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Encyclopedia > Yuri (animation)
Utena Tenjou and Anthy Himemiya from Revolutionary Girl Utena, a popular yuri couple.

Yuri (百合?) and shoujo-ai are jargon terms amongst fans for lesbian content, possibly sexually explicit, in anime, manga, and related fan fiction. Image File history File links Utena Tenjou and Anthy Himemiya from Revolutionary Girl Utena. ... Image File history File links Utena Tenjou and Anthy Himemiya from Revolutionary Girl Utena. ... Revolutionary Girl Utena ) is a manga by Chiho Saito and anime directed by Kunihiko Ikuhara. ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ...

Contents

Definition and semantic drift

Much like the term otaku, yuri — although originally a Japanese loanword — has undergone significant semantic drift. The precise difference between "yuri" and "shoujo-ai" ranges from large to none, depending on the speaker and language. Otaku ) is a derisive Japanese term used to refer to people with obsessive interests in manga, anime or hentai. ... A loanword (or loan word) is a word directly taken into one language from another with little or no translation. ... Semantic drift, in historical linguistics, is a phenomenon whereby words change in meaning over a period of time, resulting in semantic differences between cognates. ...


Etymology

The word yuri literally means "lily", and is a relatively common Japanese feminine name, like many flower names. In 1971, Itou Bungaku, as editor of Barazoku, a magazine geared primarily towards gay men, named gay men the "Barazoku" ("rose tribe") and lesbians "Yurizoku" ("lily tribe"). From this, many doujinshi circles incorporated the name "Yuri" or "Yuriko" into yuri hentai dōjinshi. The "-zoku" or "tribe" portion of this word was subsequently dropped.[1] White lilies are sometimes used as floral motifs in yuri anime and manga. lily is the best name in the whole wide world. ... The front cover of the March 2004 issue Barazoku (薔薇族), which ceased publication in October of 2004 due to bankruptcy, was one of Japans oldest and longest running monthly magazines for gay men. ... Dōjinshi (; also romanized as doujinshi) are self-published Japanese works, including but not limited to comic books (manga), novels, fan guides, art collections, and games. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up motif in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In 2005 at Yuricon in Tokyo, Itou Bungaku spoke about the creation of the term "yuri". He, and the mangaka and writers who attended as guests spoke of reclaiming the term from a primarily hentai connotation to once again describing all media that represent love, desire, attraction and intimate emotional connections between women. Yuricon was an anime convention oriented towards adult women. ... It has been suggested that H Manga be merged into this article or section. ...


Use in Japan

In Japanese, the term yuri (百合) is typically used to mean any attraction between girls in entertainment media, whether sexual or romantic, explicit or implied. For example, Futaba Channel's "yuri" board includes both purely sexual and purely romantic content rather than separating them. The wasei-eigo construction Girls Love (ガールズラブ gāruzu rabu but often rendered as English; occasionally spelled Girl's Love or Girls' Love, or abbreviated GL) is also seen. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Wasei-eigo (和製英語 wasei eigo, lit. ...


The term shōjo-ai (少女愛) is scarcely, if ever, used with these meanings in Japan; instead, the terms shōnen-ai and shōjo-ai tend to denote pedophilia.[2][3] (Ironically, the English term "girllove" has this exact meaning and userbase, although the similar wasei-eigo Girls Love avoids both.) Pedophilia or pædophilia (see spelling differences) is a mental state in which an adult has a preferential sexual attraction to prepubescent and in some definitions, preadolescent children. ... Members of the childlove movement seek societal acceptance of their sexual or romantic attraction to children, and often also of sexual relations between adults and children (see pedophilia). ...


None of these terms is generally used by Japanese lesbians in describing themselves, nor are they known by the general population. They are a form of fanspeak amongst manga fans. Japanese lesbians generally refer to themself by the loanword "rezu" (レズ lez?) o "resubian" (レスビアン lesbian?), or by using more specific gay slang such as nabe for a butch lesbian, similar to the English dyke. Fanspeak is the slang or jargon current in science fiction and fantasy fandom, especially those terms in use among readers and writers of science fiction fanzines. ... A loanword (or loan word) is a word directly taken into one language from another with little or no translation. ... Homosexuality has been recorded from ancient times in Japan; indeed, at some times in Japanese history love between men was viewed as the purest form of love. ... sukiyaki in udonsuki-style and raw eggs in bowls. ... Kamen Rider Ryuki character, see Kamen Rider Femme. ... Dyke is a slang term for a lesbian. ...


Use in North America

American use of yuri has broadened in recent years, picking up connotations from the Japanese use, but the historical usage differed: in America, yuri has typically been used to denote only the most explicit end of the spectrum, being effectively a variety of hentai; shoujo-ai — an independently-coined term, following the pattern of its antonym shōnen-ai — described anything without explicit sex. (The term shōnen-ai was borrowed into English before it acquired the later meaning.) It has been suggested that H Manga be merged into this article or section. ... Shōnen-ai (少年愛 from 少年 shōnen young man + 愛 ai love) refers to anime or manga that deals with love between young men, especially of the bishonen variety. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


On the Internet, "shoujo-ai" is sometimes used instead of "yuri" solely because the latter produces too much unrelated material in search engines; the spelling "shōjo-ai" is less used, due to the difficulties involved in entering the "ō" character on most systems. (See Romanization of Japanese.) Google search is the worlds most popular search engine. ... Japanese writing Kanji Kana Hiragana Katakana Hentaigana Manyōgana Uses Furigana Okurigana Rōmaji The romanization of Japanese is the use of the Latin alphabet (called rōmaji )   in Japanese) to write the Japanese language, which is normally written in logographic characters borrowed from Chinese (kanji) and syllabic scripts...


