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Encyclopedia > Zenata

The Zenata are one of the main divisions of the medieval Berbers, along with Senhaja and Masmuda. They were traditionally nomads whose main home was the Middle Maghreb, an area stretching, roughly speaking, from the Rif to Chlef. They were a major political force in the area in the Middle Ages; the Marinids in Morocco and the Zayyanids of Tlemcen were of Zenati origin, and they were an important force in the Rustamid dynasty. They claimed an Arab (South Arabian) origin, for what most historians regard as political reasons, but this claim is not widely accepted. Language(s) Berber languages Religion(s) Islam (mostly Sunni), Christianity (mostly protestant), Judaism Imazighen(in Kabyle and other Berber languages: Imaziγen) are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. ... The Sanhaja were one of the largest Berber tribal confederations of the Maghreb, along with the Zanata and Masmuda History The tribes of the Sanhaja settled at first in the northern Sahara. ... The Masmuda were one of the largest Berber tribal confederacies in the Maghreb, along with the Zanata and the Sanhaja. ... For the 2006 historical epic set in Kazakhstan, see Nomad (2006 film). ... The Arab Maghreb Union This article is about the region. ... RIF may refer to: Reading Is Fundamental, an organization promoting childrens literacy Reconnaissance in Force, a type of military operation used specifically to probe an enemys disposition Reduction in Force, a large-scale ending of employment Renju International Federation, Renju is the professional variant of board game Gomoku... Chlef (Arabic: ولاية الشلف ) is a wilaya in Algeria. ... Marinid was the Dynasty that replaced the Almohad Dynasty in Morocco in 1196. ... Zayyaneyoon (in Arabic: زيانيون), A berber dynasty that ruled western Algeria between 1236-1554 AD. They were based in Tlemcen. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Rustamid (or Rustumid, Rostemid) dynasty of Ibadi Kharijite imams ruled the central Maghreb for a century and a half from their capital Tahert, until destroyed by the Fatimids. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ...


Zenata was Getule ( people from africa ) [1] [2] Some of Garamantes was Zenata [1] The Garamantes were a Saharan Berber-speaking people who used an elaborate underground irrigation system, and founded a kingdom in the Fezzan area of modern-day Libya, in the Sahara desert. ...


Madghassen was the Patriarch of Zenata. [3] The old mausoleum in Algeria is Madghassen mausolun 12 at 4 century before J-C , It's near Batna town. Batna (also Bâtnah) is the main city of Batna Province, Algeria. ...


Image:Medghasen.jpg‎


Their varieties of Berber, collectively termed Zenati, are spread over a wide area; for this reason, several languages are termed "Zenati" or in some cases are spoken by people who call themselves Zenata. Among these are Beni Snassen (or Ait Iznassen in Tamazight), a tribe that lives in Northern Morocco and Algeria, mostly in the mountains near Berkane called the Beni Snassen mountains; Sened (now extinct), and some Saharan oasis languages. The Zenata are also recalled in several placenames across the Maghreb, notably Oued Zenati in Algeria. Afro-Asiatic - Berber The Berber languages (or Tamazight) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ... The Zenati languages include 12 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken in Africa and western Asia; this language group is a part of the Northern Berber language family. ... Berkane (Arabic: ‎) is a city in the northeastern Morocco in the area of Thrifa, limited by the Mediterranean to its north, the Kiss Oued (Moroccan-Algerian border) and the wilaya of Oujda in the east, the wilaya of Nador in the west and the wilaya of Taourirt in the south. ... Sened is a small town in central Tunisia northwest of Gabes, and is also the name of the extinct Berber language that was spoken there and at the nearby town of Tmagourt until the mid-twentieth century. ... For other uses, see Sahara (disambiguation). ...


History

The Zenata tribes entered Morocco from Tunisia in pre-Islamic times and grouped themselves with the tribes of Maghrawa, Miknasa and Banu Ifran. Some of these tribes surrendered quickly to the Muslims in the 7th century, while others, like the Jarawa under al-Kahina, put up a successful resistance for a long time. The Magrawa were a Berber tribe in Morocco and central and western Algeria. ... The Miknasa were a Berber tribe in Morocco and western Algeria The Miknasa Berbers originated in Tripolitania and southern Tunisia, but migrated westwards into central Morocco and western Algeria in pre-Islamic times. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... al-Kāhinah (Classical Arabic for female seer or priest), also known as Dihya, Kahya, modern Maghrebin Arabic l-Kahna and commonly romanised as Kahina, was a female Berber religious and military leader of the late 600s who led indigenous resistance to the Arabization and Islamisation of the Maghreb (Northwest...


In the 8th century most of the Zenata were Kharijites and took part in the Maysara revolt against Umayyad rule. The last Kharijite rebellion was in the 10th century under Abu Yazid, and was defeated by the Fatimids. Kharijites (Arabic خوارج, literally Those who Go Out [1]) is a general term embracing a variety of Islamic sects which, while initially accepting the caliphate of Ali, later rejected him. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... Abû Yazîd Mukhallad ibn Kayrâd (أبو يزيد مخلد بن كيراد), nicknamed Sâhib al-Himâr or Owner of the Donkey, was a Kharijite Berber who led a rebellion against the Fatimids in Ifriqiya (modern Tunisia and eastern Algeria) starting in 944. ... The Fatimid Empire or Fatimid Caliphate ruled North Africa from A.D. 909 to 1171. ...


During the 10th century the Zenata were predominantly allied with the Caliphate of Cordoba, which fought for control of Morocco with the Fatimids. In the process the Zenata were pushed out of Morocco by the Sanhaja tribe, allies of the Fatimids. A caliphate (from the Arabic خلافة or khilāfah), is the Islamic form of government representing the political unity and leadership of the Muslim world. ... Location Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Córdoba (Spanish) Spanish name Córdoba Founded 8th century BC Postal code 140xx Website http://www. ... The Sanhaja (also commonly spelled Sanhadja) were one of the largest Berber tribal confederations of the Maghreb, along with the Zanata and Masmuda. ...


However, in the 13th century the Zenata regained political importance with the Abdalwadids in western Algeria and the Marinids in Morocco. Finally they held sway over Morocco under the Wattasids in the 15th century. A North African dynasty, centered around Tlemcen. ... Marinid was the Dynasty that replaced the Almohad Dynasty in Morocco in 1196. ... The Wattasids were a dynasty in Morocco. ...


External links

  • Zenata at Love To Know

Zenata in Sahara [2]


Zenata [3]


  Results from FactBites:
 
Zenata - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (368 words)
The Zenata are one of the main divisions of the medieval Berbers, along with Senhaja and Masmuda.
The Zenata are also recalled in several placenames across the Maghreb, notably Oued Zenati in Algeria.
During the 10th century the Zenata were predominantly allied with the Caliphate of Cordoba, which fought for control of Morocco with the Fatimids.
Bronson Piano Studio (588 words)
Zenata is an excellent pianist and a fine musician, it was obvious right from the beginning that her husband was to be the star during this evening.
Zenata was musically very satisfying, she tended to play so softly you could hardly hear her at times.
Zenata played so softly that it was difficult to hear the "oom-pahs" — which have to be heard in order to emphasize the strong pulsing beats.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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