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Encyclopedia > Zürich
Canton Zurich
District Zurich
Coordinates  47°22′ N 8°33′ E
Postal code 8000-8099
Population 366145   (December 2004)
Area 91.88 km²
Elevation 408 m
Mayor Elmar Ledergerber
Website www.stzh.ch


Zürich IPA [ˈtsyrɪç] (in English often Zurich, which is also the standard French form of the name) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 364,558 in 2002; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. The city is Switzerland's main commercial centre and home to the country's largest airport. It is also home of the Cabaret Voltaire where the Dada movement began in 1916. Coat of Arms of the City of Zurich File links The following pages link to this file: Zürich ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... The Swiss canton of Zürich (German: Kanton Zürich) has a population of about 1. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... Here are postal codes of Switzerland and Liechtenstein: Zone 1 1000s are found in Lausanne, Lavaux and parts of Morges, 1100s in parts of Morges, 1200s are in Geneva and parts of La Côte, Vaud, 1300s in La Vallée, 1500s are found in Clavaleyres, the 1700s are found... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August _ September - October - November - December- → Deaths in December • 30 Artie Shaw • 29 Julius Axelrod • 28 Jacques Dupuis • 28 Jerry Orbach • 28 Susan Sontag • 26 Reggie White • 26 Sir Angus Ogilvy • 23 P. V. Narasimha Rao • 23 Doug Ault • 19 Renata Tebaldi... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... For other uses of the word, see Elevation In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or possibly some other fixed point). ... The metre, symbol: m, is the basic unit of distance (or of length, in the parlance of the physical sciences) in the International System of Units. ... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet used by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) the human vocal apparatus can produce. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... The Swiss canton of Zürich (German: Kanton Zürich) has a population of about 1. ... Hugo Ball, with his companion Emmy Hennings, founded Cabaret Voltaire on February 5, 1916 in Zürich as a cabaret for artistic and political purposes. ... Dadaism or Dada is a post-World War I cultural movement in visual art as well as literature (mainly poetry), theatre and graphic design. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ...


The origin of the name is most likely the Celtic word Turus, a corroborating reference to which was found on a tomb inscription dating from the Roman occupation in the second century AD. The Roman name for the town was Turicum and in the local dialect Zürich German it is called Züri IPA [ˈtsyri]. The word Celtic can refer to: the European Celtic people, ancient or modern the Celtic languages, spoken by these people and their modern descendents the Celtic (Lusitania), Celts from the Alentejo. ... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus). ... Zürich German is the High Alemannic dialect spoken in Zürich, Switzerland. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet used by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) the human vocal apparatus can produce. ...

Contents


Geography

Streets of central Zürich
Streets of central Zürich

The city is situated where the river Limmat leaves Lake Zürich and is surrounded by wooded hills. The river Sihl meets with the Limmat at the end of Platzspitz, which borders the Swiss National Museum (Landesmuseum). Download high resolution version (540x655, 96 KB)A satellite photographs of central Zürich. ... Download high resolution version (540x655, 96 KB)A satellite photographs of central Zürich. ... The Limmat is a river in Switzerland which rises in the city of Zürich at the north end of Lake Zürich and flows in northwestern direction until it flows after 35 km into the river Aare north of the small town of Brugg and shortly after the mouth... Lake Zurich showing a sailing boat, a popular pastime on the lake Lake Zurich (also spelled Lake Zürich or Lake of Zürich; in German Zürichsee) is a lake in Switzerland, extending southeast of the town of Zürich. ...


History

Numerous lake-side settlements from the Neolithic and Bronze age have been found, such as those in the Zürich Pressehaus and Zürich Mozartstrasse. The settlements were found in the 1800s, submerged in Zurichsee, or Lake Zurich. The Neolithic, (Greek neos=new, lithos=stone, or New Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...


In Roman times, Turicum was a tax-collecting point for goods entering the imperial province of Raetia by river. The earliest record of the town's name is preserved on a tombstone found in the eighteenth century on Lindenhof, referring to the Roman castle as STA(tio) TUR(i)CEN(sis). The Roman Empire ca. ...


