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Encyclopedia > ZIP Code
Mr. ZIP promoted the use of ZIP codes for the USPS during the 1960s and 1970s.
Mr. ZIP promoted the use of ZIP codes for the USPS during the 1960s and 1970s.

The ZIP code is the system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS). The name ZIP, an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan,[1] is written properly in capital letters and was chosen to suggest that the mail travels more efficiently, and therefore quicker, when senders use it. The basic format consists of five numerical digits. An extended ZIP + 4 code includes the five digits of the ZIP code, a hyphen and then four more digits, which allow a piece of mail to be directed to a more precise location than by the ZIP code alone. ZIP Code was originally registered as a trademark by the U.S. Postal Service but its registration has since expired.[2] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Modern rendition of Mr. ... Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ... The United States Postal Service (USPS) is an independent establishment of the executive branch of the United States government (see 39 U.S.C. Â§ 201) responsible for providing postal service in the U.S. Within the United States, it is colloquially referred to simply as the post office. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Backronym and Apronym (Discuss) Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations, such as NATO, laser, and ABC, written as the initial letter or letters of words, and pronounced on the basis of this abbreviated written form. ... It has been suggested that first class mail be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that first class mail be merged into this article or section. ... For other senses of this word, see Trademark (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Background

The postal service implemented postal zones for large cities in 1943. For example:

Mr. John Smith
3256 Epiphenomenal Avenue
Minneapolis 16, Minnesota
Wikimedia Foundation Inc.
200 2nd Ave. South #358
St. Petersburg 1, Florida

The "16" in the first example and "1" in the second is the number of the postal zone within the city.


By the early 1960s a more general system was needed, and on July 1, 1963, non-mandatory ZIP codes were announced for the whole country. Robert Moon, an employee of the post office, is considered the father of the ZIP code. He submitted his proposal in 1944 while working as a postal inspector. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Robert Aurand Moon (April 15, 1917, Pennsylvania, USA—April 11, 2001, Florida, USA), sometimes called Mr. ... The United States Postal Inspection Service or USPIS is the law enforcement arm of the United States Postal Service. ...


The post office only gives credit to Moon for the first three digits of the ZIP code, which describe the region of the country. In most cases, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number, thus:

Mr. John Smith
3256 Epiphenomenal Avenue
Minneapolis, Minnesota 55416
Wikimedia Foundation Inc.
200 2nd Ave. South #358
St. Petersburg, Florida 33701

In 1967, these were made mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, and the system was soon adopted generally. The United States Post Office used a cartoon character, Mr. ZIP, to promote use of the ZIP code. He was often depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODES" in the selvage of panes of stamps or on labels contained in, or the covers of, booklet panes of stamps. Curiously enough, the only time the Postal Service issued a stamp promoting the ZIP code, in 1974, Mr. ZIP was not depicted. The United States Postal Service defines bulk mail broadly as quantities of mail prepared for mailing at reduced postage rates. ... A fictional character is any person who appears in a work of fiction. ... Modern rendition of Mr. ... The Selvage of a piece of curtain fabric. ... A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... A blonde haired, very skilled worker with a 70s look. ...


ZIP + 4

In 1983, the U.S. Postal Service began using an expanded ZIP code system called "ZIP + 4", often called "plus-four codes" or "add-on codes." Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...

Wikimedia Foundation Inc.
200 2nd Ave. South #358
St. Petersburg, FL 33701-4313

Furthermore, recently the Postal Service started a "Find a ZIP Code" feature on its website, which provides an address format that is most compatible with its optical character recognition, or OCR, scanners: Optical character recognition, usually abbreviated to OCR, is a type of computer software designed to translate images of handwritten or typewritten text (usually captured by a scanner) into machine-editable text, or to translate pictures of characters into a standard encoding scheme representing them (e. ...

WIKIMEDIA FOUNDATION INC
200 2ND AVE S # 358
SAINT PETERSBURG FL 33701-4313

A ZIP + 4 code uses the basic five-digit code plus an additional four digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. Use of the plus-four code is not required except for certain presorted mailings. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader (MLOCR) that instantly determines the correct ZIP + 4 code from the address and — along with the even more specific delivery point — sprays a Postnet barcode on the face of the mailpiece that corresponds to 11 digits. This technology has greatly increased the speed and accuracy of mail delivery and, in turn, kept costs nearly constant for over a decade. Multiline Optical Character Reader refers to a class of mail sorting machines that captures an image of the front of letter-sized mail, uses Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology to find and decode the entire address, looks up the ZIP+4 code and Delivery point, sprays a POSTNET barcode representing... In a postal system, a delivery point (sometimes DP) is a single mailbox or other place at which mail is delivered. ... This page may meet Wikipedia’s criteria for speedy deletion. ...


For post-office boxes, the general (but not invariable) rule is that each box has its own ZIP + 4 code. The add-on code is often one of the following: the last four digits of the box number (e.g., PO Box 58001, Washington DC 20037-8001), zero plus the last three digits of the box number (e.g., PO Box 12344, Chicago IL 60612-0344), or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros added to the front of the box number to make it a four-digit number (e.g., PO Box 52, Garrett Park MD 20896-0052). However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP + 4 code must be looked up individually for each box. A Post Office box is a uniquely-addressable lockable box located on the premises of a Post Office station. ...


It is common to use add-on code 9998 for mail addressed to the postmaster (to which requests for pictorial cancellations are usually addressed), 9999 for general delivery and other high-numbered add-on codes for business reply mail. For a unique ZIP code (explained below), the add-on code is typically 0001. Pictorial cancellations, in philately, are cancellations in which part of the cancellation or postmark or a combination of the two contains some sort of picture or image; the term is sometimes used, loosely and perhaps technically incorrectly, for cancellations containing some sort of commemorative phrase in addition to the regular... Poste restante is a service provided by postal systems where the post office holds mail that has a notation written on it until the recipient calls for it. ... Freepost is a postal service provided by various postal authorities, whereby a person sends mail without affixing postage, and the recipient pays the postage when collecting the mail. ...


