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Encyclopedia > Zhang Jiao
Part of a series on
Taoism


Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ... Image File history File links Yin_yang. ...


Fundamentals
Tao · De · Xiulian This article is about the Chinese character and the philosophy it represents. ... De (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: te) is a key concept in Chinese philosophy, usually translated inherent character; inner power; integrity in Daoism, moral character; virtue; morality in Confucianism and other contexts, and quality; virtue (guna) or merit; virtuous deeds (punya) in Chinese Buddhism. ...

Prominent Taoists
Laozi · Zhuangzi
Zhang Daoling · Zhang Jiao
Ge Hong · Chen Tuan
Wang Chongyang Chen Po (Chen Tuan, Chen Hsi I) 871-989 Ge Hong 284–364 Ho Yen Guo Xiang (Kuo Hsiang) d. ... Laozi (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lao Tzu; also Lao Tse, Laotze, Lao Zi, and in other ways) was an ancient Chinese philosopher. ... Zhuangzi (Traditional: 莊子; Simplified: 庄子, Pinyin: Zhuāng Zǐ, Wade-Giles: Chuang Tzŭ, lit. ... Celestial Master Zhang Daoling Zhang Daoling (Chang Tao-ling), aka Zhang Ling. ... Ge Hong(葛洪) (284-364, also known as Zhichuan) was a minor southern official during the Jin dynasty (263-420), best known for his interest in Daoism, alchemy, and techniques of longevity. ... Chen Tuan (陳摶) (birthname: Chen Tuan, name as a sage: Chen Hsi I, Chen Xi Yi) (871-989) was a legendary Taoist sage. ... Wang Chongyang (11 January 1113 – 22 January 1170) [Chinese calendar: 宋徽宗政和二年十二月廿二 – 金世宗大定十年正月初四] (Traditional Chinese: 王重陽; Simplified Chinese: 王重阳; pinyin: Wáng Chóngyáng) was a Song Dynasty Taoist who was one of the founders of Quanzhen Taoism in the twelfth century. ...

Deities and Immortals
Three Pure Ones
Jade Emperor · Xi Wangmu
Eight Immortals Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Xian (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsien) is a Chinese word for an enlightened person, translatable in English as: spiritually immortal; transcendent; super-human; celestial being (in Daoist/Taoist philosophy and cosmology) physically immortal; immortal person; immortalist; saint (in Daoist religion and pantheon) alchemist; one who seeks the elixir of life... The Three Pure Pellucid Ones (Chinese: 三清; Cantonese: Sarm Tsing; Mandarin: San-ching), also translated as The Three Pure Ones, The Three Clarities, or The Three Purities, are the three highest Taoist deities. ... The Jade Emperor (Chinese: ; pinyin: or 玉帝 Yù Dì), known informally by children and others as Heavenly Grandfather (天公 Tiān Gōng) and known formally as the Pure August Jade Emperor or August Personage of Jade (玉皇上帝 Yu Huang Shangdi or 玉皇大帝 Yu Huang Dadi), is the ruler of Heaven according to Chinese... Xi Wangmu (西王母), in Chinese mythology, literally Queen Mother of the West, is the ruler of the western paradise and goddess of immortality. ... The Eight Immortals crossing the sea, from Myths and Legends of China, 1922 by E. T. C. Werner. ...

Main Sects
Quanzhen School
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Zhengyi Dao
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the Quanzhen School is an important school in Chinese Taoism. ... Tianshi Dao (Simplified Chinese:天师道, Traditional Chinese: 天師道, pinyin: Tiān Shī Dào) or Way of the Celestial Masters is a Chinese Daoist movement that was founded by Zhang Daoling in 142 CE. At its height, the movement controlled a theocratic state in Sichuan. ... The Shangqing School (Chinese:上清) is a Daoist movement that began during in the aristocracy of the Western Jin dynasty. ... Lingbao refers to a branch of Taoism that originated in the late 4th century CE. Lingbao can be translated as numinous gem or spiritual treasure. ...

