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Encyclopedia > Yunnan

Coordinates: 24°30′N, 101°30′E For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... Black tea from Yunnan in China is generally very malty and produces an amber brew, which turns more golden or brassy if there is an overwhelming presense of golden tips in the tea. ... Location of Ionia Ionia (Greek Ιωνία; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was an ancient region of southwestern coastal Anatolia (in present-day Turkey, the region nearest Ä°zmir,) on the Aegean Sea. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Yunnan Province
Chinese : 云南省
Yúnnán Shěng
Abbreviations: 滇 or 云  (pinyin: Diān or Yún)
Origin of name 云 yún - Yunling Mountains
南 nán - south
"South of the Yunling Mountains"
Administration type Province
Capital Kunming
Largest city Kunming
CPC Ctte Secretary Bai Enpei
Governor Qin Guangrong
Area 394,100 km² (8th)
Population (2004)
 - Density
44,150,000 (12th)
112/km² (24th)
GDP (2006)
 - per capita
CNY 400.2 billion (23rd)
CNY 8,961 (29th)
HDI (2005) 0.657 (medium) (29th)
Major nationalities Han - 67%
Yi - 11%
Bai - 3.6%
Hani - 3.4%
Zhuang - 2.7%
Dai - 2.7%
Miao - 2.5%
Hui - 1.5%
Prefecture-level 16 divisions
County-level 129 divisions
Township-level 1565 divisions
ISO 3166-2 CN-53
Official website
http://www.yn.gov.cn (Simplified Chinese)
Source for population and GDP data:
《中国统计年鉴—2005》 China Statistical Yearbook 2005
ISBN 7503747382
Source for nationalities data:
《2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料》 Tabulation on nationalities of 2000 population census of China
ISBN 7105054255
As at December 31, 2004

Yunnan  (simplified Chinese: 云南; traditional Chinese: 雲南; pinyin: Yúnnán; literally "south of the clouds") is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far south of the country spanning approximately 394,000 square kilometers (152,000 square miles). The capital of the province is Kunming. The name of Yunnan means south of Yunling Mountains.[1] Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China and also the worlds largest political party. ... For other uses, see Committee (disambiguation). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Peoples Republic of China (P.R.C.) , including all provinces, autonomous regions, special administrative regions, and municipalities, in order of their total areas. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Map showing the population of the first-order administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total population density in 2003. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CNY and RMB redirect here. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total gross domestic product in 2003. ... CNY and RMB redirect here. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), including all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, in order of their total gross domestic product per capita in 2004. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map showing the HDI of the first-order administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Language(s) Chinese languages Religion(s) Predominantly Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism. ... The Yi people (own name in the Liangshan dialect: ꆈꌠ, official transcription: Nuosu, IPA: ; Chinese: ; pinyin: ; the older name Lolo is now considered derogatory in China, though used officially in Vietnam as Lô Lô and in Thailand as Lolo) are a modern ethnic group in China, Vietnam, and Thailand. ... Bamileke languages (ISO 639 alpha-3, bai) Bye - k thx bai Baccalaureus in Arte Ingeniaria Band Aid (band) BAI - Soviet early armoured car, predecessor of BA-6 Bai, a Chinese ethnic group, and their Bai language Banco Africano de Investimentos, in Angola BAI the official name of ferry company Brittany... Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani in China. ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... The Dai (or the Thai peoples of China) is the officially recognized name of an ethnic group living in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan Province of China), and also in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (Chinese: 苗: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mẹo or Hmông; Thai: ม้ง (mong) or แม้ว (maew)), are an Asian ethnic group whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of southern China (especially Guizhou) that cross into northern Southeast Asia (northern Vietnam and Laos). ... The Hui (回) ethnic group is unrelated to the Hui (å¾½) dialects. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Zh-Yunnan. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ...

Contents

Emblem

Camellia reticulata, a plant native to Yunnan Province, is the emblem of this province. Binomial name Camellia reticulata Lindl. ... Rather unusually, these Angels wear white hart (deer) badges, with the personal emblem of King Richard II of England, who commissioned this, the Wilton diptych, about 1400. ...


Administrative divisions

Yunnan consists of sixteen prefecture-level divisions: Yunnan, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 16 prefecture-level divisions 8 prefecture-level cities 8 autonomous prefectures 129 county-level divisions 9 county-level cities 79 counties 29 autonomous counties 12 districts 1455 township-level divisions 567 towns... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ...


The prefecture-level cities:

  • Baoshan City (保山市 | Bǎoshān Shì)
  • Kunming City (昆明市 | Kūnmíng Shì)
  • Lijiang City (丽江市 | Lìjiāng Shì)
  • Lincang City (临沧市 | Líncāng Shì)
  • Pu'er City (普洱市 | Pǔ'ěr Shì)
  • Qujing City (曲靖市 | Qǔjìng Shì)
  • Yuxi City (玉溪市 | Yùxī Shì)
  • Zhaotong City (昭通市 | Zhāotōng Shì)

The autonomous prefectures: Baoshan (Chinese: 保山; pinyin: BÇŽoshān) is a prefecture-level city in Southern Yunnan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ... Lijiang City (Chinese: 丽江市; Hanyu Pinyin: ) refers to an administrative division comprising of urban and rural areas in northwestern Yunnan Province, China. ... View of a cultivated area from a road in Lincang. ... Puer (普洱, Pinyin: Pǔěr) formerly known as Simao (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Hani: Siilmaoq) is a prefecture-level city in Southern Yunnan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Qujing (Chinese: 曲靖) is a prefecture-level city in Southern Yunnan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Yuxi (建阳) is a city with more than 100 000 inhabitants in Yunnan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhaotong (Chinese: 昭通; pinyin: Zhāotōng) is a prefecture-level city in Southern Yunnan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Of those 16 prefecture-level divisions, Yunnan has 129 county-level divisions, and 1455 township-level divisions. Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 楚雄彝族自治州; pinyin: Chǔxióng Yízú Zìzhìzhōu) is an autonomous prefecture in Yunnan. ... Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 大理白族自治州; pinyin: Dàlǐ Báizú Zìzhìzhōu; Bai: Darl•lit Baif•cuf zirl•zirl•zox) is an autonomous prefecture of Yunnan. ... The Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: Déhóng Dǎizú Jǐngpōzú zìzhìzhōu 德宏傣族景颇族自治州) is located in the west of Yunnan province in southwest China. ... Dêqên Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 迪庆藏族自治州; Pinyin: Díqìng Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu; Tibetan - བདེ་ཆེན་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་ / Bde-chen Bod-rigs rang-skyong khul) is an autonomous prefecture in Yunnan. ... Hongha Hani and YI This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 怒江傈僳族自治州; pinyin: Nùjiāng Lìsùzú Zìzhìzhōu) is an autonomous prefecture of Yunnan. ... Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 文山壮族苗族自治州; pinyin: Wenshān Zhuàngzú Miáozú Zìzhìzhōu) List of Yunnan County-level divisions Categories: | ... The Blang village of Manpo. ...