A Carolingian castle, built on the site of the Roman castle by the grandson of Charlemagne, Louis the German, is mentioned in 835 ("in castro Turicino iuxta fluvium Lindemaci"). Louis also founded the Fraumünster abbey in 853 for his daughter Hildegard. He endowed the Benedictine convent with the lands of Zürich, Uri, and the Albis forest, and granted the convent immunity, placing it under his direct authority. The Carolingians (also known as the Carlovingians) were a dynasty of rulers that eventually controlled the Frankish realm and its successors from the 8th to the 10th century, officially taking over the kingdoms from the Merovingian dynasty in 751. ... A Frankish king, like Charlemagne, (center) depicted in the Sacramentary of Charles the Bald (about 870) Charlemagne (c. ... Louis the German (also known as Louis II) (804 - September 28, 876), the third son of the emperor Louis the Pious and his first wife, Irmengarde, was ruler of Eastern Francia from 817 until his death. ... Events Ragnar Lodbrok rises to power (approximate date) The celebration of All Saints is made an obligation throughout the Frankish Empire and fixed on November 1. ... Events A Byzantine fleet destroys Damiette (in Egypt) Births Deaths Categories: 853 ... A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of Saint Benedict, whether belonging to the Roman Catholic Church, or to one of the Anglican or Protestant churches. ... Uri is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ...


In 1045, King Henry III granted the convent the right to hold markets, collect tolls, and the mint coins, and thus effectively made the abbess the ruler of the city. Events Emperor Go-Reizei ascends the throne of Japan. ... Henry III (1017-1056) was a member of the Salian (sometimes Franconian) dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors. ...

General view showing Grossmünster church.
General view showing Grossmünster church.

Zürich became reichsunmittelbar in 1218 with the extinction of the main line of the Zähringer family. Emperor Frederick II promoted the abbess of the Fraumünster to the rank of a duchess in 1234. The abbess assigned the mayor, and she frequently delegated the minting of coins to citizens of the city. However, the political power of the convent slowly waned in the fourteenth century, beginning with the establishment of the Zunftordnung (guild laws) in 1336 by Rudolf Brun, who also became the first independent mayor, i.e. not assigned by the abbess. View of Zurich from the Quaibruecke. ... View of Zurich from the Quaibruecke. ... The Reichsfreiheit or Reichsunmittelbarkeit (adjectives reichsfrei, reichsunmittelbar) was a special, privileged status a city or region could attain in the Holy Roman Empire. ... Events Damietta is besieged by the knights of the Fifth Crusade. ... Zähringen is the name of an old and influential German noble family, taken from the castle and village of that name. ... Frederick II (left) meets al-Kamil (right). ... Events Canonization of Saint Dominic Collapse of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) Deaths Emperor Chukyo of Japan Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile - Ferdinand III, the Saint King of Castile and Leon (reigned... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... A guild is an association of persons of the same trade or pursuits, formed to protect mutual interests and maintain standards of morality or conduct. ... Events End of the Kemmu restoration and beginning of the Muromachi period in Japan. ...


The Codex Manesse, a major source of medieval German poetry, was written and illustrated in the early 14th century in Zürich. Categories: Art stubs | Literature stubs | Illuminated manuscripts ... (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ...


Zürich joined the Swiss confederation (which at that point was a loose confederation of de facto independent states) as the fifth member in 1351. Zürich was expelled from the confederation in 1440 due to a war with the other member states over the territory of Toggenburg (the Old Zürich War). Zürich was defeated in 1446, and re-admitted to the confederation in 1450. The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Start of the reign of Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan, fourth of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders May 1 Zürich joins the Swiss Confederation. ... For alternative meanings, see number 1440. ... Toggenburg is the name given to the upper valley of the river Thur, in the Swiss Canton of St. ... The Old Zürich War (Alter Zürichkrieg), 1440–1446, was a conflict between the canton of Zürich and the other seven cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy over the succession to the Count of Toggenburg. ... Events Mehmed II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire is forced to abdicate in favor of his father Murad II by the Janissaries. ... Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ...