Taoist Texts
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Daozang The Tao Te Ching (道德經, Pinyin: D Jīng, thus sometimes rendered in recent works as Dao De Jing; archaic pre-Wade-Giles rendering: Tao Teh Ching; roughly translated as The Book of the Way and its Virtue (see dedicated chapter below on translating the title)) is... Zhuangzi (Traditional: 莊子; Simplified: 庄子, Pinyin: Zhuāng Zǐ, Wade-Giles: Chuang TzÅ­, lit. ... The Daozang (Daoist Cannon) consists of almost 5000 individual texts that were collected circa C.E. 400 (quite some time after the Dao De Jing and Zhuang Zi which are the core Daoist texts). ...

Taoist Precepts
The Five Precepts
See also the Buddhist Five Precepts. ...

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Qishi'er Fudi Grotto-heavens (Chinese:洞天; Pinyin: Dongtian) are a type of sacred Daoist site. ...


Portal:Taoism

Zhang Jiao or Zhang Jue (d. 184) (Simplified Chinese: 张角; Traditional Chinese: 張角; Pinyin: Zhāng Jiǎo or Zhāng Jué) was the leader of the Yellow Turbans during the period of the late Eastern Han Dynasty in China. He was said to be a sorcerer, and was a follower of Taoism. Events The Yellow Turban Rebellion breaks out in China. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... The Yellow Turban Rebellion (simplified Chinese: 黄巾之乱, traditional Chinese: 黃巾之亂) was an AD 184 peasant rebellion against Emperor Lingdi of the Han Dynasty of China. ... The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese characters: 漢朝, Simplified Chinese characters: 汉朝, pinyin Hàncháo 202 BC - AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... Not to be confused with Magic (illusion). ... Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ...

Contents

The Rebellion

Giving himself the title of "Great Teacher", he led the Yellow Turban Rebellion with his younger brothers Zhang Bao and Zhang Liang in a campaign called "The Way of Heaven" or "The Way of Peace". He and his brothers had their own power. Zhang Bao was the general of land, and his brother general of people. And Zhang Jiao was the general of heaven. The Yellow Turbans claimed to be Taoists, and rebelled against the Han because of the high taxes placed against them. They conquered much in the early years of the rebellion, but when the Han sent out a distress call, gaining the talent of people such as Liu Bei, Sun Jian and Cao Cao, the lack of ability of his generals showed. The Yellow Turbans; however, were still a strong threat until the death of Zhang Jiao; when, due to a lack of a good leader, it imploded on itself. Combatants Yellow Turbans Han Dynasty Commanders Zhang Jiao Zhang Bao Zhang Liang He Jin Huangfu Song Lu Zhi Zhu Jun Dong Zhuo Cao Cao Strength 360,000 Various Casualties Unknown Unknown The Yellow Turban Rebellion, sometimes also translated as the Yellow Scarves Rebellion, (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was a... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Zhang Liang (張梁) (? - 184) Was the brother to Zhang Jiao, leader of the Yellow Turban Rebellion against the Han Dynasty and also the younger brother of Zhang Bao. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 劉 (Liu) Liú Bèi (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) (161 – 223), courtesy name Xuándé (玄徳), was a powerful warlord and the founding emperor of the Kingdom of Shu during the Three Kingdoms era in ancient China. ... Sūn Jiān (155 – 191) was a military general and minor warlord during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms era in ancient China. ... Cáo Cāo (155 – March 15, 220, pronounced Tsau Tsau) was a regional warlord and the second last Chancellor of the Eastern Han Dynasty who rose to great power during its final years in ancient China. ...


It is said that Zhang Jiao is the grandson of the founder of the Tianshi (Celestial Masters) Sect of Taoism, Zhang Daoling.


