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Encyclopedia > Zemun
Земун
Zemun
Coat of arms
Municipal coat of arms
Location in Serbia
Image:Mapa Zemun.jpg
General Information
Mayor or municipality president Gordana Pop-Lazić
Land area 153,56km²
Population (2002 census) 145,751 (152,950 municipality)
Population density (2002) 996 per km²
Coordinates [1]
Area code +381 11
Subdivisions 4 settlements in the municipality
License plate code BG
Time zone UTC+1
Website http://www.sozemun.org.yu/
View of Belgrade from Zemun
View of Belgrade from Zemun

Zemun (Serbian: Zemun or Земун, Hungarian: Zimony, German: Semlin) is a major suburb of Belgrade situated at the confluence of river Sava into Danube. The municipality of Zemun has a population of 152,950 (2002 census) with 145,751 in urban Zemun. Coat of Zemun File links The following pages link to this file: Zemun ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Car number plates in the former Yugoslavia showed the place where the car carrying them was registered, in the form of a two letter code. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... ... Website - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1320 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1320 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Stari Grad is an urban municipality of Belgrade. ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and by Serbs everywhere. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd ) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Serbia. ... Sava also Save (German Save, Hungarian Száva) is a river in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, a right side tributary of Danube at Belgrade. ... The Danube bend at Visegrád is a popular destination of tourists The Danube (ancient Danuvius) is Europes second-longest river (after the Volga). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...

Contents


Municipality

The municipality of Zemun comprise four inhabited settlements:

Zemun Polje and Batajnica are part of urban Zemun, while Ugrinovci is rural area. Zemun Polje (Земун Поље) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Batajnica is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ...


Before 2004, the municipality of Zemun also comprised several other settlements: the towns of Surčin and Dobanovci, and villages of Boljevci, Bečmen, Progar, Petrovčić, and Jakovo. Since 2004, these settlements are part of the newly formed municipality of Surčin. Surčin (Сурчин) is a town just west of Belgrade. ... Dobanovci (Добановци) is a town located in the Surčin municipality, Serbia. ... Jakovo (Јаково) is a village located in the Surčin municipality, Serbia and Montenegro. ... Surčin (Сурчин) is a town just west of Belgrade. ...


History

The area of Zemun has been inhabited ever since the Copper Age. The first Celtic settlements in Taurunum happened in the 3rd century BC. Taurunum became part of the Roman province of Pannonia around year 15. After the Great Migrations the area was under the authority of various tribes and states. The Frankish chroniclers of the Crusades mentioned it as Mallevila, a toponym from the 9th century. The Chalcolithic (Greek khalkos + lithos copper stone) period, also known as the Eneolithic (Aeneolithic) or Copper Age period, is a phase in the development of human culture in which the use of early metal tools appeared alongside the use of stone tools. ... A Celtic cross. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 3rd century BC started on January 1, 300 BC and ended on December 31, 201 BC. // Events The Pyramid of the Moon, one of several monuments built in Teotihuacán Teotihuacán, Mexico begun The first two Punic Wars between Carthage... Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120. ... Position of the Roman province of Pannonia Pannonia is an ancient country bounded north and east by the Danube, conterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia. ... Events Valerius Gratus is appointed Prefect of Iudaea. ... The German term Völkerwanderung (lit. ... Statue of Charlemagne (also called Karl der Große, Charles the Great) in Frankfurt, Germany. ... This article is about the medieval crusades. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ...


