "ten years lost during the Cultural Revolution" and offered a portfolio of his personal photographic works. The authorities finally relented and admitted him into the Department of Cinematography. Beijing Film Academy (北京电影学院; pinyin: Běijīng Diànyìng Xuéyuàn; abbreviated BFA) is a prestigious film school located in Beijing, China. ...


As a result, Zhang graduated from the Beijing Film Academy in 1982 along with compatriots Chen Kaige and Tian Zhuangzhuang (the latter two from the Directing class). They are often referred to collectively as the Class of 1982. The students saw films by European, Japanese and American art directors, as well as Chinese—far more than any of their predecessors—including the works of Tarkovsky, Antonioni, Scorsese, Truffaut, Fei Mu, Wu Yonggang, Kurosawa, Kubrick, Malick and Alain Resnais. Beijing Film Academy (北京电影学院; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng Diànyìng Xuéyuàn; abbreviated BFA) is a prestigious film school located in Beijing, China. ... Chen Kaige (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chen Kai-ko) (born August 12, 1952) is a Chinese film director. ... Tian Zhuangzhuang (田壯壯, born in 1952 in Beijing, China) is a Chinese film director. ... “Tarkovsky” redirects here. ... Michelangelo Antonioni (September 29, 1912 - July 30, 2007) was an Italian modernist film director whose films are widely considered as some of the most influential in film aesthetics. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ... François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ... Fei Mu (1906-1951) was a major Chinese film director from the pre-Communist era. ... Wu Yonggang (November 1, 1907 - December 18, 1982) was a prominent Chinese film director during the 1930s. ... Kurosawa redirects here. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... Terrence Terry Malick (born November 30, 1943, in Ottawa, Illinois) is an American film director. ... Alain Resnais (born June 3, 1922 ) is a French film director whose early works are often grouped within the New Wave or Nouvelle Vague film movement. ...


As was the norm, Zhang and his co-graduates were assigned to small inland studios, and as a cinematographer, he began working for the Guangxi Film Studio. Though pencilled in to work as director's assistants, they soon learned there was a dearth of directors (owing to the Cultural Revolution), and appealed successively to make their own films. Zhang's first work, One and Eight (as director of photography), was made in 1984 together with Zhang Junzhao. Zhang's input was telling: he shot from obscure angles, and positioned actors and actresses at the side, rather than center, to heighten dramatic effect, using a “unique and emphatic visual style, based on the asymmetrical and unbalanced composition of the shots and the shooting of color stock as though it were black and white". Like his fellow students, these aesthetics signaled a departure from the tradition interrupted by the Cultural Revolution. Local critics immediately sat up and took notice of this new cohort of daring artists who were defying conventions of Chinese cinema. Cameraman redirects here. ... One and Eight is a landmark Chinese film from 1983. ...


Zhang's next collaboration, with fellow graduate Chen Kaige, the latter acting as director, was to be one of the defining Chinese films of the 1980s, Yellow Earth (1984). This is widely considered the inaugural film for the Chinese Fifth Generation directors that were apart of an artistic reemergence in China after the end of the Cultural Revolution. Zhang continued to work with Chen for the latter's next film, The Big Parade (1985). Their collaboration was one of the most fruitful of the Fifth Generation period. Chen Kaige (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chen Kai-ko) (born August 12, 1952) is a Chinese film director. ... Yellow Earth (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a 1984 Chinese drama film. ... The history of Chinese language cinema has three separate threads of development: Cinema of Hong Kong, Cinema of China, and Cinema of Taiwan. ... The Big Parade is a 1925 silent film which tells the story of an idle rich boy who is shipped off to France to fight World War I, becomes friends with two working class men, experiences the horrors of trench warfare, and finds love with a French girl. ...


2008 Beijing Olympics

Zhang has been selected by the Chinese Olympic Committee to produce the opening and the closing ceremonies of the 2008 Beijing Olympics alongside co-director and choreographer Zhang Jigang. Zhang Jigang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhāng Jìgāng; (born December 25, 1958) is an internationally acclaimed Chinese choreographer and a military Lt. ...


Directorial period

In 1985, in appreciation of his talent, Fourth Generation director Wu Tianming invited Zhang to Xi'an Film Studio for his upcoming project Old Well. Filming of Old Well was completed in 1986, with Zhang as co-acting as cinematographer and actor — a role that won him Best Actor at the Tokyo International Film Festival. In return for his participation in Wu's project, Zhang made Wu promise logistics support for his own first directorial effort, a project that he had envisioned for some time. Wu Tianming (Simplified Chinese: 吴天明, Traditional Chinese: 吳天明; born 19 October 1939 in Shaanxi Province, China is a Chinese film director. ... Old Well (Chinese: 老井) is a 1986 Chinese film about a village workers effort of digging a well in his water-starved hometown located in northwest China and his affairs with his old girlfriend. ... TIFF was established in 1985, and celebrates its 18th anniversary this year. ...