In Romance of the Three Kingdoms

Zhang Jiao (Zhang Jue) also features in the historical epic, Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Zhang's character is introduced in the first chapter of the book: An illustration of the book Romance of the Three Kingdoms (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), written by Luo Guanzhong in the 14th century, is a Chinese historical novel based upon events in the turbulent years near the end of the Han Dynasty, and the Three Kingdoms period (220–280). ...

At that time, there lived three brothers in Julu County: Zhang Jue, Zhang Bao and Zhang Liang. Zhang Jue was a failure in the county level examination. He had gone into the mountains to gather some medicinal herbs, when he came across an old man; the old man had a youthful countenance, and was carrying a pigweed walking stick. The old man beckoned Jue into a cave, presented him with a book in three volumes which had come from the heavens, then said, "This book is called The Essential Art of Great Peace. Once you have mastered its contents, you will represent the heavens in spreading this knowledge, and thereby save all of mankind. If you start to have second thoughts, there will be terrible consequences for you." Jue enquired as to the old man's name. The old man said, "I am the old immortal spirit from the southern lands." With that, the old man vanished into thin air.

Upon receiving this book, Jue practiced night and day. Eventually, he could summon the wind and rain, and came to be known as the Great Peace Daoist. (Wikisource translation) Pingxiang County Pingxiang County (平乡县) is a county of Xingtai Prefecture, Hebei Province, China. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Zhang Liang (張良, d. ... The Imperial examinations (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) in Imperial China determined who among the population would be permitted to enter the states bureaucracy. ... Binomial name L. Chenopodium album is a fast-growing, upright, weedy annual plant that is common in temperate regions. ... Taiping Jing (The Classic of Great Peace) is the name of several different Daoist texts. ... Xian (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsien) is a Chinese word for an enlightened person, translatable in English as: spiritually immortal; transcendent; super-human; celestial being (in Daoist/Taoist philosophy and cosmology) physically immortal; immortal person; immortalist; saint (in Daoist religion and pantheon) alchemist; one who seeks the elixir of life... Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ... The original Wikisource logo. ...

  • Note: Zhang's given name, while written the same way in Chinese, is either Jue or Jiao in English. Jue is the more traditional reading; Jiao is more modern.

He then goes on to found the rebellion known as the Yellow Turbans. Little time is devoted to Jue in the book, and his death is given a line in the second chapter: "Zhang Jue had died before his (Huangfu Song's) arrival." Combatants Yellow Turbans Han Dynasty Commanders Zhang Jiao Zhang Bao Zhang Liang He Jin Huangfu Song Lu Zhi Zhu Jun Dong Zhuo Cao Cao Strength 360,000 Various Casualties Unknown Unknown The Yellow Turban Rebellion, sometimes also translated as the Yellow Scarves Rebellion, (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was a... Huangfu Song (皇甫嵩) was a well known minister of the late Han Dynasty. ...


The Taoist saint who supplied the codex was almost certainly Huang-lao.[citation needed]


Modern references

Zhang Jiao as portrayed in the 84-episode TV serial Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Zhang Jiao as portrayed in the 84-episode TV serial Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Zhang Jiao, as he appears in Dynasty Warriors 5.

