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Encyclopedia > Zalmay Khalilzad
Zalmay Khalilzad
Zalmay Khalilzad

Incumbent
Assumed office 
April 17, 2007
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Alejandro Daniel Wolff
Succeeded by none

In office
2005 – April 17, 2007
President George W. Bush
Preceded by John Negroponte
Succeeded by Ryan Crocker

In office
2003 – 2005
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Robert Finn
Succeeded by Ronald E. Neumann

Born March 22, 1951 (1951-03-22) (age 56)
Flag of Afghanistan Mazari Sharif, Afghanistan
Political party Republican
Spouse Cheryl Benard
Profession Academic and Diplomat
Religion Sunni Muslim

Zalmay Mamozy Khalilzad (Pashto/Persian: زلمی خلیلزاد) (born: 22 March 1951) is the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. He is a member of the President's cabinet and the highest-ranking Muslim in the Administration of U.S. President George W. Bush. Khalilzad's previous assignments in the Administration include U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan and U.S. Ambassador to Iraq. Image File history File linksMetadata Z_Khalilzad. ... United States Ambassador to the United Nations, full title, Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, and Representative of the United States of America in the Security Council of the United Nations (also known as the... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... For the ecclesiastical office, see Incumbent (ecclesiastical). ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Alejandro Daniel Wolff Alejandro Daniel Wolff is an American diplomat who will be the acting U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations [1][2] until such time as a replacement can be found. ... This is a list of United States ambassadors, or lower-ranking heads of a diplomatic mission to Iraq. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... John Dimitri Negroponte (born July 21, 1939 in the United Kingdom) (IPA ) is an American (of Greek origin) career diplomat. ... Ryan C. Crocker, U.S. Ambassador to Iraq Ryan Clark Crocker (born on June 19, 1949 in Spokane, Washington) is the current United States Ambassador to Iraq. ... Ronald E. Neuman, U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan This is a list of United States ambassadors to Afghanistan. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Robert Patrick John Finn was the first United States ambassador to Afghanistan in more than 20 years, from March 22, 2002 until November 27, 2003. ... Ronald E. Neumann Ronald E. Neumann (b. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Mazari Sharif, also known as Mazar-i Sharif or Mazār-e SharÄ«f (Persian: ‎ ), is the fourth largest city of Afghanistan, with population of 300,600 people (2006 official estimate). ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Cheryl Benard (1953 — ) is a senior analyst with the RAND Corporation, where she directs the program IMEY, initiative for Middle Eastern Youth. ... Academia is a collective term for the scientific and cultural community engaged in higher education and research, taken as a whole. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Pashto (‎, IPA: also known as Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto ‎, Pashtoe, Pashtu, Pushtu or Pushtoo) is a language spoken by Pashtuns living in Afghanistan and western Pakistan. ... “Farsi” redirects here. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... United States Ambasadors to the United Nations, full title, Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, and Representative of the United States of America in the Security Council of the United Nations (also known as the... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... This is a list of United States ambassadors and to Afghanistan. ... This is a list of United States ambassadors, or lower-ranking heads of a diplomatic mission to Iraq. ...

Contents

Early history and education

Zalmay Khalilzad was born in the city of Mazari Sharif in northern Afghanistan. He is an ethnic Pashtun, from the Kakar tribe. Khalilzad began his education at the private Ghazi Lycée school in Kabul. He immigrated to the United States as a high school exchange student, but attained his Bachelor's and Master's Degrees from the American University of Beirut in Lebanon. Khalilzad received his PhD at the University of Chicago, where he studied closely with strategic thinker Albert Wohlstetter, a prominent nuclear deterrence thinker and an opponent to the disarmament treaties, who provided Zalmay with contacts in the government and with RAND Corporation. Mazari Sharif, also known as Mazar-i Sharif or Mazār-e SharÄ«f (Persian: ‎ ), is the fourth largest city of Afghanistan, with population of 300,600 people (2006 official estimate). ... The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, ethnic Afghan, or Pathan) are an ethno-linguistic group consisting mainly of eastern Iranian stock living primarily in eastern and southern Afghanistan, and the North West Frontier Province, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Baluchistan provinces of Pakistan. ... Kakar or Kaker is a Pashtun tribe located in Afghanistan and Pakistan. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... A student exchange program is a program in which a student, typically in secondary or higher education, chooses to live in a foreign country to learn, among other things, language and culture. ... The American University of Beirut (AUB; Arabic: ) is a private, independent, non-sectarian university in Beirut, Lebanon. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... Albert Wohlstetter (born 1913, died January 10, 1997) was a major intellectual force behind efforts to avoid the spread of nuclear weapons and the need to develop nonnuclear alternatives. ... Alternate meanings: See RAND (disambiguation) The RAND Corporation is an American think tank first formed to offer research and analysis to the U.S. military. ...


