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Encyclopedia > Zaragoza
Zaragoza
Flag of Zaragoza Coat of arms of Zaragoza
Flag Coat of Arms
Location
Coordinates : 41°39′N, 0°54′W
Time Zone : CET (GMT +1)
- summer: CEST (GMT +2)
General information
Native name Zaragoza (Spanish)
Spanish name Zaragoza
Founded 24 BC
Postal code 50001 - 50018
Website http://www.zaragoza.es/
Administration
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Aragon
Province Zaragoza
Comarca Zaragoza
Administrative Divisions 13
Mayor Juan Alberto Belloch (PSOE)
Geography
Land Area 1062,64 km²
Altitude 199 m AMSL
Population
Population 660,895 (2006)
- rank in Spain: 5
Density 601.14 hab./km² ()

Zaragoza, sometimes called Saragossa in Catalan and English, is the capital city of the autonomous region and former Kingdom of Aragon in Spain. It is situated on the river Ebro and its tributaries, the Huerva and Gállego, near the centre of the region, in a valley with a variety of landscapes, ranging from desert (Los Monegros) to thick forest, meadows and mountains. Zaragoza is the name of several places in the Spanish-speaking world: The city of Zaragoza in Aragón, Spain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x707, 1024 KB) El Pilar, Stone Bridge and Ebro river in Saragossa, Spain. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Escudo_de_Zaragoza. ... Image File history File links Zaragozamapa. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Zaragoza province Zaragoza (also called Saragossa in English) is a province of northern Spain, in the central part of the autonomous community of Aragon. ... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Juan Alberto Belloch Julbees is a Spanish politician, (1950 - ), Mayor of Zaragosa since 2003 Born on February 3rd 1950, in Teruel, Aragon (Spain). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia , and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... Capital Zaragoza Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  – English  – Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... The Ebro (Greek: Έβρος, Latin: Iberus, Spanish: Ebro, Catalan: Ebre) is Spains most voluminous and second longest river. ...


According to 2006 data from the Zaragoza council [1], the population of the city of Zaragoza was 660,895, ranking fifth in Spain. The population of the metropolitan area was estimated in 2006 at 702,662 inhabitants. The municipality is home to more than 50% of the Aragon population. The city lies at an altitude of 199 metres above sea level, and constitutes a crossroads between Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and Bilbao - all of which are located about 300 kilometres (200 miles) from Zaragoza. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Location Coordinates : 39°29′ N 0°22′ W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name València (Catalan) Spanish name Valencia Founded 137 BC Postal code 46000-46080 Website http://www. ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : 43,15° n. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...

Contents

History

Early History

The city used to exist in the name of Salduba, a Punic name of a Carthaginian military post built on the remains of a Celtiberian village, when the Romans invaded the area it fell under colonia of Caesaraugusta, founded under Augustus in Hispania Citerior. The Punics, (from Latin pūnicus meaning Phoenician) were a group of Western Semitic speaking peoples originating from Carthage in North Africa who traced their origins to a group of Phoenician and Cypriot settlers. ... The Celtiberians dwelt in the Iberian Peninsula and spoke a Celtic language. ... A Roman colonia (plural coloniae) was originally a Roman outpost established in conquered territory to secure it. ... For other persons named Octavian, see Octavian (disambiguation). ... During the Roman Republic, Hispania Citerior was a region of Hispania roughly located in the northeastern coast and in the Ebro valley of modern Spain. ...


Arab Saraqusta

In 714 The Arabs took control of the city, naming it Saraqusta (سرقسطة). It later became part of the Emirate of Cordoba, It grew to become the biggest Arab city of Northern Spain. In 777 Charlemagne attempted to take the city but he was forced to withdraw when faced by the organized defense of the city and the Basque attacks in the rear (Chanson de Roland). // Events February 28 - An earthquake strikes Syria. ... Exterior of La Mezquita The interior of the Great Mosque in Córdoba, now a Christian cathedral. ... Charlemagne (left) and Pippin the Hunchback. ... Languages Basque - few monoglots Spanish - 1,525,000 monoglots French - 150,000 monoglots Basque-Spanish - 600,000 speakers Basque-French - 76,000 speakers [4] other native languages Religions Traditionally Roman Catholic The Basques (Basque: ) are an indigenous people[5] who inhabit parts of northeastern Spain and southwestern France. ... The Song of Roland (La Chanson de Roland) is an 11th century Old French epic poem about the Battle of Roncevaux Pass (or Roncesvalles) fought by Roland of the Brittany Marches and his fellow paladins. ...


