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Encyclopedia > Yuri Gagarin
Yuri Gagarin
Юрий Гагарин
Yuri Gagarin
Cosmonaut
Nationality Russian
Status Deceased
Born March 9, 1934(1934-03-09)
Klushino, USSR
Died March 27, 1968 (aged 34)
Kirzhach, USSR
Other occupation Pilot
Rank Polkovnik, Soviet Air Force
Space time 1 hour, 48 minutes
Selection Air Force Group 1
Missions Vostok 1
Mission
insignia

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin, (Russian: Ю́рий Алексе́евич Гага́рин, Yuriy Alekseyevich Gagarin IPA: [ˈjurʲɨj əlʲɪkˈsʲejɪvʲɨtʂ gəˈgarʲɨn]; 9 March 193427 March 1968), Hero of the Soviet Union, was a Soviet cosmonaut. On 12 April 1961, he became the first human in space and the first to orbit the Earth. He received many medals from different countries for his pioneering tour in space. Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968) was the first man to travel in outer space. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Klushino (Polish: KÅ‚uszyn) is a Russian village situated on the old road between Vyazma and Mozhaysk, not far from Gzhatsk. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kirzhach is a Russian town of 22,700 inhabitants. ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... Polkovnik (Russian: ), universally treated as Colonel, began as a commander of a distinct group of troops, Old Slavonic polk (полк), arranged for a particular battle. ... The Soviet Air Force, also known under the abbreviation VVS, transliterated from Russian: ВВС, Военно-воздушные силы (Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily), formed the official designation of the air force of the Soviet Union. ... 1958 1959 1960 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1976 1978 1979 1980 1982 1984 1985 1987 1990 1992 1994 1995 1996 1997 2000 2003 2004 1958 June 25 - Man In Space Soonest - USA The first group of American astronaut candidates were selected... Vostok 1 (Russian: , meaning Orient-1 or East-1) was the first human spaceflight. ... Image File history File links Vostok 1 patch File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hero of the Soviet Union (Russian: Герой Советского Союза, Geroy Sovyetskovo Soyuza) was the highest honorary title and the superior degree of distinction of the Soviet Union. ... “CCCP” redirects here. ... U.S. Space Shuttle astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about modern humans. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... Space has been an interest for philosophers and scientists for much of human history. ...

Contents

Early life

Yuri Gagarin was born in the village of Klushino near Gzhatsk (now in Smolensk Oblast, Russia), on 9 March 1934. The adjacent town of Gzhatsk was renamed Gagarin in 1968 in his honor. His parents, father Alexei Ivanovich Gagarin and mother Anna Timofeevna Gagarina, worked on a collective farm.[1] While manual laborers are described in official reports as "peasants", this may be an oversimplification if applied to his parents — his mother was reportedly a voracious reader, and his father a skilled carpenter. Yuri was the third of four children, and his elder sister helped raise him while his parents worked. Like millions of people in the Soviet Union, the Gagarin family suffered great hardship in World War II. His two elder siblings were "taken away" to Germany as slave laborers in 1943, and did not return until after the war. While a youth, Yuri became interested in space and planets, and began to dream about his space tour which became true one day.[2] Yuri was described by his teachers as intelligent and hard-working, if occasionally mischievous. His mathematics and science teacher had flown in the Soviet Air Forces during the war, which presumably made some substantial impression on young Gagarin. Klushino (Polish: KÅ‚uszyn) is a Russian village situated on the old road between Vyazma and Mozhaysk, not far from Gzhatsk. ... Gagarin (Russian language: Гага́рин) is a town in Smolensk Oblast, Russia. ... Smolensk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gagarin (Russian language: Гага́рин) is a town in Smolensk Oblast, Russia. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Collective farming is an organizational unit in agriculture in which peasants are not paid wages, but rather receive a share of the farms net output. ... Carpenter at work in Tennessee, June 1942. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Soviet Air Force, also known under the abbreviation VVS, transliterated from Russian: ВВС, Военно-воздушные силы (Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily), formed the official designation of the air force of the Soviet Union. ...