In 1987 Zhang embarked on his directorial debut, Red Sorghum, starring Chinese actress Gong Li, handpicked by Zhang, in her first leading role. Released to widespread critical acclaim, Red Sorghum catapulted Zhang into the forefront of the world's art directors, winning him the Golden Bear for Best Picture at the 1988 Berlin Film Festival. Its rich, earthy visual style of narrative storytelling came to be the hallmark of Zhang's early films. Red Sorghum (紅高梁, Pinyin: Hong gao liang) is a 1987 Chinese film, the first to be directed by Zhang Yimou, based off a novel by Mo Yan. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Gong Gong Li (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born December 31, 1965) is a two-time Golden Rooster, two-time Hundred Flowers Award, Berlinale Camera, Cannes Festival Trophy, National Board of Review, New York Film Critics Circle Award, and Volpi Cup... Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 The Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) is a species of bear that can reach weights of 130-700 kg (300 to 1500 pounds). ... The Berlin International Film Festival, also called the Berlinale, is one of the most important film festivals in Europe and the world. ...


Codename Cougar

Codename Cougar (or The Puma Action), a minor experiment in the political thriller genre, was released in 1989, featuring Gong Li and eminent Chinese actor Ge You in major roles. However, it garnered less-than-positive reviews at home and Zhang himself later dismissed the film as his worst.[1] This is a Chinese name; the family name is Gong Gong Li (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born December 31, 1965) is a two-time Golden Rooster, two-time Hundred Flowers Award, Berlinale Camera, Cannes Festival Trophy, National Board of Review, New York Film Critics Circle Award, and Volpi Cup... Ge You (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Gě Yōu) (born April 19, 1957) is an acclaimed Chinese actor. ...


Ju Dou

In the same year, Zhang began work on his next project, the period drama Ju Dou. Starring Gong Li as the titular main character, along with Li Baotian in the male leading role, Ju Dou was an early example of Zhang's unique use of colors and lush cinematography and female-centered films. The picture garnered as much critical acclaim in film circles as his Red Sorghum and became China's first entry to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Ju Dou (Chinese: 菊豆; Pinyin: Jú Dòu; 1991) is a Chinese film directed by Zhang Yimou and Yang Fengliang (though it is almost universally considered to be a product of Zhangs vision as director) and starring Gong Li as the title character. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... As a Special Award 1947 Shoeshine (Sciuscià) (Italy) - Societa Co-operativa Alfa Cinematografica - Paolo William Tamburella producer - Vittorio De Sica director 1948 Monsieur Vincent (France) - E. D. I. C., Union Général Cinématographique - George de la Grandiere producer - Maurice Cloche director 1949 The Bicycle Thief (Ladri di biciclette) (Italy) - Mayer - Vittorio...


1990s

Raise the Red Lantern

Fresh after the success of Ju Dou, Zhang began work on what has been considered by many as his magnum opus, Raise the Red Lantern. Based on novelist Su Tong's book Wives and Concubines, the film depicted the realities of life in a rich family compound during the 1920s. Gong Li was again featured in the leading role, her fourth collaboration with director Zhang. With a unique filmmaking style characterized by highly intense scenes through controlled, formalized color photography, Raise the Red Lantern was Zhang's most personal effort to this point. Magnum opus (sometimes Opus magnum, plural magna opera), from the Latin meaning great work,[1] refers to the best, most popular, or most renowned achievement of an author, artist, or composer, and most commonly one who has contributed a very large amount of material. ... Raise the Red Lantern (Simplified Chinese: 大红灯笼高高挂; Traditional Chinese: 大紅燈籠高高掛; pinyin: Dà Hóng Dēnglóng Gāogāo Guà; literally Hang High the Big Red Lantern) is an award-winning 1991 Chinese-Hong Kong-Taiwan film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Gong Li. ... Su Tong 苏童 (born 1963) is a Mainland Chinese writer based in Nanjing. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Gong Gong Li (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born December 31, 1965) is a two-time Golden Rooster, two-time Hundred Flowers Award, Berlinale Camera, Cannes Festival Trophy, National Board of Review, New York Film Critics Circle Award, and Volpi Cup...