Yuri as story

Many fans enjoy yuri for its skewing of the classic gender roles in anime, which are often quite stereotyped in nature and sometimes have a female character take a slightly more 'submissive' role if a significant other is introduced or appears. Conversely, yuri content is often criticized as never going anywhere, with the majority of the more dramatic stories ending tragically (even by comparison with the melodrama of romance in manga in general). This criticism is truer for older yuri works.[4][5]


Young same-sex affection is considered natural in real-life Japan to a much later age than in the West. The relationships may extend to infatuation complete with gift-giving, kissing (among girls) and other touches many Westerners would consider overtly romantic/sexual. That said, sociological studies conclude that this does not lead to widespread youthful sexual experimentation (especially compared with the US/UK).[6] Homosexuality in Japan still faces social disapproval despite the relative abundance of representations of same sex relationships in mainstream media. Marrying someone of the opposite gender and having children is seen in Japan as the proof that you have become a responsible adult. Unmarried adults, homosexual or not, are seen as having character problems and face job discrimination.[7] On the other hand, homosexuals who marry a person of the opposite gender even if they are out, even if they also have same sex lovers, are not discriminated against in any way.[8][9] (The level of social conformity in general in Japan is considered very high as well.) It is noteworthy that sexual identity in anime and manga often has less to do with a character's sexual tastes and more to do with their current interactions with other characters. (Shōjo anime and manga in particular are known for frequently featuring bisexual characters without explicitly specifying their orientation.)[10] Coming out of the closet (often shortened to coming out in winking reference to the public introduction of debutantes) describes the voluntary public announcement of ones (primarily homosexual or bisexual) sexual orientation or gender identity. ... Page from long running shōjo manga Glass Mask by Suzue Miuchi, demonstrating archetypal shōjo art conventions Shōjo or shoujo ) is a term used in English to refer to manga and anime aimed at a female audience between the ages of 13 and 18. ... Bisexuality is a sexual orientation which refers to the romantic and/or sexual attraction of individuals to other individuals of both their own and the opposite gender or sex. ...


Other yuri stories may involve characters with no previous romantic experience or who are otherwise depicted as straight, but are attracted to a single particular female, such as Chizuru Yoshida from HEN or Utena Tenjou from Revolutionary Girl Utena. the quality or state of extending in one direction without turns, bends or curves; or being without influence or interruption the personal character of displaying honesty or fairness Straight, a poker hand containing five cards in sequential order a heterosexual person a type of punch used in boxing, also commonly... Hen (romanized as HEN in Japan) is a seinen manga which was the first work created by manga artist Hiroya Oku, who is best known for Gantz. ... Revolutionary Girl Utena ) is a manga by Chiho Saito and anime directed by Kunihiko Ikuhara. ...


Many archetypical stories exist, such as the schoolyard not-quite-romances between sempai and kouhai (senior and junior), where the former is an older looking, more sophisticated woman and the latter is her younger, more awkward admirer. This is famously depicted in Marimite, which has a large yuri fandom. In other stories, some characters have bishonen characteristics and are considered handsome rather than beautiful. Lady Oscar from The Rose of Versailles and Rei Asaka from Oniisama e... are famous examples, though the most famous is Haruka Tenoh from Sailor Moon. Senpai (先輩, せんぱい) is a Japanese term for a person in a club or other organization, including a school or college, who is a senior. ... Senpai (先輩, せんぱい, pronounced SEM-pai) is a Japanese term for a person in a club or other organization, including a school or college, who is a senior. ... Maria-sama ga Miteru (マリア様がみてる, lit. ... Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, dukedom, etc. ... Bishōnen (美少年, literally, beautiful boy) is a specific Japanese aesthetic concept of the ideally beautiful young man. ... The Rose of Versailles (ベルサイユのばら Berusaiyu no bara), also known as Lady Oscar, by Riyoko Ikeda, is one of the best-known titles in shōjo manga, which has been adapted into an anime television series, produced by TMS and broadcast by the anime television network Animax and Nippon Television. ... Oniisama e (おにいさまへ…; lit. ... Haruka Tenoh , or Amara in the English anime) is one of the central characters in the Sailor Moon metaseries. ... Sailor Moon , officially translated as Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon) is the title of a famous media franchise created by Japanese manga artist Naoko Takeuchi. ...


Yuri in shōnen is stereotyped as more blunt or explicitly sexual in depiction than it is in shōjo, although some argue this is more according to males' tastes in relationships in general than to simple fanservice. Many critics of the sometimes evasive nature of shōjo in regard to sex suggest that yuri is more easily found in shōnen because it is depicted in a healthy, sexual manner. Generally, relationships are still depicted as between a junior and a senior, but these roles are often related to the age or maturity of a character rather than the appearance of the character. However, many of the design archetypes as in shōjo are used; most often, one character appeals to the bijin aspect, and the other to the moe aspect. This sometimes causes couplings from different series to strongly resemble each other. In recent times, the most notable example of this is the stunning similarities between Himemiya Chikane and Kurusugawa Himeko of Kannazuki no Miko and Azuma Hatsumi (adopted) and Azuma Hazuki of Yami to Boushi to Hon no Tabibito; Chikane and Hazuki in particular look and act almost exactly alike. Shōnen. ... Fanservice or fan service (Japanese simply saabisu, service), is a vaguely defined term used in visual media — particularly in anime fandom —to refer to elements in a story that are superfluous to a storyline, but designed to amuse or excite the audience. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kannazuki no Miko ) is a fictional series created by Kaishaku centering around two girls and the shōjo ai relationship they share. ... Yami to Bōshi to Hon no Tabibito (ヤミと帽子と本の旅人, The Darkness, the Hat and the Traveler of Books) is both a visual novel H game and a non-adult, 13 episode anime series. ...


