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Encyclopedia > Yves Klein
Yves Klein
Yves Klein during the work on the Gelsenkirchen Opera, 1959
Born April 28, 1928
Nice, France
Died June 6, 1962
Paris, France
Occupation Artist

Yves Klein (28 April 1928 - 6 June 1962) was a French artist and is considered an important figure in post-war European neo-Dadaism. Image File history File linksMetadata Yves_Klein. ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Night view along the Promenade des Anglais This article is about the city. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... This entry concerns French artists working in visual or plastic media (plus, for some artists of the 20th century, performance art). Please go elsewhere for information on French literature, French music, French Cinema and French Culture. ... Luna Theory is a book written by a band called I Am Spartacus. ...

Contents

Biography

Klein was born in Nice, France. His parents, Fred Klein and Marie Raymond, were both painters. From 1942 to 1946, Klein studied at the Ecole Nationale de la Marine Marchande and the Ecole Nationale des Langues Orientales and began practicing judo. At this time, he became friends with Arman Fernandez and Claude Pascal and started to paint. Klein composed his first Symphonie monoton in 1947. During the years 1948 to 1952, he traveled to Italy, Great Britain, Spain, and Japan. In 1955, Klein settled permanently in Paris, where he was given a solo exhibition at the Club des Solitaires. His monochrome paintings were shown at the Galerie Colette Allendy and Galerie Iris Clert in Paris, in 1956. Klein died in Paris of a heart attack in 1962, shortly before the birth of his son. Night view along the Promenade des Anglais This article is about the city. ... The following list is a partial list of painters. ... Exterior of Galerie Iris Clert during le Plein exhibition Galerie Iris Clert (French for Iris Clert Gallery) was an art gallery named after its owner and curator, Iris Clert. ... A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ...


Artwork

Monochrome works

Image:Monochrome IKB 3.jpg
Monochrome IKB 3

Many of his early paintings were monochrome and in a variety of colours. By the late 1950s, Klein's monochrome works were almost exclusively in a deep blue hue which he eventually patented as International Klein Blue (IKB, =PB29, =CI 77007), although the colour was never produced commercially. The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world. ... The term Blue may refer any of a number of similar colors. ... The International Klein Blue (IKB) is a deep blue hue first mixed and patented by the French artist Yves Klein. ...


As well as conventionally made paintings, in a number of works Klein had naked female models covered in blue paint dragged across or laid upon canvases to make the image, using the models as "living brushes". This type of work he called Anthropometry. Other paintings in this method of production include "recordings" of rain that Klein made by driving around in the rain at 70 miles per hour with a canvas tied to the roof of his car, and canvases with patterns of soot created by scorching the canvas with gas burners.


Klein and Arman were continually involved with each other creatively, both as Nouveau Realistes and as friends. Both from Nice, the two worked together for many decades and Arman even named one of his children after Yves Klein. Sometimes the creation of these paintings was turned into a kind of performance art - an event in 1960, for example, had an audience dressed in formal evening wear watching the models go about their task while an instrumental ensemble played Klein's 1949 The Monotone Symphony, which consisted of a single sustained chord.[1][2] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... New Realism (in French: Nouveau Réalisme) refers to an artistic movement founded in 1960 by Pierre Restany and Yves Klein. ... Performance art is art where the actions of an individual or a group at a particular place and in a particular time, constitute the work. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ...


Immaterial works

Le Vide displayed at the Galerie Iris Clert
Le Vide displayed at the Galerie Iris Clert
   
Yves Klein

Recently my work with color has led me, in spite of myself, to search little by little, with some assistance (from the observer, from the translator), for the realization of matter, and I have decided to end the battle. My paintings are now invisible and I would like to show them in a clear and positive manner, in my next Parisian exhibition at Iris Clert’s.[1] Image File history File links Le_Vide. ... Image File history File links Le_Vide. ... Image File history File links Cquote1. ...