The film was released in its home country in 1991 to immediate political controversy, due to officials fearing that the story would be taken as an allegory against Chinese communist authoritarianism. Although the screenplay had been approved by censors prior to shooting, the film itself was initially banned from theatrical release in China. Allegory of Music by Filippino Lippi. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China and also the worlds largest political party. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This article applies to political and organizational ideologies. ...


On the other hand, international reaction to Raise the Red Lantern was almost unanimous acclaim. Film critics such as Roger Ebert noted Zhang's work for its "voluptuous physical beauty"[2] and sumptuous use of colors. Gong Li's acting was also praised as starkly contrasting from the roles she played in Zhang's earlier films. Raise the Red Lantern was nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film category at the 1991 Academy Awards, being the second Chinese film to earn this distinction (behind Zhang's Ju Dou). It eventually lost out to Gabriele Salvatores's Mediterraneo. Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... As a Special Award 1947 Shoeshine (Sciuscià) (Italy) - Societa Co-operativa Alfa Cinematografica - Paolo William Tamburella producer - Vittorio De Sica director 1948 Monsieur Vincent (France) - E. D. I. C., Union Général Cinématographique - George de la Grandiere producer - Maurice Cloche director 1949 The Bicycle Thief (Ladri di biciclette) (Italy) - Mayer - Vittorio... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Gabriele Salvatores (born July 30, 1950), is an Italian Academy Award-winning film director and screenwriter. ... Mediterraneo is an Italian film which won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1991. ...


The Story of Qiu Ju

The Story of Qiu Ju (1992) marked a significant change in direction for Zhang. Employing a far lighter tone and generous touches of everyday humor, Zhang used non-professional actors together with his long-time collaborator Gong Li to achieve a neorealist effect in telling a tale of Chinese peasantry waddling through ineffective bureaucracy. It was also released to critical praise, winning the Golden Lion for Best Picture at the 1992 Venice International Film Festival. The Story of Qiu Ju (秋菊打官司, 1992) is a Chinese comedy-drama film. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Gong Gong Li (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born December 31, 1965) is a two-time Golden Rooster, two-time Hundred Flowers Award, Berlinale Camera, Cannes Festival Trophy, National Board of Review, New York Film Critics Circle Award, and Volpi Cup... In cinema and in literature, neorealism is a cultural movement that brings elements of true life in the stories it describes, rather than a world mainly existing in imagination only. ... The Golden Lion (it: Leone dOro) is the name of the highest prize given to a film at the Biennale Venice Film Festival. ... The Venice Film Festival (Mostra Internazionale dArte Cinematografica) takes place every year in late August/early September on the Lido di Venezia in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi, in Venice, Italy. ...


To Live

Subsequently, Zhang directed To Live, an epic film based on an acclaimed novel by Yu Hua. To Live highlighted the resilience of the ordinary Chinese folks, personified by its two leads, amidst three generations of historical upheavals throughout Chinese politics of the 20th century. The longest of his films to date, it was released at the 1994 Cannes Film Festival and won the Grand Jury Prize (the second-highest accolade behind the prestigious Palme d'Or), as well as a Best Actor prize for Ge You. Not to be confused with the Japanese film Ikiru, which also translates as To Live. To Live (Chinese: ; pinyin: huó zhe) is a Chinese film directed by Zhang Yimou in 1994, starring Ge You and Gong Li and produced by the Shanghai Film Studio and ERA International. ... Yu Hua (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a Chinese author, born on April 3, 1960 in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... The Grand Prix is an award of the Cannes Film Festival bestowed by the jury of the festival on one of the competing feature films. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... Ge You (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Gě Yōu) (born April 19, 1957) is an acclaimed Chinese actor. ...


Shanghai Triad

Having received international recognition for his earlier works, Zhang completed a major phase of his directorial work with the period gangster drama Shanghai Triad. The film, which was released in 1995, featured leading actress Gong Li in her seventh film under Zhang's direction. The two had previously formed the basis for their professional collaboration behind an ongoing romantic relationship. However, this would end during production of Shanghai Triad, and Zhang and Gong would not work together again for a decade. Shanghai Triad (摇呀摇, 摇到外婆桥) is a 1994 Chinese film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Gong Li. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Gong Gong Li (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born December 31, 1965) is a two-time Golden Rooster, two-time Hundred Flowers Award, Berlinale Camera, Cannes Festival Trophy, National Board of Review, New York Film Critics Circle Award, and Volpi Cup...