Zwingli started the Swiss reformation at the time when he was the main preacher in Zürich. He lived there from 1518 until his death in 1531. Huldrych (or Ulrich) Zwingli (January 1, 1484 – October 10, 1531) was the leader of the Swiss Reformation and founder of the Swiss Reformed Churches. ... Events A plague of tropical fire ants devastates crops on Hispaniola. ... Events January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake-- thousands die October 1 - Battle of Kappel - The forces of Zürich are defeated by the Catholic cantons. ...


Sights

General Zürich view, looking south-east from the Grossmünster
Enlarge
General Zürich view, looking south-east from the Grossmünster
  • Grossmünster (great minster) (near Lake Zürich, in the old city), where Zwingli was pastor
  • Fraumünster (our lady's minster) first church built before 874; the Romanesque choir dates from 1250-70; Marc Chagall stained glass choir windows; (on the opposite side of the Limmat)
  • St. Peter (downstream from the Fraumünster, in the old city); with the largest clock face in Europe
  • Lindenhof near St. Peter; site of the Roman and medieval castle. View over the river and old town.
  • Guild houses along the river (downstream from the Grossmünster)
  • Old town on both sides of the river
  • Bahnhofstrasse, Zürich (shopping avenue) starting at main train station
  • Landesmuseum (Swiss National Museum, directly opposite Zürich's main train station.)
  • Art Museum (Kunsthaus Zürich)
  • Zoological garden
  • Lake Zürich, running from Zürich to Rapperswil and linking with the Obersee
  • Üetliberg, at an altitude 813 metres above sea level, with Uetlibergturm TV-tower (not accessible for tourists)
Fraumünster church.
Fraumünster church.

Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 589 KB)View of Zürich, Switzerland, looking south-east over Lake Zürich, from the Grossmünster (cathedral). ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 589 KB)View of Zürich, Switzerland, looking south-east over Lake Zürich, from the Grossmünster (cathedral). ... A minster is a type of cathedral. ... Zwinglis Successor Zwinglis successor, Heinrich Bullinger, was elected on December 9, 1531, to be the pastor of the Great Minster at Zürich, a position which he held to the end of his life (1575). ... Romanesque St. ... Marc Chagall as photographed in 1941 by Carl Van Vechten Marc Chagall (July 7, 1887 – March 28, 1985) was a Belarusian painter of Jewish origin. ... Lake Zurich showing a sailing boat, a popular pastime on the lake Lake Zurich (also spelled Lake Zürich or Lake of Zürich; in German Zürichsee) is a lake in Switzerland, extending southeast of the town of Zürich. ... Rapperswil is a small town in the canton of St. ... Uetliberg TV-tower is a freestanding concrete TV-Tower on Uetliberg near Zürich, Switzerland. ... Fraumuenster church in Zurich (Switzerland), shot and uploaded by User:Hirzel. ... Fraumuenster church in Zurich (Switzerland), shot and uploaded by User:Hirzel. ...

Industry and commerce

UBS, Credit Suisse, and many private banks have their headquarters in Zürich, the commercial center of Switzerland. Zürich is the world's primary centre for offshore banking, mainly due to Swiss bank secrecy. The financial sector accounts for about one quarter of the city's economic activities. The Swiss Stock Exchange is also headquartered in Zürich (see also Swiss banking, Gnomes of Zurich). UBS AG (NYSE: UBS), (SWX: CH0012032030) (TYO: 8657) is a financial firm. ... The Credit Suisse Group is the second-largest financial services company in Switzerland, behind longtime rival UBS. It was founded in 1856 under the name Schweizerische Kreditanstalt (SKA, Swiss Credit Institution). ... Swiss banks are world-renowned for their secretive nature and protection of clients. ... Gnomes of Zurich is a disparaging term for Swiss bankers. ...


Education and research

ETH Zurich (from its German name Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, ETHZ) is the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich, Switzerland. ... The University of Zurich (in German: Universität Zürich) is the largest university of Switzerland, in the city of Zurich. ...

Sports

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The ZSC Lions are an ice hockey team located in Zürich, Switzerland, playing in the Nationalliga A. The team was formed in 1997 as a result of the merger of the two local teams Zürcher Schlittschuh Club (ZSC; translates to: Zürich Skating Club) and Grasshoppers Club (GC). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... FIFA logo (usage restricted): For the Good of the Game Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is the international governing body of the sport of association football (called simply football or soccer). ... Categories: Ice hockey stubs | Ice hockey ...