Postal bar code

This is the address shown in the text with the Postnet bar code for the 5-digit ZIP Code 55416
This is the address shown in the text with the Postnet bar code for the 5-digit ZIP Code 55416
This is the address shown in the text with the Postnet bar code for the 9-digit ZIP Code 33701-4313
This is the address shown in the text with the Postnet bar code for the 9-digit ZIP Code 33701-4313

The ZIP code is often translated into a barcode called Postnet that is printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. Unlike most barcode symbologies, Postnet uses long and short bars, not thin and thick bars. The barcode can be printed by the person who sends the mail (some word-processing programs such as Word Perfect and Microsoft Word include the feature), or the post office will put one on when it processes the piece. The post office generally uses OCR technology, though a human may have to read the address if absolutely necessary. (The automated machinery has the unfortunate tendency to paste the coding over the bottom half-inch of postcards, often obliterating the signature; postcard printers have begun blocking a section off where the barcode will go to compensate.) Image File history File links Zip_5_postnet. ... Image File history File links Zip_5_postnet. ... Image File history File links Zip_plus_4. ... Image File history File links Zip_plus_4. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This page may meet Wikipedia’s criteria for speedy deletion. ... WordPerfect is a word processing program; at the height of its popularity in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was the de facto standard word processor, but has since been eclipsed in sales by Microsoft Word. ... Microsoft Office Word is Microsofts flagship word processing software. ... Optical character recognition, usually abbreviated to OCR, is a type of computer software designed to translate images of handwritten or typewritten text (usually captured by a scanner) into machine-editable text, or to translate pictures of characters into a standard encoding scheme representing them (e. ... For the record label, see Postcard Records. ...


People who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have pre-printed the barcode themselves. This requires more than just a simple font; mailing lists must be standardized with up-to-date CASS certified software that adds/verifies a full, correct ZIP + 4 code and an additional two digits representing the exact delivery point. Furthermore, mail must be presorted in a specific scheme and be accompanied by documentation verifying this. These steps are usually done with PAVE-certified software that also prints the barcoded address labels and barcoded sack or tray tags. The United States Postal Service defines bulk mail broadly as quantities of mail prepared for mailing at reduced postage rates. ... In finance, discounting is the process of finding the current value of an amount of cash at some future date, and along with compounding cash from the basis of time value of money calculations. ... A British pillar box The postal system is a system by which written documents typically enclosed in envelopes, and also small packages containing other matter, are delivered to destinations around the world. ... For the origin and evolution of fonts, see History of western typography. ... CASS (Coding Accuracy Support System) enables the United States Postal Service to evaluate the accuracy of address-matching software programs. ... In mathematics and computer science, a numerical digit is a symbol, e. ... In a postal system, a delivery point (sometimes DP) is a single mailbox or other place at which mail is delivered. ...


This means that every single mailable point in the country has its own 12-digit number (at least in theory). The delivery-point digits (the 10th and 11th digits) are calculated based on the primary or secondary number of the address. The USPS publishes the rules for calculating the delivery point in a document called the CASS Technical Guide.[3] The last digit is always a check digit, which is obtained by summing all 5, 9 or 11 digits, taking the Modulo base 10 of this sum (i.e. the remainder after dividing by 10) and finally subtracting this from 10. (Thus, the check digit for 10001-0001 00 would be 7, since 1+1+1=3, 3%10=3 and 10-3=7.) An application needs only to print something like /100010001007/ in the 12-point Postnet font to create a valid barcode. The slashes "/" are translated into start/stop characters (one long bar), and each digit is translated into a sequence of two long bars and three short bars. A check digit is a form of redundancy check used for error detection, the decimal equivalent of a binary checksum. ... The word modulo (Latin, with respect to a modulus of ___) is the Latin ablative of modulus which itself means a small measure. ... In mathematics, subtraction is one of the four basic arithmetic operations. ... A point is a unit of measure in typography. ... In telecommunication, a two-out-of-five code is a binary-coded decimal notation in which (a) each decimal digit is represented by a binary numeral consisting of five binary digits of which two are of one kind, called ones, and three are of the other kind, called zeros and...


On business-reply mail, the FIM code primarily indicates the orientation (facing) of the mailpiece, since there is generally not a stamp or postage meter imprint containing fluorescent ink (which is usually used by the facing machine to orient mail.) Additionally, FIM codes A and C indicate that a Postnet bar code is present, allowing this mail to bypass the MOCR and go straight to a barcode scanning machine. For that reason, even though courtesy reply mail and metered reply mail are mailed with a stamp or a postage-meter imprint, they typically carry a FIM code, namely FIM A, to indicate that the Postnet bar code is present. The FIM D barcode is used for computer-generated indicia from online postage meters. The Facing Identification Mark, or FIM, is a bar code designed by the United States Postal Service to assist in the automated processing of mail. ... A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... A postage meter is a electro-mechanical device for producing evidence of postage (see mail). ... Multiline Optical Character Reader refers to a class of mail sorting machines that captures an image of the front of letter-sized mail, uses Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology to find and decode the entire address, looks up the ZIP+4 code and Delivery point, sprays a POSTNET barcode representing... Courtesy reply mail, or CRM, is a type of mail in which a business sends pre-printed, self-addressed envelopes or postcards to customers, who then affix postage stamps to the envelopes or postcards and mail them back to the business. ... Metered reply mail, or MRM, is a type of mail in which a business sends pre-printed, self-addressed envelopes or postcards to customers, with postage prepaid on the envelopes or postcards with a postage meter. ...