Keep Cool, The Road Home, and Not One Less

1997 saw the release of Keep Cool, a small-scale film about life in modern China. After its release, Zhang found his new leading lady in the form of the young actress Zhang Ziyi. His 1999 film The Road Home, featuring Zhang Ziyi in her film debut, is a simple throw-back narrative centering around a love story between the narrator's parents. As in The Story of Qiu Ju, Zhang returned to the neorealist habit of employing non-professional actors and location shooting for the companion piece in Not One Less (1999), which won the Golden Lion prize at the Venice International Film Festival for the second time. Keep Cool (Simplified:有话好好说; pinyin: Yǒu Hùa Hǎo Hǎo Shūo) is a 1997 Chinese black comedy directed by Zhang Yimou and adapted from a novel by Shu Ping. ... Zhang Ziyi (章子怡; pinyin: Zhāng Zǐyí) (born February 9, 1979 in Beijing, China) is one of the most well-known Chinese film actresses working today, with a string of Chinese and international hits to her name. ... The Road Home (Chinese: 我的父亲母亲 My Father and Mother; Hanyu Pinyin: wǒde fùqīn mǔqīn) is a 1999 film directed by the Chinese filmmaker Zhang Yimou. ... In cinema and in literature, neorealism is a cultural movement that brings elements of true life in the stories it describes, rather than a world mainly existing in imagination only. ... Not One Less (一个都不能少: pinyin: Yï gè döu bù néng shǎo) is a 1999 drama movie by Chinese director Zhang Yimou. ... The Golden Lion (it: Leone dOro) is the name of the highest prize given to a film at the Biennale Venice Film Festival. ... The Venice Film Festival (Mostra Internazionale dArte Cinematografica) takes place every year in late August/early September on the Lido di Venezia in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi, in Venice, Italy. ...


2000–present

Happy Times

Happy Times, a relatively minor film by Zhang, represented his second foray into modern Chinese city life. A seriocomic drama starring popular Chinese actor Zhao Benshan and actress Dong Jie, it was an official selection for the Berlin International Film Festival in 2002. {{Infobox_Film | image = caption = US One-sheet | name = )| imdb_id = 0303243| writer = Mo Yan (novel) | starring = Zhao BenshanDong Jie | director = Zhang Yimou | cinematography = Hou Yong | music = San Bao | producer = | distributor = | released = | runtime = 102 min | ... Zhao Benshan (赵本山;pinyin:Zhào Běnshān) (born 1957) is a Chinese skit actor. ... Dong Jie (董洁 ) (Born April 19th, 1980) is an actress from Dalian, Liaoning, China. ... One of the A festivals in Europe. ...


Hero

Zhang's next major project was the ambitious wuxia drama Hero (2002). The film was a major change in direction for Zhang, as it represented his first foray into epic filmmaking. Boasting an impressive lineup of Asian stars, including Jet Li, Maggie Cheung, Tony Leung Chiu-Wai, Zhang Ziyi, and Donnie Yen, Hero introduced a fictional tale revolving around Ying Zheng, the king of the State of Qin (later the first Emperor of Qin) and his would-be assassins. The film became a huge international hit and, with the intervention of American director Quentin Tarantino, was released in North America two years after its Chinese release after being shelved by American distributor Miramax Films. Hero became one of the few foreign-language films to debut at #1 at the U.S. box office, and was one of the nominees for Best Foreign Language Film at the 2003 Academy Awards. WÇ”xiá (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: , Mandarin IPA: , Cantonese Pinyin: mou5 hap6), literally meaning martial (arts) heroes, is a distinct quasi-fantasy sub-genre of the martial arts genre in literature, television and cinema. ... Hero (Chinese: ; pinyin: YÄ«ngxióng) is a Chinese wuxia film, directed by Zhang Yimou with music by Tan Dun. ... Li Lianjie (Simplified Chinese: 李连杰; Traditional Chinese: 李連杰; pinyin: Lǐ Liánjié; born April 26, 1963), better known by his stage name Jet Li, is a Chinese martial artist (Kung Fu), actor, Wushu champion, and international film star. ... For Maggie Cheung Ho Yee (張可頤), see Maggie Cheung Ho Yee. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Leung (梁) Tony Leung Chiu-Wai (Chinese: ; pinyin: Liáng CháowÄ›i; Cantonese Yale: Lèuhng Chìuh Wáih; born June 27, 1962) is a award winning Hong Kong movie and TV actor. ... Zhang Ziyi (章子怡; pinyin: Zhāng Zǐyí) (born February 9, 1979 in Beijing, China) is one of the most well-known Chinese film actresses working today, with a string of Chinese and international hits to her name. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇) (November or December 260 BC - September 10, 210 BC), personal name Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC, and then the first emperor of a unified China from 221 BC to 210 BC, ruling under the name First... State of Qin (small seal script, 220 BC) Qin or Chin (Wade-Giles) (秦) (778 BC-207 BC) was a state during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods of China. ... Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇) (November or December 260 BC - September 10, 210 BC), personal name Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC, and then the first emperor of a unified China from 221 BC to 210 BC, ruling under the name First... Assassin and Assassins redirect here. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... Miramax Films is a film production and distribution brand that was a Big Ten film motion picture distribution and production company headquartered in New York City before being bought out by The Walt Disney Company. ... As a Special Award 1947 Shoeshine (Sciuscià) (Italy) - Societa Co-operativa Alfa Cinematografica - Paolo William Tamburella producer - Vittorio De Sica director 1948 Monsieur Vincent (France) - E. D. I. C., Union Général Cinématographique - George de la Grandiere producer - Maurice Cloche director 1949 The Bicycle Thief (Ladri di biciclette) (Italy) - Mayer - Vittorio... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...


