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Encyclopedia > Zeno of Citium
Zeno of Citium
Zeno of Citium

Zeno of Citium (The Stoic) (sometime called Zeno Apathea) (333 BC-264 BC) was a Hellenistic philosopher from Citium, Cyprus. He was the son of a merchant and a student of Crates of Thebes, the most famous Cynic living at that time in Greece. Zeno was, himself, a merchant until the age of 42, when he started the Stoic school of philosophy. Named for his teaching platform, the Painted Porch ("stoa" is Greek for "porch"), his teachings were the beginning of Stoicism. None of Zeno's works have survived, but his teachings have passed on, including his main concept that tranquility can best be reached through indifference to pleasure and pain. Zeno This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Zeno This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC - 330s BC - 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 338 BC 337 BC 336 BC 335 BC 334 BC - 333 BC - 332 BC 331 BC 330... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC - 260s BC - 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC Years: 269 BC 268 BC 267 BC 266 BC 265 BC - 264 BC - 263 BC 262 BC... The Hellenistic period of Greek history was the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the annexation of the Greek peninsula and islands by Rome in 146 BC. Although the establishment of Roman rule did not break the continuity of Hellenistic society and culture, which... A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... Larnaca, or Larnaka, is a city on the southeast coast of Cyprus. ... Crates of Thebes, a Hellenistic philosopher, was one of the Cynics and the teacher of Zeno of Citium. ... This page is about the school of philosophy. ... Stoicism is a school of philosophy commonly associated with such Greek philosophers as Zeno of Citium, Cleanthes, or Chrysippus and with such later Romans as Cicero, Seneca, Marcus Aurelius, and Epictetus. ... The Painted Porch (Stoa poikile), during the 3rd century BC, was where Zeno of Citium taught Stoicism. ...


Zeno is also the first utopian anarchist in the west and thus an important precursor of the anarchism we know today. In The Crooked Timber of Humanity, Isaiah Berlin describes Zeno's beliefs as follows Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ... Sir Isaiah Berlin Sir Isaiah Berlin OM (June 6, 1909 – November 5, 1997) was a political philosopher and historian of ideas, regarded as one of the leading liberal thinkers of the 20th century. ...

Men are rational, they do not need control; rational beings have no need of a state, or of money, or of law-courts, or of any organised, institutional life. In the perfect society men and women shall wear identical clothes and feed in a common pasture.

Diogenes Laërtius, biographer of the greek philosophers, left the most extensive writings about Zeno's life with his work Lives of Eminent Philosophers. Although these writings miss deeper introspection into the philosophical ideas of Zeno, the anecdotical descriptions leave a colorful image of the historical figure Zeno. Diogenes Laërtius, the biographer of the Greek philosophers, is supposed by some to have received his surname from the town of Laerte in Cilicia, and by others from the Roman family of the Laërtii. ...


“Let no one break your will!” he said. Man conquers the world by conquering himself. Start by developing an indifference to pain and pleasure, through meditation. Wisdom occurs when reason controls passions; Evil occurs when passions control us.


Walking up and down the open hallways, he lectured his students on the value of apatheia, which he said, is the absence of passion. Only by taking an attitude of controlling one's emotion or physical desire, he felt, could we develop wisdom and the ability to apply it.


He was described as haggard, tanned person living a spare, ascetic life. This coincides with the influences of cynic teaching, and is, at least in parts, continued in his stoic philosophy. Having been companionable, the king, Antigonos of Macedonia, often abided by him. Antigonus I Cyclops or Monophthalmos (the One-eyed, so called from his having lost an eye) (382 BC - 301 BC) was a Macedonian nobleman, general, and satrap under Alexander the Great. ...


Zeno died around 264 BC, and Laërtius reports about his death: "As he left the school, he fell and broke a finger by hitting the ground with his hand, at the same time shouting, with the words of Niobe: "I am coming, why do you call me?". Soon afterwards, he parted from life. Apollo and Diana Attacking Niobe and her Children by Anicet-Charles-Gabriel Lemonnier A mortal woman in Greek mythology, Niobe (Νιόβη), daughter of Tantalus and either Euryanassa, Eurythemista, Clytia, Dione, or Laodice, and the wife of Amphion, boasted of her superiority to Leto because she had fourteen children (Niobids), seven male...


In his lifetime Zeno received appreciation for his philosophical and paedagogical works. He has been honoured with the golden crown, as a tomb has been built for his remains, amongst other things because of his moral influence on the youth.


There is a crater on the Moon named in his honor. Zeno is a lunar impact crater located near the northwest limb of the Moon. ... Bulk composition of the moons mantle and crust estimated, weight percent Oxygen 42. ...


Quotes (attributed)

  • "Steel your sensibilities, so that life shall hurt you as little as possible."
  • "Follow where reason leads."
  • "Better to trip with the feet than with the tongue." (while drunk on wine)
  • "We have two ears and one mouth, so we should listen more than we say."

Further reading

  • The Stoic Idea of the City, M. Schofield (Cambridge, 1991)
  • The Hellenistic Philosophers, 2 vols., A. A. Long and D.N. Sedley (Cambridge, 1987).

External links

  • Zeno of Citium in Sensible Marks of Ideas

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zeno of Citium - The Stoic - Greek Philosopher - Crystalinks (946 words)
Zeno of Citium (The Stoic) (333 BC-264 BC) was a Hellenistic philosopher from Citium, Cyprus.
Zeno was the son of a merchant and a student of Crates of Thebes, the most famous Cynic living at that time in Greece.
Zeno is also the first utopian anarchist in the west and thus an important precursor of the anarchism we know today.
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Zeno of Citium (129 words)
Zeno of Citium (The Stoic) (333-264 BC) was a Hellenistic philosopher from Citium[?], Cyprus (then a Hellenic[?] colony).
Zeno was the son of a merchant and a student of Crates of Thebes.
Zeno was, himself, a merchant until the age of 42, when he started a school.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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