Structure and allocation

By geography

ZIP codes are numbered with the first digit representing a certain group of U.S. states, the second and third digits together representing a region in that group (or perhaps a large city) and the fourth and fifth digits representing more specific areas, such as small towns or regions of that city. The main town in a region (if applicable) often gets the first ZIP codes for that region; afterward, the numerical order often follows the alphabetical order. ZIP codes are numbered with the first digit representing a certain group of U.S. states, the second and third digits together representing a region in that group (or perhaps a large city) and the fourth and fifth digits representing more specific areas, such as small towns or regions of... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Generally, the first three digits designate a sectional center facility, the mail-sorting and -distribution center for an area. A sectional center facility may have more than one three-digit code assigned to it. For example, the Northern Virginia sectional center facility in Merrifield is assigned codes 220, 221, 222 and 223. In some cases, a sectional center facility may serve an area in an adjacent state, usually due to the lack of an appropriate location for a center in that region. For example, 739 in Oklahoma is assigned to Liberal, Kansas; 865 in Arizona is assigned to Gallup, New Mexico; and 961 in California to Reno, Nevada. A Destination Sectional Center Facility (SCF) is a Processing and Distribution Center (P&DC) of the United States Postal Service (USPS) that serves a designated geographical area defined by one or more three-digit ZIP Code prefixes. ... Liberal is a city in Seward County, Kansas, United States. ... Gallup (Navajo: Naʼnízhoozhí) is a city in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Geographically, many of the lowest ZIP codes are in the New England region, since these begin with '0'. Also in the '0' region are Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands and APO/FPO military addresses for personnel stationed in Europe. The lowest ZIP code is in Holtsville, New York (00501, a ZIP Code exclusively for the U.S. Internal Revenue Service center there). Other low ZIP codes are 00601 for Adjuntas, Puerto Rico; 01001 for Agawam, Massachusetts, and 01002 for Amherst, Massachusetts. Up until 2001 there were also six zip codes even lower than 00501 that were numbered from 00210 to 00215 (located in Portsmouth, New Hampshire) and were used by the Diversity Immigrant Visa program to receive applications from citizens of the six other continents. This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... US Navy sailors sorting mail at the Yokohama Naval Base Military mail is a special military postal system used to integrate the civil postal system in a given country with that countrys military posted overseas. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Holtsville is a hamlet (and census-designated place) located in Suffolk County, New York. ... . The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the United States government agency that collects taxes and enforces the tax laws. ... Image:Adjuntas seal. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1855 Government Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Richard A. Cohen (D) Area  - City  24. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1703 Incorporated 1775 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  27. ... Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Rockingham County Incorporated 1653 Mayor Steve Marchand City manager John P. Bohenko Area    - City 43. ... The Diversity Immigrant Visa program is a United States congressionally mandated lottery program for receiving a United States Permanent Resident Card. ...


The numbers increase southward along the East Coast, such as 02115 (Boston), 10001 (New York City), 19103 (Philadelphia), 20008 (Washington, D.C.), 30303 (Atlanta) and 33130 (Miami) (these are only examples as each of these cities contain several zip codes in the same range). From there, the numbers increase heading westward and northward. For example, 40202 is in Louisville, 50309 in Des Moines, Iowa, 60601 in Chicago, 77063 in Houston, 80202 in Denver, 94111 in San Francisco, 98101 in Seattle, and 99950 in Ketchikan, Alaska. Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Governor Deval Patrick (D) Area  - City  89. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Nickname: Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Government  - Mayor John F. Street (D) Area  - City 369. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2... Hotlanta redirects here. ... For other uses, see Miami (disambiguation). ... “Louisville” redirects here. ... Nickname: Hartford of the West, City of Skywalks, Raccoon City, DSM Location in the State of Iowa, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Iowa County Polk County Incorporated September 22, 1851 Government  - Mayor Frank Cownie Area  - City  77. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Houston redirects here. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State Colorado City-County Denver (coextensive) Founded [1] November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Government  - Type Strong Mayor/Weak Council  - Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area [1]  - City & County  154. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Founded 1776 Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Ketchikan (IPA: ) is the fifth most populous city in the U.S. state of Alaska and the southeasternnmost sizable city in that state. ...

The first digit of the ZIP code is allocated as follows: Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

  • 0 = Connecticut (CT), Massachusetts (MA), Maine (ME), New Hampshire (NH), New Jersey (NJ), Puerto Rico (PR), Rhode Island (RI), Vermont (VT), Virgin Islands (VI), APO Europe (AE), FPO Europe (AE)
  • 1 = Delaware (DE), New York (NY), Pennsylvania (PA)
  • 2 = District of Columbia (DC), Maryland (MD), North Carolina (NC), South Carolina (SC), Virginia (VA), West Virginia (WV)
  • 3 = Alabama (AL), Florida (FL), Georgia (GA), Mississippi (MS), Tennessee (TN), APO Americas (AA), FPO Americas (AA)
  • 4 = Indiana (IN), Kentucky (KY), Michigan (MI), Ohio (OH)
  • 5 = Iowa (IA), Minnesota (MN), Montana (MT), North Dakota (ND), South Dakota (SD), Wisconsin (WI)
  • 6 = Illinois (IL), Kansas (KS), Missouri (MO), Nebraska (NE)
  • 7 = Arkansas (AR), Louisiana (LA), Oklahoma (OK), Texas (TX)
  • 8 = Arizona (AZ), Colorado (CO), Idaho (ID), New Mexico (NM), Nevada (NV), Utah (UT), Wyoming (WY)
  • 9 = Alaska (AK), American Samoa (AS), California (CA), Guam (GU), Hawaii (HI), Marshall Islands (MH), Federated States of Micronesia (FM), Northern Mariana Islands (MP), Oregon (OR), Palau (PW), Washington (WA), APO Pacific (AP), FPO Pacific (AP)

The next two digits represent the sectional center facility (e.g. 432xx = Columbus OH), and the fourth and fifth digits represents the area of the city (if in a metropolitan area), or a village/town (outside metro areas): 43209 (4=Ohio,32=Columbus,09=Bexley). When a sectional center facility's area crosses state lines, that facility is assigned separate three-digit prefixes for the states that it serves; thus, it is possible to identify the state associated with any ZIP Code just by looking at the first three digits.


