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Encyclopedia > Zayandeh Rud
Zayandeh Rud
Zayandeh Rud inside Isfahan.
Zayandeh Rud inside Isfahan.
Origin Zagros Mountains
Mouth Gavkhouni
Basin countries Iran
Length 400km
Source elevation 3974
Mouth elevation 1466
Avg. discharge 10m3/sec
Basin area 41500km2
Zayandeh Rud river as it passes under "33 pol" in Isfahan.
Zayandeh Rud river as it passes under "33 pol" in Isfahan.

Zayandeh Rud is a large river in Esfahan province of Iran. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... Image File history File links 33pol_esfahan. ... Image File history File links 33pol_esfahan. ... Esfahān province (Persian: استان اصفهان (Ostan-e Esfahan); also transliterated as Isfahan, Esfahan, Espahan, Sepahan or Isphahan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ...


It is one of Iran's few all-season rivers. It is surrounded by many parks and is spanned by many Safavid era historical bridges. It empties into the Gavkhuni swamp (also known as Gavkhouni), a seasonal salt lake, southeast of Isfahan. The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ... Gavkhouni also known as Gavkhuni or Batlaq-e-Gavkhuni, located in central Iran, east of city of Esfahan, is the terminal basin of Zayandeh rud river. ...


Arthur Pope and his wife Phyllis Ackerman are buried in a small tomb in pleasant surroundings in its banks. Richard Frye has also requested to be buried there.[1] Pope and Ackerman are both buried here, in Isfahan. ... Richard Nelson Frye (c. ...


An ancient civilization by the dubbed name of Zayandeh Rud Civilizaiton existed along the banks of this river in pre-historic times. Zayandeh Rud civilization (تمدن زاینده رود) is a pre-historic era culture that were settled around Zayandeh Rud, in Iran. ...


Si-o-se Pol bridge spans over the river, and is a 16th century edifice from Isfahan's days of glory. 33 Pol or Allah-Verdi Khan is one of the 33 bridges of Isfahan, Iran. ...


Zayandeh “life giving” Rud “river”. Zayandeh Rud is the largest internal river of Iran originating form Zagros Mountains in west and travels 400km eastward before ending in Gavkhouni swamp south east of Esfahan. Zayandeh rud basin has an area of 41500 km2, altitude from 3974m to 1466m, an average rain fall of 130 mm and a monthly average temprature of 3-29 oC. Zayandeh rud water is used to irrigate 270,000 ha, including nine main hydraulic units, wells, qanat and springs in lateral valleys. Zayandeh rud’s water gives life to the people of central Iran mainly in Esfahan and Yazd provinces. Water diverted per person is 240L/day in urban and 150L/day in villages [2]. The Zagros Mountains (In Persian:رشته‌کوه‌های زاگرس) make up Irans second largest mountain range. ... Gavkhouni also known as Gavkhuni or Batlaq-e-Gavkhuni, located in central Iran, east of city of Esfahan, is the terminal basin of Zayandeh rud river. ... Isfahan or Esfahan can refer to either a city or a province in Iran: Isfahan (city) Isfahan (province) Isfahan (rugs) Ispahan a kind of rose and an older pronounciation of the citys name. ... Hydraulics is a branch of science and engineering concerned with the use of liquids to perform mechanical tasks. ... A qanat (from Persian: ‎) or kareez (from Persian: ‎) is a water management system used to provide a reliable supply of water to human settlements or for irrigation in hot, arid and semi-arid climates. ... The word spring has several meanings: spring (device), a common mechanical part. ... Isfahan or Esfahan can refer to either a city or a province in Iran: Isfahan (city) Isfahan (province) Isfahan (rugs) Ispahan a kind of rose and an older pronounciation of the citys name. ... Yazd or Yezd (In Persian: یزد), is the capital of Yazd province, one of the most ancient and historic cities in Iran and a centre of Zoroastrian culture. ...