From 1018 to 1118 Zaragoza was one of the taifa kingdoms, independent Muslim states which emerged in the 11th century following the destruction of the Cordoban Caliphate. During the first three decades of this period, 10181038, the city was ruled by the Banu Tujib. In 1038 they were replaced by the Banu Hud, who had to deal with a complicated alliance with El Cid of Valencia and his Castillian Masters against the Almoravids who managed to bring the Taifas Emirates under their control. After the death of El Cid his kingdom was overrun by Almoravids and by 1100 Almoravids had managed to cross the Ebro into Barbastro, which brought Aragon into direct contact with Almoravids, The Banu Hud stubbornly resisted Almoravids and ruled until they were eventually defeated by the Almoravids in May 1110. The last sultan of the Banu Hud, Abd-al-Malik Imad ad-Dawla, the last king of Zaragoza, forced to abandon his capital, allied himself with the Christian Aragonese under Alfonso I el Batallador and from the time the Muslims of Zaragoza became military regulars within the Aragonese forces. // Team# 1018 Pike High School Robotics Team Team #1018 FIRST Logo Check Out Our FIRST WIKI Page Events Bulgaria becomes part of the Byzantine Empire. ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185... The Spanish and Portuguese term taifa (from Arabic: taifa, plural طوائف tawaif) in the history of Iberia refers to an independent Muslim-ruled principality, an emirate or petty kingdom, of which a number formed in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) after the final collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... The interior of the Great Mosque in Córdoba, now a Christian cathedral. ... // Team# 1018 Pike High School Robotics Team Team #1018 FIRST Logo Check Out Our FIRST WIKI Page Events Bulgaria becomes part of the Byzantine Empire. ... Events Independent declaration of Western Xia. ... Events Independent declaration of Western Xia. ... The Banu Hud are a family that ruled Zaragoza from 1039-1110. ... Statue of El Cid in Burgos. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Barbastro (Latin Barbastrum or Civitas Barbastrensis) is suffragan diocese of the Spanish province of Huesca. ... The Banu Hud are a family that ruled Zaragoza from 1039-1110. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Events December 4 - First Crusade: The Crusaders conquer Sidon. ... Alfonso I of Aragon the Battler (circa 1073-1134, king of Aragon and Navarre 1104-1134). ...


Aragonese Era

In 1118 the Aragonese conquered the city from the Almoravids and made it the capital of the Kingdom of Aragon. At his death without heirs in 1137, Zaragoza was swiftly occupied by Alfonso VII of León-Castile, who vacated it in 1137 only on condition it be held by Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona as a fief of Castile. Capital Zaragoza Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  – English  – Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166... Alfonso VII. Alfonso VII (1 March 1105 – 21 August 1157), called the Emperor, became the King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León and Castile in 1126. ...


Zaragoza was the scene of two controversial martyrdoms related with the Spanish Inquisition: those of Saint Dominguito del Val, a choirboy in the basilica, and Pedro de Arbués, head official of the inquisition. This article is about one of the historical Inquisitions. ... Saint Dominguito del Val was a choirboy and the alleged victim of a ritual murder by Jews in Saragossa in c. ... Pedro de Arbués was an official of the Spanish Inquisition who was assassinated in Saragossa Cathedral in 1484 in an alleged plot by conversos and Jews. ...