From 1979 to 1985, Zalmay Khalilzad was an Assistant Professor of Political Science at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs. During that time he worked closely with Zbigniew Brzezinski, the Carter Administration's architect of the policy supporting the Afghan Mujahadeen resistance to the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan. Alma Mater Columbia University in the City of New York is a private university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. ... Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski (born March 28, 1928, Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish-American political scientist, geostrategist, and statesman. ... Mujahideen (مجاهدين; also transliterated as mujāhidīn, mujahedeen, mujahedin, mujahidin, mujaheddin, etc. ...


Personal life

Zalmay Khalilzad is married to Cheryl Benard, who is a political analyst with the RAND Corporation. She is also the author of several books, including: Civil Democratic Islam, a controversial study of political attitudes in the Middle East, and the science-fiction feminist novel, Turning on the Girls. Khalilzad and Benard have two sons, Alexander, who is 24, and Maximilian, who is 16. Alexander Benard is a student at Stanford Law School.[1] Cheryl Benard (1953 — ) is a senior analyst with the RAND Corporation, where she directs the program IMEY, initiative for Middle Eastern Youth. ... Stanford Law School is a graduate school at Stanford University located near Palo Alto, California in Silicon Valley. ...


Career history

Zalmay Khalilzad with George W. Bush in the Oval Office of the White House.

In 1984 Khalilzad accepted a one-year Council on Foreign Relations fellowship to join the State Department, where he worked for Paul Wolfowitz, then the Director of Policy Planning. Zalmay Khalilzad with President Bush (courtesy of whitehouse. ... The Oval Office from above in 2003, during the administration of George W. Bush. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an influential and independent, nonpartisan foreign policy membership organization founded in 1921 and based at 58 East 68th Street (corner Park Avenue) in New York City, with an additional office in Washington, D.C. Through its membership, meetings, and studies, it has been... Department of State redirects here. ... Paul Dundes Wolfowitz (born December 22, 1943) is a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, working on issues of international economic development, Africa and public-private partnerships. ...


From 1985 to 1989, Khalilzad served in President Ronald Reagan's Administration as a senior State Department official advising on the Soviet war in Afghanistan and the Iran-Iraq war. During this time he was the State Department's Special Advisor on Afghanistan to Undersecretary of State Michael H. Armacost. In this role he developed and guided the international program to promote the merits of a Mujahideen-led Afghanistan to oust the Soviet occupation. From 1990-1992, Khalilzad later served under President George H. W. Bush in the Defense Department as Deputy Undersecretary for Policy Planning. Reagan redirects here. ... A Soviet soldier on guard in Afghanistan in 1988. ... Combatants  Iran Kurdish Peshmerga Iraq Peoples Mujahedin of Iran Commanders Ruhollah Khomeini Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Ali Shamkhani Mostafa Chamran â€  Saddam Hussein Ali Hassan al-Majid Strength 305,000 soldiers 500,000 Pasdaran and Basij militia 900 tanks 1,000 armored vehicles 3,000 artillery pieces 470 aircraft 750 helicopters... Michael H. Armacost is a fellow at Stanford Universitys Institute for International Studies. ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Between 1993 and 2000, Khalilzad was the Director of the Strategy, Doctrine, and Force Structure at the RAND Corporation. During this time, he helped found RAND's Center for Middle Eastern Studies as well as "Strategic Appraisal," a periodic RAND publication. He also authored several influential monographs, including "The United States and a Rising China" and "From Containment to Global Leadership? America and the World After the Cold War." While at RAND, Khalilzad also had a brief stint consulting for Cambridge Energy Research Associates, which at the time was conducting a risk analysis for Unocal, now part of ConocoPhillips, for a proposed 1,400 km (890 mile), $2-billion, 622 m³/s (22,000 ft³/s) Trans-Afghanistan gas pipeline project which would have extended from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan to Pakistan. He is one of the original members of Project for the New American Century (PNAC) and was a signatory of the letter to President Bill Clinton sent on January 26, 1998, which called for him to accept the aim of "removing Saddam Hussein and his regime from power" using "a full complement of diplomatic, political and military efforts."[2] Alternate meanings: See RAND (disambiguation) The RAND Corporation is an American think tank first formed to offer research and analysis to the U.S. military. ... Cambridge Energy Research Associates, also known as CERA, is a think tank that explores issues relating to all aspects of energy, including electric power, natural gas, and oil. ... The Unocal Corporation (NYSE: UCL), based in Los Angeles, California, was founded in 1890 as the Union Oil Company of California. ... ConocoPhillips (NYSE: COP) is an international energy company with its headquarters located in Houston, Texas. ... The Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline (TAP or TAPI) is a proposed natural gas pipeline being developed by the Asian Development Bank. ... Project for the New American Centurys Logo The Project for the New American Century (PNAC) was an American neoconservative think tank based in Washington, D.C., co-founded as a non-profit educational organization by William Kristol and Robert Kagan in early 1997. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...