People have lived on the banks of Zayandeh rud for thousands of years. Zayandeh rud crosses the city of Esfahan, a major cultural and economic center of Iran. Sheikh Bahai (an influential scholar and adviser to Safavid dynasty), designed and built a system of creeks (Maadi), to distribute Zayandeh rud's water in Esfahan's Suburbs in 17th century. Zayandeh Rud helped the population and economical growth and established Esfahan as an influential center and gave a green landscape to Esfahan, a city in middle of desert. Isfahan or Esfahan can refer to either a city or a province in Iran: Isfahan (city) Isfahan (province) Isfahan (rugs) Ispahan a kind of rose and an older pronounciation of the citys name. ... The Safavid Empire at its 1512 borders. ... Isfahan or Esfahan can refer to either a city or a province in Iran: Isfahan (city) Isfahan (province) Isfahan (rugs) Ispahan a kind of rose and an older pronounciation of the citys name. ...


80% of Zayandeh rud's water is consumed for adriculture, 10% for human comsumption (Drinking and domestic needs of a population of 4.5 million), 7% for industry (like Zobahan-e-Esfahan and Foolad Mobarekeh steel companies, Isfahan petrochemical, refinery and power plants) and 3% for other use. There has been a number of tunnel projects (Kuhrang) to redirect water from Karun river (Iran largest river that starts at the same place as Zayandeh rud in Zagrus Mountains, and ends in Persian gulf), to Zayandeh rud. This has helped in providing water for growing population and industries in both Esfahan and Yazd provinces. Zobahan-e-Esfahan (Esfahan Steel) is the first Iranian steel maker opened in late 1960s. ... Foolad Mobarekeh (Mobarekeh Steel), is Iran largest steel maker, built in 1980s 45km south of Esfahan, near the city of Mobarekeh. ... Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ... Karun River passing the Iranian city of Ahvaz The Karun (also Karoun) is Irans most effluent, and the only navigable, river. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Isfahan or Esfahan can refer to either a city or a province in Iran: Isfahan (city) Isfahan (province) Isfahan (rugs) Ispahan a kind of rose and an older pronounciation of the citys name. ... Yazd or Yezd (In Persian: یزد), is the capital of Yazd province, one of the most ancient and historic cities in Iran and a centre of Zoroastrian culture. ...


Zayandeh rud or Chadegan dam a major hydroelectric project was built in 1972 to help with irrigation and electricity generation. The Dam was initially named Shah Abbas dam after Shah Abbas I, the most influential king of Safavid dynasty, but changed to Zayandeh rud dam after Islamic revolution in 1979. Since 1972 Chadegan dam reservior has helped preventing seasonal floodings of Zayandeh rud. Chadegan or Chadegan County, is one of Esfahan provinces western divisions (Shahrestan). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Shah Abbas I (شاه عباس اول) (January 27, 1571?-January 19, 1629?) was the most eminent ruler of the Safavid Dynasty. ... The Safavid Empire at its 1512 borders. ... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ...


There are several new and old bridges (Pol) on Zayandeh rud. The oldest, Shahrestan, built in 5th century AD, continues to be used today for pedestrian crossing in Sharestan village. A geographical political division in Iran. ...


Bridges on Zayandeh rud in Esfahan: Marnan Built in 1599 (pedestrian) Pol-e-Vahid Built in 1970s Pol Felezi Built in 1950s Pol-e-Azar Built in 1970s Si-o-se Pol Built in 1632 (pedestrian) Ferdosi Built in 1980s Choobi (Joui) Built in 17th century (pedestrian) Khaju Built in 1650 (pedestrian) Bozorgmehr Built in 1970s Ghadir Built in 2000 Shahrestan Built in 11th century (foundations back to 5th century AD) (pedestrian) Pol-e-Vahid ( Vahid Bridge) is a concrete bridge on Zayandeh rud river in city of Esfahan. ... 33 Pol or Allah-Verdi Khan is one of the 33 bridges of Isfahan, Iran. ... Khaju Bridge (Persian: پل خواجو pol-e khajoo) is one of the most famous bridges in Isfahan and has roused the admiration of travelers since the 17th century. ... Burzoe (Bozorgmehr or Borzoyeh) is a famous Iranian man of learning and politician who lived and worked in the Sassanid Empire of Persia in the sixth century. ... A geographical political division in Iran. ...



The section of Zayandeh rud crossing Esfahan, bridges, Parks, paddle boats and traditional cafes and restaurants amongst the rest of Esfahan rich cultural heritage, are major tourist attractions for Iranian as well as international visitors. Isfahan or Esfahan can refer to either a city or a province in Iran: Isfahan (city) Isfahan (province) Isfahan (rugs) Ispahan a kind of rose and an older pronounciation of the citys name. ...

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