History

Main article: History of Yunnan

The Yuanmou Man, a Homo erectus fossil unearthed by railway engineers in the 1960s, has been determined to be the oldest known hominid fossil in China. By the Neolithic period, there were human settlements in the area of Lake Dian. These people used stone tools and constructed simple wooden structures. This article traces the history of the territory of modern Yunnan province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Trinomial name Homo erectus yuanmouensis Yuanmou Man (元谋人), Homo erectus yuanmouensis, refers to an ancestral human whose remnants, two teeth, were discovered on May 1, 1965 near Danawu Village in Yuanmou County, Yunnan, China. ... Binomial name (Dubois, 1892) Synonyms † Pithecanthropus erectus † Sinanthropus pekinensis † Javanthropus soloensis † Meganthropus paleojavanicus Homo erectus (Latin: upright man) is an extinct species of the genus Homo. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Lake Dian (滇池, pinyin: Dīan Chí) is a large inter-land lake located close to the Kunming City, Yunnan, China. ...


Around the third century BC, the central area of Yunnan around present day Kunming was known as Dian. The Chu general Zhuang Qiao (庄跤) entered the region from the upper Yangtze River and set himself up as "King of Dian". He and his followers brought into Yunnan an influx of Chinese influence, the start of a long history of migration and cultural expansion. The 3rd century BC started the first day of 300 BC and ended the last day of 201 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. ... The Dian Kingdom (Chinese: 滇國 or 滇王國) was established by the Dian people, who lived around Lake Dian in northern Yunnan, China from the late Spring and Autumn Period until the Eastern Han Dynasty. ... State of Chu (small seal script, 220 BC) Chu (楚) was a kingdom in what is now southern China during the Spring and Autumn period (722-481 BCE) and Warring States Period (481-212 BCE). ... The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. ...

Bronze sculpture of the Dian Kingdom, 3rd century BCE.
Bronze sculpture of the Dian Kingdom, 3rd century BCE.

In 221 BC, Qin Shi Huang unified China and extended his authority south. Commanderies and counties were established in Yunnan. An existing road in Sichuan – the "Five Foot Way" – was extended south to around present day Qujing (曲靖), in eastern Yunnan. In 109 BC, Emperor Wu sent General Guo Chang (郭昌) south to Yunnan, establishing Yizhou commandery and 24 subordinate counties. The commandery seat was at Dianchi county (present day Jinning 晋宁). Another county was called "Yunnan", probably the first use of the name. To expand the burgeoning trade with Burma and India, Emperor Wu also sent Tang Meng (唐蒙) to maintain and expand the Five Foot Way, renaming it "Southwest Barbarian Way" (西南夷道). By this time, agricultural technology in Yunnan had improved markedly. The local people used bronze tools, plows and kept a variety of livestock, including cattle, horses, sheep, goats, pigs and dogs. Anthropologists have determined that these people were related to the people now known as the Tai. They lived in tribal congregations, sometimes led by exile Chinese. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 545 pixelsFull resolution (1710 × 1166 pixel, file size: 509 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 545 pixelsFull resolution (1710 × 1166 pixel, file size: 509 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Dian Kingdom (Chinese: 滇國 or 滇王國) was established by the Dian people, who lived around Lake Dian in northern Yunnan, China from the late Spring and Autumn Period until the Eastern Han Dynasty. ... The monarch known now as Qin Shi Huang (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Shih-huang) (259 BCE – September 10, 210 BCE),[1] personal name Yíng Zhèng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BCE to 221 BCE (officially still under the Zhou Dynasty), and... Qujing (Chinese: 曲靖) is a prefecture-level city in Southern Yunnan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Emperor Wu of Han (156 BC*–March 29, 87 BC), personal name Liu Che, was the sixth emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty, ruling from 141 BC to 87 BC. A military compaigner, Han China reached its greatest expansion under his reign, spanning from Kyrgyzstan in the west, Northern Korea... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... Tai peoples include: the Lao of Laos and Northeast Thailand the Northern Thai (Lanna or Thai Yuan) of Thailand the Thai of Thailand the Shan (Thai Yai) of Burma the Thai Lue of Laos and China (also called Dai) the Nung of China, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam the Black Tai (Tai...


In the Records of the Grand Historian, Zhang Qian (d. 113 BC) and Sima Qian (145-90 BC) make references to "Shendu", which may have been referring to the Indus Valley (the Sindh province in modern Pakistan), originally known as "Sindhu" in Sanskrit. When Yunnan was annexed by the Han Dynasty, Chinese authorities reported an Indian "Shendu" community living there.[2] The Records of the Grand Historian or the Records of the Grand Historian of China (Chinese: 史記; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shih-chi; literally Historical Records), written from 109 BCE to 91 BCE, was the magnum opus of Sima Qian, in which he recounted Chinese history from the time of the mythical... Zhang Qian (張騫) was an imperial envoy in the 2nd century BCE, during the time of the Han Dynasty. ... Sima Qian Si Ma Qian (司馬遷) (c. ... ‹ The template below (Citations missing) is being considered for deletion. ... Sindh (SindhÄ«: سنڌ, UrdÅ«: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (206 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–220 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication...


During the Three Kingdoms, the territory of present day Yunnan, western Guizhou and southern Sichuan was collectively called Nanzhong. The disollution of Chinese central authority led to increased autonomy for Yunnan and more power for the local tribal structures. In AD 225, the famed statesman Zhuge Liang led three columns into Yunnan to pacify the tribes. His seven captures of Meng Huo, a local magnate, is much celebrated in Chinese folklore. The Three Kingdoms period (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a period in the history of China, part of an era of disunity called the Six Dynasties. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Nanzhong (南中) is a collective name for the region consisting of Yunnan, Yuexi, and southern Sichuan in southern China. ... AD redirects here. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Zhuge (諸葛) Zhuge Liang (181 - 234) was one of the greatest Chinese strategists of the Three Kingdoms period, as well as a statesman, engineer, scholar, and inventor. ... Meng Huo (孟獲) was aristocrat in the Nanzhong region, south of Shu Han, during the Three Kingdoms era of China. ...


In the fourth century, northern China was largely overrun by nomadic tribes from the north. In the 320s, the Cuan (爨) clan migrated into Yunnan. Cuan Chen (爨琛) named himself king and held authority from Lake Dian (then called Kunchuan [昆川]). Henceforth the Cuan clan ruled Yunnan for over four hundred years. In 738, the kingdom of Nanzhao was established in Yunnan by Piluoge (皮罗阁), who was confirmed by the imperial court of the Tang Dynasty as king of Yunnan. Ruling from Dali, the thirteen kings of Nanzhao ruled over more than two centuries and played a part in the dynamic relationship between China and Tibet. In 937, Duan Siping (段思平) overthrew the Nanzhao and established the Kingdom of Dali. The kingdom was conquered by the Mongol and Chinese armies of Kublai Khan. Lake Dian (滇池, pinyin: Dīan Chí) is a large inter-land lake located close to the Kunming City, Yunnan, China. ... Nanzhao (Traditional Chinese: 南詔, Simplified Chinese: 南诏, pinyin: Nánzhāo, Alternate spellings: Nanchao, Nan Chao) was a Bai kingdom that flourished in East Asia during the 8th and 9th centuries. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... // The King, or Wang (Chinese: 王 or 國王; wáng), was the title of the Chinese head of state until the Qin dynasty. ... Dali (大理 pinyin: Dàlǐ) was a Bai kingdom centered in what is now Yunnan Province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire (1300~1405), the gray area is Timurid dynasty. ... For other uses, see Kublai Khan (disambiguation). ...


