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Encyclopedia > Zakaria Zubeidi

Zakaria Zubeidi or Zakariyah Zubeidi (b. 1976) is the current Jenin chief of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades. Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Anem be merged into this article or section. ... The al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (كتائب شهداء الأقصى) are a Palestinian armed terrorist group closely linked to the Fatah party. ...


Under his leadership, the Jenin section has built strong ties with Hezbollah in Lebanon,[1] and distanced itself from Yasser Arafat's al-Fatah party. Zubeidi is currently one of Israel's most wanted, and ranks amongst the most popular militia leaders in Jenin. For other uses, see Hezbollah (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... Fatah (Arabic: ); a reverse acronym from the Arabic name Harakat al-Tahrir al-Watani al-Filastini (literally: Palestinian National Liberation Movement) is a major secular Palestinian political party and the largest organization in the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), a generally secular multi-party confederation. ... It has been suggested that Anem be merged into this article or section. ...


Biography

Zakaria's father worked as an English teacher. Later, Israel barred him from teaching because he was a member of Fatah, so he worked as a labourer in an Israeli foundry. He died of cancer, leaving Zakaria's mother Samira to raise their eight children alone. Fatah (Arabic: ); a reverse acronym from the Arabic name Harakat al-Tahrir al-Watani al-Filastini (literally: Palestinian National Liberation Movement) is a major secular Palestinian political party and the largest organization in the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), a generally secular multi-party confederation. ...


In the late 1980s and early 90s, during the first Intifada, Israeli human rights activist Arna Mer-Khamis opened a children's theatre in Jenin, "Arna's House", to encourage understanding between Israelis and Palestinians. Dozens of Israeli volunteers ran the events, and Samira, believing that peace was possible, offered the top floor of the family house for rehearsals. Zakaria, then aged 12, his older brother Daoud, and 4 other boys around the same age formed the core of the troupe. The First Intifada, or Palestinian uprising refers to a series of violent incidents between Palestinians and Israelis between 1987 and approximately 1990. ...


At 13, Zakaria was shot in the leg by an Israeli soldier for throwing stones. He went through four operations and six months in hospital, but still has one leg shorter than the other and a noticeable limp. At 14, he was sent to prison for 6 months, and became the representative of the other child prisoners to the governor.


Soon after his release he was arrested again for throwing Molotov cocktails and imprisoned for 4½ years. In prison he was recruited to Fatah. On release after the 1993 Oslo Accords, he joined the Palestinian Authority's police, but was discouraged by corruption in the PA. He worked briefly in construction in Tel Aviv, then as a truck driver in Jenin until September 2000 when the Occupied Territories were sealed because of the second intifada. Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ... The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ...


In 2001 he turned to militancy after he witnessed a close friend being killed by Israeli soldiers. Then, early in spring 2002, his mother was killed during an Israeli raid into Jenin. She had taken refuge in a neighbour's home, but was shot by an Israeli soldier when she looked out of the window, and bled to death. Zakaria's brother Taha was also killed by soldiers shortly afterwards. A month later a suicide bomber from Jenin killed 29 Israelis. The Israeli army then launched a full-scale offensive against the Jenin refugee camp, demolishing hundreds of homes, leaving 2,000 homeless. 10 days of fighting ensued after which 23 Israeli soldiers and 52 Palestinians were dead. Combatants  Israel Defense Forces Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Fatah, Tanzim, Hamas Commanders Yedidia Yehuda [5] Mahmoud Tawallbe† Strength 1,000 200-250 Casualties 23 soldiers killed 52 killed (38 armed men, 14 civilians according to IDF; 30 militants, 22 civilians according to HRW) 685 persons arrested (mostly...


On top of his grief for his family and friends, Zakaria was greatly embittered by the fact that none of the Israelis who had accepted his mother's hospitality, and whom he had thought were his friends, tried to contact him. In a 2006 interview he stated, "That is when we saw the real face of the left in Israel". Losing hope in the peace movement, he joined the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.


Arna's son, Israeli actor Juliano Mer-Khamis, did return to Jenin in 2002 and looked for the boys who had been in the theatre group. Zakaria had turned to armed resistance, Daoud was sentenced to 16 years in prison for terrorist activities, and the other four were dead. In 2004 Mer-Khamis completed a documentary film about the group, Arna's Children. Arnas Children is a film about a childrens theatre group in Jenin in the Palestinian territories. ...


Zakaria's face is disfigured by fragments of shrapnel from a bomb that he mishandled in 2003. Several attempts have been made to assassinate him. In one such attempt in 2004, an Israeli police unit killed five other Palestinians including a 14-year old boy.


He was at the centre of controversy in 2004 when Tali Fahima, an Israeli legal secretary, was imprisoned because of her contacts with him. She was accused of preventing his arrest by the IDF by translating a document for him. Both of them deny allegations that they had a romantic relationship. Tali Fahima (born 1974-75) is an Israeli woman, of Algerian Jewish family background, facing trial for her contacts with Zakaria Zubeidi, a Palestinian militant. ...


In December 2004 Israeli sources criticised Mahmoud Abbas, Palestinian presidential candidate, for meeting Zubeidi.[2] Mahmoud Abbas (Arabic: ) (born March 26, 1935), commonly known by the kunya Abu Mazen (ابو مازن), was elected President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) on January 9, 2005, and took office on January 15, 2005. ...


In September 2005 he declared that his group's cease-fire was at an end after Samer Saadi and two other militants were killed by the Israelis in Jenin.[3] Samer Saadi (d. ...


On 6 July 2006, the IDF attempted to capture him at a funeral, but he escaped after an exchange of gunfire. The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ...


On Sunday, 15 July 2007, the Office of the Israeli Prime Minister announced that Israel would include Zubeidi in an amnesty offered to militants of Fatah's al-Aqsa-Brigades.[4]


External references

  • Al-Ahram article on Zubeidi
  • article from Newsweek
  • article on him from Israel Insider
  • article from Christian Science Monitor

Toomey, Christine. Sunday Times magazine, June 11, 2006. The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

  1. ^ http://osint.internet-haganah.com/archives/000267.html
  2. ^ Mahmoud Abbas gets support -- literally -- from leading terrorist. Israel Insider, December 30] 2004. Retrieved 9 April 2007.
  3. ^ Militants 'end West Bank truce', BBC News, 29 September 2005. Retrieved 9 April 2007.
  4. ^ [1], Haaretz, 15 July 2007. Retrieved 15 July 2007.<ref> <ref>[http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/735666.html Haaretz report], no longer available on-line. <!-- The Haaretz article cannot be found at archive.org either. There is a reference to the incident on http://umkahlil.blogspot.com/2006_07_01_archive.html which refers to a report the next day by the Palestine Centre for Human Rights, naming a 16-year old Palestinian Ahmad Eid Ibrahim Naghnagheya who died in or after the attack. --> </li></ol></ref>

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zubeidi: 'We are at war' | From Occupied Palestine (1276 words)
Zakaria Zubeidi is the leader of Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (AMB) in the northern West Bank, a militia ever more loosely tied to Arafat's ruling Fatah movement.
Zubeidi has no clue whether he (and hundreds like him) are about to be saved by the current, or dashed to pieces on the rocks.
Zubeidi says his struggle is not against the PA. "We want the PA to fulfil its role on the ground.
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