   
Yves Klein

In another act that became known as an Yves Klein artwork, he offered and managed to sell empty spaces in the city in exchange for gold. He wanted his buyers to experience The Void by selling them empty space. In his view this experience could only be paid for in the purest material: gold. In order to restore the "natural order" that he had unbalanced by selling the empty space (that was now not "empty" anymore), Klein threw the gold into the river Seine. Image File history File links Cquote2. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... The Seine (pronounced in French) is a major river of north-western France, and one of its commercial waterways. ...


Aero works

Le Saut dans le Vide (Leap into the Void)
Le Saut dans le Vide (Leap into the Void)

Klein is also well known for a photograph, Saut dans le vide (Leap into the Void) [3] , which apparently shows him jumping off a wall, arms outstretched, towards the pavement. Klein used the photograph as evidence of his oft-mentioned unaided lunar travel. In fact, "Saut dans le vide" was published as part of a broadside on the part of Klein (the "artist of space") denouncing NASA's own lunar expeditions as hubris and folly. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (551x771, 226 KB) This image is of a drawing, painting, print, or other two-dimensional work of art, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the artist who produced the image, the person who commissioned the work... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (551x771, 226 KB) This image is of a drawing, painting, print, or other two-dimensional work of art, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the artist who produced the image, the person who commissioned the work... A photograph (often shortened to photo) is an image created by focusing light onto material having a light-sensitive coating. ...


Klein's work revolved around a Zen-influenced concept he came to describe as "le Vide" or in English: the Void. Klein's Void is a nirvana-like state that is void of worldly influences; a neutral zone where one is inspired to pay attention to ones own sensibilities, and to "reality" as opposed to "representation". Klein presented his work in forms that were recognized as art - paintings, a book, a musical composition - but then would take away the expected content of that form (paintings without pictures, a book without words, a musical composition without in fact composition) leaving only a shell, as it were. In this way he tried to create for the audience his "Zones of Immaterial Pictorial Sensibility". Instead of representing objects in a subjective, artistic way, Klein wanted his subjects to be represented by their imprint: the image of their absence. Klein's work strongly refers to a theoretical/arthistorical context as well as to philosophy/metaphysics and with his work he aimed to combine these. He tried to make his audience experience a state where an idea could simultaneously be "felt" as well as "understood". Zen is a form of Mahayana Buddhism which places great importance on moment-by-moment awareness and seeing deeply into the nature of things by direct experience. ...


Quotes

  • "Long live the immaterial!"
  • "The painter has only to create one masterpiece, himself, constantly."

See also

The International Klein Blue (IKB) is a deep blue hue first mixed and patented by the French artist Yves Klein. ...

References

  1. ^ Stich, Sidra. Yves Klein. Hayward Gallery. London, 1994.

External links

  • Klein at Art Minimal & Conceptual Only
  • Yves Klein: Selected Writings, 1928-1962
  • Yves Klein: Air Architecture (Review of architectural projects by Yves Klein from 1958 through 1961.)
  • On-line tribute to International Klein Blue
  • Yves le monochrome - Works of a 'painter of space'

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yves Klein (233 words)
Klein also made sculptures in deep blue, and worked with fire, creating some sculptures using it, and setting fire to some of his canvases, thus making scorched holes in them.
Klein is also well known for a photograph, Sant dans le Vide (Leap into the Void), which apparently shows him jumping off a wall, arms outstretched, towards the pavement.
Klein died in Paris of a heart attack.
Yves Klein at AllExperts (682 words)
Yves Klein (28 April 1928 - 6 June 1962) was a French artist and is considered an important figure in post-war European neo-Dadaism.
Klein's Void is a nirvana-like state that is void of worldly influences; a neutral zone where one is inspired to pay attention to ones own sensibilities, and to "reality" as opposed to "representation".
Klein presented his work in forms that were recognized as art - paintings, a book, a musical composition - but then would take away the expected content of that form (paintings without pictures, a book without words, a musical composition without in fact composition) leaving only a shell, as it were.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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