House of Flying Daggers

Zhang followed up the huge success of Hero with another martial arts epic, House of Flying Daggers, in 2004. Set in the Tang Dynasty of China, it starred Zhang Ziyi, Andy Lau, and Takeshi Kaneshiro as characters caught in a dangerous love triangle. House of Flying Daggers was generally received well among critics, who noted the flamboyant use of color that harked back to some of Zhang's earlier works. However, compared to Hero, it was a more modest international success. House of Flying Daggers (Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is a 2004 action/romance movie directed by Zhang Yimou. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Zhang Ziyi (章子怡; pinyin: Zhāng Zǐyí) (born February 9, 1979 in Beijing, China) is one of the most well-known Chinese film actresses working today, with a string of Chinese and international hits to her name. ... Andy Lau Tak-Wah (born September 27, 1961) is a Hong Kong Cantopop star, movie actor and producer. ... Takeshi Kaneshiro (Japanese and Chinese: 金城武, Hepburn: Kaneshiro Takeshi, Pinyin: Jīnchéng Wǔ), (born October 11, 1973) is a male actor and model. ... Not to be confused with Triangular theory of love. ...


Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles

Released in China in 2005, Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles was a return to the more low-key drama that characterized much of Zhang's middle period pieces. The film stars legendary Japanese actor Ken Takakura, who wishes to repair relations with his alienated son, eventually led by circumstance to set out on a journey to China. Zhang claims that he had been an admirer of Takakura for over thirty years, and as such has fulfilled his own wish of working with the Japanese veteran on a film project.[3] Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles (Simplified Chinese: 千里走单骑, Traditional Chinese: 千里走單騎; pinyin: qiān lǐ zǒu dān qí) is a 2005 Chinese drama film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Takakura Ken. ... Ken Takakura (高倉健) (Born 16 February 1931, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan) A Japanese actor best known for his brooding style and the stoic yet honorable presence he bring to his roles. ...


The First Emperor

Zhang produced The First Emperor, an opera by Tan Dun (composer of the soundtrack for Hero and other wuxia films), which had its world premiere at the Metropolitan Opera on 21 December 2006. The First Emperor is an opera with a libretto written in English by Tan Dun and Ha Jin, and music by Tan Dun. ... Tan Dunn (pinyin: Tán Dùn, 譚盾; born August 18, 1957) is a Chinese composer, most widely known as the Grammy and Oscar award winning composer for the soundtracks of the movies Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon and Hero. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Curse of the Golden Flower

Recently, Yimou cast Gong Li (with whom he had last worked with on Shanghai Triad), Jay Chou, and Chow Yun-Fat in his 2006 period epic Curse of the Golden Flower. This is a Chinese name; the family name is Gong Gong Li (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born December 31, 1965) is a two-time Golden Rooster, two-time Hundred Flowers Award, Berlinale Camera, Cannes Festival Trophy, National Board of Review, New York Film Critics Circle Award, and Volpi Cup... Shanghai Triad (摇呀摇, 摇到外婆桥) is a 1994 Chinese film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Gong Li. ... Jay Chou (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chou Chieh-lun; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chiu Kia̍t-lûn) (born 18 January 1979) is a World Music Award-winning Taiwanese musician, singer, producer, actor and director. ... Chow Yun-Fat (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) (born May 18, 1955) is a Hong Kong actor. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Curse of the Golden Flower (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known literally as When Golden Armor Covers the Entire City, is an Academy Award-nominated 2006 Chinese historical drama film directed by Zhang Yimou. ...


