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Encyclopedia > Zaporozhian Sich

Zaporizhian Sich or Zaporozhian Sech (Ukrainian: Запорозька Січ,Zaporoz'ka Sich) original Slavonic name "Zaporizhska Sich'" was the center of the Cossacks of Zaporizhzhia. Initially it was a fortified military camp the foundation for which was laid out on the Isle of Khortytsia (Mala Khortytsia, Khortytsia Minor) in 1556 by D.I. Vyshnevetsky. But only in 1618 Hetman Petro Konashevych Sagaidachny ordered his Cossacks to build the earthen perimeter with the log walls on top of it. The log fort was surrounded with the massive abbatises abatis made of the whole cut-down trees. The term Sich comes from the verb "to cut" and denotes the way of fortification: by cutting the forest. So the closest English translation is "log fort". Sometimes the term Zaporizhian Sich is applied to the whole Cossack state. Slav, Slavic or Slavonic can refer to: Slavic peoples Slavic languages Slavic mythology Church Slavonic language Old Church Slavonic language Slavonian can also refer to Slavonia, a region in eastern Croatia. ... Zaporizhska Sich , original Slavonic selfname of early state of Dnieper Cossacks and its seat of government. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Zaporizhia (Ukrainian: Запоріжжя, Zaporizhzhia; Russian: Запоро́жье, Zaporozhye) is a historical region of Ukraine. ... Events January 16 - Abdication of Emperor Charles V. His son, Philip II becomes King of Spain, while his brother Ferdinand becomes Holy Roman Emperor January 23 - The Shaanxi earthquake, the deadliest earthquake in history, occurs with its epicenter in Shaanxi province, China. ... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... Hetman (from Czech: hejtman, German: Hauptmann, Old Slavonik vatamman, Turkish: Ataman) was the title of the second highest military commander (after the monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, known from 1569 to 1795 as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... This article needs cleanup. ... This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. ...


The Sich was center of a Cossack state (the Zaporozhian Host) governed by the Sichova Rada. After the Treaty of Pereyaslav (1654), the Host split into two, the Hetmanate with its capital at Chyhyryn, and the more autonomous region of Zaporizhzhia which continued to be based at the Sich (although the Sich changed location several times). A state is an organized political community occupying a definite territory, having an organized government, and possessing internal and external sovereignty. ... The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Turkey. ... Rada is the term for council or assembly borrowed by Polish from Middle High German Rat (council) and later passed into Czech, Ukrainian, and Belarusian languages. ... Pereyaslav Rada The Treaty of Pereyaslav was concluded in 1654 in the Ukrainian city of Pereyaslav during the meeting known as Pereyaslavska Uhoda (Pereyaslav Treaty). ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan of Turkey. ... Chyhyryn (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is a town in Cherkasy region in central Ukraine with a population of about 12,900. ... Zaporizhia (Ukrainian: Запоріжжя, Zaporizhzhia; Russian: Запоро́жье, Zaporozhye) is a historical region of Ukraine. ...


The period after 1654 before it was disbanded in 1709, soon after the Baturyn was razed, is sometimes referred to as the Old Sich (Stara Sich). From 1734 to 1775 the New Sich (Nova Sich) existed, disbanded after the failure of the Pugachev Uprising. // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... Baturyn (Батурин in Ukrainian), is a town in Chernihiv region in central Ukraine with a population of about 3,600. ... Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Yemelian Ivanovich Pugachev (Russian: Емелья́н Ива́нович Пугачёв, best transliterated as Emelyan Ivanovich Pugachov), born in 1740 or 1742 and executed in 1775, as a pretender to the Russian throne led a Cossack insurrection during the reign of Catherine II. Background Pugachev, the son of a small Don Cossack landowner...


See also

  • Zaporozhets - a Soviet/Ukrainian car, whose name means a Cossack of the Zaporizhian Sich.

The Zaporozhets (Russian: , Zaporozhets; Ukrainian: , Zaporozhets’) was a brand name of subcompact cars designed and built from 1958 at the ZAZ factory in Soviet Ukraine (Zaporozhsky Avtomobilny Zavod, or Zaporozhsky Automobile Factory). ...

External link

  • Zaporizhia - Encyclopedia of Ukraine

English translation "log fort" provided by G.N. Boiko-Slastion


  Results from FactBites:
 
Zaporizhian Sich - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (312 words)
Zaporizhian Sich or Zaporozhian Sech (Ukrainian: Запорозька Січ,Zaporoz'ka Sich) original Slavonic name "Zaporizhska Sich'" was the center of the Cossacks of Zaporizhzhia.
Hence the term "Sich": it is a noun derived from the verb "to cut" and denotes the abatis way of fortification: by cutting the forest.
The Sich was a center of a Cossack state, Zaporozhian Host, governed by the Sichova Rada and sometimes the term Zaporizhian Sich is applied to the whole Cossack state.
Zaporozhian Host - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1152 words)
On June 4, 1775, while the Zaporozhian cossacks were fighting the Turks, a Russian army under the command of General Tekeli surrounded the Sich and razed it to the ground.
The last Zaporozhian leader, Petro Kalnyshevsky, was arrested and exiled to Siberia (where he lived to 105 years of age, despite latter pardon), while some of the cossacks (approximately 5,000) sought refuge on the Danube delta region in Turkey.
Much of the original Zaporozhian legacy remains in the Kuban peoples, including in their dialect, and in the folk music, although none ([2], [3]) consider themselves to be Ukrainian, and most hold exclussively patriotic position for the future of Russia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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