The first written records mention this city in the 12th century. The name Zemun is believed to be derived from Slavic word "zemlin" meaning "earth". By the end of the 12th century it passed from Byzantine rule to the Kingdom of Hungary, and remained under it until the start of the Ottoman wars in Europe. After the nearby Serbian state fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1459, Zemun became an important military outpost. It finally fell to the Ottomans on July 12, 1521. In 1541, Zemun was integrated into the Srem sanjak of the Buda pashaluk. (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Byzantine Empire (native Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ... The wars of the Ottoman Empire in Europe marked the better part of the history of southeastern Europe, notably, giving infamy to the Balkans. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah... Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ... Srem District in Vojvodina Vukovar-Srijem county within Croatia Syrmia (Serbian: Срем or Srem, Croatian: Srijem, Hungarian: Szerémség or Szerém, Slovak: Sriem, German: Syrmien, from Latin: Syrmia or Sirmium) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. ... Sanjak and Sandjak (other variants: sinjaq, sanjaq) are the most common English transliterations of the Turkish word Sancak, which literally means banner. In Arabic the sanjaks were also called liwas. ... Buda (German: Ofen) is the western part of the Hungarian capital Budapest on the right bank of the Danube. ... Vilâyet (also eyalet or pashaluk) was the Turkish name for the provinces of the Ottoman Empire. ...


Zemun and the southeastern Srem was taken by the Austrian Habsburgs in 1717 and became a feudal property of the Schönborn family. Zemun was the site of a peasant revolt in 1736, as well as continued border wars with the Ottomans. The Treaty of Belgrade of 1739 finally fixed the border, the Military Frontier was organized in the region in 1746, and the town of Zemun was granted the rights of a military commune in 1749. Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... // Events January 4 — The Netherlands, Britain & France sign Triple Alliance February 26-March 6 What is now the northeastern United States was paralyzed by a series of blizzards that buried the region. ... Schönborn is the name of a German noble family, many members of which were prelates of the Church. ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... The Treaty of Belgrade was the peace treaty signed on September 18, 1739 in Belgrade, Serbia by the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Austria on the other. ... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ... Military Frontier (Military Border, Military Krajina, Vojna Krajina, Војна Крајина, Militärgrenze, Confiniaria militaria) was a borderland of Habsburg Austria which acted as the cordon sanitaire against the Turks from the Middle Ages (Croatian Krajina) or from the late 17th and 18th centuries (Slavonian and Banat Krajina) until the 19th century. ... // Events Catharine de Ricci (born 1522) canonized. ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ...


Zemun prospered as an important road intersection and a border city. In 1816 it was greatly expanded by mass resettlement of Germans and Serbs in the new town suburbs of Francstal and Gornja Varoš, respectively. In the 19th century, Zemun reached 7,089 residents and 1,310 houses. Zemun also became important in Serbian history as the refuge for Karađorđe in 1813 as well as many other people from the nearby Belgrade and the rest of Serbia which was still under Ottoman rule. 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Karadjordje or Karageorge (Serbian: Карађорђе (KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e)), (November 3, 1768? – July 13, 1817) was the leader of the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire, and the founder of the Serbian House of Karadjordjević. He was born George Petrović (Ђорђе Петровић ĐorÄ‘e Petrović). Because of his dark complexion and short temper... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


During the Revolution of 1848-1849, Zemun was one of the de facto capitals of Serbian Vojvodina, a Serbian autonomous region within Habsburg Empire, but in 1849, it was returned under the administration of the Military Frontier. With the abolishment of the Military Frontier in 1882, Zemun and the rest of Srem was included into Croatia-Slavonia, an autonomous Habsburg crownland. The first railway line that connected it to the west was built in 1883, and the first railway bridge over the Danube followed shortly thereafter in 1884. It has been suggested that The Gathering Storm: Before the Revolutions of 1848 be merged into this article or section. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... Following the Battle of Mohács, in 1527 some of the Croatian (and Hungarian) nobles supported Ivan Zapolja, while some preferred suzerainty to the Austrian king Ferdinand of Habsburg. ... In the United Kingdom and its predecessors, Crown land is designated land belonging to the Crown, the equivalent of an entailed estate that passed with the monarchy and could not be alienated from it. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