It is important to note that despite the geographic derivation of most ZIP codes, the codes themselves are not geographic regions, but simply categories for grouping mailing addresses. ZIP Code "areas" can overlap, be subsets of each other, or be artificial constructs with no geographic area. Similarly, in areas without regular postal routes (rural route areas) or no mail delivery (undeveloped areas), ZIP Codes are not assigned or are based on sparse delivery routes, and hence the boundary between ZIP code areas is undefined.


For example, U.S. government agencies in and around the nation's capital are assigned ZIP codes starting with 20200 to 20599, which are Washington, D.C., ZIP codes, even if they are not located in Washington itself. While the White House itself is located in ZIP code 20006, it has the ZIP code 20500. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission is located in Rockville, Maryland, at ZIP code 20852, but has been assigned by the Postal Service the address "Washington, DC 20555". The United States Patent and Trademark Office used to be located in Crystal City, Virginia at ZIP Code 22202 but was assigned by the Postal Service the address "Washington, DC 20231"; however, since its move to Alexandria, Virginia, it uses the ZIP + 4 code 22313-1450. Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... NRC headquarters in Rockville, MD. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (or NRC) is a United States government agency that was established by the Energy Reorganization Act in 1974, and was first opened January 19, 1975. ... Location in the State of Maryland Coordinates: Country United States State Maryland County Montgomery County Founded 1717 Incorporated 1860  - Mayor Larry Giammo Area    - City  13. ... PTO headquarters in Alexandria The United States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO or USPTO) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides patent and trademark protection to inventors and businesses for their inventions and corporate and product identification. ... Satellite image of the interlocking highrises of Crystal City. ... Location in Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia Founded 1718 Government  - Mayor William D. Euille Area  - City  15. ...


Rarely, a locality is assigned a ZIP code that does not match the rest of the state. This is when the locality is so isolated that it is served from a sectional center in another state. For example, Fishers Island, New York, bears the ZIP code 06390 and is served from Connecticut — all other New York ZIP codes (excepting those at Holtsville for the IRS) begin with "1". Similarly, some Texas ZIP codes are served from New Mexico and thus bear codes beginning with "8" rather than "7". Returned government parcels from the District of Columbia are sent to ZIP codes beginning with "569", so that returned parcels are security checked at a remote facility (this was put into place after the anthrax scare). Fishers Island, shown highlighted Fishers Island is a small island, approximately 9 miles (14 km) long and 1 mile (1. ... Seal of the Internal Revenue Service Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Part of the Taxation series        “IRS” redirects here. ... The 2001 anthrax attacks in the United States, also known as Amerithrax from its FBI case name, occurred over the course of several weeks beginning on September 18, 2001 (a week after the September 11, 2001 attacks). ...


ZIP codes only loosely tied to cities

An address's ZIP code and the "city" name written on the same line do not necessarily mean that that address is within that city. The Postal Service designates a single "default" place name for each ZIP code. This may be an actual incorporated town or city, a subentity of a town or city or an unincorporated census-designated place. Additional place names, also of any of these types, may be recognized as "acceptable" for a certain ZIP code. Still others are deemed "not acceptable", and if used may result in a delay in mail delivery.


Default place names are typically the actual city or town that the address is located in. However, for many cities that have incorporated since ZIP codes were introduced the actual city name is only "acceptable" and not the "default" place name. Many databases automatically assign the "default" place name for a ZIP code, without regard to any "acceptable" place names. For example, Centennial, Colorado is divided among seven ZIP codes assigned to "Aurora", "Englewood" or "Littleton" as its "default" place names. Thus, from the perspective of the U.S. Postal Service, the city of Centennial and its 100,000 residents do not exist - they are part of Aurora, Englewood or Littleton. In the ZIP-code directory, Centennial addresses are listed under those three cities. And since it is "acceptable" to write "Centennial" in conjunction with any of the seven ZIP codes, one can write "Centennial" in an address that is actually in Aurora, Englewood, or Littleton, as long as it is in one of the shared ZIP Codes.
Coordinates: Country United States of America State Colorado County Arapahoe Incorporated 2001 Mayor Randy Pye Area    - City 72. ... Nickname: The Gateway to the Rockies Location of Aurora in Colorado County Arapahoe, Adams, Douglas  - Mayor Ed Tauer (R) Area    - City 369. ... Englewood is a city in Arapahoe County, Colorado, USA. As of 2005, the city is estimated to have a total population of 32,350. ... The City of Littleton is a home rule municipality located in the Denver Metropolitan Area of the State of Colorado. ...


"Acceptable" place names are often added to a ZIP code in cases where the ZIP-code boundaries divide them between two or more cities, as in the case of Centennial. However, in many cases only the "default" name can be used, even when many addresses in the ZIP code are in another city. For example, approximately 85% of the area served by the ZIP code 85254, to which the place name "Scottsdale, Arizona," is assigned, is actually inside the city limits of neighboring Phoenix. This is because the post office that serves this area is in Scottsdale. This has led some residents of the ZIP code to believe that they live in Scottsdale when they actually live in Phoenix. A Scottsdale website listing the positive and negative aspects of the city mentioned the 85254 ZIP code as a positive aspect because "Scottsdale" is being used for businesses located outside the Scottsdale city limits. Nickname: Location in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Mary Manross (D) Area  - City  184. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ...


