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Encyclopedia > Zara Yaqob

Zara Yaqob (throne name Kuestantinos I or Constantine I) (1399 - 1468) was negus (1434 - 1468) of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonid dynasty. Born at Tilq in Fatagar, he was the youngest son of Yeshaq I. Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... Events Births Charles I of Savoy February 29 - Pope Paul III Juan del Encina, Spanish poet, dramatist and composer Deaths February 3 - Johannes Gutenberg, publisher Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg, Albanias national hero Gennadius II, Patriarch of Constantinople Joanot Martorell, author of Tirant lo Blanc Categories: 1468 ... Negus is the Amharic word for king. The term negus negust means king of kings, or Emperor. ... Events May 30, Battle of Lipany in the Hussite Wars Jan van Eyck painted the wedding of Giovanni Arnoflini The Honorable Passing of Arms at the bridge of Obrigo The Portuguese reach Cape Bojador in Western Sahara. ... This article needs cleanup. ...


The British expert on Ethiopia, Edward Ullendorf, stated that Zara Yaqob "was unquestionably the greatest ruler Ethiopia had seen since Ezana, during the heyday of Aksumite power, and none of his successors on the throne -- except only the emperors Menelik II and Haile Selassie -- can be compared to him."1 Ezana of Axum was ruler of the Axumite Kingdom from about 320 to 350 AD. Ezana succeeded his father Ella Amida while still a youth and his mother, Sofya served as regent. ... The Axumite Kingdom, also known as the Aksum Kingdom, was an important trading nation in northeastern Africa, growing from circa the 5th century BC to become an important trading nation by the 1st century AD. It converted to Christianity in 325 or 328 (various sources). ... Menelik II (August 17, 1844 - December 12, 1913), Conquering Lion of Judah, Elect of God, King of Kings of Ethiopia was negus negust (emperor) of Ethiopia from 1889 to his death. ... Haile Selassie Haile Selassie (Power of Trinity) (July 23, 1892 – August 27, 1975) was the last Emperor (1930–1936; 1941–1974) of Ethiopia, and is a religious symbol in the Rastafarian movement. ...


According to Paul B. Henze, the jealousy of his older brother Tewodros I forced the courtiers to take Zara Yaqob to Tigray where he was brought up in secret, and educated in Axum and at the monastery of Dabra Abbay.2 However, Taddesse Tamrat states that he was confined at Amba Geshen, as was the practice for rivals to the Emperor at the time.3 Tigray is the northern-most of the nine ethnic divisions (kililoch) of Ethiopia. ...


Zara Yaqob married the daughter of the king of Hadiya, Eleni, who converted from Islam before their marriage. According to the Chronicle of his reign, Zara Yaqob appointed his daughters and nieces as governors over eight of his provinces. Unfortunately, this act was not successful.4 Islam ( Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen?) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ...


He played an important role in the affairs of the Ethiopian Church. He was successful in persuading two recently arrived Egyptian bishops, Mikael and Gabriel, to accept a compromise aimed to restore harmony with the followers of Ewostatewos. When he heard in 1441 of the destruction of the Egyptian monastery of Dabra Mitmaq by Sultan Jaqmaq, he called for a perod of mourning, then sent a letter of strong protest to the Sultan. He reminded Jaqmaq that he had Muslim subjects whom he treated fairly, and warned that he had the power to divert the Nile, but refrained from doing so for the human suffering it would cause. Jaqmaq responded with gifts to appease Zara Yaqob's anger, but refused to rebuild the Coptic churches he had destroyed.5 The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church is an Oriental Orthodox church in Ethiopia that was part of the Coptic Church until it was granted its own Patriarch by Cyril VI, the Coptic Pope, in 1959. ... Bishop (disambiguation). ... This page is about the year 1441. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... There is also Nile, a death metal band from South Carolina, USA. The Nile in Egypt Length 6 695 km Elevation of the source 1 134 m Average discharge 2 830 m³/s Area watershed 3 400 000 km² Origin Africa Mouth the Mediterranean Basin countries Uganda - Sudan - Egypt The... The word Copt signifies the natives of Egypt as a nationality, and in popular common culture in Egypt it is used to specifically signify Christian Egyptians, although its use to mean Egyptian is not unwitnessed. ...


