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Encyclopedia > Zarzuela

Zarzuela (IPA /θar'θwe'la/ in Spain, /sar'swe'la/ in the New World), also called sarswela in the Philippines, is a Spanish lyric-dramatic genre that alternates between spoken and sung scenes, the latter incorporating dances. It is believed that the name derives from a hunting lodge, the Palacio de la Zarzuela, near Madrid where, in the 17th century, this type of performance first occurred before the Spanish royal court. Zarzuela means: Zarzuela, a Spanish lyric-dramatic genre Zarzuela (dish), a Spanish dish made of diverse sorts of seafood and fish the Palacio de la Zarzuela, residence of the Spanish King the Teatro de la Zarzuela in Madrid several places in Spain: Zarzuela, Cuenca, a municipality in the province of... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... The Palacio de la Zarzuela is a residence of the King of Spain. ...


There are two main forms of zarzuela: Baroque zarzuela (c.1630–1750), the earliest style, and Romantic zarzuela (c.1850–1950), which can be further divided into the two subgenres of género grande and género chico. Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Madrids Zarzuela theatre Género chico (literally, little genre) is a Spanish genre of short light dramas. ...


The zarzuela (also known as zarzuelta) is also a genre and integral part of Filipino music. It was brought during the period of Spanish colonization by the settlers and friars, and quickly spread to the natives, who adapted it to their tastes. Filipino music is quite diverse, as the indigenous people are spread across hundreds of islands and among 140 ethnic groups. ...


Musical theatre had already existed in Spain since the time of Juan del Encina. This new genre named zarzuela was innovative in giving a dramatic function to the musical numbers; that is to say, they were integrated into the argument of the work. Other characteristics were the presence of a large orchestra and the incorporation of choruses, songs, and dances. Juan del Encina (1469-c. ...

Contents

Baroque zarzuela

In 1658 at the Royal Palace of El Prado, King Philip IV of Spain, Queen Mariana and their court attended the first performance of a new comedy by Pedro Calderón de la Barca, with music by Juan de Hidalgo. El Laurel de Apolo traditionally symbolises the birth of a new musical genre which had become known as La Zarzuela. The genre was named after the Palacio de la Zarzuela, one of the King's hunting lodges, situated in a remote countryside thick with zarzas or brambles, in what is now El Pardo. Prado may refer to: Land Cruiser Prado, a 4WD vehicle from Toyota Museo del Prado, an art gallery in Madrid Prado, Spain, a village in Castile-Leon the prado dam Prado River Miguelanxo Prado, a spanish comic book artist Ed Prado, a U.S. appeals court judge PRADO, a PHP... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... Pedro Calderon de la Barca Pedro Calderón de la Barca (January 17, 1600 – May 25, 1681), was an important dramatist of the Spanish Golden Age. ... The Palacio de la Zarzuela is a residence of the King of Spain. ... The blackberry is a bramble fruit Bramble refers to thorny plants of the Genus Rubus, in the Rose family (Rosaceae). ... Palacio Real de El Pardo is a Spanish royal palace near Madrid. ...


Like Calderón de la Barca's earlier El golfo de las sirenas (The Sirens' Gulf, 1657), El Laurel de Apolo mixed mythological verse drama with operatic solos, popular songs and dances. The characters in these early, baroque zarzuelas were a mixture of gods, mythological creatures and rustic or pastoral comedy characters. Unlike some other operatic forms, there were spoken interludes, often in verse. Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ...


Italian influence

In 18th-century Bourbon Spain, Italian artistic style dominated in the arts, including Italian opera. Zarzuela, though still written to Spanish texts, changed to accommodate the Italian vogue. During the reign of King Charles III, political problems provoked a series of revolts against his Italian ministers; these were echoed in theatrical presentations. The older style zarzuela fell out of fashion, but popular Spanish tradition continued to manifest itself in shorter works, such as the single-scene tonadilla (or intermezzo) of which the finest literary exponent was Ramón de la Cruz. Musicians such as Rodríguez de Hita were proficient in the shorter style of works, though he also wrote a full-scale zarzuela with de la Cruz entitled Las segadoras de Vallecas (The Reapers of Vallecas, 1768). Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house. ... Italian opera can be divided into three periods, the Baroque, the Romantic and the modern. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... InterMezzo is a distributed file system written for Linux, distributed with a GPL licence. ... Ramón de la Cruz (March 28, 1731 - March 5, 1794), Spanish dramatist, was born at Madrid. ...