This phenomenon is repeated across the country. The previously mentioned Englewood is a land-locked, inner-ring suburb that was built out by the 1960s. Its post office served the area that is now the high-growth southern tier of the Denver metropolitan area, and ZIP codes in this area were assigned "Englewood" as their "default" place name. An employment center as large as downtown Denver has grown in this area, and its office parks are the headquarters for many internationally recognized corporations. Even though they are actually located in other cities, they indicate "Englewood" as their location, as this is the "default" postal place name. As a result, there are really two "Englewoods" — the actual city, small and with a largely working-class residential population, and, a number of miles away, the postal "Englewood," a vast suburban area of upscale subdivisions and office parks that have nothing to do with the City of Englewood yet share a split identity with it solely because of ZIP codes. People who say that they live or work in "Englewood" and identify closely with it may rarely enter the actual city of that name.
The metropolitan area centered on the city of Denver, Colorado is known officially by the United States Census Bureau as the Denver metropolitan area (population 2,179,240 in 2000). ...


"Acceptable place names" also come into play in areas of the country where many citizens identify more strongly with a particular urban center than the municipality they actually live in. For example, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania has 130 distinct municipalities, but many of the county's residents, and even some residents of adjacent counties, commonly use "Pittsburgh, PA" as their postal address. Pittsburgh skyline The Allegheny County Courthouse Allegheny County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ...


Finally, many ZIP codes are for villages, census-designated places, portions of cities, or other entities that are not municipalities. For example, ZIP code 03750 is for Etna, New Hampshire, but Etna is not a city or town; it is actually a village district in the town of Hanover, which itself is assigned the ZIP code 03755. Another example is ZIP code 08043, which corresponds to the census-designated place of Kirkwood, NJ but actually serves the entirety of Voorhees Township, NJ. This is also the case in LaGrange, New York, a portion of which is served by the 12603 ZIP code based in the neighboring Town of Poughkeepsie. The rest of LaGrange is served by the LaGrangeville Post Office. LaGrangeville is itself, not a town at all, but a section of LaGrange. A further example is the case of Maine Maritime Academy, a small public college with the ZIP code 04420. A village is a human settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Etna is a small town in New Hampshire, United States. ... // The word village has many meanings relating to local government in the United States. ... Hanover is a town located on the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. ... Kirkwood is an unincorporated area within Voorhees Township in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. ... Voorhees highlighted in Camden County Voorhees Township is a township in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. ... LaGrange is a town located in Dutchess County, New York. ... Poughkeepsie is a town located in Dutchess County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 42,777. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: external link only If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ...


The postal designations for place names become de facto locations for their addresses, and as a result it is difficult to convince residents and businesses that they actually are located in another city or town different from the "default" place name associated with their ZIP codes. Because of the confusion and lack of identity generated by this situation, some cities, such as Signal Hill, California, have successfully petitioned the Postal Service to change ZIP-code boundaries or create new ZIP codes so that their cities can be the "default" place name for addresses within the ZIP code. Signal Hill is a small city (2. ...


This confusion also can have financial implications for local governments, because mail volume is among the factors used by the U.S. Census Bureau to estimate population changes between decennial census enumerations. Sometimes local officials in a community that is not the "default" place name for a zip code but is an "acceptable" place name will advise residents to always use the name of the community, because if the census estimate of that town's population is low they will get fewer State and Federal funds that are computed based on population.


Division and reallocation of ZIP codes

Like area codes, ZIP codes are sometimes divided and changed, especially when a rural area becomes suburban. Typically, the new codes become effective once announced, and a grace period (e.g., one year) is provided in which the new and old codes are used concurrently so that postal patrons in the affected area can notify correspondents, order new stationery, etc.[4] A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China An artists rendering of an aerial view of the Maryland countryside: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ...


Most significantly, in rapidly developing suburbs it is sometimes necessary to open a new sectional center facility, which must then be allocated its own three-digit ZIP-code prefix or prefixes. Such allocation can be done in various ways. For example, when a new sectional center facility was opened at Dulles Airport in Virginia, the prefix 201 was allocated to that facility; therefore, for all post offices to be served by that sectional center facility the ZIP code changed from an old code beginning with 220 or 221 to a new code or codes beginning with 201. However, when a new sectional center facility was opened to serve Montgomery County, Maryland, no new prefix was assigned. Instead, ZIP codes in the 207 and 208 ranges, which had previously been assigned alphabetically, were reshuffled so that 207xx ZIP codes in the county were changed to 208xx codes, while 208xx codes outside that county were changed to 207xx codes. Because Silver Spring (whose postal area includes Wheaton) has its own prefix, 209, there was no need to apply the reshuffling to Silver Spring; instead, all mail going to 209xx ZIP codes was simply rerouted to the new sectional center facility. Aerial photo Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA airport code IAD, ICAO airport code KIAD) serves the greater Washington, DC metropolitan area. ... The relevance of particular information in (or previously in) this article or section is disputed. ... Silver Spring is an urbanized, unincorporated area in Montgomery County, Maryland, USA. After Baltimore and Columbia, Silver Spring is the third most populous Census Designated Place in Maryland. ... Wheaton is an unincorporated but urbanized area in Montgomery County, Maryland, USA, north of Washington, D.C., northwest of Silver Spring. ...


ZIP codes also change when postal boundaries are realigned. For example, at the same time at which the above-noted change in Montgomery County took place, and under pressure from then-D.C. Mayor Marion Barry, the USPS realigned the postal boundaries between the District of Columbia and Maryland to match the actual boundary. Previously, many inner suburbs, such as Bethesda and Takoma Park, had been in the Washington, D.C., postal area. As a result of the change, ZIP codes in Maryland beginning with 200 were changed to new ZIP codes beginning with 207, 208 or 209, depending on their location, and ZIP codes straddling the D.C.-Maryland line were split. For example, 20014 (Bethesda) became 20814, while the Maryland portion of 20012 (Takoma Park) became 20912. Marion Barry Marion Shepilov Barry, Jr. ... Bethesda is an urbanized, but unincorporated, area in southern Montgomery County, Maryland, near Washington, D.C. It takes its name from a church located there, the Bethesda Presbyterian Church, built in 1820 and rebuilt in 1850, which in turn took its name from Jerusalems Pool of Bethesda. ... Location Location in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United States Maryland Montgomery Founded Incorporated 1883 1890 Mayor Kathryn H. Porter Geographical characteristics Area     City 5. ...