After starting an apprenticeship in a metalworks as a foundryman, Gagarin was selected for further training at a technical high school in Saratov. While there, he joined the "AeroClub", and learned to fly a light aircraft, a hobby that would take up an increasing proportion of his time. Through dint of effort, rather than brilliance, he reportedly mastered both; in 1955, after completing his technical schooling, he entered military flight training at the Orenburg Pilot's School. While there he met Valentina Goryacheva, whom he married in 1957, after gaining his pilot's wings in a MiG-15. Post-graduation, he was assigned to Luostari airbase in Murmansk Oblast, close to the Norwegian border, where terrible weather made flying risky. As a full-grown man, Gagarin was 5 ft 2 in (1.57 m) tall, which was an advantage in the small Vostok cockpit.[1] Saratov (Russian: ) is a major city in Russia. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Orenburg (Russian: ) is a city on the Ural River and the administrative center of Orenburg Oblast in the Volga Federal District of Russia. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (NATO reporting name Fagot) was a jet fighter developed for the USSR. History Design began under the bureau designation I-310, which first flew in 1947. ... Luostari is a small town in Murmansk region, Russia, near Norwegian border. ... Murmansk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... For other uses, see Norway (disambiguation). ... The Vostok rocket (Russian Восток, translated as East) was a derivative of the Soviet R-7 ICBM designed for the human spaceflight programme but later used for other satellite launches. ... VC-10 (1960s) Airliner Cockpit. ...


Career in the Soviet space program

Selection and training

In 1960, after an extensive search and selection process Yuri Gagarin was selected with 19 other cosmonauts for the Soviet space program. Along with the other prospective cosmonauts, he was subjected to a rigorous series of experiments designed to test his physical and psychological endurance; he also underwent intensive training for the upcoming flight. Out of the twenty selected, the eventual choices for the first launch were Gagarin and Gherman Titov because of their excellent performance in training, as well as their physical characteristics — space was at a premium in the small Vostok cockpit and both men were rather short. Gagarin's last-minute assignment, approved at the highest levels of the CPSU, to take the historic flight, may have been due to Gagarin's modest upbringing and genial, outgoing personality, as opposed to the middle-class and somewhat aloof demeanor of Titov. Soviet officials weighed other factors as well in selecting Yuri: his appearance, his capacity to handle media attention, his Russian heritage and even the name "Gagarin," which was also a family name associated with Tsarist aristocracy. Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... From World War II until its breakup, the Soviet Union undertook projects to build rockets, craft, and instruments for war and exploration of space. ... Gherman Titov Gherman Stepanovich Titov (Russian: Герман Степанович Титов; September 11, 1935, Verkhnee Zhilino – September 20, 2000, Moscow) was a Soviet cosmonaut and the second person to orbit the Earth. ... The Vostok (Восток, translated as East) was a type of spacecraft built by the Soviet Unions space program for human spaceflight. ... The Communist Party of the Soviet Union ( Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за = &#1050... Gagarin Coat of Arms, 1st Branch Prince Gagarins ex libris For other uses of Gagarin, see Gagarin (disambiguation). ...


Space flight

Main article: Vostok 1
Yuri Gagarin in space suit.

On 12 April 1961, Gagarin became the first human to travel into space in Vostok 3KA-2 (Vostok 1). His call sign in this flight was Kedr (Cedar) (Russian: Кедр).[3] During his flight, Gagarin famously whistled the tune "The Motherland Hears, The Motherland Knows" (Russian: "Родина слышит, Родина знает").[4][5] The first two lines of the song are: "The Motherland hears, the Motherland knows/Where her son flies in the sky".[6] This patriotic song was written by Dmitri Shostakovich in 1951 (opus 86), with words by Yevgeniy Dolmatovsky. Vostok 1 (Russian: , meaning Orient-1 or East-1) was the first human spaceflight. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Apollo 15 space suit A spacesuit is a complex system of garments, equipment, and environmental systems designed to keep a person alive and comfortable in the harsh environment of outer space. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Layers of Atmosphere - not to scale (NOAA)[1] Outer space, sometimes simply called space, refers to the relatively empty regions of the universe outside the atmospheres of celestial bodies. ... Vostok 1 (Russian: , meaning Orient-1 or East-1) was the first human spaceflight. ... Binomial name Pinus sibirica The Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica; family Pinaceae) is a species of pine tree that occurs in Siberia from 58°E in the Ural Mountains east to 126°E in the Stanovoy Khrebet mountains in southern Sakha Republic, and from Igarka at 68°N in the lower... Dmitri Shostakovich   (Russian: , Dmitrij Dmitrievič Å ostakovič) (September 25 [O.S. September 12] 1906–August 9, 1975) was a Russian composer of the Soviet period. ...


