The Zagros Mountains are Iran's second largest range in territory.
The mountains are divided into many parallel sub-ranges (up to 10, or 250 km), and have the same age and orogenesis as the Alps. The country's main oilfields lie in its western central foothills. The highest point of this range is Zard Kuh (4548 metres). The southern ranges of the Fars Province have lower summits (up to 4000 m) and some limestone rocks show a lot of fossils. Joining a special surveyor group, fossile snails of 2 kilograms can be found at altitudes of 3000 metres. It is hard to imagine that these summits were part of the deep ocean some 50 million years ago.
The Kuhrud Mountains are a parallel range at a distance of approx. 300 km to the east. Between these impressive mountain chains lives a dense population: the valleys are quite high with a temperate climate, and the rivers, which flow into salt lakes, create a good environment for agriculture and commerce.
Zagros, mountain system of W Iran, extending c.1,100 mi (1,770 km) from the Turkish-Armenian frontier SE to the Strait of Hormuz, forming the western and southern border of the central Iranian plateau; rises to Mt. Sabalan, 15,592 ft (4,752 m) high.
The Zagros vary from the rugged, forested, and snowcapped mountains of the northwest, with numerous volcanic cones and large basins (e.g., Lake Urmia), to the parallel ridge and valley system of the central portion, with lowland salt marshes, and the low, irregular southwest region, characterized by bare rock and sand dunes.
The northern half of the Zagros is heavily populated, and the fertile valleys support agriculture.
Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Want to know more? Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:
Press Releases |
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m