The 19th century

In the 1850s and 1860s century a group of patriotic writers and composers led by Francisco Barbieri and Joaquín Gaztambide revived the zarzuela form, seeing in it a possible release from French and Italian cultural hegemony. The elements of the work continue to be the same: sung solos and choruses, spiced with spoken scenes, and comedic songs, ensembles and dances. Costume dramas and regional variations abound, and the librettos (though often based on French originals) are rich in Spanish idioms and popular jargon. A costume drama is a period piece in which elaborate costumes, sets and properties are featured in order to capture the ambience of a particular era. ... A libretto is the complete body of words used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, sacred or secular oratorio and cantata, musical, and ballet. ...


The zarzuelas of the day included in their librettos various regionalisms and popular slang, such as that of Madrid castizos. Often, the success of a work was down to one or more songs that the public came to know and love. Despite some modifications the basic structure of the zarzuela remained the same: dialogue scenes, songs, choruses, and comic scenes generally performed by two actor-singers. The culminating masterpieces from this period were Barbieri's Pan y toros and Gaztambide's El juramento. Another notable composer from this period was Emilio Arrieta. Castizo is a Spanish word with a general meaning of genuine. It has other more concrete meanings. ... Pascual Juan Emilio Arrieta Corera (born in Puente la Reina, Navarre on October 21st, 1823; died in Madrid on February 11th, 1894) was a Spanish composer. ...


Romantic zarzuela

After the Glorious Revolution of 1868, the country entered a deep crisis (especially economically), which was reflected in theatre. The public could not afford high-priced theatre tickets for grandiose productions, which led to the rise of the Teatros Variedades ("variety theatres") in Madrid, with cheap tickets for one-act plays (sainetes). This "theatre of an hour" had great success and zarzuela composers took to the new formula with alacrity. Single-act zarzuelas were classified as género chico ("little genre") whilst the longer zarzuelas of three acts, lasting up to four hours, were called género grande ("grand genre"). Zarzuela grande battled on at the Teatro de la Zarzuela de Madrid, founded by Barbieri and his friends in the 1850s. A newer theatre, the Apolo, opened in 1873. At first it attempted to present the género grande, but it soon yielded to the taste and economics of the time, and became the "temple" of the more populist género chico in the late 1870s. Queen Isabella II of Spain in exile at Paris Juan Prim, Spanish general. ... Madrids Zarzuela theatre Género chico (literally, little genre) is a Spanish genre of short light dramas. ...


Musical content from this era ranges from full-scale operatic arias (romanzas) through to popular songs, and dialogue from high poetic drama to lowlife comedy characters. There are also many types of zarzuela in between the two named genres, with a variety of musical and dramatic flavours. Comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humour with an intent to provoke laughter in general). ...


Many of the greatest zarzuelas were written in the 1880s and 1890s, but the form continued to adapt to new theatrical stimuli until well into the 20th century. With the onset of the Spanish Civil War, the form rapidly declined, and the last romantic zarzuelas to hold the stage were written in the 1950s. Combatants Spanish Republic CNT-FAI UGT POUM Soviet Union International Brigades Spanish State Falangists Carlists Fascist Italy Nazi Germany Army Comrades Association Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco Casualties Civilians killed/wounded = hundreds of thousands The Spanish Civil War, which lasted from July 17...


Whilst Barbieri produced the greatest zarzuela grande in El barberillo de Lavapiés, the classic exponent of the género chico was his pupil Federico Chueca, whose La gran vía (produced with Joaquín Valverde) was a cult success both in Spain and throughout Europe. Madrids Zarzuela theatre Género chico (literally, little genre) is a Spanish genre of short light dramas. ... Federico Chueca (Madrid, 5 May 1846 - 20 July 1908) was a Spanish composer of zarzuelas and author of La gran vía along with Joaquín Valverde in 1886. ...