Themes

One of Zhang's recurrent themes is a celebration of the resilience, even the stubbornness, of Chinese people in face of hardships and adversities, a theme which has occurred from To Live (1994) through to Not One Less (1999). His works are particularly noted for its sensitivity to color, as can be seen in his early trilogy (like Raise the Red Lantern) or in his wuxia films, Hero and House of Flying Daggers. Raise the Red Lantern (Simplified Chinese: 大红灯笼高高挂; Traditional Chinese: 大紅燈籠高高掛; pinyin: Dà Hóng Dēnglóng Gāogāo Guà; literally Hang High the Big Red Lantern) is an award-winning 1991 Chinese-Hong Kong-Taiwan film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Gong Li. ...


Other works

Zhang Yimou has also directed an acclaimed version of the music opera, Puccini's Turandot, at the Forbidden City, Beijing, with Zubin Mehta as conductor. He also directed a portion of the Closing Ceremonies of the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece and is currently co-directing the Opening Ceremonies for the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing alongside Zhang Jigang.[4] Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) was an Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly, are among the most frequently performed in the standard repertoire. ... For the opera by Ferruccio Busoni, see Turandot (Busoni). ... For other uses, see Forbidden City (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... Zubin Mehta (b. ... The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... The 2008 Summer Olympics (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, will be celebrated from August 8, 2008, to August 24, 2008, with the opening ceremony commencing at 08:08:08 pm CST (12:08:08 UTC) at the Beijing National Stadium in... Peking redirects here. ... Zhang Jigang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhāng Jìgāng; (born December 25, 1958) is an internationally acclaimed Chinese choreographer and a military Lt. ...


Zhang Yimou also directed a folk musical, "Third Sister Liu (Liu Sanjie)". It began on 16 August, 2003 and was performed in an outdoor scenic setting in Yangshuo County of Guilin City in south China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.[5] is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Yangshuo County (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Yángshuò Xiàn) is a county in Guilin, Guangxi Province, China. ... Guilin (Chinese: ; pinyin: Guìlín) is a city in China, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region on the west bank of the Li River. ... Guangxi (Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; pinyin: Guǎngxī; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi) is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Zhang produced The First Emperor, an opera by Tan Dun (composer of the soundtrack for Hero and other wuxia films), which had its world premiere at the Metropolitan Opera on 21 December 2006. The First Emperor is an opera with a libretto written in English by Tan Dun and Ha Jin, and music by Tan Dun. ... Tan Dunn (pinyin: Tán Dùn, 譚盾; born August 18, 1957) is a Chinese composer, most widely known as the Grammy and Oscar award winning composer for the soundtracks of the movies Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon and Hero. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Filmography

As director

Year English Title Chinese Title Notes
1987 Red Sorghum 红高粱 Golden Bear winner in the 1988 Berlin International Film Festival
1989 Codename Cougar 代号美洲豹
1991 Ju Dou 菊豆 (nominated for Best Foreign Language Film Oscar, China)
1992 Raise the Red Lantern 大红灯笼高高挂 (nominated for Best Foreign Language Film Oscar, Hong Kong)
1992 The Story of Qiu Ju 秋菊打官司 Golden Lion winner in the 1992 Venice International Film Festival
1994 To Live 活着
1995 Shanghai Triad 摇啊摇,摇到外婆桥 (nominated for Best Cinematography)
1995 Zhang Yimou Segment of the anthology film, Lumière and Company
1997 Keep Cool 有话好好说
1999 Not One Less 一个都不能少 Golden Lion at the 1999 Venice International Film Festival
1999 The Road Home 我的父亲母亲
2000 Happy Times 幸福时光
2002 Hero 英雄 (nominated for Best Foreign Language Film Oscar, China)
2004 House of Flying Daggers 十面埋伏 (nominated for Best Cinematography Oscar)
2005 Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles 千里走单骑
2006 Curse of the Golden Flower 满城尽带黄金甲 (nominated for Best Costume Design)
2007 Movie Night Segment of the anthology film, To Each His Cinema

