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Encyclopedia > Zhaleika

Zhaleika (Жалейка in Russian, a.k.a. брёлка or bryolka) is a Russian woodwind instrument.

  Results from FactBites:
Rus: Folk Musik Instruments - Part 1 (439 words)
The zhaleika is the most commonly owned and used Russian folk wind instrument.
Brelka was originally only a regional name for a zhaleika, until Andreev began to use the term to distinguish the 2-reeded instrument from the 1-reed zhaleika.
The chanter is called a "zhaleika", being functionally equivalent to that instrument.
The RussWind Home Page (1090 words)
Some zhaleikas can be "cross-fingered" for a couple of additional accidentals, but some cannot.
However, the "sound" of the volynka has been preserved both in the zhaleika (which has allowed the playing technique to be preserved as well) and to some extent by the droning sound of the hurdy-gurdy (known in Russia as the "kolesnaia lira").
The brelka (pronounced "brIOl-ka") is a double-reeded zhaleika; a sort of diatonic "folk oboe." Most I've seen have a (wooden) bell which narrows back down at the end like a bulb or egg, but some recent instruments just have a larger tubular section at the end past the fingered part of the barrel...
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