It suffered two famous sieges during the Peninsular War against Napoleonic army: a first from June to August 1808; and a second from December 1808 to February 1809 (see Agustina de Aragón). For the 1862 American Civil War campaign, see Peninsula Campaign. ... Combatants France Spain Commanders Charles de Lefebvre José de Palafox y Melzi Strength 8,500 regular infantry 1,000 cavalry 12 guns 500 regulars 6,000 militia Casualties 3,000 dead or wounded Unknown The First Siege of Saragossa (Spanish: Zaragoza) was a bloody struggle in the Peninsular War. ... Year 1808 (MDCCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants France Spain Commanders Jeannot de Moncey Édouard Mortier José de Palafox y Melzi Strength 35,500 regulars 33,000 regulars Casualties 10,000 dead 54,000 dead The Second Siege of Saragossa was the second of the two sieges of that city during the Peninsular War and is widly... Year 1808 (MDCCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... // By the Summer of 1808, Zarragoza has become more than just another town under seige. ...


During the Spanish Civil War it was aimed to be taken by the Durruti Column, led by Buenaventura Durruti. Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... The Durruti Column was a group of anarchist fighters lead by Buenaventura Durruti in the summer of 1936 during the Spanish Civil War. ... Buenaventura Durruti (July 14, 1896 in León—November 20, 1936, Madrid) was a central figure of Spanish anarchism during the period leading up to and during the Spanish Civil War. ...


Climate

Zaragoza has a mediterranean continental desert climate as it is surrounded by mountains. The average rainfall is a scanty 310 mm with abundant sunny days, and the rainfalls centers in spring. There is drought in summer. The temperatures are high in summer reaching up to 40°C (102°F). In Winter the temperatures are low (usually 0 to 10 °C) either because of the fog (about 20 days from November to January) or a cold and dry wind blowing from the NW, the Cierzo (related to other northerly winds such as the Mistral in the SE of France and the Tramontana in Cataluña) in the clear days. The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ...


Economy

Expo Logo
Expo Logo

In addition to the advantageous geographic situation, a General Motors Opel factory was opened in 1982 in Figueruelas, a small village nearby. The progressive decline of the agrarian economy turned Opel into one of the main pillars of the regional economy, along with: Balay, which manufactures household appliances; CAF (Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles S.A.) which builds railway engines for both the national and international markets; SAICA and Torraspapel in the stationery sector; and various more local companies, such as Pikolin and Lacasa, that are gradually making their ways into the international market. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... This article is about the European car manufacturer. ... Figueruelas (population 1,040) is a small city in the Spanish Autonomical Region of Aragón, province of Zaragoza. ... Lacasa S.A. is a Spanish confectionary company, headquartered in Zaragoza. ...


As of 2006, the city's economy is benefitting from projects like Expo 2008 (the next official World's Fair, with the theme of water and sustainable development, to be held between June 14 and September 13, 2008), [2], Plataforma Logística de Zaragoza (PLAZA), Parque Tecnológico de Reciclado (PTR), as well as being on the route of the AVE high-speed rail route since December 2003, which consolidates the city role as a communications hub. 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pro Expo Zaragoza Expo Zaragoza Expo 2008 ZH2O Expo 2008 is a planned international exposition to be held from 14th June to 14th September 2008 and coordinated by the Bureau of International Expositions organization which is responsible for sanctioning Worlds Fairs. ... Worlds Fair is any of various large expositions held since the mid-19th century. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see AVE (disambiguation). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Zaragoza is home to a Spanish Air Force base, which was (until September 1992) shared with the U.S. Air Force. In English, the base was known as Zaragoza Air Base. The Spanish Air Force maintained an F/A-18 Hornet wing at the base. No American flying wings (with the exception of a few KC-135's) were permanently based here, but it served as a training base for American fighter squadrons across Europe. It is the main headquarters for the Spanish Land Army, hosting the Academia General Militar, a number of brigades at San Gregorio, and other garrisons. The Spanish Air Force (Spanish: Ejército del Aire; literally, Army of the Air) is the air force of Spain. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... Zaragoza Air Base is a Spanish Air Force Base in Spain. ... The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F/A-18 Hornet is a modern all-weather carrier-capable strike fighter jet, designed to attack both ground and aerial targets. ...