One should note that much of what is presented as "subtext" is subjective. For example, younger girls who seem to adore older girl characters may not have any romantic notions whatsoever, and are simply behaving as the author has observed young girls in his or her environment. Many of the suggestions of relationships in anime and manga between characters is often wishful thinking on the part of fans.[5][1][11] Subtext is content of a book, play, film or television series which is not announced explicitly by the characters (or author) but is implicit or becomes something understood by the reader / viewer as the production unfolds. ...


Famous yuri pairings

While many series have had implied yuri, the most famous "out" yuri pairing appeared in Sailor Moon. Haruka Tenoh (Sailor Uranus) and Michiru Kaioh (Sailor Neptune) first appear in the third season, and it is almost immediately obvious that they are a couple.[12] Haruka makes it a point to dress and act in a masculine manner in the anime; she has short sandy blonde hair and wears the boys' uniform at her school. By contrast, in the manga Haruka was more gender-ambiguous, wearing the clothes of both sexes and even seeming to change appearance slightly depending on what she wore (Takeuchi herself admitted that she drew Haruka's face as more masculine whenever Haruka cross-dressed). Haruka and Michiru were loosely based on the actors of the Takarazuka Revue.[13] At first glance their relationship appears to be the traditional butch/femme dynamic, but neither one can be considered "dominant" over the other. Haruka and Michiru fan fiction is among the most searched-for fan fiction on the Internet.[14] Image File history File links Haruka_and_Michiru_Sailor_Moon. ... Image File history File links Haruka_and_Michiru_Sailor_Moon. ... Michiru Kaioh , or Michelle in the English anime) is one of the central characters in the Sailor Moon metaseries. ... Haruka Tenoh , or Amara in the English anime) is one of the central characters in the Sailor Moon metaseries. ... Sailor Moon , officially translated as Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon) is the title of a famous media franchise created by Japanese manga artist Naoko Takeuchi. ... Haruka Tenoh , or Amara in the English anime) is one of the central characters in the Sailor Moon metaseries. ... Michiru Kaioh , or Michelle in the English anime) is one of the central characters in the Sailor Moon metaseries. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ...


Haruka and Michiru's lesbian relationship was heavily censored in the English and French dubs, although the lesbian subtext in the English version is still apparent. In the English dub, their relationship is stated to be that of close cousins who had grown up together, but a later episode showing their first meeting is left intact, and some of their flirting is unchanged.[15] The French dub gave Haruka an ambiguous name, Frederique, and a male voice when in civilian form, although Sailor Uranus was voiced by a woman.[16] Also in Italy, their relationship has been heavily censored, and they have been presented to the public as mere deep friends with the names of Heles (Haruka) and Milena (Michiru): a lot of dialogues have been changed and a lot of scenes have been modified for this purpose. In contrast, the Latin American Spanish dub, made in Mexico, did not make any efforts to censor it and even correctly translated many of the double entendres in the dialogue. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A double entendre or innuendo is a figure of speech similar to the pun, in which a spoken phrase can be understood in either of two ways. ...


It is often speculated that one or the other of the pair is bisexual, but this is not clearly addressed in the series itself. In the fifth season of the anime, Michiru flirts heavily with the male Kou Seiya in one episode,[17] even though she is clearly in a relationship with Haruka when this takes place. She states beforehand an intention to learn Seiya's motives, fearing that he may be a threat to the planet, but Haruka is no less jealous upon discovering them. The anime series logo, which translates to Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon: Sailor Stars Sailor Stars is the shortened title of Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon: Sailor Stars ), which is the fifth and final major story arc in the anime Sailor Moon. ... The Sailor Starlights are fictional characters and Sailor Senshi, introduced in the final story arc of Sailor Moon. ...


Seiya himself is actually an alien who transforms from a female Sailor Senshi into a male civilian; he has a stated romantic interest in Usagi Tsukino and a link of some sort with the ruler of his people, Princess Kakyuu. In the original manga Seiya is always female, yet still refers to her feelings for Usagi as "unrequited love".[18] The Sailor Team and Chibichibi. ... Usagi Tsukino , or Serena in the English versions) is the protagonist of the Sailor Moon metaseries as well as its title character, best known by her pseudonym, Sailor Moon ). She is the de facto leader of the series primary heroines, the Sailor Senshi. ... Princess Kakyuu (Kakyū, or fireball) is a fictional character in the Sailor Moon series. ...


In general, the Sailor Moon anime contains more overt references to lesbianism than the Sailor Moon manga, partially due to the influence of director Kunihiko Ikuhara, who has stated on many occasions that he "prefers lesbians". The Sailor Moon anime series , Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon) was co-produced by TV Asahi, Toei Agency and Toei Animation. ... The first cover of the Sailor Moon manga, February 1992. ... Ikuhara, from the Utena Art Collection artbook, circa 1999 Kunihiko Ikuhara (幾原邦彦 Ikuhara Kunihiko) (born December 21, 1964) is a Japanese creative artist who has collaborated on several famous anime and manga series. ...


Utena Tenjou and Anthy Himemiya from Revolutionary Girl Utena are most likely the second most famous yuri couple. Similarly to Haruka and Michiru, Utena appears to be the more "masculine" of the two, also insisting on wearing the boys' uniform and participating in the surrealist duels at Ohtori Academy. However, she is naive and overly pure-hearted at times; Anthy's jaded, cynical worldview stands in sharp contrast to Utena. Like Michiru to Haruka, Anthy serves as a moderating and calming influence over Utena. It can be argued that Utena/Anthy shows more of the dominant/submissive pattern, since it is in Anthy's character (superficially, at least) to be submissive. Revolutionary Girl Utena (少女革命ウテナ; Shōjo Kakumei Utena) is an anime series about one very weird academy and the students who attend it. ... Revolutionary Girl Utena (少女革命ウテナ; Shōjo Kakumei Utena) is a manga by Chiho Saito and anime directed by Kunihiko Ikuhara. ... Revolutionary Girl Utena ) is a manga by Chiho Saito and anime directed by Kunihiko Ikuhara. ...