In 2001, President George W. Bush asked Khalilzad to head the Bush-Cheney transition team for the Department of Defense and Khalilzad briefly served as Counselor to Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld. In May 2001, National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice announced the Khalilzad's appointment as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Southwest Asia, Near East, and North African Affairs at the National Security Council. In December 2002 the President appointed Khalilzad to the position of Ambassador at Large for Free Iraqis with the task of coordinating "preparations for a post-Saddam Hussein Iraq."[3] Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a U.S. Republican politician and businessman, who was the 13th Secretary of Defense under President Gerald Ford from 1975 to 1977, and the 21st Secretary of Defense under President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2006. ... Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush to hold the office. ... The White House National Security Council (NSC) in the United States is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials and is part of the Executive Office of the President. ...


After the terrorist attacks of 9/11, President Bush came to rely on Khalilzad's Afghanistan expertise. Khalilzad was involved in the early stages of planning to overthrow the Taliban and on December 31st 2001 was selected as Bush's Special Presidential Envoy for Afghanistan. He served in that position until November of 2003, when he was appointed to serve as U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan. The Taliban (Pashto: , also anglicized as Taleban) are a Sunni Muslim Pashtun movement [2] that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by a cooperative military effort between the Northern Alliance, United States, and the United Kingdom. ...


Khalilzad held the position of U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan from November 2003 until June 2005. During this time, he oversaw the drafting of Afghanistan's constitution, was involved with the country's first elections, and helped to organize the first meeting of Afghanistan's parliament (the Loya Jirga). It was rumored by some that Hamid Karzai, Afghanistan's President, was very reliant on Khalilzad's guidance, including rumors that Khalilzad pressured other candidates in the election to drop out, leaving Karzai unopposed. However, Khalilzad denied this.[4] [[Image:Loya_Jirga_2002. ... Hamid Karzai (Pashto: حامد کرزي) (b. ...


Should a Republican win the 2008 Presidential Election, Khalilzad is widely speculated to be a leading candidate to become Secretary of State. Seal of the United States Department of State. ...


Time as Ambassador to Iraq

Khalilzad began his job as Ambassador to Iraq on June 21, 2005. He was credited for helping negotiate compromises which allowed the ratification of Iraq's Constitution in October 2005, which allows for the partitioning of Iraq into different regions along ethnic lines. Khalilzad also worked to ensure that the December 2005 elections ran smoothly and played a substantial role in forming the current government. The Constitution of Iraq that was adopted in 2005 defined Iraq for the first time as a federal country. ...


Khalilzad was one of the first high-level Administration officials to warn that sectarian violence was overtaking the insurgency as the number one threat to Iraq's stability. After the Al Askari shrine bombing, in February 2006, he warned that spreading sectarian violence might lead to civil war — and possibly even a broader conflict involving neighboring countries. The Al Askari Mosque in Samarra around 1926. ...