In 1894, George Ernest Morrison, an Australian correspondent for The Times, travelled from Beijing to British-occupied Burma via Yunnan. His book, An Australian in China, details his experiences. George Ernest Morrison (February 4, 1862 – May 30, 1920) was an Australian adventurer born in Scotland and qualified as a medical doctor at Edinburgh University. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... Peking redirects here. ...


From 1916 to 1917, Roy Chapman Andrews and Yvette Borup Andrews led the Asiatic Zoological Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History through much of western and southern Yunnan, as well as other provinces of China. The book, Camps and Trails in China, records their experiences. Roy Chapman Andrews (January 26, 1884–March 11, 1960) was an American explorer, adventurer and naturalist who became the director of the American Museum of Natural History, primarily known for leading a series of expeditions through the fragmented China of the early 20th century into the Gobi Desert and Mongolia. ... Main Lobby in the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial. ...


Geography

See also: Maotianshan shales
Snowy mountains in Diqing, north-west Yunnan.
Snowy mountains in Diqing, north-west Yunnan.
Lugu Lake, northern Yunnan.
Lugu Lake, northern Yunnan.

Yunnan is the most southwestern province in China, with the Tropic of Cancer running through its southern part. The province has an area of 394,000 square km, 4.1% of the nation's total. The northern part of the province forms part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. The province borders Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guizhou Province in the east, Sichuan Province in the north, and Tibet Autonomous Region in the northwest. It shares a border of 4,060 km with Myanmar in the west, Laos in the south, and Vietnam in the southeast. The Maotianshan shale is a lower Cambrian (Atdabanian) rock formation, of ca 522 Mya, now lying exposed in the Yunnan Province of China in the villages of Ercaicun and Chengjiang near the city of Kunming. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Diqing,_Yunnan,_China. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Diqing,_Yunnan,_China. ... Dêqên Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 迪庆藏族自治州; Pinyin: Díqìng Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu; Tibetan - བདེ་ཆེན་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་ / Bde-chen Bod-rigs rang-skyong khul) is an autonomous prefecture in Yunnan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (909x682, 108 KB) Summary Erhai lake (洱海湖), Dali, Yunnan China. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (909x682, 108 KB) Summary Erhai lake (洱海湖), Dali, Yunnan China. ... Erhai Lake is a lake in the Chinese province of Yunnan. ... Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture Yunnans position in China Old City gate Night View of Dali Ancient Walled Downtown The Three Pagodas of Chong Sheng Temple South gate of the Ancient City of Dali Dali (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Bai: Darl•lit; Hani: Dafli) is a city in Yunnan province in the... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 545 pixelsFull resolution (1763 × 1201 pixel, file size: 344 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 545 pixelsFull resolution (1763 × 1201 pixel, file size: 344 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Topographical map covering southwestern China Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau covers southwestern China. ...


The highest point in the north is the Kawagebo Peak in Deqin County on the Diqing Plateau, which is about 6,740 meters high; and the lowest is in the Honghe River Valley in Hekou County, with an elevation of 76.4 meters. Kawagebo (or Moirigkawagarbo, Kawakarpo, Kawa Karpo, Ka-Kar-Po) is the highest mountain in Yunnan, China. ... This article is about the unit of length. ...


Borders

Bordering provinces are Tibet, Sichuan, Guizhou and Guangxi. Bordering countries are Vietnam (the main border crossing by road and rail is at Hekou-Lao Cai, the only land border crossing open to non-Chinese/non-Vietnamese), Laos (at Boten) and Myanmar (with the main border crossing at Ruili, the only land border open to non-Chinese/non-Burmese). This article is about the administrative region of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ« Zhuàngzú ZìzhìqÅ«) is a Zhuang autonomous region of... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... Ruili (simp. ...


Rivers

The province is drained by six major river systems:

  • Yangtze, here known as the Jinsha Jiang (River of Golden Sands), drains the province's north.
  • Pearl River, with its source near Qujing, collects the waters from the east.
  • the Mekong (Lancang), which flows from Tibet into the South China Sea forming the boundaries between Laos and Myanmar, between Laos and Thailand, through Cambodia and Vietnam
  • the Red River (Yuan) has its source in the mountains south of Dali and enters the South China Sea through Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Salween, which flows into the Gulf of Martaban and the Andaman Sea through Myanmar
  • the Irrawaddy has a few small tributaries in Yunnan's far west, such as the Dulongjiang, and rivers in the prefecture of Dehong.

The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. ... Pearl River in Guangzhou Pearl River at night, Guangzhou The Zhu Jiang, (Chinese: 珠江 Pinyin: ZhÅ« Jiāng), or Pearl River or less commonly the Canton River, is Chinas third longest river (2,200 km, after the Yangtze River and the Yellow River), and second largest by volume (after the... The Mekong is one of the world’s major rivers. ... Filipino name Tagalog: Timog Dagat Tsina (Dagat Luzon for the portion within Philippine waters) Malay name Malay: Laut China Selatan Portuguese name Portuguese: Mar da China Meridional Vietnamese name Vietnamese: The South China Sea is a marginal sea south of China. ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... Flowing from China through Vietnam to the South China Sea, the Red River (Vietnamese Sông Hồng, Chinese Hónghé) is also known as the Yuan Jiang (元江, pinyin yuan2jiang1), which means Primary River. ... Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture Yunnans position in China Old City gate Night View of Dali Ancient Walled Downtown The Three Pagodas of Chong Sheng Temple South gate of the Ancient City of Dali Dali (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Bai: Darl•lit; Hani: Dafli) is a city in Yunnan province in the... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... The Salween River (also spelt Salwin, a. ... The Andaman Sea is a body of water to the southeast of the Bay of Bengal, south of Myanmar and west of Thailand; it is part of the Indian Ocean. ... The Andaman Sea (Burmese: ; IPA: ) is a body of water to the southeast of the Bay of Bengal, south of Myanmar, west of Thailand and east of the Andaman Islands; it is part of the Indian Ocean. ... The Irrawaddy (newer spelling Ayeyarwaddy) is a river that flows through the centre of Myanmar (formerly Burma). It is Myanmars most important commercial waterway. ...

Geology

The eastern half of the province is a limestone plateau with karst scenery and unnavigable rivers flowing through deep mountain gorges; the western half is characterized by mountain ranges and rivers running north and south. These include the Thanlwin and the Mekong River. The rugged, vertical terrain produces a wide range of flora and fauna, and the province has been called a natural zoological and botanical garden. For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... For other meanings, see Plateau (disambiguation). ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... View of the Mekong before the sunset The Mekong is one of the worlds major rivers. ...