Unrequited love also features notably in shoujo-ai and yuri. One of the most well-known examples is Sakura Kinomoto and Tomoyo Daidouji from Cardcaptor Sakura. In this case, there is what appears to be a one-sided love, that of Tomoyo for Sakura. Image File history File links Tomoyo_Sakura01. ... Image File history File links Tomoyo_Sakura01. ... Tomoyo Daidouji as she appears in Cardcaptor Sakura Tomoyo Daidouji ) is a fictional, major supporting character in Clamps anime and manga series Cardcaptor Sakura and Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle. ... Sakura Kinomoto in Cardcaptor Sakura Sakura Kinomoto ) is a fictional character, the heroine of Clamps anime and manga series Cardcaptor Sakura. ... Serialized in Nakayoshi Original run 1996 – 2000 No. ... Unrequited love is love that is not reciprocated, even though reciprocation is usually deeply desired. ... Sakura Kinomoto in Cardcaptor Sakura Sakura Kinomoto ) is a fictional character, the heroine of Clamps anime and manga series Cardcaptor Sakura. ... Tomoyo Daidouji as she appears in Cardcaptor Sakura Tomoyo Daidouji ) is a fictional, major supporting character in Clamps anime and manga series Cardcaptor Sakura and Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle. ... Serialized in Nakayoshi Original run 1996 – 2000 No. ...


In recent years, the trend has been toward yuri being more out in the open. Yami to Boushi to Hon no Tabibito (2003), or "YamiBou", was the most notable example of this; the main characters, Hazuki and Hatsumi, were quite obviously in love, and the story centers on Hazuki's journey through time and space to find Hatsumi after the latter departs her world on the midnight of her sixteenth birthday. The series can be thought of as an attempt to bridge the gap between shōjo and shōnen anime; its story is very deep and nearly entirely character-driven, yet it contains large amounts of fanservice and is based on an H-game. Yami to Bōshi to Hon no Tabibito (ヤミと帽子と本の旅人, The Darkness, the Hat and the Traveler of Books) is both a visual novel H game and a non-adult, 13 episode anime series. ... An H game (frequently eroge) is a Japanese video or computer game that features pornographic content, usually in the form of anime-style artwork. ...


Despite some flaws, Yami to Boushi to Hon no Tabibito's influence can be keenly felt in what many consider to be its spiritual successor, Kannazuki no Miko ("Shrine Maidens of the Godless Month"). This is another attempt to cross genres, featuring a plot-driven storyline. It makes heavy use of mecha (giant robots), but these and even the plot itself (saving the planet from the Orochi) is just a backdrop to the real story: the love between Himemiya Chikane and Kurusagawa Himeko, reincarnations of the Lunar Miko and Solar Miko, respectively, whose job it is to combat the Orochi. Chikane and Himeko resemble Hazuki and Hatsumi from YamiBou extremely closely, though Himeko is much more outgoing than the spooky, selectively-mute Hatsumi. Kannazuki no Miko is considered difficult to watch by many shoujo-ai fans; the show features brutally melodramatic twists and turns, and no concrete conclusion is reached until after the end credits of the last episode. Though exceedingly brief, the final snippet is interpreted by many fans as vague confirmation of a happy ending for the pair. Kannazuki no Miko ) is a fictional series created by Kaishaku centering around two girls and the shōjo ai relationship they share. ... For the fictional robot, see Mecha. ...

Shiori and Sei from Maria-sama ga Miteru.

Another notable example of shoujo-ai and yuri is Maria-sama ga Miteru, or "Marimite". Unlike Yami to Boushi to Hon no Tabibito and Kannazuki no Miko, Marimite is an entirely character-driven shōjo anime with little to no action or drama in the plot. Marimite follows the students at Lillian Jogakuen, an all-girls Catholic school somewhere in Japan. It focuses on the relationships between the girls, set against the backdrop of the Student Council, known as the Yamayurikai. While most of the shoujo-ai is subtext, Sei Satō (Rosa Gigantea) is quite obviously a lesbian and two entire episodes of the first season are devoted to the story of her and a former lover, Shiori Kubō. Yoshino Shimazu and Rei Hasekura act in many ways as if they are already married, having known one another since early childhood, living next-door to each other, and being first cousins. Shimako Tōdō, mysterious and aloof, seems to be growing a romantic relationship with the small but fiery new first-year Noriko in the second season as well. As of 2007, the most popular pairing in the fandom (Sachiko/Yumi) is still at the subtext level, and some fans, including Erica Friedman of Yuricon, believe it may never progress beyond that.[19] Image File history File links Sei_&_Shiori. ... Image File history File links Sei_&_Shiori. ... Original run 7 January 2004 – 31 March 2004 No. ... Original run 7 January 2004 – 31 March 2004 No. ... A cousin chart identifies the correct name for the relationship between two people with a common ancestor. ...


Non-hentai anime and manga where yuri or shoujo-ai is central to the story

Shizuma and Nagisa from Strawberry Panic!.

