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Encyclopedia > Zafra

Zafra is a town situated in the Province of Badajoz (Spain), where it is one of the most important. It has a population of 15,542, according to the figures of 2004. Badajoz (formerly Badajos), the capital of the Spanish province of Badajoz in the autonomous community of Extremadura, is situated close to the Portuguese frontier, on the left bank of the river Guadiana, and the Madrid-Lisbon railway. ...


History

Human traces of great antiquity have been found in the area. In the "El Castellar" mountains are located caves with pictograms. Also, a fort dating to the Bronze Age was found in the nearby chapel of Belén. Pictogram for public toilets A pictogram or pictograph is a symbol which represents an object or a concept by illustration. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...


In the surrounding areas there are many Roman villas, reminiscent of the the legendary Segeda, which could be the origen in the town. A significant fact is that Zafra is located between the Mérida, the ancient capital of the Roman province of Lusitania, and Seville, the capital of the province of Baetica. The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... A villa was originally a Roman country house built for the upper class. ... Segeda is an ancient settlement, near todays Zaragosa in modern-day Spain. ... Places named Mérida or Merida include: Mérida, capital city of the state of Yucatán, Mexico Merida, municipality of Leyte province, Philippines Mérida, capital city of the Extremadura Autonomous Community, Spain Mérida, capital city of Mérida State, Venezuela This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... Roman province of Lusitania, 120 AD Lusitania, an ancient Roman province approximately including current Portugal (except for the area between the rivers Douro and Minho) and part of western current Spain (specifically the present autonomous community Extremadura), named after the Lusitani or Lusitanian people. ... Seville (Spanish: Sevilla, see also different names) is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain, crossed by the river Guadalquivir (37° 22′38″N, 5° 59′13″W). ... Roman province of Hispania Baetica, 120 AD In Hispania, which in Greek is called Iberia, there were three Imperial Roman provinces, Hispania Baetica in the south, Lusitania, corresponding to modern Portugal, in the west, and Hispania Tarraconensis in the north and northeast. ...


In medieval times, Zafra was situated on the border which divided the domains of Seville and Badajoz, and in 1030 a defensive fortification was contructed in the Castellar Mountains. This fort would be named Sajra Abi Hassán by the Moorish geographer Al-Bakrí in 1094. The Arabs named the town Safra, or Cafra, from which is derived today's Zafra. Seville (Spanish: Sevilla, see also different names) is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain, crossed by the river Guadalquivir (37° 22′38″N, 5° 59′13″W). ... Badajoz (formerly Badajos), the capital of the Spanish province of Badajoz in the autonomous community of Extremadura, is situated close to the Portuguese frontier, on the left bank of the river Guadiana, and the Madrid-Lisbon railway. ... For the terrain type see Moor Moors is used in this article to describe the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus and the Maghreb, whose culture is often called Moorish. For other meanings look at Moors (Meaning) or Blackamoors. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ...


During the Reconquista, Zafra was captured twice by Christian forces, first in 1229 by Alfonso IX, and then definatively by Ferdinand III, in a campaign through present-day Extremadura described in Alfonso X's Crónica General de España (General History of Spain). For other uses, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... As a noun, Christian is an appellation and moniker deriving from the appellation Christ, which many people associate exclusively with Jesus of Nazareth. ... Alfonso IX of León (August 15, 1171 – September 23 or 24, 1230; ruled from 1188–1230), first cousin of Alfonso VIII of Castile, and numbered next to him as being a junior member of the family, is said by Ibn Khaldun to have been called the Baboso or Slobberer, because... Ferdinand III can refer: Ferdinand III of Castile, the Saint (1199-1252, king from 1217) Ferdinand III of Naples (1452-1516, king from 1504) (= Ferdinand V of Castile 1474-1504) (= Ferdinand II of Aragon from 1479 and of Sicily from 1468) Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (1608-1657, emperor from... Capital Mérida Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 5th  41 634 km²  8,2% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 13th  1 073 050  2,6%  25,77/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€”  extremeño/a, castúo Statute of Autonomy February 26... Alfonso X, El Sabio, or the Learned, (November 23, 1221 - April 4, 1284) was a king of Castile and León (1252 - 1284). ...


However, the most momentous change was the granting of the city by Enrique III to Gomes Suárez de Figueroa, who until then had been a servant to the queen and son of the Grand Master of the Order of Santiago. Gomes' son and second title-holder, Lorenzo Suárez de Figueroa, began little by little to make Zafra the center of the domain of Feria. He started building a wall with the dual purpose of defense and control of neighbors, merchants, and travelers. Its construction lasted from 1426 to 1449 (or 1442). Also in 1437 he ordered the construction of one of the most emblematic buildings of the city, El Alcázar, which would be his residence. Aditionally, he funded the hospital of Santiago and finished the Convent of the Clares of Saint Mary of the Valley, which would be used as a mausoleum for his family. In 1460, Enrique IV raised the district to the status of a county, and added the villages of Halconer y La Morena to Lorenzo's domain. 17th century interpretation of saint James as the Moor-killer from the Peruvian school of Cuzco. ... A mausoleum is a large and impressive tomb, usually constructed for a deceased leader. ... Henry IV of Castile, nicknamed the Impotent (ruled 1454-1474), was not a strong king. ...


In the 16th and 17th centuries the city was modernized, an example of which was the conversion of the Alcázar into a palace of the Austrian style, and a new church was completed. All this modernization was begun when the fifth count of Feria was raised to a duke and grandee in 1567, for his contributions to the state under Felipe II. The term duke is a title of nobility which refers to the sovereign male ruler of a Continental European duchy, to a nobleman of the highest grade of the British peerage, or to the highest rank of nobility in various other European countries, including Portugal, Spain and France (in Italy... Spanish nobles are classified either as Grandees (also called Peers) or as Titled Nobles. ... Felipe II is the name of two Spanish kings who ruled also over Portugal: Philip II of Spain (the I of Portugal) and Philip II of Portugal (the III of Spain). ...


In the 17th century, the Dukedom of Feria was united with the Marqueship of Priego, and in the 18th century it was integrated with the Dukedom of Medinacelli.


Zafra has always been an industrial and comercial city that has served as a provider for the surrounding areas, which were mainly dedicated to agriculture. A commercial base are the fairs that have been celebrated for Saint John since 1395 and for Saint Michael since 1453. Saint John or St John may refer to the following people, places, institutions or organizations: // People Saints John the Apostle, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus John the Evangelist, traditionally identified with the apostle, to whom the Gospel of John is attributed, often along with 1 John, 2 John... Guido Renis archangel Michael (in the Capuchin church of Sta. ...


Notable Festivals

  1. Feria Internacional Ganadera. (International Rancher's Fair) Held in the last week of September and the first week of October.
  2. De la luna al fuego. Celebrated on the second to last week of June, coinciding with the festival of Saint John
  3. Semana Santa. Held according to the church's calendar.
  4. Carnaveles. Notable in this is the Festival of Fat, where a number of pig products are tasted in the plazas.
  5. San Isidro. The end of the week closest to May 15.
  6. Procession of our lady the Virgen of Belén. The Sunday following Resurrection Sunday.

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