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Encyclopedia > Zebulon Pike
Zebulon Pike Jr. (1779 – 1813)

Zebulon Montgomery Pike Jr. (January 5, 1779April 27, 1813) was an American soldier and explorer for whom Pikes Peak in Colorado is named. His Pike expedition, often compared to the Lewis and Clark Expedition, mapped much of the southern portion of the Louisiana Purchase. Portrait of Zebulon Pike Copied from http://skyways. ... Portrait of Zebulon Pike Copied from http://skyways. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the mountain in Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... United States Army Captain Zebulon Pike led the Pike expedition (July 15, 1806 – July 1, 1807) to explore the south and west of the Louisiana Purchase. ... “Lewis and Clark” redirects here. ... For the musical, see Louisiana Purchase (musical) and Louisiana Purchase (film). ...

Contents

Early life

Pike was born in Lamberton, New Jersey. His father, also named Zebulon Pike, was an officer in the United States Army under General George Washington and remained in service after the end of the Revolutionary War. The younger Pike grew to adulthood in a series of Midwestern outposts — the frontier of the United States at the time — in Ohio and Illinois. He joined his father's regiment as a cadet in 1794, earned a commission as ensign in 1799 and a first lieutenancy later that year. Zebulon Pike Born: January,5,1779 In Trenton New Jersey. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ...


Pike married in 1801 and continued an unremarkable military career in logistics and payroll at a series of frontier posts. His career was taken up by General James Wilkinson, a political ally of Aaron Burr's, of mixed allegiance, who had been appointed Governor of the Upper Louisiana Territory. In 1805, Wilkinson ordered Pike to find the source of the Mississippi River. Lewis and Clark's expedition had followed the Missouri River northwest from St. Louis, and American claims on the most northern part of the Louisiana Territory remained unasserted. Look up Logistics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... General James Wilkinson James Wilkinson (1757 – December 28, 1825) was a U.S. soldier and statesman, who was associated with several scandals and controversies. ... This article discusses Aaron Burr (1756-1836), the American politician. ... The United States in 1810, following the Louisiana Purchase. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... See also explorations, sea explorers, astronaut, conquistador, travelogue, the History of Science and Technology and Biography. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ...


Northwest expedition

Pike was born in Lamberton, New Jersey. His father, also named Zebulon Pike, was an officer in the United States Army under General George Washington and remained in service after the end of the Revolutionary War. The younger Pike grew to adulthood in a series of Midwestern outposts — the frontier of the United States at the time — in Ohio and Illinois. He joined his father's regiment as a cadet in 1794, earned a commission as ensign in 1799 and a first lieutenancy later that year. Zebulon Pike Born: January,5,1779 In Trenton New Jersey. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ...


Pike married in 1801 and continued an unremarkable military career in logistics and payroll at a series of frontier posts. His career was taken up by General James Wilkinson, a political ally of Aaron Burr's, of mixed allegiance, who had been appointed Governor of the Upper Louisiana Territory. In 1805, Wilkinson ordered Pike to find the source of the Mississippi River. Lewis and Clark's expedition had followed the Missouri River northwest from St. Louis, and American claims on the most northern part of the Louisiana Territory remained unasserted. Look up Logistics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... General James Wilkinson James Wilkinson (1757 – December 28, 1825) was a U.S. soldier and statesman, who was associated with several scandals and controversies. ... This article discusses Aaron Burr (1756-1836), the American politician. ... The United States in 1810, following the Louisiana Purchase. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... See also explorations, sea explorers, astronaut, conquistador, travelogue, the History of Science and Technology and Biography. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ...


Southwest expedition

Nearly immediately upon his return, Pike was ordered out once again to lead an exploratory expedition to find the headwaters of the Arkansas River and Red River. Near St. Louis on July 15, 1806, Pike led what is now known as "the Pike expedition" from Fort Bellefontaine to explore the southwest. is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Pike never successfully reached the summit of the famous peak that bears his name; he attempted it in November of 1806, made it as far as Mt. Rosa to the southeast of Pikes Peak, and gave up the ascent in waist-deep snow after having gone almost two days without food. This article is about the mountain in Colorado. ...


This journey, for which he is most renowned, ended with his capture on February 26, 1807 by Spanish authorities in northern New Mexico, now part of Colorado. He and his men were taken to Santa Fe, then to Chihuahua where he appeared before the Commandant General Salcedo. General Salcedo housed Pike with Juan Pedro Walker, a cartographer, who also acted as an interpreter and as a transcriber/translator for Pike's confiscated documents. It was while with Walker that Pike had access to various maps of the southwest and learned about Mexican discontent with Spanish rule. Pike and his men were released, under protest, to the United States at the Louisiana border on the 1st of July 1807. Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Santa Fe (Spanish for holy faith) or Santa Fé (Portuguese) is the name of a number of places in the world: United States of America: Santa Fe, the state capital of New Mexico Santa Fe, Florida Santa Fe, Missouri Santa Fe, Tennessee Santa Fe, Texas Rancho Santa Fe, California It... For other uses, see Chihuahua (disambiguation). ...


