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Encyclopedia > Zaouia

Zaouia (Arabic زاوية "corner"), also spelled zawiya or zawiyah, is a Maghrebi and West African term for an Islamic religious school cum monastery, roughly corresponding to the Eastern term "madrassa". In precolonial times, these were the primary sources for education in the area, and taught basic literacy to a large proportion of children even in quite remote mountainous areas - leading to a 40% literacy rate in Algeria in 1830, for instance, which was actually higher than after the French left! Their curriculum began with memorization of the Arabic alphabet and the later, shorter suras of the Qur'an; if a student was sufficiently interested or apt, it progressed to law (fiqh), theology, Arabic grammar (usually taught with al-Ajurrumi's famous summary), mathematics (mainly as it pertained to inheritance law), and sometimes astronomy. These are still operational throughout the Maghreb, and continue to be a major educational resource in the Sahel of West Africa, from Mauritania to Nigeria. (see also North Africa, Tamazgha, Arab Maghreb Union, Mashreq) The Maghreb (or Moghreb), meaning west in Arabic, is the region of the continent of Africa north of the Sahara desert and west of the Nile - specifically, the modern countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and to a lesser extent Libya and... Islam  listen? (Arabic: al-islām) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second largest religion. ... Madrassa in the Gambia The word madrassa in the Arabic language (and other languages of the Islamic nations such as Persian, Turkish, Indonesian etc. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing the Arabic language. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; its literal meaning is the recitation and is often called Al Quran Al Karim: The Noble Quran, also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Islamic jurisprudence, Fiqh (in Arabic and Persian: فقه) is made up of the rulings of Islamic scholars to direct the lives of the Muslim faithful. ...


External links

  • Zaouias and Marabouts (http://www.itineranceplus.com/english/culturalmemomarrakech.asp?ID=12) in Morocco (bad translation of a French original)
  • Strategies for Strengthening Local Capacity (http://www.fsu.edu/~adult-ed/field_projects/padlos/strategies.html), with some remarkable statistics on the role of zaouias ("Koranic schooling") in West African literacy.
  • architecture of zaouias (http://www.zaouia.com/) zaouias in Tunisia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zaouia Taleb Map | Morocco Google Satellite Maps (578 words)
This place is situated in Ouarzazate, Sud, Morocco, its geographical coordinates are 30° 28' 48" North, 6° 0' 0" West and its original name (with diacritics) is Zaouia Taleb.
And last but not least you will find Zaouia Taleb and Morocco travel services offer including cheap flights, cheap hotels and other accommodation deals at the bottom of this page.
If you would like to recommend this Zaouia Taleb map page to a friend, or if you just want to send yourself a reminder, here is the easy way to do it.
Zaouia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (213 words)
Zaouia (Arabic زاوية "corner"), also spelled zawiya or zawiyah, is a Maghrebi and West African term for an Islamic religious school cum monastery, roughly corresponding to the Eastern term "madrassa".
In precolonial times, these were the primary sources for education in the area, and taught basic literacy to a large proportion of children even in quite remote mountainous areas - leading to a 40% literacy rate in Algeria in 1830, for instance, which was actually higher than after the French left.
These are still operational throughout the Maghreb, and continue to be a major educational resource in the Sahel of West Africa, from Mauritania to Nigeria.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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