Yunnan's has vast mineral resources that are its chief source of wealth. It is China's leading tin producer and has large deposits of iron, coal, lead, copper, zinc, gold, mercury, silver, antimony, and sulfur. This article is about the metallic chemical element. ... General Name, symbol, number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series Post-transition metals or poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the element. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... This article is about the element. ... This article is about the chemical element. ...


Biodiversity

Yunnan is China's most diverse province, biologically as well as culturally. The province contains snow-capped mountains and true tropical environments, thus supporting an unusually full spectrum of species and vegetation types. During summer, the Great Plateau of Tibet acts as a barrier to monsoon winds, trapping moisture in the province. This gives the alpine flora in particular what one source has call a "lushness found nowhere else."


This topographic range combined with a tropical moisture sustains extremely high biodiversity and high degrees of endemism, probably the richest botanically in the world's temperate regions. Over 15,000 species of higher plants, of which perhaps 2,500 are endemic, can be found in the province. The fauna is nearly as diverse. Yunnan Province has less than 4% of the land of China, yet contains about half of China's birds and mammals. The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ... Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life of any particular region or time. ...


Yunnan has been designated:

  • 1) a "Center of Plant Diversity" (IUCN/WWF: Davis et al. 1995);
  • 2) a "Global 200 List Priority Ecoregion" for biodiversity conservation (WWF: Olsen and Dinerstein 1998);
  • 3) an "Endemic Bird Area" (Birdlife International: Bibby, C. et al. 1992); and
  • 4) a "Global Biodiversity Hotspot,"as a part of the Hengdu Mountain Ecosystem (Conservation International: Mittermeier and Mittermeier 1997).

Natural resources

Rice cultivation in Yunnan.
Rice cultivation in Yunnan.

Yunnan not only has more plant species of tropical, subtropical, temperate, and frozen zones than any other province in the country, but also has many ancient, endemic plants, as well as species introduced from foreign countries. Among the 30,000 species of plants in China, 18,000 can be found in Yunnan. Yunnan is also home to a variety of animal species, most notably the southeast Asian gaur, a giant forest-dwelling ox, the tiger, and the Asian elephant. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x600, 276 KB) Summary Terrace rice field in Yunnan Province, China. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x600, 276 KB) Summary Terrace rice field in Yunnan Province, China. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 Range map The Gaur (IPA gauɹ) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of South Asia and Southeast Asia. ... For other uses, see Tiger (disambiguation). ...


More than 150 kinds of minerals have been discovered in the province. The potential value of the proven deposits in Yunnan is 3 trillion yuan, 40 % of which come from fuel minerals, 7.3 % from metallic minerals, and 52.7 % from nonmetallic minerals. This article is about the Chinese currency base unit. ...


Yunnan has proved deposits of 86 kinds of minerals in 2,700 places. Some 13% of the proved deposits of minerals are the largest of their kind in China, and two-thirds of the deposits are among the largest of their kind in the Yangtze River valley and in south China. Yunnan ranks first in the country in deposits of zinc, lead, tin, cadmium, indium, thallium, and crocidolite.


Yunnan has sufficient rainfall and many rivers and lakes. The annual water flow originating in the province is 200 cubic kilometers, three times that of the Yellow River. The rivers flowing into the province from outside add 160 cubic kilometers, which means there are more than ten thousand cubic meters of water for each person in the province. This is four times the average in the country. The rich water resources offer abundant hydro-energy.


Demographics

Total population  
43.33 million (2002)
Population growth rate  
10.6
Average life expectancy 
65.1 years (male), 67.7 years (female) (1995)

Ethnicity

Sumtselin Gompa Monastery in Zhongdian.
Sumtselin Gompa Monastery in Zhongdian.

Yunnan is noted for a very high level of ethnic diversity. It has the highest number of ethnic groups among all provinces and autonomous regions in China. Among the country's fifty-six recognised ethnic groups, twenty-five are found in Yunnan. Some 38% of the province's population are members of minorities, including the Yi, Bai, Hani, Tai, Dai, Miao, Lisu, Hui, Lahu, Va, Nakhi, Yao, Tibetan, Jingpo, Blang, Pumi, Nu, Achang, Jinuo, Mongolian, Derung, Manchu, Shui, and Buyei. Several other groups are represented, but they live neither in compact settlements nor do they reach the required threshold of five thousand to be awarded the official status of being present in the province. Some groups, such as the Mosuo, who are officially recognised as part of the Naxi, have in the past claimed official status as a national minority, and are now recognised with the status of Mosuo people. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x658, 171 KB) Zhongdian / Gyeltang in Yunnan province (China), 27/09/2004 es: Monasterio de Sumtselin Gompa Diapositiva tomada, digitalizada y post-procesada por el autor con El GIMP. en: Sumtselin Gompa Monastery Slide taken, scanned and post-processed by author... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x658, 171 KB) Zhongdian / Gyeltang in Yunnan province (China), 27/09/2004 es: Monasterio de Sumtselin Gompa Diapositiva tomada, digitalizada y post-procesada por el autor con El GIMP. en: Sumtselin Gompa Monastery Slide taken, scanned and post-processed by author... Xianggelila (Chinese: 香格里拉, English: Shangri-La) is a primarily Tibetan city in North-West Yunnan Province in South-West China. ... An ethnic group is a group of people who identify with one another, or are so identified by others, on the basis of a boundary that distinguishes them from other groups. ... The Yi people (own name in the Liangshan dialect: ꆈꌠ, official transcription: Nuosu, IPA: ; Chinese: ; pinyin: ; the older name Lolo is now considered derogatory in China, though used officially in Vietnam as Lô Lô and in Thailand as Lolo) are a modern ethnic group in China, Vietnam, and Thailand. ... Bamileke languages (ISO 639 alpha-3, bai) Bye - k thx bai Baccalaureus in Arte Ingeniaria Band Aid (band) BAI - Soviet early armoured car, predecessor of BA-6 Bai, a Chinese ethnic group, and their Bai language Banco Africano de Investimentos, in Angola BAI the official name of ferry company Brittany... Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani in China. ... The Tai languages are a subgroup of the Tai Kadai language family. ... The Dai (or the Thai peoples of China) is the officially recognized name of an ethnic group living in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan Province of China), and also in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (Chinese: 苗: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mẹo or Hmông; Thai: ม้ง (mong) or แม้ว (maew)), are an Asian ethnic group whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of southern China (especially Guizhou) that cross into northern Southeast Asia (northern Vietnam and Laos). ... It has been suggested that Lisu Church be merged into this article or section. ... The Hui (回) ethnic group is unrelated to the Hui (å¾½) dialects. ... Lahu girls The Lahu people (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; own names: Ladhulsi or Kawzhawd; Vietnamese: La Hủ) are an ethnic group of Southeast Asia. ... The Va nationality (also spelled Wa; Chinese: 佤族 WÇŽzú; own names: Va, Ava, Parauk, i. ... The Nakhi (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are an ethnic group inhabiting the foothills of the Himalayas in the northwestern part of Yunnan Province, as well as the southwestern part of Sichuan Province in China. ... This article is about the Yao ethnic group in Asia. ... The Tibetan people are a people indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the West to Myanmar and China in the East. ... The Jingpo or Kachin people (Chinese: 景颇族 Jǐngpōzú; own names: Jingpo, Tsaiva, Lechi) are an ethnic group who largely inhabit northern Myanmar (Kachin State). ... The Blang village of Manpo, Xishuangbanna. ... The Pumi people (Chinese: 普米族 Pǔmǐzú, own name: /phʐẽmi/) are an ethnic group. ... The Nu people (Chinese: ; pinyin: Nùzú) are one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Achang (阿昌族), also known as the Ngacang (their own name) or Maingtha (Burmese name) are an ethnic group. ... The Jino (also spelled Jinuo) people (Chinese: 基诺族 JÄ«nuòzú; own name: or kino) are an ethnic group. ... The Derung people (also spelled Drung or Dulong; own name in IPA: [tɯɹɯŋ]; Chinese: 独龙族, Pinyin: Dúlóngzú) are an ethnic group. ... The Manchu people (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Mongolian: Манж) are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria (todays Northeastern China). ... The Shui people (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shuǐzú) are an ethnic group living in the Guangxi, Guizhou, and Yunnan areas of southwestern China. ... Buyei minority Shitou village, west Guizhou The Buyei (also spelled Puyi, Bouyei and Buyi; self called: Buxqyaix, IPA: [], or Puzhong, Burao, Puman; Chinese: 布依族; Pinyin: BùyÄ«zú) are an ethnic group living in southern China. ... The Mosuo (also spelled Moso) (Chinese: 摩梭; pinyin: Mósuō) are a small ethnic group living in the Yunnan Province in China, south of Sichuan Province. ... Categories: Ethnic groups of China ...