The musical heir of Chueca was José Serrano, whose short, one act género chico zarzuelas - notably La canción del olvido, Alma de dios and the much later Los claveles and La dolorosa - form a stylistic bridge to the more musically sophisticated zarzuelas of the 20th Century. José Serrano (Sueca, Valencia, 14 October 1873 - Madrid, 8 March 1941) was a Spanish composer of zarzuelas whose most famous works include La dolorosa (The Pained One) and La canción del olvido (The song of forgetting). Serrano’s works tend to be simple popular theater but filled with dramatic... Madrids Zarzuela theatre Género chico (literally, little genre) is a Spanish genre of short light dramas. ...


The zarzuela in Catalonia

While the zarzuela tradition flourished in Madrid and other Spanish cities, Catalonia developed its own zarzuela, with librettos in Catalan. The atmosphere, the plots, and the music were quite different from the model that triumphed in Madrid; the Catalan zarzuela was looking to attract a different public, the bourgeois classes. Catalan zarzuela was turned little by little into what is called, in Catalan, teatre líric català ("Catalan lyric theater"), with a personality of its own, and with modernista lyricists and composers. Anthem: Els Segadors Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Spanish, Catalan, and Aranese Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 6th  32,114 km²  6. ... Catalan in Europe Catalan IPA: (català ) is a Romance language, the official language of Andorra and co-official in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Valencia (under the name Valencian) and Catalonia. ... Modernisme in Catalan, (not to be confused with modernism) is the Catalan variant of Art Nouveau. ...


In the final years of the 19th century, as modernisme emerged, one of the notable modernistas, and one of Pedrell's pupils, Amadeo Vives came onto the Barcelona scene. He contributed to the creation of the Orfeó Català in 1891, along with Lluís Millet. In spite of a success sustained over many years, his musical ambition took him to Madrid, where zarzuela had a higher profile. Vives became one of the most important zarzuela composers, with such masterpieces as Doňa Francisquita, La villana (both based on plays by Lope de Vega) and the through-written opera in zarzuela style Maruxa. Modernisme in Catalan, (not to be confused with modernism) is the Catalan variant of Art Nouveau. ... Amadeo Vives was a Spanish musical composer, a Catalan born at Collbató, near Montserrat, on November 18, 1871. ... Lope de Vega Lope de Vega (also Félix Lope de Vega Carpio or Lope Félix de Vega Carpio) (25 November 1562 – 27 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright and poet. ...


The twentieth century

In the first years of the 20th century greater quality pieces are composed (such as Doña Francisquita by Amadeo Vives). Zarzuela was supported with these works that, sometimes, were adapted to the Italian opera musical structure, thanks to the works of Pablo Sorozábal, Federico Moreno Torroba and Jacinto Guerrero. The zarzuela style continued to flourish, thanks to composers of the stature of Pablo Sorozábal - who reinvigorated it as a vehicle for socio-political comment - Federico Moreno Torroba, and Francisco Alonso. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Amadeo Vives was a Spanish musical composer, a Catalan born at Collbató, near Montserrat, on November 18, 1871. ... Pablo Sorozábal (September 18, 1897—December 26, 1988[1]) was a Basque-born Spanish composer. ... Federico Moreno Torroba (1891-1982) was a Spanish composer, born in Madrid. ... Pablo Sorozábal (September 18, 1897—December 26, 1988[1]) was a Basque-born Spanish composer. ... Federico Moreno Torroba (1891-1982) was a Spanish composer, born in Madrid. ...


However, the Spanish Civil War brought a decline of the genre, and after the war, its extinction was almost total. There were no new authors in the genre and the compositions are not renovated. There have been no significant new works created since the 1950s; the existing zarzuela repertoire is costly to produce, and many classics have been performed only sporadically in recent years, at least professionally. Furthermore, existing zarzuela is difficult and expensive to play, and is only seen sporadically, by seasons, during a few days. Combatants Spanish Republic CNT-FAI UGT POUM Soviet Union International Brigades Spanish State Falangists Carlists Fascist Italy Nazi Germany Army Comrades Association Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco Casualties Civilians killed/wounded = hundreds of thousands The Spanish Civil War, which lasted from July 17...