During the First World War in 1914, Zemun changed hands between Serbia and Austria-Hungary, finally ending up in Serbia on November 5, 1918. The town became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Kingdom of Yugoslavia). The inter-war period was marked by political struggle between the city gentry (organized into the Serbian Radical Party, Serbian Democratic Party and the Croatian Peasant Party) and the more socialist parties supported by the ethnic Germans. Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Nicholas II Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Conrad von Hötzendorf Ä°smail Enver Ferdinand I Casualties Military... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a kingdom in the Balkans which existed from the end of World War I until World War II. It occupied an area made up of the present-day states of Bosnia... This article is about contemporary political party. ... The Serbian Democratic Party (Serbian: Srpska Demokratska Stranka, SDS) is a Serbian nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Croatian Peasant Party (Croatian: Hrvatska seljačka stranka, HSS) was formed in 1905 by Stjepan Radić, a leading Croatian politician. ... Ethnic Germans (usually simply called Germans, in German Volksdeutsche) are those who are considered, by themselves or others, to be ethnically German rather than anything else but who do not live within the Federal Republic of Germany nor hold its citizenship. ...


The start of the unification with the city of Belgrade happened in 1934 when the municipality services of Zemun were united with those of Belgrade. Two intra-city bus lines were started that connected Zemun with the parts of Belgrade, and the general shift of attention towards this issue was supported by the growing Serbian population of Zemun. 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... An early motorized bus - a Benz truck modified by Netphener company (1895) A bus is a large automobile intended to carry numerous persons in addition to the driver and sometimes a conductor. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ...


The Zemun airbases originally built in 1927 were an important geostrategic objective in the Axis invasion of April 1941. During the war the city was controlled both by the Nazi-sponsored military government of Serbia and the nearby Nazi-puppet Croatia. After the end of the Second World War and the Partisan victory in 1945, the once independent city of Zemun officially became part of Belgrade. 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the year. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Slovene: Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd ) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Serbia. ...


Ethnic groups (2002 census)

The population of the Zemun municipality:

Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Yugoslav was an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Montenegrins (Serbian and Montenegrin: Црногорци / Crnogorci) are a South Slavic people who are primarily associated with the Republic of Montenegro. ...

List of neighborhoods and suburbs of Zemun

Urban:

Suburban: Altina (Алтина) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Batajnica is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Donji Grad (Доњи Град) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Galenika (Галеника) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Gornji Grad (Горњи Град) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Kalvarija (Калварија) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Kolonija Zmaj (Колонија Змај) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Lido (Лидо) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Nova Galenika (Нова Галеника) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Novi Grad (Нови Град) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Plavi Horizonti (Плави Хоризонти) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Sutjeska (Сутјеска) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Veliko Ratno Ostrvo (Велико Ратно Острво) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ... Zemun Polje (Земун Поље) is an urban neighborhood in Belgrade, Serbia. ...

  • Busije
  • Grmovac
  • Ugrinovci

See also

The Zemun Monastery (Serbian: Манастир Земун / Manastir Zemun) is a Serb Orthodox monastery located in the Zemun municipality of Belgrade, Serbia. ...

External links

  • Zemun Home Page
  • Zemun Municipality Page

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zemun - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (642 words)
Zemun and the southeastern Srem was taken by the Austrian Habsburgs in 1717 and became a feudal property of the Schönborn family.
Zemun also became important in Serbian history as the refuge for Karađorđe in 1813 as well as many other people from the nearby Belgrade and the rest of Serbia which was still under Ottoman rule.
With the abolishment of the Military Frontier in 1873, Zemun and the rest of Srem became part of the Croatia-Slavonia crown land in 1881.
City of Belgrade - Zemun (125 words)
The Municipality of Zemun covers an area of 43,872 hectares, which is inhabited by a population of around 200,000.
It emanated from the Slavic word "zemlin" (earthen) and it is assumed that the name refers to the earthwork of the town.
Zemun, once a separate town, has been within the community of Belgrade municipalities since 1945.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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