There are speculations in the media that from orbit Gagarin made the comment, "I don't see any God up here." There are, however, no such words in the full verbatim record of Gagarin's conversations with the Earth during the spaceflight.[7] In a 2006 interview a close friend of Gagarin, Colonel Valentin Petrov, stated that Gagarin never said such words, and that the phrase originated from Nikita Khrushchev's speech at the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, where the antireligious propaganda was discussed. In a certain context Khrushchev said, "Gagarin flew into space, but didn't see any God there". As Gagarin was a great people's favorite at the time, Khrushchev's words were soon attributed to Gagarin for them to be more effective.[8] This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: , Nikita Sergeevič Chruščiov; IPA: , in English, , or , occasionally ); surname more accurately romanized as Khrushchyov[1]; April 17 [O.S. April 5] 1894[2]–September 11, 1971) was the chief director of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... The Central Committee, abbreviated in Russian as ЦК, Tseka, was the highest body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). ...


While in orbit Gagarin was promoted "in the field" from the rank of Senior Lieutenant to Major — and this was the rank at which TASS announced him in its triumphant statement during the flight.[citation needed] Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union at the USSR Cabinet of Ministers or TASS (Russian: ) was the central agency for collection and distribution of internal and international news for all Soviet newspapers, radio and television stations. ...


Gagarin being safely returned, Nikita Khrushchev rushed to his side and Gagarin issued a statement praising the Communist Party of the Soviet Union as the "organizer of all our victories". Khrushchev saw Gagarin's achievement as a vindication of his policy of strengthening the Soviet Union's missile forces at the expense of conventional arms. This policy antagonized the Soviet military establishment and contributed to Khrushchev's eventual downfall. Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: , Nikita Sergeevič Chruščiov; IPA: , in English, , or , occasionally ); surname more accurately romanized as Khrushchyov[1]; April 17 [O.S. April 5] 1894[2]–September 11, 1971) was the chief director of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за, transliterated Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza, acronym: КПСС (KPSS)) was the ruling political party in the Soviet Union. ...


After the flight, Gagarin became an instant, worldwide celebrity, touring widely with appearances in Italy, Germany, Canada, and Japan to promote the Soviet achievement.


In 1962, he began serving as a deputy to the Supreme Soviet. He later returned to "Star City", the cosmonaut facility, where he worked on designs for a reusable spacecraft. Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Supreme Soviet (Russian: , Verhovniy Sovet, literally the Supreme Council) comprised the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union in the interim of the sessions of the Congress of Soviets, and the only one with the power to pass constitutional amendments. ... Star City (Звездный) is a small town outside Moscow where cosmonauts are trained for spacetravel at the Gagarin Cosmonauts Training Centre (GCTC). ...


Death and legacy

40-meter monument to Yuri Gagarin in Moscow, made of titanium.
Yuri Gagarin Memorial Plaque — presented to the Soviet Union on January 21, 1971. Accepting the plaque at the Moscow ceremony was Soviet Gen. Nikolai Kuznetsov, commander of the Soviet Union's Star City space base, where cosmonauts have been training since 1960. Gagarin, who made history with his 1 hour and 48 minute flight, lost his life in a training accident on March 27, 1968.

Gagarin then became deputy training director of Star City. At the same time, he began to requalify as a fighter pilot. On 27 March 1968, he and his instructor died in a MiG-15UTI on a routine training flight near Kirzhach. It is not certain what caused the crash, but a 1986 inquest suggests that the turbulence from a Su-11 'Fishpot-C' interceptor using its afterburners may have caused Gagarin's plane to go out of control. Weather conditions were also poor, which may have contributed to the inability of Gagarin and the instructor to correct before they crashed. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (653x1629, 70 KB) The monument is 40-meter high, made of titanium. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (653x1629, 70 KB) The monument is 40-meter high, made of titanium. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number titanium, Ti, 22 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 4, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Image:Ti, 22. ... Image File history File links File Obtained From: NASA (this is the exact URL) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File Obtained From: NASA (this is the exact URL) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... There are several people named Nikolai Kuznetsov: Nikolai Gerasimovich Kuznetsov (1904–1974) Soviet Union Naval officer Nikolai Dmitriyevich Kuznetsov (1911–1995), jet plane motor designer, Soviet Union, twice Hero of Socialist Labor Nikolai Fedorovich Kuznetsov (1916–2000), Commander of the Cosmonaut Training Centre 1963–1972. ... Star City (Звездный) is a small town outside Moscow where cosmonauts are trained for spacetravel at the Gagarin Cosmonauts Training Centre (GCTC). ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Statue of Yuri Gagarin in Star City Star City (Russian: , Zvyozdny gorodok; lit. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fagot) was a jet fighter developed for the USSR by Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich. ... Kirzhach is a Russian town of 22,700 inhabitants. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Sukhoi Su-11 The Sukhoi Su-11 (NATO reporting name Fishpot-C) was an interceptor aircraft used by the Soviet Union in the 1960s. ... SR-71 in flight with J58 on full afterburner An afterburner is an additional component added to some jet engines, primarily those on military aircraft. ...