Culture

Zaragoza is linked by legend to the beginnings of Christianity in Spain. According to legend, the Virgin Mary appeared miraculously to Saint James the Great in the 1st century, standing on a pillar. This legend is commemorated by a famous Catholic basilica called Nuestra Señora del Pilar ("Our Lady of the Pillar"). Download high resolution version (1039x548, 145 KB)The city of Zaragoza, by Velazquez. ... Download high resolution version (1039x548, 145 KB)The city of Zaragoza, by Velazquez. ... Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo (Cuenca Province, c. ... Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... Saint James the Great (d. ... The 1st century was that century that lasted from 1 to 100 according the Gregorian calendar. ... St. ... Nuestra Señora del Pilar Basilica Nuestra Señora del Pilar Basilica at Night The Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar or Nuestra Señora del Pilar is a church of the Roman Catholic faith of great importance in Spain, and especially the region of Aragon, and the city...


The event, called "Las Fiestas del Pilar", is celebrated on October 12, which is a major festival day in Zaragoza. Since it coincided in 1492 with the discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus, that day is also celebrated as El Día de la Hispanidad (Columbus Day, literally Hispanic Day) by Spanish-speaking people worldwide. is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also film, 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... Hispanic Day (el Día de la Hispanidad) is the National Day of Spain. ... Columbus Day is a holiday in many countries in the Americas, commemorating the date of Christopher Columbuss arrival in the New World on October 12, 1492. ...


"El Pilar" lasts for nine days, with all kinds of acts: from the massively attended Pregon (opening speech) to the final fireworks display over the Ebro, there are bands, dances, procession of gigantes y cabezudos (carnival figures made of papier mache), concerts, exhibitions, the famous "vaquillas" bulls) and the bull festival. Some of the most important features are the Ofrenda de Flores (Flower offering) to the virgin on the 12th, when an enormous cloak is made of the flowers


Sport

Zaragoza was strongly associated with Jaca in its failed bid for the 2014 Winter Olympics. It would have hosted the Opening and Closing ceremonies (at La Romareda stadium), as well as most of the ice events venues. Jaca as is viewed from the Rapitan fort. ... The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. ... La Romareda is the name of the home stadium of Real Zaragoza, in Zaragoza. ...


Zaragoza's football team, Real Zaragoza, plays in the Primera división. One of the most remarkable events in the team's recent history is the winning of the former UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1995. The team has also won the Spanish National Cup "Copa del Rey" six times: 1965, 1966, 1986, 1994, 2001 and 2004 and a Fairs Cup (1965). Real Zaragoza is a Spanish football team from Zaragoza in Aragón. ... Liga de Fútbol Profesional The Spanish football league is called La Liga. ... The UEFA Cup Winners Cup (also known as the European Cup Winners Cup) was a football club competition contested annually by the most recent winners of all European domestic cup competitions. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The Copa del Rey is an annual cup competition for Spanish football teams. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... UEFA Cup logo The UEFA Cup is a football competition for European club teams. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...


Zaragoza's handball team, CAI BM Aragón, plays in the Liga ASOBAL. CAI BM Aragón Is a team of Handball based in Zaragoza, Aragón. ... Liga Asobal, is the premier professional handball league in Spain. ...


Their local basketball team, CAI Zaragoza, is now on the LEB league.


Places of interest

Near the basilica on the banks of the Ebro are located the city hall, the Lonja (old currency exchange), the La Seo or Cathedral of San Salvador, a magnificient church builded over the main mosquee (partially preserved in the 11th century nord wall of the Parroquieta), with romanesque apses from 12th century; inside, the imponent hallenkirche from 15-16th centurys ,the baroque tower, and, finally, with its famous Museum of Trapestries. Near, the Roman ruins of forum and port city wall. Nuestra Señora del Pilar Basilica The basilica at night The Basilica-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Pillar or Nuestra Señora del Pilar is a Roman Catholic church in the city of Zaragoza, Aragon, of great importance in Spain. ... In finance, the exchange rate between two currencies specifies how much one currency is worth in terms of the other. ... The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ...


Near this area is a tapas zone called El Tubo and a nightclub district called El Casco Viejo. Other nightclub districts are La Zona ,El Rollo and "el ambiente" (for gay public) Puntillitas, battered and fried baby squid Tapas (IPA: ) is the name for a wide variety of appetizers in Spanish cuisine. ... Laser lights illuminate the dance floor at a Gatecrasher dance music event in Sheffield, England A nightclub (or night club or club) is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ...