A Tai woman in Yunnan, belonging to one of the many ethnic minorities of the province.
A Tai woman in Yunnan, belonging to one of the many ethnic minorities of the province.

Ethnic groups are widely distributed in the province. Some twenty-five minorities live in compact communities, each of which has a population of more than five thousand. Ten ethnic minorities living in border areas and river valleys include the Hui, Manchu (the Manchu, remnants of the Qing administration, do not live in compact settlements and are in all respects indistinguishable from the Han), Bai, Naxi, Mongolian, Zhuang, Dai, Achang, Buyei and Shui, with a combined population of 4.5 million; those in low mountainous areas are the Hani, Yao, Lahu, Va, Jingpo, Blang and Jino, with a combined population of 5 million; and those in high mountainous areas are Miao, Lisu, Tibetan, Pumi and Drung, with a total population of four million. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 374 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (533 × 855 pixel, file size: 372 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A thai Woman I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 374 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (533 × 855 pixel, file size: 372 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A thai Woman I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms... Look up Hui in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Manchu people (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Mongolian: Манж) are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria (todays Northeastern China). ... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: qīng cháo; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing the... Language(s) Chinese languages Religion(s) Predominantly Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism. ... Bamileke languages (ISO 639 alpha-3, bai) Bye - k thx bai Baccalaureus in Arte Ingeniaria Band Aid (band) BAI - Soviet early armoured car, predecessor of BA-6 Bai, a Chinese ethnic group, and their Bai language Banco Africano de Investimentos, in Angola BAI the official name of ferry company Brittany... Categories: Ethnic groups of China ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... The Dai (or the Thai peoples of China) is the officially recognized name of an ethnic group living in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan Province of China), and also in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar. ... The Achang (阿昌族), also known as the Ngacang (their own name) or Maingtha (Burmese name) are an ethnic group. ... Buyei minority Shitou village, west Guizhou The Buyei (also spelled Puyi, Bouyei and Buyi; self called: Buxqyaix, IPA: [], or Puzhong, Burao, Puman; Chinese: 布依族; Pinyin: BùyÄ«zú) are an ethnic group living in southern China. ... The Shui people (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shuǐzú) are an ethnic group living in the Guangxi, Guizhou, and Yunnan areas of southwestern China. ... Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani in China. ... This article is about the Yao ethnic group in Asia. ... Lahu girls The Lahu people (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; own names: Ladhulsi or Kawzhawd; Vietnamese: La Hủ) are an ethnic group of Southeast Asia. ... The Va nationality (also spelled Wa; Chinese: 佤族 WÇŽzú; own names: Va, Ava, Parauk, i. ... The Jingpo or Kachin people (Chinese: 景颇族 Jǐngpōzú; own names: Jingpo, Tsaiva, Lechi) are an ethnic group who largely inhabit northern Myanmar (Kachin State). ... The Blang village of Manpo, Xishuangbanna. ... The Jino (also spelled Jinuo) people (Chinese: 基诺族 JÄ«nuòzú; own name: tÉ•yno or kino) are an ethnic group. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (Chinese: 苗: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mẹo or Hmông; Thai: ม้ง (mong) or แม้ว (maew)), are an Asian ethnic group whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of southern China (especially Guizhou) that cross into northern Southeast Asia (northern Vietnam and Laos). ... It has been suggested that Lisu Church be merged into this article or section. ... The Tibetan people are a people indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the West to Myanmar and China in the East. ... The Pumi people (Chinese: 普米族 Pǔmǐzú, own name: /phʐẽmi/) are an ethnic group. ... The Drung people (own name: tɯɹɯŋ, Chinese: 独龙族 Dúlóngzú) are an ethnic group. ...


An oft-repeated proverb tells the story of three brothers who were born speaking different languages: Tibetan, Naxi, and Bai. Each settled in different areas of Yunnan and Tibet, respectively, the high area, the middle area, and the low area. The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... Naxi is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by some 300,000 people mostly concentrated in the Lijiang Naxi Autonomous County (Lìjiāng Nàxīzú Zìzhìxiàn 丽江纳西族自治县) of the province of Yunnan, China. ... The Bai language (Bai: Bairt‧ngvrt‧zix; Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Mandarin pinyin: Báiyǔ) is a language spoken in China, primarily in Yunnan province, by the Bai, one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Languages

Most dialects of the Chinese language spoken in Yunnan belong to the southwestern subdivision of the Mandarin group, and are therefore very similar to the dialects of neighbouring Sichuan and Guizhou provinces. Notable features found in many Yunnan dialects include the partial or complete loss of distinction between finals /n/ and /ŋ/, as well as the lack of /y/. In addition to the local dialects, most people also speak Standard Chinese (Putonghua, commonly called "Mandarin"), which is used in the media, by the government, and as the language of instruction in education. Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... Also known as Huguang (湖广), it is the varient of Mandarin Chinese widely spoken south of the Yangtze River, and east of the Tibetan Plateau. ... This article is on all of the Northern and Southwestern Chinese dialects. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Standard Mandarin refers to the official Chinese spoken language used by the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of China on Taiwan, Malaysia and Singapore. ...