In his book, Two Sides of the Moon,[9] Alexei Leonov recounts that he was flying a helicopter in the same area that day when he heard "two loud booms in the distance." Corroborating the above hypothesis, his conclusion is that a Sukhoi jet (which he identifies as a Su-15 'Flagon'), flying below its minimum allowed altitude, "without realizing it because of the terrible weather conditions, passed within 10 or 20 meters of Yuri and Seregin's plane while breaking the sound barrier." The resulting turbulence would have sent the MiG into an uncontrolled spin. Leonov believes the first boom he heard was that of the jet breaking the sound barrier, and the second was Gagarin's plane crashing. Aleksei Leonov Aleksei Arkhipovich Leonov (Cyrillic: Алексе́й Архи́пович Лео́нов; born May 30, 1934 in Listvyanka) is a retired cosmonaut who, on March 18, 1965 became the first person... Su-15 The Sukhoi Su-15 (NATO reporting name Flagon) was a twin-engined interceptor aircraft developed by the Soviet Union in the 1960s to replace the Sukhoi Su-11. ...

Memorial at the location of the crash that killed Gagarin and Seregin
Memorial at the location of the crash that killed Gagarin and Seregin

A new theory, advanced by the original crash investigator in 2005, hypothesises that a cabin vent was accidentally left open by the crew or the previous pilot, thus leading to oxygen deprivation and leaving the crew incapable of controlling the aircraft.[10] Image File history File links Gagarin-Seregin_Memorial. ... Image File history File links Gagarin-Seregin_Memorial. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


There were two commemorative coins issued in the Soviet Union to commemorate 20th and 30th anniversaries of his flight: 1 ruble coin (1981, copper-nickel) and 3 ruble coin (1991, silver). In 2001, to commemorate the 40th anniversary of Gagarin's flight, a series of four coins bearing his likeness was issued in Russia: 2 ruble coin (copper-nickel), 3 ruble coin (silver), 10 ruble coin (brass-copper, nickel), 100 ruble coin (silver).[11] Commemorative coins were released in the USSR between 1965 and 1991. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


Gagarin is buried next to Seregin in the walls of the Kremlin on Red Square. Kremlin Wall Necropolis The Kremlin Wall Necropolis (Некрополь у Кремлёвской стены in Russian) is a part of the Kremlin Wall, which surrounds the Moscow Kremlin and overlooks the Red Square. ... For other uses, see Red Square (disambiguation). ...


On 12 April 2007, the Kremlin vetoed a new investigation into the death of Gagarin. Some experts who had been involved in the original investigation had formulated a new theory, based on modern technology and investigative methods. Government officials said that they saw no reason to begin a new investigation.[12] All found parts of the MiG-15UTI which crashed are stored in the weld barrels. They may help in the future to unveil the mystery of the crash. is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fagot) was a jet fighter developed for the USSR by Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich. ...


Images

See also

Soviet Soyuz rockets like the one pictured above were the first reliable means to transport objects into Earth orbit. ... Kerim Kerimov Kerim Kerimov (Azerbaijani: KÉ™rim Əli oÄŸlu KÉ™rimov, Russian: Керим Алиевич Керимов; 1917 – 2003) was a Soviet rocket scientist, one of the founders of the Soviet space industry, and for many years a central figure in the Soviet space program. ... For other uses, see Space Race (disambiguation). ... Yuris Night is an international celebration held on April 12 every year to commemorate the first human in space, Yuri Gagarin on April 12, 1961, and the first Space Shuttle launch on April 12, 1981. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Lost Cosmonauts or Phantom Cosmonauts are cosmonauts that allegedly entered outer space and records of their voyages were kept confidential or destroyed altogether. ... Vladimir Ilyushin (Russian: Владимир Илюшин) was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut who is alleged by some to actually have been the first man in space on April 7, 1961, an honor generally attributed to Yuri Gagarin on April...

