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Encyclopedia > Zgorzelec
Zgorzelec
Footbridge over the Neisse between Görlitz and Zgorzelec
Footbridge over the Neisse between Görlitz and Zgorzelec
Flag of Zgorzelec
Flag
Coat of arms of Zgorzelec
Coat of arms
Zgorzelec (Poland)
Zgorzelec
Coordinates: 51°9′1″N 15°0′31″E / 51.15028, 15.00861
Country Flag of Poland Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
County Zgorzelec County
Gmina Zgorzelec (urban gmina)
Government
 - Mayor Rafał Gronicz
Area
 - Total 15.88 km² (6.1 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - Total 32,925
 - Density 2,073.4/km² (5,370/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 59-900 to 59-903
Car plates DZG
Website: http://www.zgorzelec.eu

Zgorzelec [zgɔˈʐɛlɛt​͡s] is a town in south-western Poland with 33,278 inhabitants (2004). It lies in Lower Silesian Voivodeship (from 1975–1998 it was in the former Jelenia Góra Voivodeship). It is the seat of Zgorzelec County, and also of the smaller district of Gmina Zgorzelec (although it is not part of the territory of the latter, as the town is an urban gmina in its own right). Zgorzelec is located on the Lusatian Neisse river, on the Polish-German border adjoining the German town of Görlitz, of which it constituted the eastern part up to 1945. , House at Untermarkt (Lower Market) Görlitz ( , Upper Sorbian: , Czech: , Polish: ) is a town in Germany on the river Lusatian Neisse, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony, opposite the Polish town of Zgorzelec, which was a part of Görlitz until 1945. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... It has been suggested that Polish Voivodeships and Counties 1919-1939 - trivia be merged into this article or section. ... Lower Silesian Voivodeship. ... A county (Polish: powiat, pronounced povyat; plural, powiaty) is the Polish third-level unit of administration, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (NUTS-4 or rather LAU-1) in other countries. ... Zgorzelec County (in Polish powiat zgorzelecki) is a unit of territorial administration and local government in the Lower Silesian Voivodship in Poland, created on 1st January 1999 as a result of the Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ... The municipality or commune (Polish: gmina, plural: gminy) is the principal unit (lowest level) of territorial division in Poland. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... // Introduction to this topic - includes background information for people living outside Poland Common to many countries - in fact there is a growing tendency to do so since the UK also began regionalising plates in 2002 - Poland has the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. ... Lower Silesian Voivodeship. ... Jelenia Góra Voivodeship Jelenia Gora Voivodeship (Polish: województwo jeleniogórskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in the years 1975–1998, superseded by the Lower Silesian Voivodeship. ... Zgorzelec County (in Polish powiat zgorzelecki) is a unit of territorial administration and local government in the Lower Silesian Voivodship in Poland, created on 1st January 1999 as a result of the Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ... The municipality or commune (Polish: gmina, plural: gminy) is the principal unit (lowest level) of territorial division in Poland. ... The Lusatian Neisse (German Lausitzer Neiße, Polish Nysa Łużycka, Czech Lužická Nisa) is a river in the Czech Republic (54 km) and on Polish-German border (198 km), in total 252 km long. ... , House at Untermarkt (Lower Market) Görlitz ( , Upper Sorbian: , Czech: , Polish: ) is a town in Germany on the river Lusatian Neisse, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony, opposite the Polish town of Zgorzelec, which was a part of Görlitz until 1945. ...


History

Since before 1945 the modern-day towns of Zgorzelec and Görlitz were a single entity, their history up to that point is shared. , House at Untermarkt (Lower Market) Görlitz ( , Upper Sorbian: , Czech: , Polish: ) is a town in Germany on the river Lusatian Neisse, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony, opposite the Polish town of Zgorzelec, which was a part of Görlitz until 1945. ...


The date of the town's foundation is unknown. It was first mentioned in 1071. At that time Görlitz was a small village named Gorelic in the region of Lusatia, which soon after became a part of Bohemia. In the 13th century the village gradually turned into a town. It became rich due to its location on the Via Regia, an ancient and medieval trade road. Lusatia (German: , Upper Sorbian: , Lower Sorbian: , Polish: , Czech: ) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and the northern Czech Republic. ... For other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Via Regia means Kings Road. It is an Imperial Road and an Ancient road. ...


In the following centuries it was a wealthy member of the Six-City League of Upper Lusatia, consisting of the six Lusatian cities Bautzen, Görlitz, Kamenz, Lauban, Löbau and Zittau. The League of six towns of Upper Lusatia (German: Oberlausitzer Sechsstädtebund) was a historical alliance of six towns in the Upper Lusatia region. ... Bautzen (pronounced , listen, until 1868: Budissin; Upper Sorbian: BudyÅ¡in; Lower Sorbian: BudyÅ¡yn; , listen; Polish: Budziszyn; Czech: Budyšín) is a city in eastern Saxony, Germany, and capital of the eponymous district. ... Kamenz (Sorbian Kamjenc) is a Lusatian town in eastern Saxony, Germany, with a population of 18,243, and is the capital of the Kamenz district. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Löbau could refer to: Lubawa, Poland Löbau (Saxony) The district of Löbau-Zittau in Saxony. ... Zittau (Sorbian/Lusatian Žitawa, Czech Žitava) is a city in the south east of Saxony, Germany and capital of the Löbau-Zittau district close to the border triangle between Germany, Poland, and the Czech Republic. ...


The town of Gorlice in southern Poland was founded during the reign of Casimir the Great in 1354 by colonists from Görlitz. Categories: Poland-related stubs | Towns in Poland ... Casimir the Great Casimir III or the Great (Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland , son of Władyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga. ... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ...