Outside View of the Aljafería
Outside View of the Aljafería

Some distance from the centre of the old city is an expansive Moorish castle or palace called the Aljafería, the most important Moorish buildings in Northern Spain and the setting for Giuseppe Verdi's opera Il Trovatore (The Troubadour). The Aragonese parliament currently sits in the building. Image File history File linksMetadata 100_0284. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 100_0284. ... Al-Andalus is the Arabic name given the Iberian Peninsula by its Muslim conquerors; it refers to both the Caliphate proper and the general period of Muslim rule (711–1492). ... The Aljafería Palace (Spanish: Palacio de la Aljafería) is a fortified palace built during the second half of the eleventh century in Zaragoza, as the residence of the Banu Hud dynasty during the era of Al-Muqtadir and reflecting the splendor attained by the kingdom of the taifa... “Verdi” redirects here. ... Il trovatore (The Troubadour) is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Leone Emanuele Bardare and Salvatore Cammarano, based on the play El Trobador by Antonio García Gutiérrez. ...


The churches of San Pablo, Santa María Magdalena and San Gil are builded in 14th century, but towers can be old minarets of 11th century; San Miguel of 14th century; Santiago (San Ildefonso) and Fecetas monastery are baroque with mudejar ceilings of 17th century. All churches are Mudéjar monuments of that comprise the World Heritage Site A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Other important sights are the estately houses and magnificient palaces in the city, mainly of 16th century: palaces of condes de Morata or Luna (Audiencia), Deán, Torrero (colegio de Arquitectos), Don Lope or Real Maestranza, condes de Sástago, condes de Argillo (today Pablo Gargallo museum), archbishop, etc.


The most important Zaragoza museums are the Museum of Fine Arts, with paintings of early Aragonese artists, 15th century, and of El Greco, Ribera and Goya, and the Camon Aznar Museum, with paintings ranging from Rubens, Rembrandt, Van Dyck, Velazquez and Goya to Renoir, Manet and Sorolla.


Zaragoza is linked by Renfe's AVE high-speed rail service to Madrid and to Tarragona (via Lérida), and to Barcelona next 21 December 2007, in Catalonia. RENFE is Spains national railway operator. ... For other uses, see AVE (disambiguation). ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Tarragona (IPA: in Catalan) is a city located in the south of Catalonia, northeastern Spain, by the Mediterranean Sea. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Anthem: Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan,Spanish and Aranese. ...


Demographics

Population growth, in thousands, can be seen here:

Demographic evolution of Zaragoza between 1991 and 2006
1991 1996 2001 2004 2005 2006
594 394 601 674 610 976 638 799 647 373 660 895
  • Historical Series of population: National Statistics Institute of Spain (INE)
  • Dates 2006 City council of Zaragoza.

Map of countries by population Population growth showing projections for later this century Demography is the statistical study of human populations. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Sister cities

The following cities are twinned with Zaragoza:[3] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Aquitaine Region flag Coat of arms The location of Pau is shown on this map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Biarritz (French: Biarritz, pronounced ; Gascon Occitan: Biàrritz; Basque: Miarritze) is a town and commune which lies on the Bay of Biscay, on the Atlantic coast, in southwestern France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Central Bethlehem This article is about the city in the West Bank. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... This article is about the Palestinian territories as a geopolitical phenomenon. ... León is a city in Nicaragua, Central America, located at 12. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... La Plata is the capital city of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, as well as of the partido of La Plata. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guatemala. ... Tijuana (Spanish [tixwana], English usually [ËŒtiːəˈwÉ‘nÉ™]), is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and the seat of the municipality of Tijuana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Gentilic: Ponceños Location Location of Ponce, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico Government Founded 1692 Mayor Francisco Zayas Seijo Political party PPD Senatorial district 5 - Ponce Representative district 24, 25 Geographical characteristics Area Total 501. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Puerto_Rico. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Centro  - Subregion Baixo Mondego  - District or A.R. Coimbra Mayor Carlos Encarnação  - Party PSD Area 319. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... The City of Zamboanga (Spanish/Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga; Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Zamboanga; Filipino: Lungsod ng Zamboanga) is a first class, highly urbanized city on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ...