Image File history File links Strawberry_Panic!_epi01. ... Image File history File links Strawberry_Panic!_epi01. ... Serialized in Dengeki Gs Magazine Original run September 30, 2005 – No. ... 12 Days is a dramatic Original English language manga by June Kim which details twelves days of the life of a woman dealing with grief over the loss of her lover. ... Original run 2002-04-04 – 2002-09-25 No. ... Air Master ) is a seinen manga (serialized in Hakusenshas Young Animal) created by Yokusaru Shibata and anime (27 episode TV series, complete) produced by Toei Animation about an ex-gymnast named Maki Aikawa turned streetfighter. ... Avenger is an anime series. ... Battle Athletes Victory or just Battle Athletes is an anime set in the distant future where after many years of war with an alien race, they agreed on a settlement in which there would be a contest of physical strength between one representative from each race. ... Blue is a manga by Kiriko Nananan, serialized in 1996 in the alternative manga magazine COMIC Are!, about two high school aged girls Kayako Kirishima and Masami Endo find that their friendship is turning into something more. ... Burst Angel (爆裂天使 <バクレツテンシ> Bakuretsu Tenshi) is an anime series produced by GONZO animation studio set in a world sometime after 2020. ... Claudine. ... The Devil Lady (デビルマン レディー (Debiruman Redii) is an anime and manga about a woman named Jun Fudo. ... El Cazador ), subtitled El Cazador de la Bruja (Spanish: ), is an anime television series directed by Kōichi Mashimo and animated by studio Bee Train. ... Figure 17 Tsubasa & Hikaru () is an original anime series written by Genco Olm that was later adapted into a manga by Guy Nakahira. ... Gakuen Alice ) is a manga by Tachibana Higuchi ). In Japan, it is currently featured in the Hana to Yume shōjo (i. ... Gokujou Seitokai ) is an anime series produced by Konami and J.C.STAFF, which started airing on TV Tokyo in April 2005. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Hen (romanized as HEN in Japan) is a seinen manga which was the first work created by manga artist Hiroya Oku, who is best known for Gantz. ... ICE is a 2007 original video animation created by Yasushi Akimoto and directed by Makoto Kobayashi. ... Kannazuki no Miko ) is a fictional series created by Kaishaku centering around two girls and the shōjo ai relationship they share. ... Kashimashi: Girl Meets Girl ), sometimes romanized as Kasimasi, is a fictional Japanese romance series written by Japanese author Satoru Akahori and illustrated by Yukimaru Katsura centering around the lives of a group of friends and the relationships they share through life-altering changes. ... Kokoro Library ) is an anime (and also a manga) about three sisters (Aruto, Iina, and Kokoro) that live in a secluded library deep in the mountains that their father built, far away from the city and any potential users. ... KURAU Phantom Memory ) is a Japanese science fiction anime series, produced by BONES and Media Factory, which was broadcast across Japan by the anime television network, Animax, and TV Asahi. ... Original run 7 January 2004 – 31 March 2004 No. ... Serialized in Newtype Magazine Original run 1995 (first release) – 2001 (re-release) No. ... Noir ), is a 26-episode anime television series produced in 2001 by the Bee Train animation studio and was licensed for American distribution by ADV Films. ... Oniisama e (おにいさまへ…; lit. ... Project A-ko is a popular comedic anime and manga series. ... Like Excel Saga, the Japanese anime serial Puni Puni Poemi (Japanese:&#12407;&#12395;&#12407;&#12395;&#9734;&#12413;&#12360;&#12415;&#12355;) is a wacky satirical parody. ... Read or Dream (Shin Read or Die) is a manga about the Three Sisters Detective Agency, Anita King, Michelle Cheung and Maggie Mui. ... Revolutionary Girl Utena ) is a manga by Chiho Saito and anime directed by Kunihiko Ikuhara. ... Shiroi Heya no Futari, translated as Our White Room or Couple of the White Room, is one of the earliest shoujo yuri manga. ... Simoun ) is an animated TV series that began screening in Japan in April 2006. ... Steel Angel Kurumi (&#37628;&#37444;&#22825;&#20351;&#12367;&#12427;&#12415;; Kôtetsu Tenshi Kurumi) is a manga series and an anime series; it has been translated and released in the U.S. by ADV. The English dub features the voice acting of Claudia Black, an actor known for her role... Serialized in Dengeki Gs Magazine Original run September 30, 2005 – No. ... Strawberry Shake Sweet (ストロベリーシェイク Sweet) is a yuri manga by Shizuru Hayashia. ... The Sword of Paros ) is a 1986 yuri historical fantasy manga composed of three volumes written by Kaoru Kurimoto, a science fiction author best known for Guin Saga, and drawn by Yumiko Igarashi, best known for Candy Candy. ... Venus Versus Virus )[1] is a Japanese manga series created by Atsushi Suzumi which was first serialized in the Japanese shōnen manga magazine Dengeki Comic Gao!, published by MediaWorks, starting on June 27, 2005. ... Sisters of Wellber ) is a fantasy anime series animated by Trans Arts (with production assistance by Production I.G.). Directed by Takayuki Hamana ), the director behind the renowned Prince of Tennis TV series and animated movies, Sisters of Wellber began airing in Japan on Tokyo MX, MÄ“tele, ABC, and... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Yokohama Kaidashi Kikō (ヨコハマ買い出し紀行) is a Japanese manga series. ...