Subsequent military duty

Pike was promoted to captain without his knowledge while on the southwestern expedition. In 1811, he was listed as Lt. Col. Zebulon M. Pike with the 4th Infantry Regiment at the Battle of Tippecanoe. He was promoted to colonel in 1812. He continued his role as a military functionary, serving as deputy quartermaster-general in New Orleans and inspector-general during the War of 1812. Combatants Tecumsehs confederacy United States Commanders Tenskwatawa William Henry Harrison Strength 550-700 1,000 regulars and militia Casualties 50+ killed 70+ wounded 62 killed 126 wounded The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought in 1811 between United States forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory... Quartermaster is a term usually referring to a military unit which specializes in supplying and provisioning troops, or to an individual who does the same. ... NOLA redirects here. ... In a civilian or military administration, an Inspector General is a high ranking official charged with the mission to inspect and report on some bodies in his field of competency. ... This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ...


Pike was promoted to brigadier general in 1813. Along with General Jacob Brown, Pike departed from a rural military outpost, Sackets Harbor, on the New York shore of Lake Ontario, for his last military campaign. On this expedition, Pike commanded combat troops in the successful attack on York, Ontario (now Toronto) on April 27, 1813. Upon completion of this mission, Pike was killed by a chunk of flying rock when a retreating British garrison exploded its ammunition store. His body was carried by ship back to Sackets Harbor, where his remains were buried. Jacob Jennings Brown (May 9, 1775-February 24, 1828) was an American army officer in the War of 1812. ... Sackets Harbor is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Journals

Although his actual journals were confiscated by the Spanish authorities, and not recovered from Mexico until the 1900s, Pike's account of his southwest expedition was published in 1810 as The expeditions of Zebulon Montgomery Pike to headwaters of the Mississippi River, through Louisiana Territory, and in New Spain, during the years 1805-6-7 and later published in French, German, and Dutch. His account became required reading for all American explorers that followed him in the 19th century. Pike's account had a dramatic effect on the exploration of the southwest. He described the politics in Chihuahua that led to the Mexican independence movement, as well as the trade conditions in New Mexico and Chihuahua, which descriptions helped promote the development of the Santa Fe Trail.[citation needed] Trail logo The Santa Fe Trail was an historic 19th century transportation route across southwestern North America connecting Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico. ...


Named for Zebulon Pike

Pikesville is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place located in Baltimore County, Maryland. ... Pike County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Pike County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. ... Pike County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Pike County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Pike County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Pike County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Pike County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Zebulon is a city in Pike County, Georgia, United States. ... USS General Pike was a frigate in the United States Navy. ... Fort Pike is a decommissioned 19th century fort which formerly guarded the Rigolets pass in Louisiana. ... This article is about the mountain in Colorado. ... The Pike National Forest is located in the Front Range of Colorado, west of Colorado Springs and including Pikes Peak. ... Although not nearly as famous as Pikes Peak in Colorado, Pikes Peak in Iowa, named by the explorer Zebulon Pike in 1805, is a bluff rising 500 feet above the Mississippi River near the town of McGregor. ... Piketon is a village located in Pike County, Ohio. ... Nickname: Motto: For Progress Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky Coordinates: , Country United States State Kentucky County Pike Government  - Mayor Franklin D. Justice II Area  - City  15. ... Fort Snelling and Pike Island, 1850 Pike Island, located in Minneapolis, Minnesota, is a portion of the 100,000 acres of land purchased from the Mdewakanton Sioux Indians by Zebulon Pike in September of 1805, which later was to become Fort Snelling, Minneapolis, and Saint Paul. ... Fort Snellings round tower Fort Snelling State Park is a Minnesota state park at the the confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota rivers. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Pike Township may refer to: Pike Township, Minnesota Pike Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania Pike Township, Bradford County, Pennsylvania Pike Township, Clearfield County, Pennsylvania Pike Township, Potter County, Pennsylvania This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Marion County is the name of a number of counties in the United States of America, mostly named for General Francis Marion: Marion County, Alabama Marion County, Arkansas Marion County, Florida Marion County, Georgia Marion County, Illinois Marion County, Indiana Marion County, Iowa (Only possibly named for Francis Marion. ... The Indianapolis skyline Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ...

Ancestry and family

Zebulon's descent from his immigrant ancestor John Pike is as follows: John Pike (1572–26 May 1654) was originally from Wiltshire, England. ...

  • John Pike (1572–1654)
    • John Pike (1613–1690)
      • John Pike (1650–1714)
        • Zebulon Pike (1693–1763)
          • James Pike (1721–?)
            • Zebulon Pike (1751–1834)
              • Zebulon Montgomery Pike

Zebulon married Clarissa Harlow Brown in 1801. Their daughter Clarissa Brown Pike married John Cleves Symmes Harrison, a son of President William Henry Harrison. Zebulon died with no son to carry on his name, so there are no Pikes who are direct descendants. However DNA testing can reveal who is related to him and there is a very active effort to trace the family tree.[1] William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841) was an American military leader, politician, and the ninth President of the United States. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Pike Surname DNA Project

References

  • Hollon, W. Eugene (1949) The lost pathfinder, Zebulon Montgomery Pike Univ. of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Zebulon Pike - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (621 words)
Zebulon Montgomery Pike (January 5, 1779–April 27, 1813) was an American soldier and explorer for whom Pikes Peak in Colorado is named.
The younger Pike grew to adulthood in a series of Midwestern outposts—the frontier of the United States at the time—in Ohio and Illinois.
Pike married in 1801 and continued an unremarkable military career in logistics and payroll at a series of frontier posts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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