The name of género ínfimo was given to the emerging form of entertainment known as revistas, a genre rising from the ashes of zarzuela: musical works similar to the zarzuela but lighter and bolder, with many scenes that were described at the time as verdes—"green"—containing sexual themes and racy double entendres. One masterpiece of the género ínfimo ("minimal" or "extremely low genre") is La corte de Faraón, by Vicente Lleó (based on the French operetta Madame Putiphar.) These revistas caught on with the public and the songs are still a part of popular culture.


From 1950, zarzuela was revivified thanks to the LP recording. A series was released by the Alhambra Company to great success, many directed by the Spanish conductor Ataulfo Argenta. The best voices of the day, world-renowned opera singers such as Teresa Berganza, Manel Ausensi, and Pilar Lorengar, performed the leads, and choirs such as the Orfeón Donostiarra and Coro de Cantores de Madrid provided the chorus. After Argenta's death others such as Indalecio Cisneros and Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos continued in his footsteps. There were also recordings made conducted by the composers themselves, such as Pablo Sorozábal and Federico Moreno Torroba, using such great singers as Alfredo Kraus and Plácido Domingo. (Domingo's parents were themselves zarzuela singers, and he grew up working in their touring company in Mexico; zarzuela inspired him to pursue a singing career.) Ataúlfo Argenta Maza (born Castro Urdiales, Spain, November 19, 1913; died Los Molinos, Madrid, January 21, 1958) was a Spanish conductor. ... Teresa Berganza The Spanish opera singer Teresa Berganza (born 16 March 1935) is a well-known mezzo-soprano most closely associated with the roles of Rossini, Mozart, and Bizet. ... Pilar Lorengar Lorenza Pilar García Seta (January 16, 1929, Zaragoza, Spain – June 2/3, 1996, Berlin, Germany) was a Spanish (Aragonese) soprano who used the professional name Pilar Lorengar. ... Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos (born September 15, 1933 in Burgos) is a Spanish conductor. ... Pablo Sorozábal (September 18, 1897—December 26, 1988[1]) was a Basque-born Spanish composer. ... Federico Moreno Torroba (1891-1982) was a Spanish composer, born in Madrid. ... Alfredo Kraus Alfredo Kraus (24 November 1927 – 10 September 1999) was a Spanish tenor, and considered among the legendary tenors of the 20th century along with others like Franco Corelli and Luciano Pavarotti. ... Plácido Domingo Plácido Domingo [1] (born January 21, 1941) [2] is a world-famous Spanish operatic tenor, well-known for his versatile, strong voice that is possessed of a ringing and clear tone throughout its range. ...


In Cuba the afrocubanismo zarzuelas of Ernesto Lecuona such as María la O and El cafetal and Gonzalo Roig (Cecilia Valdés, based on Cirilo Villaverde's classic novel) enjoyed a brief golden age of political and cultural fame, highlighting the plight of the mulata woman and other, mainly black underclasses in Cuban society. Mexico and the Philippines likewise had their own, politically conscious, zarzuela traditions. Ernesto Lecuona (August 6, 1896 - 1963) was a Cuban composer and performer, undoubtedly the greatest and most legendary Cuban musician of his time. ...


Interest has been further renewed since the late 1970s as zarzuela again found favour in Spain, primarily with young people, who enjoyed the lyrical music and the theatrical spectacle. Since the death of Francisco Franco, zarzuela has started to become known and loved by many people outside the Hispanic world. Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo (4 December 1892 – 20 November or possibly 19 November[1] 1975), abbreviated “Francisco Franco y Bahamonde” and commonly known as “Generalísimo Francisco Franco” (pron. ...