By type/use

There are three types of ZIP codes: Unique (assigned to a single high-volume address), P.O.-box-only (used only for P.O. boxes at a given facility, not for any other type of delivery) and Standard (all other ZIP codes). As examples of Unique ZIP codes, certain governmental agencies, universities, businesses or buildings that receive extremely high volumes of mail have their own ZIP codes, such as 81009 for the Federal Citizen Information Center of the U.S. General Services Administration (GSA)[5] in Pueblo, Colorado; 30385 for BellSouth in Atlanta; 21412 for Bancroft Hall, the midshipman dormitory at the United States Naval Academy; and 12345 for General Electric in Schenectady, New York. An example of a P.O.-box-only ZIP code is 22313, which is used for P.O. boxes at the main post office in Alexandria, Virginia. In the area surrounding that post office, home and business mail delivery addresses use ZIP code 22314, which is thus a Standard ZIP code. It has been suggested that first class mail be merged into this article or section. ... The Federal Citizen Information Center (FCIC, originally Federal Consumer Information Center) is a unit of the U.S. governments General Services Administration, and is located in Pueblo, Colorado. ... The General Services Administration is a federal agency of the United States government, established in 1949 to help manage and support the basic functioning of the ever-growing tangle of federal agencies. ... The City of Pueblo is a home rule municipality located in Pueblo County in southern Colorado. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... The Brigade of Midshipmen marches into Bancroft Hall during Noon Meal Formation, a ceremony that occurs daily in the fall and spring. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is in Annapolis, Maryland . ... This article is about the American company. ... Union Colleges Nott Memorial, one of the most recognized buildings in Schenectady Schenectady (IPA ) is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. ... Location in Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia Founded 1718 Government  - Mayor William D. Euille Area  - City  15. ...


The above will be made clearer by examining the allocation of ZIP codes in Princeton, New Jersey: Nassau Street, Princetons main street. ...

  • 08540 - standard (deliveries in most of the Princeton postal area)
  • 08541 - unique (Educational Testing Service)
  • 08542 - standard (deliveries in the central area of the borough of Princeton, and also some PO boxes)
  • 08543 - PO box only (PO boxes at the main post office)
  • 08544 - unique (Princeton University)

While ZIP codes classified as Unique by the USPS always serve a single address, it should not be assumed that a zip code is Unique simply because it serves a single building, complex, or address. Large facilities are often given P.O.-box-only or Standard ZIP codes rather than Unique ZIP codes, because USPS carriers must distribute the mail to multiple boxes, offices, or buildings within the facility. In a Unique ZIP code, mail distribution within the single address is handled internally, rather than by USPS employees. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States of America. ...


A few ZIP codes fall outside the three types. APO and FPO ZIP codes are codes in use for U.S Armed Forces members and their dependents overseas. The state postal abbreviations AP (Area Pacific), AA (Area Americas) and AE (Area Europe) were created in 1991 to serve these communities; previously, APO and FPO mail was addressed to APO San Francisco, APO Miami and APO New York respectively, and APO/FPO ZIP codes were numerically close to the allocations for those cities. The creation of these new state codes necessitated the rewrite of thousands of pieces of postal software and still occasionally causes confusion, as the actual numeric ZIP codes used by the APO/FPO system did not change and are still in use. An army post office is a special military system to integrate the civil postal system to that of the military. ... An army post office is a special military system to integrate the civil postal system to that of the military. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Other uses

Delivery services

Delivery services other than the USPS, such as FedEx, United Parcel Service and DHL require a ZIP code for optimal internal routing of a package. This spares customers from being required to use some other routing designator, such as the IATA code of the destination airport or railhead. FedEx (NYSE: FDX), properly FedEx Corporation, is a courier company offering overnight courier, ground, heavy freight, document copying and logistics services. ... United Parcel Service Inc. ... A DHL Boeing 757 A DHL Sprinter van DHL Boat in Venice DHL Truck in Singapore DHL boat in Amsterdam, carrying DHL bicycles aboard DHL is a Deutsche Post company that provides international shipping of documents and freight as well as contract logistics. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... A Railhead is a terminus of a railway line that interfaces with another tranport mode, for example shipping. ...


Statistics

ZIP codes are used not only for tracking of mail but in gathering geographical statistics in the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau has data that include the latitude and longitude of the center-point of some ZIP codes (called ZIP Code Tabulation Areas or ZCTAs). The Census Bureau does not keep up-to-date datasets of all ZIP codes. Complete datasets are commercially available. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Latitude,usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter phi, , gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the equator. ... Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ...


Marketing

The data are often used in direct-mail campaigns in a process called ZIP-code marketing, developed by Martin Baier. Point-of-sale cashiers sometimes ask consumers their home ZIP code. Besides providing purchasing-pattern data useful in determining the location of new business establishments, retailers can use directories to correlate this ZIP code with the name on a credit card to obtain a consumer's full address and telephone number. ZIP-coded data are also used in analyzing geographic factors in risk, an insurance-industry and banking practice pejoratively known as redlining. This can cause problems (e.g. expensive insurance) for people living near a town with a high crime rate and sharing its ZIP code, while they themselves actually live in a relatively crime free town (e.g. south west part of 94303). Direct marketing is a form of marketing that attempts to send its messages directly to consumers, often without the use of intervening media. ... POS must not be confused with EFT/POS and POS Terminal used in Electronic payment POS or PoS is an acronym for point-of-sale (or point of purchase). ... Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent loss. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with pejoration. ... For the automotive term, see redline. ...


Internet

ZIP code data is an integral part of dealer/store locator software on many web sites, especially brick-and-click websites. This software processes a user-input ZIP code and returns a list of store or business locations, usually in order of increasing distance from the input ZIP code. Locator software is an electronic commerce software module on a website that allows a visitor to find nearby stores and business locations. ... A website, Web site or WWW site (often shortened to just site) is a collection of webpages, that is, HTML/XHTML documents accessible via HTTP on the Internet; all publicly accessible websites in existence comprise the World Wide Web. ... Bricks and clicks is a business strategy or business model in e-commerce by which a company attempts to integrate both online and physical presences. ...