Non-hentai anime and manga with stories that include some yuri or shoujo-ai

Image File history File links Shizuru&Natsuki. ... Image File history File links Shizuru&Natsuki. ... Shizuru Fujino (藤乃静留 Fujino Shizuru) is a fictional character in the Japanese animated series My-HiME and My-Otome. ... Natsuki Kuga ) is a character from the My-HiME and My-Otome anime and manga series. ... Mai-HiME (&#33310;-HiME) is an anime series produced by Sunrise, Inc. ... 2x2=Shinobu-den: The Nonsense Kunoichi Fiction (Original title: &#12491;&#12491;&#12531;&#12364;&#12471;&#12494;&#12502;&#20253;) is an ongoing thirteen episode anime series in Japan. ... Ace o Nerae! , lit. ... Agent Aika (known in Japan as simply AIKa [アイカ]) is an anime OVA series which stars a Japanese woman named Aika Sumeragi (voiced by Rei Sakuma) who works as a salvager for companies that hire her, but gets caught up in a plot for world domination. ... Serialized in Newtype Magazine Original run June 2001 – - No. ... Serialized in Dengeki Daioh Original run February 1999 – June 2002 No. ... Battle Athletes is an anime set in the distant future where after many years of war with an alien race, they agreed on a settlement in which there would be a contest of physical strength between one representative from each race. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Original run August 2001 – (ongoing) No. ... Original run October 8, 2005 – September 23, 2006 No. ... Bottle Fairy (瓶詰妖精 Binzume Yōsei) is an anime series about four fairies who discover the secrets of the world from inside their little house. ... Serialized in Nakayoshi Original run 1996 – 2000 No. ... Code Geass: Lelouch of the Rebellion ) is a Japanese anime television series, created by Sunrise. ... Confidential Confessions is a manga by Momochi Reiko. ... Cosplay Complex (こすぷれCOMPLEX) is a comedy anime original video animation that is centered around the after school cosplay club at East Oizuka Academy. ... Cutie Honey ) (also spelled Cutey Honey) is a Japanese media franchise created by Go Nagai. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled D.C. ~Da Capo~ and . ... DearS is a Japanese romance comedy manga by mangaka duo PEACH-PIT, serialised in the monthly shounen manga magazine Dengeki Comic Gao!. The manga was produced into a 12 episode TV anime series which aired from 10 July 2004—26 September 2004. ... Diebuster, known in Japan as Aim for the Top 2! ) is a six episode anime Original Video Animation (OVA) series created by Gainax in 2004. ... Dirty Pair (ダーティペア) is a humorous science fiction anime and manga franchise based on the light novel series by Haruka Takachiho. ... Doki Doki School Hours ) is a four panel manga series and anime series by Tamami Momose. ... Eat-Man (イートマン) is a manga series created by Akihito Yoshitomi in 1996 which was serialized by MediaWorks monthly in 17 volumes until 2002 manga magazine Dengeki Comic Gao!. In 1997 Studio DEEN adapted the manga into a 12 episode anime television series which was broadcast in Japan from January 1... El-Hazard is an anime franchise by the anime studio AIC. There is also a manga adaptation, which is published in English by Viz Communications. ... Elfen Lied ) is the title of a Japanese manga series originally created by Japanese author Lynn Okamoto as well as a TV anime series based on it. ... Serialized in Young King OURs Original run April 1997 – Present No. ... Fate/stay night ) is a Japanese eroge visual novel game created by Type-Moon, which was originally released on January 30, 2004. ... Fushigi YÅ«gi (ふしぎ 遊戯; literally Mystery Game but usually rendered as Mysterious Play or Curious Play) is a Japanese manga (later an anime) created by Yuu Watase and serialized in the manga magazine Shōjo Comic. ... Original run February 1, 2004 – January 29, 2006 No. ... Gakuen Utopia Manabi Straight! , often shortened to Manabi Straight!) is the title of a Japanese manga series set in a fictional future concerning the lives of a group of high school girls. ... Galaxy Fraulein Yuna, is a series of video games, anime, and other media from Japan. ... Gall Force is a group of science fiction anime OAV series by the studio Artmic, with production by Youmex and/or AIC. The original character designs were by Kenichi Sonoda, though these were dropped for the Gall Force Revolution remake (which, as of 2005, is also the only series not... Gals! is a shōjo manga written by mangaka Mihona Fujii. ... Motoko Kusanagi from the manga Ghost in the Shell. ... Serialized in Shonen Ace Original run December 26, 2000 – May 26, 2005 No. ... Godannar, the ultimate marriage of man, woman and machine (also known as 神魂合体ゴーダンナー Shinkon Gattai Goodannaa), is an anime series directed by Yasushi Nagaoka. ... Haibane Renmei translated by the author as Charcoal Feather Federation) is a 13-episode anime series based on the work of Yoshitoshi ABe. ... Hanaukyo Maid Tai (Also Maids in Hanaukyo Or simply Hanukyo Maids) is an anime and manga bishoujo series about a young boy who has inherited a vast family fortune and, more importantly, the near hundreds of employees working at the family mansion. ... He is My Master ) is a gag comedy manga which ran in Monthly Shonen Gangan, later spun off into a television anime series. ... High School Girls ), literally High School Girls - Baka Corps, is an ecchi comedy manga series created by mangaka Towa Oshima. ... Hitohira lit. ... Fight! Iczer One ) is a dark sci-fi anime with a predominantly female cast. ... Ikki Tousen , literally one with the strength of a thousand) or BakunyÅ« Hyper-Battle Ikki Tōsen is a 13 episode anime series loosely based on the manga by Yuji Shiozaki, which is in turn based on the classic Chinese novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms. ... Jubei-chan 2: The Counter Attack of Siberian Yagyu ) is a 13-episode anime series written and directed by Akitaro Daichi, like its prequel Jubei-chan. ... Kaleido Star ) is an anime series produced by GONZO DIGIMATION and licensed in the United States by ADV Films. ... This article is about the Japanese series. ... Kiddy Grade ) is a science fiction, 24-episode anime series produced in 2002 and created by gímik and Gonzo Digimation and directed by Keiji Gotoh. ... Kodomo no Jikan literal translation: A Childs Time) is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Japanese manga author Kaworu Watashiya. ... Koi Koi Seven ) is an anime. ... Kyōshirō to Towa no Sora ) is the title of a fictional Japanese manga created by Kaishaku which was first serialized in the Japanese shōnen manga magazine Dragon Age in May 2006. ... Lady Snowblood DVD cover Lady Snowblood (1973), starring Meiko Kaji, is a bloody, revenge-themed Japanese action film by Toshiya Fujita in which the daughter of a woman who was raped by bandits grows up to wreak revenge on her mothers violators. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Magazine Original run October 21, 1998 – October 31, 2001 No. ... Loveless is a shōnen-ai fantasy manga by Yun Kouga. ... Lucky ☆ Star ) is a Japanese four-panel comic strip by Kagami Yoshimizu. ... MADLAX ) is a 26-episode anime television series that was produced by the Bee Train animation studio. ... It has been suggested that Pillar System be merged into this article or section. ... Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha ) is a thirteen episode spin-off of the Triangle Heart series of games and OVAs that aired between October and December of 2004. ... Renkin 3-kyu Magical? Pokahn ) is an anime series that tells the story of the everyday life of four princesses from the fictitious World of Magic (makai) who are oblivious to the happenings in everyday life in the human world. ... Magikano is an anime series that began airing in Japan in January 2006. ... Negima: Magister Negi Magi (&#39764;&#27861;&#20808;&#29983;&#12493;&#12462;&#12414;! Mah&#333; Sensei Negima) is a manga and anime series by Ken Akamatsu. ... Android Announce Maico 2010 ) is an anime that is part of the omnibus show Anime Complex. ... Maze the Megaburst Space ) is an anime. ... Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch ) is a shōjo manga and anime series created by Michiko Yokote ) with artwork by Pink Hanamori ). The manga was originally published in the monthly shōjo manga anthology Nakayoshi. ... Mermaid Saga ) is a series of manga graphic novels in three volumes by Japanese mangaka Rumiko Takahashi. ... Mai-HiME (&#33310;-HiME) is an anime series produced by Sunrise, Inc. ... My-Otome ) is an anime series created by Sunrise, Inc. ... Najica Blitz Tactics (ナジカ電撃作戦) is an anime television series originally released by Studio Fantasia in Japan. ... Serialized in Cookie Shojo Beat(ends serialization in August) Original run November 15, 2002 – Still running No. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Original run October 4, 1995 – March 27, 1996 No. ... Ojamajo Doremi (おジャ魔女どれみ) is a magical girl anime series that has obtained wide popularity among young girls in Japan. ... Serialized in LaLa Original run August 5, 2003 – Ongoing No. ... Otome wa Boku ni Koishiteru lit. ... Pani Poni Dash! ) is a television anime series released in Japan. ... Petite Princess Yucie ) is an anime series, which was produced by Gainax, aired from 2002 to 2003, and ran for 26 episodes. ... Plastic Little is an anime created by Satoshi Urushihara. ... Red Garden ) is a Japanese anime produced by GONZO studios and broadcast on TV Asahi since October 3, 2006. ... This page refers to the manga. ... R.O.D.: The TV (2003) is a 26-episode TV anime series about the adventures of three paper-using sisters, Michelle, Maggie and Anita, who became the bodyguards of Sumiregawa Nenene, famous Japanese writer. ... The Rose of Versailles (ベルサイユのばら Berusaiyu no bara), also known as Lady Oscar, by Riyoko Ikeda, is one of the best-known titles in shōjo manga, which has been adapted into an anime television series, produced by TMS and broadcast by the anime television network Animax and Nippon Television. ... Sailor Moon , officially translated as Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon) is the title of a famous media franchise created by Japanese manga artist Naoko Takeuchi. ... Samurai Deeper Kyo (written in English, even in Japan) is Akimine Kamijyos first published manga. ... Seraphim Call ) is an anime. ... Original run July 6, 1998 – September 28, 1998 No. ... Serialized in Shonen Ace Komik Arena Original run November 29, 1999 – Ongoing No. ... Serialized in Ribon Original run September 2004 – ongoing No. ... Silent Möbius ) is a twelve-volume manga, a 26-episode anime series, and a pair of motion pictures, created by manga artist Kia Asamiya. ... Sol Bianca ) (1990), is one of director Katsuhito Akiyamas works as credited in association with AIC. This entry concerns the first OVA and not the series Sol Bianca: The Legacy. ... Sōkō no Strain ), known as Soukou no Strain and Soukou no STRAIN in the fansubs, is a mecha anime that began to air in November of 2006. ... St. ... Steel Angel Kurumi ) is a manga and anime series following the adventures of its titular character. ... Stellvia of the Universe ) is an anime series which takes place in the future. ... Stratos 4 ) is an anime series by Studio Fantasia and Bandai Visual, and directed by Takeshi Mori. ... Strawberry Marshmallow ) is a manga series by mangaka Barasui about the adventures of four elementary school girls and their older sister figure. ... Promo image for Tactical Roar. ... ToHeart2 is a PlayStation 2 love adventure visual novel by Aquaplus. ... This article is under construction. ... Touka Gettan ) is a Japanese adult visual novel developed by Root, and published by Orbit Soft, also known for the creation of the Yami to Bōshi to Hon no Tabibito visual novel. ... Ran and Meow from Tsukikage Ran. ... Tsuyokiss ) is the title of a fictional Japanese romance story created by Yasutomo Yamada centering around a group of students at a high school and the various romantic attachments that some of the characters feel for one another. ... Ultimate Girls ) is a Japanese fanservice anime from the production company m. ... Uta-Kata (うた∽かた (詩片)) is a 2004 TV anime series. ... Vandread ) is an anime series directed by Takeshi Mori and created by GONZO and Media Factory animation studios. ... Yume Tsukai ) (Dream Users) is a TV anime series aired by Television Saitama (テレ玉). The series revolves around dream masters who turn nightmares into dream delights. ... X/1999, an early work of the hit all female manga-ka group CLAMP, details the apocalypse in a very literal adaptation of the Book of Revelation. ... Zombie-Loan , romanized as ZOMBIE-LOAN in Japan) is a manga series created by Peach-Pit; Banri Sendo and Shibuko Ebara. ...