Discography of zarzuela

From 1950 onwards, zarzuela was able to survive thanks to album recordings, an area which has only grown in subsequent years. The first series met with great success, and the majority of these earliest productions were directed by the Spaniard Ataulfo Argenta. Some of the most popular voices of the time appeared on these discs, world-recognized singers who were professional devotees of opera and recitals. Teresa Berganza, Ana María Iriarte, Carlos Munguía, and others lent their voices to the recordings. The choirs of Orfeón Donostiarra and Singers' Choir of Madrid also contributed, rounding out the overall quality of the works. Ataúlfo Argenta Maza (born Castro Urdiales, Spain, November 19, 1913; died Los Molinos, Madrid, January 21, 1958) was a Spanish conductor. ... Teresa Berganza The Spanish opera singer Teresa Berganza (born 16 March 1935) is a well-known mezzo-soprano most closely associated with the roles of Rossini, Mozart, and Bizet. ...


After the death of Ataulfo Argenta, directors like Indalecio Cisneros, García Asensio, and others picked up the cause. There were even recordings which were directed by the works' original composers, as was the case with Pablo Sorozábal and Federico Moreno Torroba. In this phase, acclaimed voices participated in the newer, bigger recordings: Montserrat Caballé, Alfredo Kraus, Plácido Domingo, and many more. Pablo Sorozábal (September 18, 1897—December 26, 1988[1]) was a Basque-born Spanish composer. ... Federico Moreno Torroba (1891-1982) was a Spanish composer, born in Madrid. ... Montserrat Caballé Maria de Montserrat Viviana Concepción Caballé i Folc, better known as Montserrat Caballé (born April 12, 1933), is a Catalan Spanish operatic soprano renowned for her bel canto technique and her interpretations of the roles of Rossini, Bellini, and Donizetti. ... Alfredo Kraus Alfredo Kraus (24 November 1927 – 10 September 1999) was a Spanish tenor, and considered among the legendary tenors of the 20th century along with others like Franco Corelli and Luciano Pavarotti. ... Plácido Domingo Plácido Domingo [1] (born January 21, 1941) [2] is a world-famous Spanish operatic tenor, well-known for his versatile, strong voice that is possessed of a ringing and clear tone throughout its range. ...


Renewed interest in the genre

The latter 1970s witnessed a revived interest in zarzuela, especially its music. All of Europe was experiencing an increasing interest in lyrical opera, especially among younger viewers, and Spanish reverberations of this sentiment produced a renewed interest in zarzuela. Music stores began offering albums whose discs were accompanied by a small pamphlet containing the synopsis of the work and information about the author. Radio and television dedicated program slots to zarzuela, including a popular series of programs offered by TVE entitled Antología de la zarzuela ("Zarzuela Anthology"). TVE may stand for: Televisión Española Township and Village Enterprise This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Zarzuela composers

Pascual Juan Emilio Arrieta Corera (born in Puente la Reina, Navarre on October 21st, 1823; died in Madrid on February 11th, 1894) was a Spanish composer. ... Francisco Asenjo Barbieri (1823-1894) was a well-known composer of the popular Spanish opera form, Zarzuela. ... Tomás Bretón (December 29, 1850 – December 2, 1923), was a Spanish musician and composer. ... Ruperto Chapí (b. ... Federico Chueca (Madrid, 5 May 1846 - 20 July 1908) was a Spanish composer of zarzuelas and author of La gran vía along with Joaquín Valverde in 1886. ... Antonio de Literes (June 18, 1673 in Majorca - January 18, 1749 in Madrid, also known as Antonio Lliteres Carrio or Antonio Literes Carrión) was a Spanish composer of zarzuelas, a type of performance that mixes spoken word, song and dance. ... Federico Moreno Torroba (1891-1982) was a Spanish composer, born in Madrid. ... José Serrano (Sueca, Valencia, 14 October 1873 - Madrid, 8 March 1941) was a Spanish composer of zarzuelas whose most famous works include La dolorosa (The Pained One) and La canción del olvido (The song of forgetting). Serrano’s works tend to be simple popular theater but filled with dramatic... Pablo Sorozábal (September 18, 1897—December 26, 1988[1]) was a Basque-born Spanish composer. ...

Partial list of Zarzuelas

  • La leyenda del beso (featuring the famous aria "Amor mi raza sabe conquistar")
  • La dolorosa
  • El huésped del Sevillano
  • El caserío

Other uses

Zarzuela is also the name of a Spanish dish made of diverse sorts of seafood and fish, named after the opera genre, due to the mixture of characters. Spanish cuisine consists of a great variety of dishes which stem from differences in geography, culture and climate. ...