Yunnan's ethnic diversity is reflected in its linguistic diversity. Languages spoken in Yunnan include Tibeto-Burman languages such as Bai, Yi, Tibetan, Hani, Jingpo, Lisu, Lahu, Naxi; Tai languages like Zhuang, Bouyei, Dong, Shui, Tai Lü and Tai Nüa or northern lao dialect; as well as Hmong-Mien languages. The Tibeto-Burman family of languages (often considered a sub-group of the Sino-Tibetan language family) is spoken in various central and south Asian countries, including Myanmar (Burma), northern Thailand, and parts of Western China (Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai (Amdo), Gansu, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Hunan), Nepal, Bhutan, India (Himachal... Bai (白族; pinyin: bái zú) is one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China. ... Yi (also Moso, Lolo, Noso, ) is a family of closely related Tibeto-Burman languages spoken by the Yi people. ... The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... The Hani language (Hani: Haqniqdoq; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Vietnamese: Tiếng Hà Nhì) is a language of the Loloish (Yi) branch of the Tibeto-Burman linguistic group spoken in China, Laos, Burma (Myanmar), and Vietnam by the Hani people. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Lahu language is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Lahu people of China, Thailand, Myanmar, and Laos. ... Naxi is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by some 300,000 people mostly concentrated in the Lijiang Naxi Autonomous County (Lìjiāng NàxÄ«zú Zìzhìxiàn 丽江纳西族自治县) of the province of Yunnan, China. ... The Tai languages are a subgroup of the Tai Kadai language family. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Buyi or Bouyei people (Self called: Puyi, Puzhong, Burao, Puman; Chinese: 布依族; pinyin: bùyī zú) are an ethnic group living in southern Peoples Republic of China. ... The Dong language (own name: leec Gaeml) is a Tai-Kadai (or Zhuang-Dong) language spoken by the Dong people of China. ... Tai Lue (or Tai Lü, Tai Le; tai51 lɯ11; Xishuangbanna Dai; Chinese: 傣仂语 DÇŽilèyÇ”) is one of the languages spoken by the Dai people in China. ... Tai Nüa (also called Dehong Dai or Chinese Shan; own name: [tai lÉ™], which means upper Tai or northern Tai, or ᥖᥭᥰᥖᥬᥳᥑᥨᥒᥰ [tai taɯ xoÅ‹]; Chinese: DÇŽinÇŽyÇ” 傣哪语 or Déhóng DÇŽiyÇ” 德宏傣语; Thai: ภาษาไทยเหนือ [pÊ°aːsaː tÊ°ai nɯːa] or ภาษาไทใต้คง [pÊ°aːsaː tÊ°ai taik... The Hmong-Mien or Miao-Yao languages are a small language family of southern China and Southeast Asia. ...


The Naxi, in particular, use the Dongba script, which is the only ideographic writing system in use in the world today. The Dongba script was mainly used to provide the Dongba priests with instructions on how to carry out their rituals: today the Dongba script features more as a tourist attraction. The most famous western Dongba scholar was Joseph Rock. The Dongba are the shamans or priests of the Naxi people of southwestern China. ... A Chinese character. ... Joseph Francis Charles Rock (1884 – 1962) was an Austrian-American explorer, geographer, linguist and botanist. ...


Literacy

By the end of 1998, among the province's population, 419,800 had received college education or above, 2.11 million, senior middle school education, 8.3 million, junior middle school education, 18.25 million, primary school education, and 8.25 million aged 15 or above, illiterate or semi-literate.


Politics

Secretaries of the CPC Yuanan Committee: The Secretary of the CPC is the highest ranking and most important position in Yunnan. [3] The Communist Party of China (CPC) (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China and also the worlds largest political party. ...

  1. Song Renqiong (宋任穷): 1950-1952
  2. Xie Fuzhi (谢富治): July 1952-August 1959
  3. Yan Hongyan (阎红彦): August 1959-January 1967
  4. Zhou Xing (周兴): June 1971-October 1975
  5. Jia Qiyun (贾启允): October 1975-February 1977
  6. An Pingsheng (安平生): February 1977-July 1985
  7. Pu Chaozhu (普朝柱): July 1985-June 1995
  8. Gao Yan (高严): June 1995-August 1997
  9. Linghu An (令狐安): August 1997-October 2001
  10. Bai Enpei (白恩培): October 2001 - incumbent [3]

Governors of Yunnan: The Governor is the second highest office in Yunnan, after the Secretary of the CPC Yunnan Committee.[3] The Governor, who is elected by the Yunnan Provincial People's Congress, is responsible for all economic, environmental, political, personnel and foreign affairs issues concerning Yunnan.[3] Song Renqiong (宋任窮, 1909-January 8, 2005) was the vice-chairman of the Central Advisory Committee of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Xie Fuzhi (also rendered as Hsieh Fu-shih; fl. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... Environmental policy is any (course of) action delibaretely taken (or not taken) to manage human activities with a view to prevent, reduce or mitigate harmful effects on nature and natural resources, and ensuring that man-made changes to the environment do not have harmful effects on humans [1]. // It is... Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ... Human Resources has at least two meanings depending on context. ... This article is about a journal. ...

  1. Chen Geng (陈赓): March 1950-February 1955
  2. Guo Yingqiu (郭影秋): February 1955-November 1958
  3. Ding Yichuan (丁一川): November 1958-January 1965
  4. Zhou Xing (周兴): January 1965-1966
  5. Tan Furen (谭甫仁): August 1968-October 1970
  6. Zhou Xing: October 1970-October 1975
  7. Jia Qiyun (贾启允): October 1975-February 1977
  8. An Pingsheng (安平生): February 1977-December 1979
  9. Liu Minghui (刘明辉): December 1979-April 1983
  10. Pu Chaozhu (普朝柱): April 1983-August 1985
  11. He Zhiqiang (和志强): August 1985-January 1998
  12. Li Jiating (李嘉廷): January 1998-June 2001
  13. Xu Rongkai (徐荣凯): June 2001- November 2006
  14. Qin Guangrong (秦光荣): January 2007 [3] -incumbent

Chen Geng (陈赓) (February 27, 1903-March 16, 1961) was a Chinese Communist military leader. ... Guo Yingqiu (郭影秋; 1909 - 1985) was a Chinese politician and educationist. ...

Economy

Local traders in Lijiang.
Local traders in Lijiang.

Yunnan is one of China's relatively undeveloped provinces with more poverty-stricken counties than the other provinces. In 1994, about 7 million people lived below the poverty line of less than an annual average income of 300 yuan per capita. They were distributed in the province's 73 counties mainly and financially supported by the central government. With an input of 3.15 billion yuan in 2002, the absolutely poor rural population in the province has been reduced from 4.05 million in 2000 to 2.86 million. The poverty alleviation plan includes five large projects aimed at improving infrastructure facilities. They involve planned attempts at soil improvement, water conservation, electric power, roads, and "green belt" building. Upon the completion of the projects, the province hopes this will alleviate the shortages of grain, water, electric power and roads. Image File history File linksMetadata Lijiang,_Yunnan,_China. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Lijiang,_Yunnan,_China. ... Lijiang City (Chinese: 丽江市; Hanyu Pinyin: ) refers to an administrative division comprising of urban and rural areas in northwestern Yunnan Province, China. ...


