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Encyclopedia > Yuma, Arizona
City of Yuma, Arizona
Coordinates: 32°41′32″N 114°36′55″W / 32.69222, -114.61528
Country United States
State Arizona
County Yuma
Incorporated 1914
Government
 - Mayor Lawrence K. Nelson (R)
Area
 - Total 106.7 sq mi (276.4 km²)
 - Land 106.7 sq mi (276.2 km²)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km²)  0.07%
Elevation 138 ft (43 m)
Population (2006)
 - Total 87,423
 - Density 726.8/sq mi (280.6/km²)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-85540
GNIS feature ID 0014111
Website: http://www.YumaAZ.gov/

Yuma is the county seat[1] of Yuma County, Arizona, United States. According to 2000 Census, the population of the city was 77,515, with a 2006 Census Bureau estimate of 87,423.[2] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... Yuma County is located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... MST is UTC-7 The Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-7. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... North American area code 928 is a state of Arizona telephone area code that was created in a split from area Code 520 on June 23, 2001, due mainly to population gains in Tucson, Yuma and Flagstaff. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Yuma County is located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...

Contents

Geography

Yuma is located at 32°41′32″N, 114°36′55″W (32.692148, -114.615389)[3], close to the border, with California to the west and with Mexico to the south. Yuma is just west of the Gila and Colorado River confluence. This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Gila River, a tributary of the Colorado, is shown highlighted on a map of the United States The Gila River (Oodham [Pima]: Hila Akimel) is a tributary of the Colorado River, 630 mile (1,014 km) long, in the southwestern United States. ... Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 106.7 square miles (276.4 km²), of which, 106.7 square miles (276.2 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.07%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


History

Yuma Crossing and RR bridge in 1886. The bridge was built in 1877.

The area's first settlers were Native American Tribes, whose descendants occupy the Cocopah and Quechan reservations near the city. In 1540, expeditions under Hernando de Alarcon and Melchior Diaz visited here and immediately saw the natural crossing of the Colorado River was an ideal spot for a city. Image File history File links Yuma_Crossing_and_RR_bridge_in_1886. ... Image File history File links Yuma_Crossing_and_RR_bridge_in_1886. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Cocopa is a Native American tribe which emigated from Baja California and settled on the lower reaches of the Colorado River. ... Yumas. ... Hernando Ruiz de Alarcón, a Spanish navigator of the 16th century, noted for having led an early expedition to Baja California, meant to be coordinated with Francisco Vasquéz de Coronado. ... Melchior Díaz was an early Spanish explorer of Western North America. ...

Yuma-ferry in year 1889
Yuma-ferry in year 1889

From the 1850s through the 1870s, the Yuma Crossing was known for its steamboat crossing, and spot for them to stop on the way up and down the river. The steamboats transported passengers and equipment for the various mines and military outposts. Yuma served as the gateway to the new western territory of California, as it was one of the few natural spots to cross the very wide Colorado River. The Southern Pacific Railroad bridged the river in 1870 and helped continue Yuma as a major hub in the desert southwest. Yuma became the county seat for the area in 1864. Famous farm labor organizer Cesar Chavez was born and spent much of his life in Yuma. Image File history File links Yuma_ferry_year_1889. ... Image File history File links Yuma_ferry_year_1889. ... 2003 USPS stamp featuring Chávez and the fields that were so important to him César Estrada Chávez (March 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993) was an American farm worker, labor leader, and activist who co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers. ...

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 1,144
1880 1,200 4.9%
1890 1,773 47.8%
1900 1,519 -14.3%
1910 2,914 91.8%
1920 4,237 45.4%
1930 4,892 15.5%
1940 5,325 8.9%
1950 9,145 71.7%
1960 23,974 162.2%
1970 29,007 21.0%
1980 42,481 46.5%
1990 56,966 34.1%
2000 77,515 36.1%
Est. 2006 87,523 12.9%
[4]

Yuma is the central city of the Yuma, AZ MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area), which consists of Yuma County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the 2007 estimated population of the Yuma MSA is 190,557,[5] though more than 85,000 winter visitors make Yuma their winter residence.[6] The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... Yuma County is located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 77,515 people, 26,649 households, and 19,613 families residing in the city. The population density was 726.8 people per square mile (280.6/km²). There were 34,475 housing units at an average density of 323.3/sq mi (124.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.33% White, 3.21% Black or African American, 1.51% Native American, 1.50% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 21.36% from other races, and 3.90% from two or more races. 45.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 26,649 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.27. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.


According to the 2006 American Community Survey estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $39,885, and the median income for a family was $41,588. Males had a median income of $35,440 versus $27,035 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,393. About 14.1% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over. In addition to low income, some Yuma residents are also below the poverty line because Yuma tops CareerBuilder.com's list of 20 U.S. cities with the highest unemployment rates.[8] The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Climate

Yuma is one of the hottest cities of any size in the United States, with average July high temperatures of 107 degrees Fahrenheit. (By way of comparison, the corresponding figure for Death Valley is 115 degrees.) Average January highs are around 69 degrees. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, Yuma is the sunniest place on earth. Of the possible 4,456 hours of daylight each year, the sun shines in Yuma for roughly 4,050 hours, or about 90% of the time. The near perfect flying weather year round attracts military interest in training their pilots here. On average Yuma receives about 3 inches of rain annually. For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Death Valley (disambiguation). ... The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ...