Events

The Street Parade is a technoparade in Zurich, comparable to Berlins Love Parade. ...

Transportation

Trams in Zurich
Trams in Zurich

Zürich is a hub for rail, road, and air traffic. It has several railway stations, including Zürich Main Station, Zürich Oerlikon, Zürich Stadelhofen, and Zürich Altstetten. The Cisalpino, InterCity Express, and even the TGV high-speed trains stop in Zürich. Zurich Trams. ... Zurich Trams. ... Zürich Main Station -- tracks Zürich Main Station (in German: Zürich Hauptbahnhof, sometimes shortened to Zürich HB) is Zürichs central and biggest railway station. ... Zürich Stadelhofen is a part of the city of Zürich and also an important railway station. ... The city district of Zürich Altstetten in the western part of Zürich has its own infrastructure in many aspects. ... The Cisalpino Inside Cisalpino The Cisalpino is a high-speed train that interconnects Stuttgart, Basel, Geneva, Zürich, Milan, Venice, and Florence. ... ICE train The InterCity Express or ICE is a type of high-speed train operated by Deutsche Bahn AG in Germany and to neighboring countries, for example to Amsterdam, Netherlands or Zürich, Switzerland, or Vienna, Austria (but not running at high speed in the Netherlands). ... The TGV is Frances train à grande vitesse; literally high-speed train. Developed by Alstom and SNCF, and operated by SNCF, the French national railway company, it connects cities in France, especially Paris, and in some other neighbouring countries, such as Belgium and Switzerland. ...


The A1, A3 and A4 motorways pass through Zürich. The A1 heads west towards Bern and Geneva, east towards St. Gallen, and the A3 heads northwest towards Basel and southeast towards Sargans.) The A1 motorway follows Switzerlands main east-west axis from St. ... Categories: Road stubs | Transportation in Switzerland ... Categories: Switzerland-related stubs | Transportation in Switzerland ... The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... Geneva: the Mont Blanc bridge over the Rhône River and St Peters Cathedral Geneva (French: Genève) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland located where Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman, but the Genevois are fond of calling it Lac de Genève) empties into the... St. ... Basel (English traditionally: Basle , German: Basel , French Bâle , Italian Basilea ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (188,000 inhabitants in the canton of Basel-City as of 2004; the 690,000 inhabitants in the conurbation stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands second-largest... Sargans with its castle (August 2002 image) Sargans is a locality in Switzerland. ...


Zürich has a major international airport at Kloten, less than 10 kilometres northeast of the city. There is also an airfield in Dübendorf, although it is not used for civil aviation. Zurich Kloten Unique Airport Zurich International Airport, also called Kloten Airport, is located at 47°29′ N 8°32′ E in Kloten, canton of Zurich, Switzerland and managed by Unique Airport. ... Dubendorf is a small city in Switzerland with a population of about 21,106 (in 1990). ...


Within Zürich and throughout the canton of Zürich, the ZVV network of public transport has traffic density rating among the highest worldwide. The ZVV (German abbreviation for Zürcher Verkehrsverbund, translated into English as Zürich Transport Network or Zürich Traffic Network) is a public transportation network system, combining rail, bus, tram, trolleybus, lake boat and cable car services in the canton of Zürich as well as Rapperswil and Pf...