// May 9 - Actor Tom Cruise marries actress Mimi Rogers. ... Red Sorghum (紅高梁, Pinyin: Hong gao liang) is a 1987 Chinese film, the first to be directed by Zhang Yimou, based off a novel by Mo Yan. ... One of the A festivals in Europe. ... // Actress Kim Basinger and her brother Mick purchase Braselton, Georgia for $20 million. ... Codename Cougar (also known as Codename: Cougar, Operation Cougar or The Puma Action) is a 1989 Chinese thriller film. ... The year 1991 in film involved some significant events. ... Ju Dou (Chinese: 菊豆; Pinyin: Jú Dòu; 1991) is a Chinese film directed by Zhang Yimou and Yang Fengliang (though it is almost universally considered to be a product of Zhangs vision as director) and starring Gong Li as the title character. ... The year 1992 in film involved many significant films. ... Raise the Red Lantern (Simplified Chinese: 大红灯笼高高挂; Traditional Chinese: 大紅燈籠高高掛; pinyin: Dà Hóng DÄ“nglóng Gāogāo Guà; literally Hang High the Big Red Lantern) is an award-winning 1991 Chinese-Hong Kong-Taiwan film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Gong Li. ... The year 1992 in film involved many significant films. ... The Story of Qiu Ju (秋菊打官司, 1992) is a Chinese comedy-drama film. ... The Venice Film Festival (Mostra Internazionale dArte Cinematografica) takes place every year in late August/early September on the Lido di Venezia in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi, in Venice, Italy. ... The year 1994 in film involved some significant events. ... Not to be confused with the Japanese film Ikiru, which also translates as To Live. To Live (Chinese: ; pinyin: huó zhe) is a Chinese film directed by Zhang Yimou in 1994, starring Ge You and Gong Li and produced by the Shanghai Film Studio and ERA International. ... The year 1995 in film involved some significant events. ... Shanghai Triad (摇呀摇, 摇到外婆桥) is a 1994 Chinese film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Gong Li. ... The year 1995 in film involved some significant events. ... Lumière and Company (1996) was a collaboration between several film directors in which each made a short film using the original Lumière brothers camera. ... The year 1997 in film involved some significant events. ... Keep Cool (Simplified:有话好好说; pinyin: YÇ’u Hùa HÇŽo HÇŽo ShÅ«o) is a 1997 Chinese black comedy directed by Zhang Yimou and adapted from a novel by Shu Ping. ... The year 1999 in film involved some significant events. ... Not One Less (一个都不能少: pinyin: Yï gè döu bù néng shÇŽo) is a 1999 drama movie by Chinese director Zhang Yimou. ... The Golden Lion (it: Leone dOro) is the name of the highest prize given to a film at the Biennale Venice Film Festival. ... The Venice Film Festival (Mostra Internazionale dArte Cinematografica) takes place every year in late August/early September on the Lido di Venezia in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi, in Venice, Italy. ... The year 1999 in film involved some significant events. ... The Road Home (Chinese: 我的父亲母亲 My Father and Mother; Hanyu Pinyin: wÇ’de fùqÄ«n mÇ”qÄ«n) is a 1999 film directed by the Chinese filmmaker Zhang Yimou. ... The year 2000 in film involved some significant events. ... {{Infobox_Film | image = caption = US One-sheet | name = )| imdb_id = 0303243| writer = Mo Yan (novel) | starring = Zhao BenshanDong Jie | director = Zhang Yimou | cinematography = Hou Yong | music = San Bao | producer = | distributor = | released = | runtime = 102 min | ... The year 2002 in film involved some significant events. ... Hero (Chinese: 英雄; pinyin: ) is a film first released in China on October 24, 2002. ... The year 2004 in film involved some significant events. ... House of Flying Daggers (Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is a 2004 action/romance movie directed by Zhang Yimou. ... The year 2005 in film involved some significant events. ... Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles (Simplified Chinese: 千里走单骑, Traditional Chinese: 千里走單騎; pinyin: qiān lǐ zÇ’u dān qí) is a 2005 Chinese drama film, directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Takakura Ken. ... The year 2006 in film involved some significant events. ... Curse of the Golden Flower (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known literally as When Golden Armor Covers the Entire City, is an Academy Award-nominated 2006 Chinese historical drama film directed by Zhang Yimou. ... 2007 has been referred to, by film and media critics, as the year of the threequels, a nickname referring to both the 2004 summer movie season and several film franchises which premiered or had installments released in 2004, which appear again this year: Spider-Man 3, Shrek the Third, Ocean... To Each His Cinema is a 2007 film, produced and conceived by Gilles Jacob, celebrating the Cannes Film Festivals 60th anniversary. ...