References

  • Webber, Christopher: The Zarzuela Companion London, Scarecrow Press, 2002
  • http://www.zarzuela.net/cd/book/newbooks.htm
  • Louise K. Stein, Roger Alier:"Zarzuela". Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy. Accessed 4 Jul 05. (subscription access)
  • "Zarzuela" Wikipedia: La enciclopedia libre, accessed 4 Jul 2005.
  • "zarzuela.net" The leading internet zarzuela resource (1997- )
  • El libro de la zarzuela. Roger Alier y Xosé Aviñoa. Ediciones Daimon. Barcelona 1982. ISBN 84-231-2677-3

The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is a dictionary of music and musicians, generally considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject. ...

External links

Opera Genres

Ballad opera • Dramma giocoso • Género chico • Grand opera • Opéra-ballet • Opera buffa • Opéra bouffe • Opéra bouffon • Opéra comique • Opéra féerie • Opera semiseria • Opera seria • Operetta • Pastorale héroïque • Savoy opera • Semi-opera • Singspiel • Tragédie en musique • Verismo • Zarzuela Ballad opera is a genre of 18th century English stage entertainment. ... Dramma giocoso (Italian: comical drama; plural: drammi giocosi) is the name of a genre of comic operas with its origins in the mid-18th century. ... Madrids Zarzuela theatre Género chico (literally, little genre) is a Spanish genre of short light dramas. ... Grand Opera is a style of opera mainly characterized by many features on a grandiose scale. ... Opéra-ballet was a popular genre of French Baroque opera. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Comic opera. ... Opéra bouffe (plural, opéra bouffes) is a genre of late 19th century French operetta, closely associated with Jacques Offenbach, who produced many of them at the Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens that gave its name to the form. ... Opéra bouffon is the French term for the Italian genre of opera called opera buffa performed in 18th-century France, either in the original language or in French translation. ... Opéra comique is a French style of opera that is a partial counterpart to the Italian opera buffa. ... Opéra féerie (plural, opéra féeries) is a French genre of opera or opéra-ballet based on fairy tales, often with elements of magic in their stories. ... Opera semiseria (semi-serious opera) is an Italian genre of opera, popular in the early 19th century. ... Opera seria is an Italian musical term which refers to the noble and serious style of Italian opera that predominated in Europe from the 1720s to ca 1770. ... Operetta (literally, little opera) is a performance art-form similar to opera, though it generally deals with less serious topics. ... Pastorale héroïque is a genre of French Baroque opera. ... The Savoy Operas are a series of operettas written by Gilbert and Sullivan. ... Semi-opera is an early form of opera. ... Singspiel (song-play) is a form of German-language music drama, similar to modern musical theater, though it is also referred to as a type of operetta or opera. ... The French lyric tragedy (French : tragédie lyrique or tragédie en musique) is a specific French form of opera introduced by Jean-Baptiste Lully and used by his followers until the second half of the eighteenth century. ... Verismo was an Italian literary movement born approximately between 1875 and 1895. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
zarzuela.net (100 words)
Zarzuela is the national music theatre or light opera of Spain.
Serrano, Guerrero, Guridi, Breton, Alonso, Vives, Sorozabal, Torroba, Gimenez, Chueca, Chapi, Barbieri); zarzuela information, zarzuela index of works; a brief history of zarzuela, and zarzuela MIDI files and images.
Zarzuela is best viewed with MS Internet Explorer and at a screen resolution of 800 by 600 or above.
Zarzuela - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2389 words)
Zarzuela (IPA /θar'θwe'la/ in Spain, /sar'swe'la/ in the New World) is a Spanish lyric-dramatic genre, which alternates between spoken and sung scenes, the latter incorporating dances.
Often, the success of zarzuelas came about because the public learned the songs from the performances, and they entered the oral culture, as happened with the popular cuplés, literally "couplets", a style of song that exists in Spain to this day, although it is now seen as a bit archaic.
Zarzuela is also the name of a Spanish dish made of diverse sorts of seafood and fish, named after the opera genre, due to the mixture of characters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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