Pop culture

  • In 1964, at the height of his popularity, Smokey Bear, mascot of the U.S. Forest Service, received so much fan mail that he was assigned his own ZIP code, 20252.
  • ZIP code 12345 belongs to the world headquarters for General Electric in Schenectady, New York. Each year, the facility receives many letters from children to Santa Claus, addressed to "North Pole 12345"..[6]
  • Game-show viewers of the 1960s–1980s became familiar with announcer spots for the Spiegel catalog and the company's address, "Chicago 60609."
  • In a popular episode of the 1960s TV series Batman, the villain Chandell mentioned being located in ZIP code 9999979. Although the producers knew this could not be an actual ZIP code, it is likely that this was used as an attempt to bring more attention to ZIP codes as part of mailing addresses.[citation needed]
  • In the movie based on the Green Acres television series, Hooterville's ZIP code was given by Mr. Drucker as "40516 and a half". 40516 is in Lexington, Kentucky.
  • Public-service announcements for the government's Federal Citizen Information Center's Consumer Information Catalog have become famous for its ZIP code in Pueblo, Colorado, 81009 (which is assigned uniquely to the Center).
  • Newton Falls, Ohio, has the ZIP code 44444. During the 1970s, signs at the municipal boundaries proclaimed "Newton Falls has zip!" The slogan is now in use on a Web site, 44444.com.
  • ZIP codes can take on a certain amount of cachet or become bywords: 90210, in Beverly Hills, California, probably the most famous example, appears in the titles of two Beverly Hills–centered television shows: Beverly Hills 90210 and Dr. 90210.
  • On Seinfeld, Newman, a USPS employee, tells his girlfriend "I'll tell you a little secret about ZIP codes. They're meaningless!"
  • The PBS children's series ZOOM made frequent musical use of 02134, the ZIP code of WGBH, the show's originating station in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • In the "The Day the Violence Died" episode of The Simpsons, the formerly bankrupt Meyers Studios (creators of the Itchy & Scratchy show) are revived after the owner of the defunct studio successfully sues the U.S. Postal Service for copyright infringement on a character that resembles Mr. ZIP, aptly named Manic Mailman.
  • In another Simpsons episode, "Sunday, Cruddy Sunday," Lisa Simpson asks a postal employee, during a class trip to the post office, what the purpose of the ZIP + 4 code is. Little does she know that she is being monitored by authorities who suspect she has discovered that the code has no importance; the tour guide, Postmaster Bill, mentions under his breath that they are "citizen-relocation codes" and "hopefully we'll never need them".
  • Starting in 2000, National Geographic magazine instituted a regular monthly feature to focus on the community in one ZIP code.
  • Mugs and T-shirts for sale in Cambridge, Massachusetts, name 02138, the Harvard Square (which includes Harvard University) ZIP code.
  • A new magazine featuring Harvard graduates is entitled 02138.
  • In the television mystery series Veronica Mars, "09ers" is a slang term used to describe students whose families live in the fictitious ZIP code 90909, the affluent part of Neptune, California.
  • The comic strip "Peanuts" featured a character called 5, whose last name is a ZIP code in Sebastopol, California: 95472.
  • The television show Full House makes fun of Wayne, New Jersey's palindromic zip code (07470).

Smokey Bear. ... This article is about the American company. ... Union Colleges Nott Memorial, one of the most recognized buildings in Schenectady Schenectady (IPA ) is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. ... A typical depiction of Santa Claus. ... “Quiz show” redirects here. ... Spiegel Catalog, Inc. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... This article is about the television series. ... Nickname: Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky Coordinates: , Country United States State Kentucky Counties Fayette Government  - Mayor Jim Newberry (D) Area  - City  285. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... The Federal Citizen Information Center (FCIC, originally Federal Consumer Information Center) is a unit of the U.S. governments General Services Administration, and is located in Pueblo, Colorado. ... The City of Pueblo is a home rule municipality located in Pueblo County in southern Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Newton Falls is a city located within Newton Township in Trumbull County, Ohio, United States. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Beverly Hills is a city in the western part of Los Angeles County, California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Beverly Hills 90210 was a popular primetime television soap opera that aired from October 1990 to May 2000 on the Fox Network in the United States and subsequently on various networks around the world. ... Dr. 90210 is a reality television series focusing on plastic surgery in the wealthy suburb of Beverly Hills in Los Angeles, California. ... Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... Information Age 30s Occupation Mailman Portrayed by Wayne Knight Created by Jerry Seinfeld and Larry David Newman is a recurring character on the television show Seinfeld, played by Wayne Knight from 1991 until the shows finale in 1998. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... Opening from the original Zoom. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled WGBH-TV and WGBH (FM), accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Governor Deval Patrick (D) Area  - City  89. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... The Day the Violence Died is the eighteenth episode of The Simpsons seventh season. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Itchy and Scratchy The Itchy & Scratchy Show is a fictional television cartoon show within the television cartoon show The Simpsons (see show-within-a-show). ... Sunday, Cruddy Sunday is the twelfth episode of The Simpsons tenth season. ... Lisa Marie Simpson is a character in the animated television series The Simpsons, voiced by Yeardley Smith; Lisa is the only character Smith voices on a regular basis. ... The National Geographic Society was founded in the USA on January 27, 1888, by 33 men interested in organizing a society for the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Chess players in Harvard Square in August of 2005 Harvard Square is a large triangular area in the center of Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue, Brattle Street, and John F. Kennedy Street. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ... 02138 is an independent magazine featuring graduates of Harvard University. ... This article is about the Veronica Mars television series. ... Neptune, California is the fictional United States unincorporated town that is setting for the UPN television series Veronica Mars. ... Peanuts is a syndicated daily and Sunday comic strip written and illustrated by Charles M. Schulz, which ran from October 2, 1950, to February 13, 2000 (the day after Schulzs death). ... 555 5 95472 is a character in the comic strip Peanuts by Charles Schulz. ... Sebastopol is a town in Sonoma County, California, United States, approximately 52 miles north of San Francisco. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Wayne is a township in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States, located less than 20 miles from midtown Manhattan. ... A palindrome is a word, phrase, number or any other sequence of units (like a strand of DNA) which has the property of reading the same in either direction (the adjustment of spaces between letters is generally permitted). ...