After suffering for years in the Thirty Years' War, the region of Upper Lusatia (including Görlitz) passed to Saxony (1635). In 1815, after the Napoleonic Wars, the Congress of Vienna awarded Görlitz to Prussia. Thus the city was a part of the Prussian province of Silesia from 1815 until 1945. Combatants Sweden  Bohemia Denmark-Norway[1] Dutch Republic France Scotland England Saxony  Holy Roman Empire Catholic League Austria Bavaria Spain Commanders Frederick V Buckingham Leven Gustav II Adolf â€  Johan Baner Cardinal Richelieu Louis II de Bourbon Vicomte de Turenne Christian IV of Denmark Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar Johann Georg I... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... Combatants Austria[a] Portugal Prussia[a] Russia[b] Sicily[c] Sardinia  Spain[d]  Sweden[e] United Kingdom French Empire Holland[f] Italy Etruria[g] Naples[h] Duchy of Warsaw[i] Confederation of the Rhine[j] Bavaria Saxony Westphalia Württemberg Denmark-Norway[k] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... Silesia (English pronunciation [], Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlůnsk) is a historical region in central Europe, located along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes, Carpathian (Silesian Beskids) mountain range. ...


Following World War II, with the establishment of the Oder-Neisse line as the Polish-East German border, Görlitz (lying on the Neisse) was divided between the two countries. The German part retained the name Görlitz, while the Polish part became Zgorzelec. The German population was expelled from Zgorzelec and replaced by Poles. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Oder-Neisse line (German: , Polish: ) has constituted the border between German Democratic Republic and Poland since 1950 and since 1990 between the reunified Germany and Poland respectively. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ...


In the 1950s a large number of Greek immigrants, mainly communist partisans defeated in the Greek Civil War, were settled there. The Greek community of Zgorzelec was instrumental in the building of Ss. Constantine and Helen Orthodox Church in 2002. The Treaty of Zgorzelec was signed in the city between Poland and East Germany in 1950. The 1950s decade refers to the years of 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... This article or section should be merged with Hellenes Greeks in Ancient History In Latin literature, Græci (or Greeks, in English) is the name by which Hellenes are known. ... Look up partisan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Combatants Hellenic Army, Royalist forces, Republicans United Kingdom Communist Party of Greece (ELAS, DSE) Commanders Alexander Papagos, Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos, James Van Fleet Markos Vafiadis Strength 150,000 men 50,000 men and women Casualties 15,000 killed 32,000+ killed or captured The Greek Civil War (Ελληνικός εμφύλιος πόλεμος [ellinikos emfilios polemos]) was... This article or section should be merged with Hellenes Greeks in Ancient History In Latin literature, Græci (or Greeks, in English) is the name by which Hellenes are known. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... The Treaty of Zgorzelec (Full title The Agreement Concerning the Demarcation of the Established and the Existing Polish-German State Frontier, also known as the Treaty of Görlitz and Treaty of Zgorzelic) was signed on 6 July 1950 in Zgorzelec by Otto Grotewohl Prime Minister of the provisional government... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ...


Since the fall of communism in 1989, Zgorzelec and Görlitz have developed a close political relationship. Two of the numerous bridges over the Neisse river that had been blown up by retreating German forces in World War II have been rebuilt, reconnecting the two towns with one bus line. There is also common urban management and annual common sessions of both town councils. In 2006 the towns jointly applied to be the European Capital of Culture in 2010. It was hoped that the jury would be convinced by the concept of Polish-German cooperation, but the award fell to Essen, with Görlitz/Zgorzelec in second place. This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... The Lusatian Neisse (German Lausitzer Neiße, Polish Nysa Łużycka, Czech Lužická Nisa) is a river in the Czech Republic (54 km) and on Polish-German border (198 km), in total 252 km long. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


Sports

Turów Zgorzelec logo Turów Zgorzelec is a Polish basketball team, based in Zgorzelec, playing in Era Basket Liga. ... This article is about the sport. ... Dominet Bank Ekstraliga logo (2006-present) Dominet Basket Liga logo (2005-2006) Dominet Bank Ekstraliga (DBE) or Polish Basketball League (=Polska Liga Koszykówki, PLK) is the highest level league of basketball in Poland. ...

External links

  • Official Municipal Site (in Polish)
  • Tourist Information (in Polish/English/German)
  • Civic Portal (in Polish)
  • Urban Portal (in Polish)
  • Info about Zgorzelec (in Polish)
  • Görlitz Internet Portal (in German/English/Polish)
  • The Old Town Bridge (online camera)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Zgorzelec

Coordinates: 51°09′01″N, 15°01′31″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
EU Border Identities Communities (1034 words)
Görlitz and Zgorzelec are two towns on the River Neiße/Nysa, Görlitz on the West bank and thus in the Federal Republic of Germany, Zgorzelec on the East bank and so in Poland.
Zgorzelec lies in the Wojwodship (region) of Lower Silesia, and in the Powiat (county) of Zgorzelec.
Zgorzelec was the site of the signing of the so-called Zgorzelec Agreement, a treaty confirming the state border between Poland and the GDR on 6 July 1950.
Zgorzelec - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (153 words)
Zgorzelec (-Polish, Lusatian: Zhorjelc, Czech: Zhořelec) is a town in southwestern Poland with 36,800 inhabitants (1995).
Situated in the Lower Silesian Voivodship since 1999, Zgorzelec was previously in the Jelenia Góra Voivodship from 1975-1998.
Since the fall of communism in 1989, Zgorzelec and the German city of Görlitz have developed a close political relationship.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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