His efforts to produce peace in the Ethiopian church were realized in a council of the clergy in 1450 at his new church of Debra Mitmaq in Tegulet. Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ...


He defeated Badlay-ud-din, the Sultan of Adel at the Battle of Gomit in 1445. The name Adel may refer to— a district of Leeds, in England, formerly named Adele. ... Events Discovery of Senegal and Cape Verde by Dinas Diaz Births March 1 - Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter of the Florentine school during the Early Renaissance (d. ...


Zara Yaqob sent another diplomatic mission to Europe (1450), this one led by a Sicilian Pietro Rombulo who had previously been successful in a mission to India, specifically asking for skilled labor. Rombulo first visited Pope Nicholas V, but his ultimate goal was the court of Alfonso V of Aragon, who responded favorably.6 World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... The Republic of India is the second most populous country in the world, with a population of more than one billion, and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. ... Nicholas V, né Tomaso Parentucelli (November 15, 1397–March 24, 1455) was pope from March 6, 1447, to March 24, 1455. ... Alfonso V of Aragon (also Alfonso I of Naples) (1396 - June 27, 1458), surnamed the Magnanimous, was the King of Aragon and Naples and count of Barcelona from 1416 to 1458. ...


In his later years, Zara Yaqob became more despotic. When Takla Hawariat, abbot of Dabra Libanos, criticized Yaqob's beatings and murder of men, the emperor had the abbot himself beaten and imprisoned, where he died after few months. Zara Yaqob was convinced of a plot against him in 1453, which led to more brutal actions. He increasingly became convinced that his wives and children were plotting against him, and had several of them beaten. Syon Morgasa, the mother of the future emperor Baeda Maryam, died from this mistreatment in 1462, which led to a complete break between son and father. Eventually relations between the two were repaired, and Zara Yaqob publically designated Baeda Maryam as his successor. Events May 29 - Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire). ... Events Settlers from Portugal begin to settle the Cape Verde islands. ...


References

  1. Quoted in Paul B. Henze, Layers of Time, A History of Ethiopia (New York: Palgrave, 2000), p. 64
  2. Paul B. Henze, Layers of Time, p. 68.
  3. Taddesse Tamrat, Church and State in Ethiopia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972), p. 220f
  4. G.W.B. Huntingford, Historical Geography of Ethiopia (London: British Academy, 1989), p. 95.
  5. Taddesse Tamrat, Church and State, p. 262-3
  6. Taddesse Tamrat, Church and State, p. 264f
Preceded by: Emperor of Ethiopia Succeeded by:
Amda Iyasus Baeda Maryam

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zara Yaqob at AllExperts (1174 words)
Despite this, Zara Yaqob's supporters was a perennial candidate for Emperor due to the rapid succession of Emperors over the next 20 years, which removed all of his older brothers, leaving only underage sons who could not command the loyalty of the court, and left him as the oldest qualified candidate.
Zara Yaqob was convinced of a plot against him in 1453, which led to more brutal actions.
Zara Yaqob sent a diplomatic mission to Europe (1450), led by a Sicilian Pietro Rombulo who had previously been successful in a mission to India, specifically asking for skilled labor.
Tezeta: The Chronicle of the Emperor Zara Yaqob (1434-1468) (8940 words)
During the reign of our King Zara Yaqob, there was in the whole land of Ethiopia a great peace and a great tranquility, for the King taught justice and faith, and he can be compared to the prophets and apostles for the excellence of his predictions and his doctrines.
When our King, Zara Yaqob was returning with contentment in his heart, priests from all parts came before him chanting canticles, as well as the monks of Dabra Libanos, who had previously sent him their wishes that he might be victorious with their prior Abba Endreyas.
Our King Zara Yaqob conferred on the princesses, his daughters, the government of Ethiopia and, during his reign, there had not been another Belit Wadad except for Amda Sayton, who was demoted soon after his nomination and condemned to exile for his crimes against the King.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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