As cinematographer

Year English Title Chinese Title Notes
1982 One and Eight 一個和八個
1984 Yellow Earth 黃土地
1986 Old Well 老井
1986 The Big Parade 大阅兵

// This is the year of film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, which will become the highest grossing movie for almost 15 years (until Titanic), earning double or triple against any major film of the 1980s. ... One and Eight is a landmark Chinese film from 1983. ... // Events The Walt Disney Company founds Touchstone Pictures to release movies with subject matter deemed inappropriate for the Disney name. ... Yellow Earth (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a 1984 Chinese drama film. ... // April 12 - Actor Morgan Mason marries The Go-Gos Belinda Carlisle Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger marries television journalist Maria Shriver. ... Old Well (Chinese: 老井) is a 1986 Chinese film about a village workers effort of digging a well in his water-starved hometown located in northwest China and his affairs with his old girlfriend. ... // April 12 - Actor Morgan Mason marries The Go-Gos Belinda Carlisle Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger marries television journalist Maria Shriver. ...

As actor

Year English Title Chinese Title Role
1986 Old Well 老井 Shun Wangquan
1987 Red Sorghum 红高粱
1989 Fight and Love with a Terracotta Warrior 古今大战秦俑情 Tian Fong
1997 Keep Cool 有话好好说 Junk Peddler

// April 12 - Actor Morgan Mason marries The Go-Gos Belinda Carlisle Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger marries television journalist Maria Shriver. ... Old Well (Chinese: 老井) is a 1986 Chinese film about a village workers effort of digging a well in his water-starved hometown located in northwest China and his affairs with his old girlfriend. ... // May 9 - Actor Tom Cruise marries actress Mimi Rogers. ... Red Sorghum (紅高梁, Pinyin: Hong gao liang) is a 1987 Chinese film, the first to be directed by Zhang Yimou, based off a novel by Mo Yan. ... // Actress Kim Basinger and her brother Mick purchase Braselton, Georgia for $20 million. ... Fight and Love with a Terracotta Warrior (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; 1989) is a Chinese film about a forbidden love between a court lady and a soldier in the Qin dynasty that is reborn in the 1930s when the reincarnation of the girl who remembers nothing enters the grave of Emperor Qin... The year 1997 in film involved some significant events. ... Keep Cool (Simplified:有话好好说; pinyin: YÇ’u Hùa HÇŽo HÇŽo ShÅ«o) is a 1997 Chinese black comedy directed by Zhang Yimou and adapted from a novel by Shu Ping. ...

See also

The history of Chinese language cinema has three separate threads of development: Cinema of Hong Kong, Cinema of China, and Cinema of Taiwan. ... The Fukuoka Asian Culture Prizes(Japanese: ,Korean: ) were established by Fukuoka City and Yokatopia Foundation to honor the outstanding work of individuals or organizations to preserve and create unique and diverse cultures of Asia. ... Zhang Jigang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhāng Jìgāng; (born December 25, 1958) is an internationally acclaimed Chinese choreographer and a military Lt. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ http://www.wzrb.com.cn/node2/node142/userobject8ai220559.html
  2. ^ :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews :: Raise The Red Lantern (xhtml)
  3. ^ Qian Li Zou Dan Ji - MonkeyPeaches
  4. ^ Design Template
  5. ^ http://english.people.com.cn/200308/17/eng20030817_122455.shtml

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Zhang Yimou withdraws from Cannes

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zhang Yimou - Biography - MSN Movies (1194 words)
Zhang Yimou is one of the best-known directors of the Chinese Fifth Generation and one of the most influential and widely respected filmmakers working today.
Zhang was born in 1950, in the city of Xi'an in Shaanxi Province, to a future in Communist China that seemed unpromising; his father was an officer in Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang Army and one of his brothers was accused of being a spy, while another fled to Taiwan.
Zhang's next film Happy Times lightened the mood a bit with its humorous tale of an ageing bachelor who transforms a schoolbus into a no-tell motel in hopes of gaining the funds to marry his true love, and given the controversy surrounding his subsequent film a little lightening of mood would be much in order.
Zhang Yimou -- An Internationally Acclaimed Filmmaker (693 words)
Zhang Yimou was assigned to the Guangxi studio, which had been founded in 1974, towards the end of the Cultural Revolution.
Zhang Yimou had long wanted to direct himself and was able to do so by transferring in 1985 from Guangxi studio to the Xi'an studio, then run by the imaginative and entrepreneurial Wu Tianming.
Zhang Yimou followed up Red Sorghum with a more conventional action picture, Operation Cougar, depicting the hijacking of an airliner, but returned to form with Ju Dou and Raise The Red Lantern, both intense and beautifully shot period pieces that were nominated for Oscars as Best Foreign Language Film in 1990 and 1991.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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