Miscellaneous

  • Until modern switching equipment was introduced in the 1980s, telephone customers in Grants Pass, Oregon could dial the last five digits of the assigned seven-digit local telephone number. As a result, to reach the town's post office, users dialed the ZIP code, 97526.
  • ZIP code 10048 was assigned to the World Trade Center complex in New York, New York (until its destruction on September 11, 2001).
  • The code 77230 was assigned in 2005 for mail delivery to victims of Hurricane Katrina being housed at the Houston Astrodome[7], and is still in service today as a P.O.-box-only code.
  • The White House has its own secret ZIP + 4 code, separate from the publicly known 20500, for the President of the United States and the First Family to receive private mail.[8].
  • A particularly unusual ZIP code is 48222, a marine post office in Detroit, Michigan used to route mail to and from passing Great Lakes commercial vessels, the last of its kind in the ZIP code system.
  • Barefoot Bay, Brevard County, Florida is a mobile home park large enough to have its own ZIP code: 32976.
  • The Glendale Galleria in Glendale, California, is a shopping center large enough to have its own ZIP code: 91210.
  • ZIP code 17927 of Centralia, Pennsylvania, where an underground mine fire has been burning for over 40 years, was revoked by the USPS in 2002.
  • Twelve-digit ZIP codes (e.g. those printed by the IRS on their correspondence) are ZIP+4 codes followed by a 2 digit delivery point and then a 1 digit check-number, which is exactly what a full POSTNET code represents.

Grants Pass is a city in, and the county seat of Josephine County, Oregon, United States GR6. ... 10048 is the zip code assigned to the former World Trade Center twin towers in New York City. ... “WTC” redirects here. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ... The Reliant Astrodome, formerly just the Astrodome, is a domed sports stadium in Houston, Texas, and is part of the Reliant Park complex. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... The presidential seal is a well-known symbol of the presidency. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: , Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Founded 1701 Incorporation 1806 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (D) Area  - City  143. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... 17927 is the defunct ZIP code of Centralia, a borough of Columbia County, Pennsylvania, United States, where an underground mine fire has been burning for over 40 years. ... Centralia is a borough in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, United States. ... A mine fire is a fire that starts in a coal mine and burns underground. ... A USPS Truck at Night A U.S. Post Office sign The United States Postal Service (USPS) is the United States government organization responsible for providing postal service in the United States and is generally referred to as the post office. ... IRS is short for U.S. Internal Revenue Service short for Indian Revenue Service short for Independent rear suspension, used in automobiles. ...

See also

U.S. Postal Service codes

ZIP codes are numbered with the first digit representing a certain group of U.S. states, the second and third digits together representing a region in that group (or perhaps a large city) and the fourth and fifth digits representing more specific areas, such as small towns or regions of... States AK: Alaska AL: Alabama AR: Arkansas AZ: Arizona CA: California CO: Colorado CT: Connecticut DE: Delaware FL: Florida GA: Georgia HI: Hawaii IA: Iowa ID: Idaho IL: Illinois IN: Indiana KS: Kansas KY: Kentucky LA: Louisiana MA: Massachusetts MD: Maryland ME: Maine MI: Michigan MN: Minnesota MO: Missouri MS... This table lists 3-digit ZIP Code prefixes, each of which represents a United States Postal Service (USPS) sectional center facility (SCF). ...

Postal codes in other countries

Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ...

References

  1. ^ "ZIP Code," from International Paper Knowedge Center glossary
  2. ^ Trademark status information, from United States Patent and Trademark Office
  3. ^ CASS Technical GuidePDF (2.95 MiB)
  4. ^ Sam Roberts, "An Elite ZIP Code Becomes Harder to Crack," The New York Times, March 21, 2007, page C15
  5. ^ FCIC – About US
  6. ^ Gish, Jennifer (2005-12-17), "Where Letters to Santa End Up", Laredo Morning Times: 19A
  7. ^ United States Postal Service (2005-09-05). Postal service moves to reconnect with customers in Katrina's wake. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-03-27.
  8. ^ "Presidential Pen Pals," Time, January 27, 1997

PTO headquarters in Alexandria The United States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO or USPTO) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides patent and trademark protection to inventors and businesses for their inventions and corporate and product identification. ... The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the file format created by Adobe Systems, in 1993, for document exchange. ... A mebibyte (a contraction of mega binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, abbreviated MiB. 1 MiB = 220 bytes = 1,048,576 bytes = 1,024 kibibytes 1 MiB = 1024 (= 210) kibibytes (KiB), and 1024 MiB equal one gibibyte (GiB). ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... --> Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Postal Service (USPS) is an independent establishment of the executive branch of the United States government (see 39 U.S.C. Â§ 201) responsible for providing postal service in the U.S. Within the United States, it is colloquially referred to simply as the post office. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A press release (sometimes known as a news release or press statement) is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... --> Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links


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Perinatal Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Zip Code 1996.
Zip Code Database List - U.S. Zip Code Data Map - US Postal Code Demographics Database Listing. (0 words)
Zip Codes (postal codes) are largely responsible for the automation of the United States Post Office’s mail handling.
Their inventor, Robert Aurand Moon, is known as the “Father of ZIP Codes” and was nicknamed “Mr.
ZIP Code.” Another character also went by this name: the lovable cartoon ambassador, Mr.
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