Non-hentai magazines dedicated to yuri or shoujo-ai manga

Comic Yuri Hime cover (Spring 2006), featuring art by Reine Hibiki Comic Yuri Hime ) is a quarterly manga anthology magazine published in Japan by Ichijinsha. ... Yuri Shimai (百合姉妹) is a manga anthology magazine published quarterly by Japanese publisher Sun Magazine. ...

See also

It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: original research, no citations whatsoever, NPOV problems, fancruft, debatable encyclopedic notability, MANY neologisms If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... Jupiter and Callisto (1744) by François Boucher. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Friedman, Erica. What is Yuri?. What are Yuri and Shoujoai, anyway?. Yuricon and ALC Publishing. Retrieved on 20 May, 2005.
  2. ^ Wikipedia contributors. 少年愛 (Japanese). Wikipedia. Retrieved on 2007-05-05.
  3. ^ Wikipedia contributors. 少女愛 (Japanese). Wikipedia. Retrieved on 2007-05-05.
  4. ^ Schodt, F. -- Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga. Berkeley, CA: Stone Bridge Press, 1996
  5. ^ a b Natsume, F. -- Manga no Yomikata [How to read manga]. Tokyo: Takarajimasya, 1999
  6. ^ Intersections: Gender, History and Culture in the Asian Context, Issue 12 'Queer Japan', January 2006
  7. ^ Wim Lunsing -- Beyond Common Sense: Negotiating Constructions of Sexuality and Gender in Contemporary Japan, London: Kegan Paul International, 1999
  8. ^ M. McLelland -- Male Homosexuality in Modern Japan: Cultural Myths and Social Realities, Richmond: Curzon Press, 2000
  9. ^ Jennifer Robertson -- Sexual Politics and Popular Culture in Modern Japan, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998
  10. ^ Matt Thorn. Alternative Narratives of Love, Sex, Gender, and Friendship in Japanese Girls' Comics.
  11. ^ Kishiji, Bando. The Origins of Yuri. Thoughts on Yuri from a Shoujo Perspective. Yuricon and ALC Publishing. Retrieved on 5 December, 2006.
  12. ^ Megumi Ogata, Haruka's voice actor, was told by the director to act as if Haruka and Michiru were married.Johnson, Dany. "Q & A Rocking the Boat", Akadot, Digital Manga, Inc., 2001-04-21. Retrieved on 2007-02-21. “When I was cast to play Haruka, I asked director Kunihiko Ikuhara, "Are they gay?" He answered, "Act as if they are married couple." And I asked him again, "Married couple? You, mean, with two ladies?" He replied, "Yes." So they are husband and wife.” 
  13. ^ Takeuchi, Naoko [October 1, 1999]. Materials Collection, Translated by Alex Glover (in English), Japan: Kodansha. Retrieved on 2006-10-10. “[Haruka] plays a male role in Takarazuka.” 
  14. ^ Hurd, Gordon. "Fantastic Fiction", Yahoo! Buzz, 2007-03-20. Retrieved on 2007-07-05. 
  15. ^ Sebert, Paul. "Kissing cousins may bring controversy Cartoon Network juggles controversial topics contained in the Sailor Moon S series", The Daily Athenaeum Interactive, 2000-06-28. Retrieved on 2007-02-21. “Although the L-word has yet to be uttered by a single character, the gay subtext still exists. ... the two girls referred to each other as "cousins".” 
  16. ^ Sailor Moon S (TV). Anime News Network's Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 2007-01-26. Frederique was voiced by Mark Lesser and Philippe Ogouz, and Sailor Uranus was voiced by Francine Laine.
  17. ^ Sailor Moon episode 180 - "The Brightness of the Calling Stars! Haruka and Company into the War"
  18. ^ Takeuchi, Naoko (April 4, 1997; December 10, 1998). "Act 46", Bishoujo Senshi Sailor Moon Volume 18. Kodansha. ISBN 4-06-178858-2.  - a translation is available at The Manga of Takeuchi Naoko.
  19. ^ http://okazu.blogspot.com/2007/05/now-this-is-only-my-opinion-fourth.html

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Megumi Ogata (緒方 恵美 Ogata Megumi, born June 6, 1965, making her a Gemini. ... For the article about the company named Seiyu, see Seiyu Group. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Naoko Takeuchi (武内直子 Takeuchi Naoko), born March 15, 1967, is a manga artist who lives in Tokyo, Japan. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... The head office of Kodansha Kodansha Limited ) is the largest Japanese publisher of literature and manga, headquartered in (Bunkyo), Tokyo. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years). ... Yahoo! Inc. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sailor Moon , Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon) is an anime series based on a manga by Naoko Takeuchi. ... Naoko Takeuchi (武内直子 Takeuchi Naoko), born March 15, 1967, is a manga artist who lives in Tokyo, Japan. ... The head office of Kodansha Kodansha Limited ) is the largest Japanese publisher of literature and manga, headquartered in (Bunkyo), Tokyo. ...

External links

  • The Shoujo-Ai Archive
  • Yuricon
  • Shoujo-ai Canada Canadian convention events, Lesbian fiction, shoujo-ai database and more.
  • Shoujo-ai and Yuri siteBrazilian site with wallpapers, gallery, downloads, reviews and much more.

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Obviously on the way there is a lot of yuri fluid swapping, which I suppose does good for the ratings, but for me, it helps fill the angst-o-meter, which, I think makes the show.
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