Yunnan's four pillar industries include tobacco, biology, mining, and tourism. Yunnan has trade contacts with more than seventy countries and regions in the world. Yunnan will also establish the Muse border trade zone (located in Ruili) along its border with Myanmar [1]. Yunnan mainly exports tobacco, machinery and electrical equipment, chemical and agricultural products, and non-ferrous metals. In 2002, its total two-way trade (imports and exports) reached US$2.23 billion. In 2002, the province signed foreign direct investment contracts involving US$333 million, of which US$112 million were actually utilized during the year. Yunnan's unemployment rate in 2002 was 4%. Ruili (simp. ... Foreign direct investment (FDI) is the movement of capital across national frontiers in a manner that grants the investor control over the acquired asset. ...


Yunnan's nominal GDP in 2006 was 400.2 billion yuan (US$51.7 billion), an annual growth rate of 11.9%. Its per capita GDP was 8,961 yuan (US$1,160). The share of GDP of Yunnan's primary, secondary, and tertiary industries were 21.1%, 42.8%, and 36.1% respectively. The primary sector of industry generally involves the changing process of natural resources into primary products. ... The secondary sector of industry includes those economic sectors that create a finished, usable product: manufacturing and construction. ... The tertiary sector of industry (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing), and primary industry (extraction such as mining, agriculture and fishing). ...


Education

Universities and Colleges

  • Kunming University of Science and Technology
  • Yunnan University
  • Yunnan University of Finance and Economics
  • Yunnan Agricultural University
  • Yunnan Normal University

Yunnan University is a prestigious university in China. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Transportation

One of Jinghong's many palm-lined streets.

A shady street scene, Jinghong, Yunnan, China. ... A shady street scene, Jinghong, Yunnan, China. ... Looking west along the Mekong in the evening. ...

Railways

Yunnan was first connected by railway not to the rest of China, but to the port of Haiphong by a French engineered narrow gauge railway completed in 1910. It took another fifty years for the province to be connected by rail to the rest of China with the completion of the Chengdu-Kunming line. Later a line connecting Kunming to Guiyang followed. Two further lines have been added recently: a southern line connecting to Nanning and a north-eastern line connecting to Sichuan. Haiphong (Vietnamese: Hải Phòng, Chinese 海防, HÇŽifáng) is the third most populous city in Vietnam. ... Not to be confused with Chengde. ... Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ... position in Guizhou district of Guiyang View of Guiyang Typically known as the Forest City, Guiyang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the capital of Guizhou province in the Peoples Republic of China. ... position in Guangxi Nanning (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Nánníng) is the capital of Guangxi autonomous region in southern China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ...


An extension now also links Kunming to Dali, with the stretch to Lijiang nearing completion. Plans are underway on extending the old line to Vietnam, while a new and very ambitious plan to link from Dali to Ruili has been announced in 2006. Another plan to extend the railway line from Kunming all the way to Singapore, with connections to the other South East Asian countries, will be opened in 2017. Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture Yunnans position in China Old City gate Night View of Dali Ancient Walled Downtown The Three Pagodas of Chong Sheng Temple South gate of the Ancient City of Dali Dali (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Bai: Darl•lit; Hani: Dafli) is a city in Yunnan province in the... Lijiang City (Chinese: 丽江市; Hanyu Pinyin: ) refers to an administrative division comprising of urban and rural areas in northwestern Yunnan Province, China. ... Ruili (simp. ... Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ...


Road and railroad traffic has been recently improved, and Kunming is now a transportation center; an important railroad runs from Kunming to Hanoi, Vietnam, while transportation to Myanmar is maintained by the Burma Road .


Highways

Road construction in Yunnan continues unabated: over the last years the province has added more new roads than any other province. Today expressways link Kunming through Dali to Baoshan, Kunming to Mojiang (on the way to Jinghong), Kunming to Qujing, Kunming to Shilin (Stone Forest). The official plan is to connect all major towns and neighbouring capitals with expressways by 2010, and to complete a high-speed road network by 2020.


All county towns are now accessible by paved, all-weather roads from Kunming, all townships have a road connection (the last to be connected was Yangla, in the far north, but Dulongjiang remains cut off for about six months every year), and about half of all villages have road access.


Second-level national highways stretch 958 km, third-level highways, 7,571 km and fourth-level highways, 52,248 km. The province has formed a network of communication lines radiating from Kunming to Sichuan and Guizhou provinces and Guangxi and Tibet autonomous regions, and further on to Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and Thailand.


Waterways

Generally, rivers are obstacles to transport in Yunnan. Only very small parts of Yunnan's river systems are navigable. However, China is constructing a series of dams on the Mekong to develop it as a waterway and source of power; the first was completed at Manwan in 1993.


In 1995, the province put an investment of 171 million yuan to add another 807 km of navigation lines. It built two wharfs with an annual handling capacity of 300,000 to 400,000 tons each and four wharfs with an annual handling capacity of 100,000 tons each. The annual volume of goods transported was two million tons and that of passengers transported, two million.


Airports

The province has twenty domestic air routes from Kunming to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Haikou, Chongqing, Shenyang, Harbin, Wuhan, Xi'an, Lanzhou, Hangzhou, Xiamen, Nanning, Shenzhen, Guiyang, Changsha, Guilin, Lhasa and Hong Kong; eight provincial air routes from Kunming to Jinghong, Mangshi, Lijiang, Dali, Zhongdian (Shangri-la), Zhaotong, Baoshan and Simao; and nine international air routes from Kunming to Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Yangon, Singapore, Seoul, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Kuala Lumpur and Vientiane. Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Not to be confused with Chengde. ... Haikou on the map of China Haikou, situated at the north of Hainan island, is the capital of Hainan Province of the Peoples Republic of China and has an estimated population of 830,192 (2006), therefore by far the largest city on the island. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... This article is about a city. ... Harbin on a map of China For other meanings of Harbin, see Harbin (disambiguation). ... For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ... Xian redirects here. ... Lanzhou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lan-chou; Postal map spelling: Lanchow) is the capital of and a prefecture-level city in the Gansu province, China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... A view of the Xiamen University campus Xiamen (Simplified Chinese: 厦门; Traditional Chinese: 廈門; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a coastal sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, Peoples Republic of China. ... position in Guangxi Nanning (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Nánníng) is the capital of Guangxi autonomous region in southern China. ... For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ... position in Guizhou district of Guiyang View of Guiyang Typically known as the Forest City, Guiyang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the capital of Guizhou province in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Changsha (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chang-sha) is the capital city of Hunan, a province of Southcentral China, located on the lower reaches of Xiangjiang river, a branch of the Yangtze River. ... position of Guilin in Guangxi Guilin in Guangxi Guilin (Chinese: æ¡‚æž—; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuei-lin, Postal System Pinyin: Kweilin; Zhuang: Gveilinz) is one of Chinas most picturesque cities, with a population of 670,000, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the Peoples... For other uses, see Lhasa (disambiguation). ... Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ... Looking west along the Mekong in the evening. ... Lijiang City (Chinese: 丽江市; Hanyu Pinyin: ) refers to an administrative division comprising of urban and rural areas in northwestern Yunnan Province, China. ... Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture Yunnans position in China Old City gate Night View of Dali Ancient Walled Downtown The Three Pagodas of Chong Sheng Temple South gate of the Ancient City of Dali Dali (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Bai: Darl•lit; Hani: Dafli) is a city in Yunnan province in the... Xianggelila (Chinese: 香格里拉, English: Shangri-La) is a primarily Tibetan city in North-West Yunnan Province in South-West China. ... Zhaotong (Chinese: 昭通; pinyin: Zhāotōng) is a prefecture-level city in Southern Yunnan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Baoshan (Chinese: 保山; pinyin: BÇŽoshān) is a prefecture-level city in Southern Yunnan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Simão Sabrosa (Simão for short) is a midfielder who plays for the Portugal national football team and SL Benfica. ... Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ... Location within Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... A street scene in Chiang Mai, showing (centre right), a gate of the old city wall. ... Yangon (also known as Rangoon) is the largest city of Burma. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Wujiaba Airport in Kunming is a national first-class airport and the other airports are second-class terminals. A new airport for Kunming, build east of the city, at Dabanqiao began construction in 2006, but is not expected to be completed until 2015. Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ...