Zhang Jiao is also a playable character in the Koei video game series, Dynasty Warriors. He is portrayed as a magician with a rather ridiculous manner of speech. He is known to frequently mention the word "Heaven" during speeches, and wields a sword in his debut appearance, Dynasty Warriors 2. However, in all successive installments, his weapon is the magical "Volcano Staff," capable of spitting fire at opponents on the battlefield, although he can also use it to create much more grandiose spells and effects when presented with enough time, extra effort and the assistance of his brothers. Although Zhang Jiao is portrayed as an antagonist in the series, this is merely due to difference in perception regarding how China should be united in peace. Similar to opposing political beliefs between party factions, The Yellow Turban and Han forces can be viewed in similar regard to the opposing beliefs of Socialism and Capitalism as functional social foundations. Zhang Jiao seeks to remove the Han leadership he views as corrupt and abusive of their positions, who heavily tax and abuse the peasants they have been charged with serving, which was indeed true. The regional warlords also seek to unite the land, although they also wish to gain power in the process, putting them at odds with Zhang's attempts to remove the governing Han leadership which supports and empowers the regional warlords. These warlords also believe that Zhang's revolution will cause massive amounts of damage and death in the process, which was also true. Therefore, it is the player's responsibility to decide which faction is right/wrong and who is justified in the actions they have taken. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... In 1995, Central Chinese Television(CCTV) produced a adaptation of the novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (621x900, 276 KB) The Taoist sorceror and leader of the Yellow Turban Rebellion, Zhang Jiao. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (621x900, 276 KB) The Taoist sorceror and leader of the Yellow Turban Rebellion, Zhang Jiao. ... Dynasty Warriors 5 (真・三國無双4) is a beat em up video game set in China and the fifth installment in the Dynasty Warriors series, developed by Omega Force and published by Koei, the game was released on the PlayStation 2 and Xbox. ... Koeis Current Company Logo Koei Co. ... The Logo of Shin Sangokumusou 5 (Dynasty Warriors 6) Dynasty Warriors ( 真・三國無双:Shin Sangokumusou in Japan; literally meaning True - Unrivaled Three Kingdoms) is a series of video games created by Koei based loosely around the Romance of the Three Kingdoms epic, and is a spinoff series of another Koei game Romance... Dynasty Warriors 2 (真・三國無双) is the second game in Koeis Dynasty Warriors series, available on Playstation 2. ... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subjfuck grapesect to control by the community[1] for the purposes of increasing social and economic equality and cooperation. ... For other uses, see Capitalism (disambiguation). ...


Zhang Jiao also appears in the video game Warriors Orochi. He forms the Yellow Turbans and allies with Okuni and Xiao Qiao, who have become friends. They are an independent force, eventually joining the ranks of Oda Nobunaga's army. Warriors Orochi, known in Japan as Musou Orochi ), is a PlayStation 2 action video game developed by Koei and Omega Force. ... Okuni (出雲阿国: Izumo no Okuni, 1572?–1613) was the main founder of kabuki theater. ... Xiao Qiao(小乔) was the youngest daughter of Qiao Xuan (a powerful duke from the South Land) and sister to Da Qiao. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


External links

  • - Sanguo Yanyi Officer Biography by Jonathan Wu
  • - Online version of Romance of the Three Kingdoms

References

  • Chen Shou (2002). San Guo Zhi. Yue Lu Shu She. ISBN 7-80665-198-5. 
  • Luo Guanzhong (1986). San Guo Yan Yi. Yue Lu Shu She. ISBN 7-80520-013-0. 
  • Lo Kuan-chung; tr. C.H. Brewitt-Taylor (2002). Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0-8048-3467-9. 
Preceded by
Founded
Great Teacher of the Yellow Turbans
184-188
Succeeded by
none

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zhang Bao - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (182 words)
Zhang Bao(?-184) (張寶) was a younger brother of Zhang Jiao and older brother of Zhang Liang.
Zhang Bao was a general in the Yellow Turban Rebellion (184 CE).
It is said that Zhang Bao is the grandson of the founder of the Tianshi (Celestial Masters) Sect of Taoism, Zhang Daoling.
Zhang Jiao - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (469 words)
Zhang Jiao or Zhang Jue(?-184) (Simplified Chinese: 张角; Traditional Chinese: 張角; Pinyin: Zhāng Jiǎo or Zhāng Jué) was the leader of the Yellow Turbans during the period of the late Eastern Han Dynasty in China.
It is said that Zhang Jiao is the grandson of the founder of the Tianshi (Celestial Masters) Sect of Taoism, Zhang Daoling.
Zhang Jiao is also a playable character in the Koei game Dynasty Warriors.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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