See also

The Archdiocese of Zaragoza (Latin, Caesaraugustana) is located in north-eastern Spain, in the province of Zaragoza, part of the autonomous community of Aragón. ... Zaragoza Airport (IATA: ZAZ, ICAO: LEZG) is an airport near Zaragoza, Spain. ... Pro Expo Zaragoza Expo Zaragoza Expo 2008 ZH2O Expo 2008 is a planned international exposition to be held from 14th June to 14th September 2008 and coordinated by the Bureau of International Expositions organization which is responsible for sanctioning Worlds Fairs. ...

Monuments

Carmen Gate
Carmen Gate

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 559 pixelsFull resolution (2418 × 1689 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 559 pixelsFull resolution (2418 × 1689 pixel, file size: 1. ... La Seo at night. ... Nuestra Señora del Pilar Basilica The basilica at night The Basilica-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Pillar or Nuestra Señora del Pilar is a Roman Catholic church in the city of Zaragoza, Aragon, of great importance in Spain. ... Our Lady of the Pillar Nuestra Señora del Pilar (Spanish for Our Lady of the Pillar) the name given to Virgin Mary for her appearance in Spain, whose shrine (Nuestra Señora del Pilar Basilica) is in Zaragoza, Spain, by the river Ebro. ... The Aljafería Palace (Spanish: Palacio de la Aljafería) is a fortified palace built during the second half of the eleventh century in Zaragoza, as the residence of the Banu Hud dynasty during the era of Al-Muqtadir and reflecting the splendor attained by the kingdom of the taifa...

Notes

External links

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This article is about the capital of France. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official mentioned) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km²  (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Bulgaria. ... Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: , Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... Birmingham (pron. ... , For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... For other uses see, Naples (disambiguation) and Napoli (disambiguation) Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... “Torino” redirects here. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name València (Valencian) Spanish name Valencia Founded 137 BC Postal code 46000-46080 Website http://www. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Motto: Ex navicula navis (From a boat, a ship) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Łódź Powiat city county Gmina Łódź City Rights 1423 Government  - Mayor Jerzy Kropiwnicki Area  - City 293. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Coordinates: , Founded 1201 Government  - Mayor Jānis Birks Area  - City 307. ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Palermo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Motto: Miasto spotkaÅ„ (the meeting place) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lower Silesian Powiat city county Gmina WrocÅ‚aw Established 10th century City Rights 1262 Government  - Mayor RafaÅ‚ Dutkiewicz Area  - City 292. ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... , City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Castle Solitude The 1956 TV Tower The Weissenhof Estate in 1927 Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - City 319 km²  (123. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Duesseldorf. ... 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For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... , Hanover(i) (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Dublin city centre at night WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Leinster County: Dáil Éireann: Dublin Central, Dublin North Central, Dublin North East, Dublin North West, Dublin South Central, Dublin South East European Parliament: Dublin Dialling Code: +353 1 Postal District(s): D1-24, D6W Area: 114. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ...

Pre-Spanish Rulers of Zaragoza
Banu Tujibi
Al-Mundhir I ibn Yahya al-Tujibi - Yahya ibn al-Mundhir - Al-Mundhir II ibn Yahya ibn al-Mundhir - Abd Allah ibn al-Hakam al-Tjibi
Banu Hud
Al-Mustain I, Sulayman ibn Hud al-Judhami - Ahmad ibn Sulayman al-Muqtadir - Yusuf ibn Ahmad al-Mutamin - Al-Mustain II, Ahmad ibn Yusuf
Murabitun
Aragonese

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zaragoza - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (682 words)
According to data from Zaragoza council from 1 January 2004, the population of the city of Zaragoza was 641,581.
Zaragoza was the scene of two famous martyrdoms: those of Saint Dominguito del Val, a choirboy in the basilica, and Pedro de Arbués, an official of the Spanish Inquisition.
Zaragoza is strongly associated with Jaca in its bid for the 2014 Winter Olympics.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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