Culture

See also: Yunnan cuisine and Music of Yunnan
Hand-painted Chinese New Year's poetry pasted on the sides of doors leading to people's homes, Old Town, Lijiang.
Hand-painted Chinese New Year's poetry pasted on the sides of doors leading to people's homes, Old Town, Lijiang.

One of Yunnan's famous products is Pu-erh tea, named after the old tea trading town of Pu-erh, as well as the Yunnan Golden Needle tea. Yunnan cuisine is an amalgimation of Han and Chinese minority cuisines. ... Yunnan is a province in southeast China. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1167, 299 KB) Description: Hand-painted Chinese New Years poetry pasted on the sides of doors leading to peoples homes, Old Town, Lijiang, Yunnan, China File links The following pages link to this file: Chinese poetry Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1167, 299 KB) Description: Hand-painted Chinese New Years poetry pasted on the sides of doors leading to peoples homes, Old Town, Lijiang, Yunnan, China File links The following pages link to this file: Chinese poetry Metadata This file... Lijiang City (Chinese: 丽江市; Hanyu Pinyin: ) refers to an administrative division comprising of urban and rural areas in northwestern Yunnan Province, China. ... Pu-erh, Puer tea, Puer tea or Bolay tea (Chinese: 普洱茶, Standard Mandarin Pǔěrchá, Cantonese Póuyíhchá, Póunéichá, Póuléichá, Hakka Pu3 ngi3 cha2, Wu Phu3 re6 zo6, Minnan 臭殕茶 Chhàu-phú-tê; also 武夷茶 Standard Mandarin Wǔyíchá) is a type of tea made... Golden needle tea is a black tea composed of pure buds from ancient tea trees in Yunnan, China. ...


Tourism

Tourist centres in Yunnan include:

  • Dali, the historic center of the Nanzhao and Dali kingdoms.
  • Chuxiong, the first stop on the way to Dali and Lijiang. Home of the Yi ethnic minority and their respective ancient town.
  • Jinghong, the center and prefectural capital of the Xishuangbanna Dai minority autonomous prefecture.
  • Lijiang, a Naxi minority city. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997.
  • Shangri-La County (formerly Zhongdian), an ethnic Tibetan township and county set high in Yunnan's north-western mountains.
  • The Stone Forest, a series of karst outcrops east of Kunming.
  • Yuanyang, a Hani minority settlement with vast rice-terraces.

Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture Yunnans position in China Old City gate Night View of Dali Ancient Walled Downtown The Three Pagodas of Chong Sheng Temple South gate of the Ancient City of Dali Dali (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Bai: Darl•lit; Hani: Dafli) is a city in Yunnan province in the... Nanzhao (Traditional Chinese: 南詔, Simplified Chinese: 南诏, pinyin: Nánzhāo, Alternate spellings: Nanchao, Nan Chao) was a Bai kingdom that flourished in East Asia during the 8th and 9th centuries. ... Dali (大理 pinyin: Dàlǐ) was a Bai kingdom centered in what is now Yunnan Province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Chuxiong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a city and prefecture capital of the Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture in the Yunnan province ofChina. ... Looking west along the Mekong in the evening. ... Xishuangbanna (西双版纳) is a autonomous prefecture in southern Yunnan Province, Peoples Republic of China. ... The Dai (or the Thai peoples of China) is the officially recognized name of an ethnic group living in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan Province of China), and also in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar. ... Lijiang City (Chinese: 丽江市; Hanyu Pinyin: ) refers to an administrative division comprising of urban and rural areas in northwestern Yunnan Province, China. ... Categories: Ethnic groups of China ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Shangri-La County or Xianggelila County (Chinese: 香格里拉县) is a primarily Tibetan county in northwestern Yunnan Province in southwest China. ... The Tibetan people are a people indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the West to Myanmar and China in the East. ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ... Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani in China. ...

Sporting teams

Professional sporting teams in Yunnan include:

Yunnan Honghe Bulls (云南红河奔牛) or Yunnan Honghe or Yunnan Bulls are a basketball team in the South Division of the Chinese Basketball Association, based in Mengzi, Yunnan (蒙自). ... The Chinese Basketball Association (CBA; Chinese 中国男子篮球职业联赛) is the premier professional basketball league in the Peoples Republic of China. ...

See also

  • 1996 Lijiang earthquake
  • Eighteen Oddities in Yunnan
  • HIV/AIDS in Yunnan (HIV/AIDS in China)
  • List of laojiaos in Yunnan

== [[ This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

References

  1. ^ (Chinese) Origin of the Names of China's Provinces, People's Daily Online.
  2. ^ Tan Chung (1998). A Sino-Indian Perspective for India-China Understanding.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Qin Guangrong re-elected governor of Yunnan Province", Xinhua, 2008-01-24. Retrieved on 2008-02-23. 

Logo of Peoples Daily The Peoples Daily (Chinese: ; pinyin: Rénmín Rìbào) is the official newspaper of the Communist Party of China, published worldwide with a circulation of 3 to 4 million. ... Xinhua (Chinese:新华通讯社/新華通訊社, pinyin:xīnhuá tōngxùnshè) is also the short for Xinhua News Agency Xinhua (Chinese:新化县/新化縣, pinyin:xīnhuà xiàn) is a county in Hunan,China, See Xinhua County. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Find more about Yunnan on Wikipedia's sister projects:
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  • Yunnan Government website
  • Yunnan travel guide from Wikitravel

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yunnan Hotels & Tours - Travel & Tourism Information (562 words)
Yunnan is a showpiece of China’s many natural wonders.
Among the picturesque cities of China, Yunnan is the excellent of Beautiful Clouds in the South with the ranges from mountains to tropical rainforests that is home to a numerous of plants and animals, including the rare ones.
For many hundreds of years, the Chinese considered the province of Yunnan a backward and wild place - cut off from the rest of the country by harsh mountains.
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