Khalilzad's term as Ambassador to Iraq ended on March 26, 2007. His replacement is Ryan Crocker, a career diplomat, who was immediately previously the Ambassador to Pakistan. Ryan C. Crocker, U.S. Ambassador to Iraq Ryan Clark Crocker (born on June 19, 1949 in Spokane, Washington) is the current United States Ambassador to Iraq. ...


Ambassador to the U.N.

On February 12, 2007, the White House submitted Khalilzad's nomination to the Senate to become U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations.[5] He was confirmed by the Democratic-Controlled U.S. Senate on March 29, 2007 by a unanimous voice vote.[6] This marked a strong contrast to Khalilzad's predecessor, John Bolton, whose extreme rhetoric and ethical lapses caused him to fail to be confirmed by the Senate resulting in a recess appointment that compromised the credibility of the U.S. delegation. Colleagues at the UN noted that Khalilzad has a different, more reconciling style than Bolton's.[7] United States Ambasadors to the United Nations, full title, Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, and Representative of the United States of America in the Security Council of the United Nations (also known as the... There are several people named John Bolton, including: John Gatenby Bolton – British-Australian astronomer (1922–1993) John R. Bolton – U.S. politician and diplomat U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. (2005-current) (b. ...


Writing on U.S. leadership

Khalilzad wrote several articles on the subject of the value of U.S. global leadership in the mid-90's. The specific scenarios for conflict he envisioned in the case of a decline in American power have made his writings extremely popular in the world of competitive high school and college policy debate. Policy debate is a form of speech competition in which teams of two debate whether or not a specific policy action should be enacted. ...

  • Khalilzad, Zalmay (1995). "Losing the moment? The United States and the world after the Cold War". The Washington Quarterly 18:2: 03012. 

References

  1. ^ National Review, Article about Iran by Zalmay's son Alexander (July 17, 2007)
  2. ^ Letter Dated: January 26, 1998
  3. ^ Statement by the Press Secretary], December 2, 2002.
  4. ^ Time, Inside Karzai's Campaign (October 4, 2004)
  5. ^ The White House, Nominations and Withdrawal Sent to the Senate (February 12, 2007)
  6. ^ Examiner, New U.S. Ambassador to U.N. Starts Job (April 23, 2007)
  7. ^ "A matter of honour", The Economist, 2007-07-26. Retrieved on 2007-08-16. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Zalmay.com, a profile view
  • Profile of Khalilzad, RightWeb
  • Khalilzad profile in The New Yorker
  • Profile: Khalilzad, The Center for Cooperative Research
  • RAND transition 2001 panel members, The RAND Corporation
  • Zalmay Khalilzad's campaign contributions
  • Afghan Roots Keep Adviser Firmly in the Inner Circle - mentions his past roles involving the Afghan mujaheddin
  • Current Biography August 2006 cover story
  • RFE/RL interview with Zalmay Khalilzad (May 18, 2007)
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Robert Finn
United States Ambassador to Afghanistan
2003–2005
Succeeded by
Ronald E. Neumann
Preceded by
John Negroponte
United States Ambassador to Iraq
June 21, 2005March 26, 2007
Succeeded by
Ryan Crocker
Preceded by
Alejandro Daniel Wolff
United States Ambassador to the U.N.
April 17, 2007 - present
Succeeded by
present

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zalmay Khalilzad - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (830 words)
Zalmay M. Khalilzad (Persian:زلمی خلیزاد) (born 22 March 1951) is an American diplomat, and is currently the highest-ranking native Afghan and Muslim in the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush.
Khalilzad's previous assignment was as the U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan.
Khalilzad received his doctorate at the University of Chicago, where he studied closely with strategic thinker Albert Wohlstetter, who is a prominent nuclear deterrence thinker and an opponent to the disarmament treaties.
Zalmay Khalilzad (232 words)
Zalmay Khalilzad is the highest-ranking native Afghan and Muslim in the Bush administration.
From 1985 to 1989, Khalilzad served as a senior United States Department of State official advising on the Soviet war in Afghanistan and the Iran-Iraq war, and from 1991 to 1992, he was a senior Defense Department official for policy planning.
Khalilzad became the Bush administration's special envoy to Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban as well as is special envoy to the Iraqi opposition to Saddam Hussein.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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