Notable people

Born or died in Zürich


Famous residents: Huldrych (or Ulrich) Zwingli (January 1, 1484 – October 10, 1531) was the leader of the Swiss Reformation and founder of the Swiss Reformed Churches. ... Events July 6 - Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of Congo River December 5 - Pope Innocent VIII gives the inquisition a mission to hunt heretics and witches in Germany with the lead of Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger First cuirassier units (kyrissers) formed in Austria Births January... Events January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake-- thousands die October 1 - Battle of Kappel - The forces of Zürich are defeated by the Catholic cantons. ... Conrad von Gesner (Konrad von Gesner, Conrad Gessner, Conradus Gesnerus) (26 March 1516-13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist. ... Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded April 27 - Cebu City is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines. ... Johann Jakob Scheuchzer (August 2, 1672 - June 23, 1733), Swiss savant, was born at Zürich. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... Johann Kaspar Lavater (November 15, 1741 - January 2, 1801), was a poet and physiognomist. ... Events April 10 – Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz December 19 – Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 – Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius William Browning invents mineral water Elizabeth of Russia became czarina. ... 1801 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (January 12, 1746 - February 17, 1827) was a Swiss pedagogue and educational reformer. ... Events January 8 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling April 16 - Battle of Culloden brings an end to the Jacobite Risings October 22 - The College of New Jersey is founded (it becomes Princeton University in 1896) October 28 - An earthquake demolishes Lima and Callao, in Peru Catharine de Ricci (born 1522... 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Gottfried Keller (July 19, 1819 – July 15, 1890) was a Swiss writer who is best known as the master of the Novelle. ... 1819 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Conrad Ferdinand Meyer (October 11, 1825 - November 28, 1898), a poet and, as he was born in Zürich, is a fellow-townsman of Gottfried Keller. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Johanna Spyri (1827-1901), was an author. ... 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1901 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Heidi is a childrens book by Johanna Spyri. ... Her Imperial & Royal Highness The Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, also Duchess of Edinburgh, née Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia (17 October 1853 – 24 October 1920) was the daughter of the Russian tsar who became the wife of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Wilhelm Filchner (September 13, 1877 - May 7, 1957) was a German explorer. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (February 2, 1882 – January 13, 1941) was an expatriate Irish writer and poet, and is widely considered one of the most significant writers of the 20th century. ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Felix Bloch (October 23, 1905 – September 10, 1983) was a Swiss born physicist, working mainly in the USA. Born in Zürich, Switzerland. ... 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Elias Canetti, Nobel Prize Laureate in Literature Elias Canetti (July 25, 1905 in Ruse, Bulgaria; August 13, 1994, in Zurich, Switzerland) was a Bulgarian-born novelist and Nobel Prize in Literature winner, who wrote in German. ... 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Max Frisch (May 15, 1911 - April 4, 1991), was a Swiss architect, playwright and novelist, one of the most representative writers of the German literature after World War II. He was born in 1911 in Zurich; his father was an architect. ... 1911 is a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hugo Koblet Hugo Koblet (March 21, 1925 – November 6, 1964) was a Swiss champion cyclist. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Bruno Ganz (born March 22, 1941 in Zurich) is a Swiss actor. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Martin Suter (born in Zürich, 1948) is a Swiss author. ... 1948 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... Lucinda Martha Ruh (born July 13, 1979 in Zurich, Switzerland) is a two-time Swiss national figure skating champion known for her extreme flexibility and phenomenal spinning ability. ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ...

Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 – February 13, 1883) was an influential German composer, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his groundbreaking symphonic-operas (or music dramas). His compositions are notable for their continuous contrapuntal texture, rich harmonies and orchestration, and elaborate use of leitmotifs: themes associated... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Albert Einstein, by Yousuf Karsh Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955) was a German theoretical physicist who is widely regarded as the greatest scientist of the 20th century. ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1911 is a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Vladimir Ilyich Lenin ( Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen?), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) ( April 22 (April 10 ( O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a Russian revolutionary, the leader of the Bolshevik party, the first Premier of the Soviet Union, and the founder of the ideology of Leninism. ... 1917 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... Thomas Mann Paul Thomas Mann (June 6, 1875 – August 12, 1955) was a German novelist, philanthropist and essayist, lauded principally for a series of highly symbolic and often ironic epic novels and mid-length stories, noted for their insight into the psychology of the artist and intellectual and an underlying... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Kurt Tucholsky (January 9, 1890 - December 21, 1935) was a German journalist, satirist and song text writer. ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Hotels

See also Zürich Tourism Wikitravel logo Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Hyatt is a hotel chain that operates hotels on all six continually inhabited continents on Earth. ...

St. Peter church.
St. Peter church.

St. ... St. ...

External links

  • Zürich Tourism
  • Stadt Zürich, official site in German.
  • SWX Swiss Exchange
  • Zürich Pictures

 
 

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