References

  1. ^ a b Yuri Gagarin DENNIS TITO, Time Inc. Retrieved 2006-12-17.
  2. ^ By the end of 1942 Klushino was occupied by the Nazi invaders, who showed no hesitation in killing any civilians who offered resistance or otherwise questioned their authority. One German officer hung Yuri's younger brother Boris from a tree to die; Anna managed to save her child just in time. "We took him back," Yuri recalled grimly, "and with great difficulty brought him back to consciousness. Boris could not walk for a month, and his sleep was filled with nightmares."[citation needed] It may be that he never fully recovered; years later, he took his own life by hanging. Boris was not the only family member to suffer under the foreign occupation. Anna's legs were badly scarred by a German soldier with a scythe,and when Alexei tried to sabotage the mill he had been put to work in he was beaten so badly he was permanently disabled. The entire family was forced out of their home by the soldiers and had to dig themselves a primitive shelter to live in. The shelter was never a safe place, with bombs shaking it until the dirt roof was ready to cave in. Valentin later said that he did not remember seeing his father smile during the entire duration of the war. The boy had little reason to smile himself; the Nazis put him to work as a manual laborer with the promise that he would be shot if he did not work hard. By 1943, Valentin and Yuri's sister Zoya had been taken by the SS to a slave labor camp in Poland.Francis French and Colin Burgess (2007). Into That Silent Sea Trailblazers of the Space Era, 1961–1965. University of Nebraska Press, pp 2. ISBN 0803211465. 
  3. ^ Gagarin Mark Wade, Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2006-12-17.
  4. ^ (Russian)Юрий Гагарин. Дорога в космос — his book in Russian (HTML)
  5. ^ Download Motherland Hears. SovMusic.ru. Retrieved on 2006-11-15.
  6. ^ Motherland Hears Text. SovMusic.ru. Retrieved on 2006-11-15.
  7. ^ Full Verbatim Record of Gagarin's Conversations with the Earth. CosmoWorld.ru. Retrieved on 2006-11-15.
  8. ^ An interview with Gagarin's close friend (Russian). Interfax (2006-04-12). Retrieved on 2007-01-22.
  9. ^ Leonov, Alexei; Scott, David (2004). Two Sides of the Moon (in en), 218-. ISBN 0-312-30865-5. 
  10. ^ Holt, Ed (2005-04-03). Inquiry promises to solve Gagarin death riddle. Scotland on Sunday.
  11. ^ Commemorative coins of Russia issued in 2001. Central Bank of Russia. Retrieved on 2006-11-15.
  12. ^ Kremlin Vetoes Investigation Into First Cosmonaut’s Death. MosNews.com. Retrieved on 2007-04-15.
  • Michael D Cole Vostok 1: First Human in Space, Enslow Publishers, Inc. Aldershot, UK, Springfield, New Jersey, 1995. ISBN 0-89490-541-4.
  • Doran, Jamie, and Bizony, Piers: Starman: The Truth Behind the Legend of Yuri Gagarin, London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 1998 (paperback version, 1999). ISBN 0-7475-4267-8.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... SS or ss or Ss may be: The Schutzstaffel, a Nazi paramilitary force Steamship (SS) (ship prefix) The United States Secret Service A submarine not powered by nuclear energy (SS) (United States Navy designator), see SSN A Soviet/Russian surface-to-surface missile, as listed by NATO reporting name Shortstop... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Interfax is a Russian non-governmental press agency based in Moscow. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Bank of Russia (Russian:Банк России) or The Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Russian: Центральный банк Российской Ф&#1077... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Yuri Gagarin
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Persondata
NAME Gagarin, Yuri
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich; Ю́рий Алексе́евич Гага́рин, Jurij Aleksejevič Gagarin
SHORT DESCRIPTION Soviet cosmonaut
DATE OF BIRTH March 9, 1934
PLACE OF BIRTH Klushino near Gzhatsk, Russia
DATE OF DEATH March 27, 1968
PLACE OF DEATH Kirzhach

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Klushino (Polish: KÅ‚uszyn) is a Russian village situated on the old road between Vyazma and Mozhaysk, not far from Gzhatsk. ... Gagarin (Russian language: Гага́рин) is a town in Smolensk Oblast, Russia. ... Kirzhach is a Russian town of 22,700 inhabitants. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Yuri Gagarin - MSN Encarta (634 words)
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was born in the Smolensk region of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
Gagarin and fellow cosmonaut Gherman Titov, front-runners in their class, were both contenders for the Vostok 1 flight.
Gagarin was exposed to about six times the normal force of gravity on the earth during the launch phase and about eight times the normal force of gravity during the re-entry.
Yuri Gagarin (284 words)
Colonel Yuri A. Gagarin, popularly called “The Columbus of the Cosmos,” was born on a collective farm in a region west of Moscow, Russia, on March 9, 1934.
Yuri attended the local school for six years and continued his education at vocational and technical schools.
Yuri Gagarin joined the Russian Air Force in 1955 and graduated with honors from the Soviet Air Force Academy in 1957.
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