On July 28, 1995 Yuma reached its all-time high at 124 degrees. The lowest temperature for Yuma to fall to was 13 degrees on the Yuma mesa in January of 2007. The temperature fell to 13 degrees for approximately 2 hours and was detrimental to the many crops grown in and around Yuma. The crop that suffered the most damage was the citrus on the Yuma mesa, most notably the Lemon crop which suffered a 75 to 95% loss of not only crop, but trees and stated by the Arizona Department of Agriculture in a February 2007 report. is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


In 1997, the desert city sustained a full tropical storm after Hurricane Nora made landfall at the mouth of the Colorado River and quickly moved due north along it. The extraordinarily rare event cut power to 12,000 customers in Yuma, and dropped 3.59 inches or over 90mm of rain at Marine Corps Air Station Yuma. This article is about weather phenomena. ... Lowest pressure 950 mbar (hPa; 28. ... Landfall has two meanings: Landfall, Minnesota the place or time at which a hurricane or waterspout, or even a boat hits land Landfall is also the title of New Zealands most important literary journal. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... This article is about precipitation. ... The MCAS Yuma is located 2 miles (3 km) from the city of Yuma, Arizona. ...

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 88 97 100 107 116 122 124 120 116 112 98 86
Norm High °F 69.9 75.2 80.1 87.2 94.7 104.4 107.3 106.1 101 90.3 77.3 69
Norm Low °F 46.2 48.8 52.8 58.1 65.1 73.2 80.8 80.8 75.3 64 52.2 45.8
Rec Low °F 13 28 32 41 46 54 63 63 53 35 30 27
Precip (in) 0.38 0.28 0.27 0.09 0.05 0.02 0.23 0.61 0.26 0.26 0.14 0.42
Source: USTravelWeather.com [2]

Sites of interest

Desert near Yuma in 2005.

Yuma contains the historical Yuma Territorial Prison, the Yuma Crossing Historic Park, and a historic downtown area. Yuma is an Arizona Main Street City. Near Yuma are the Kofa Mountain Range and wildlife refuge, Martinez and Mittry Lakes, and the Algodones Dunes, which draw tens of thousands of visitors every year especially during thanksgiving. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1080x720, 357 KB) Summary 2005 Desert near Yuma, AZ. Photography by Jason West. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1080x720, 357 KB) Summary 2005 Desert near Yuma, AZ. Photography by Jason West. ... The Yuma Territorial Prison was a prison in the Arizona Territory in the United States. ... Martinez Lake is a lake in the south-west of Arizona, just north of Yuma, Arizona on the Lower Colorado River. ... Mittry Lake is located in the southwest corner of Arizona, just north of Yuma on the Lower Colorado River. ... Algodones Dunes The Algodones Dunes are located southeast of the Salton Sea in southern California at the border with Arizona and Baja California, Mexico. ...


There are many hunting and fishing opportunities in Yuma, as uninhabited areas of the county offer a home for a variety of game and fish. Mule Deer and Desert Bighorn Sheep can be found in surrounding areas. Coyotes can be found throughout the area and even within city limits. Dove and quail seasons are popular sporting occasions each autumn, the Mourning dove being a byproduct of the extensive Colorado river–irrigated agriculture lands. This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... For the computer security term, see Phishing. ... Game is any animal hunted for food or not normally domesticated (such as venison). ... Binomial name (Rafinesque, 1817) The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer whose habitat is in the western half of North America. ... Trinomial name Ovis canadensis nelsoni The Desert Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni) is a subspecies of Bighorn Sheep that occurs in the desert Southwest regions of the United States. ... Subfamilies see article text Feral Rock Pigeon beside Weiming Lake, Peking University Dove redirects here. ... This article is about the bird. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Winter only (blue), summer only (light green), and year-round (dark green) range Subspecies See text The Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) is a member of the dove family Columbidae. ... The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River from Laughlin Horseshoe Bend is a horseshoe-shaped meander of the Colorado River located near the town of Page, Arizona The Colorado River is...


The city is also the location of the Marine Corps Air Station Yuma, which conducts an annual air show and many large-scale military exercises. There is also the Yuma Proving Ground, an Army base which tests new military equipment. The MCAS Yuma is located 2 miles (3 km) from the city of Yuma, Arizona. ... The U.S. Army Yuma Proving Ground is one of the largest military installations in the world, situated in southwestern Arizona, approximately 24 miles north of the city of Yuma, Arizona. ...


Another point of interest in Yuma is the Colorado River which runs along the north and west side of town dividing Arizona and California. Yuma is an important station for trucking industry movement of goods between California, Arizona, and Mexico. The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River from Laughlin Horseshoe Bend is a horseshoe-shaped meander of the Colorado River located near the town of Page, Arizona The Colorado River is...


Nearby is the town of Los Algodones, Baja California which has become a very popular spot for tourists to shop and enjoy the local cuisine. Border crossing into Los Algodones from Andrade, California Los Algodones, Baja California, is a small Mexican town located on the extreme northeastern tip of the municipality of Mexicali, approximately 20 km (10 miles) west of Yuma, Arizona, USA. It is the northernmost town in Mexico, and at its northeastern tip...


Famous residents

2003 USPS stamp featuring Chávez and the fields that were so important to him César Estrada Chávez (March 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993) was an American farm worker, labor leader, and activist who co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers. ... Benjamin José Bengie Molina (born July 20, 1974, in Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico) is the starting catcher for the San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball. ... For other persons named John Glenn, see John Glenn (disambiguation). ...

Transportation

Yuma International Airport (IATA: YUM, ICAO: KYUM, FAA LID: YUM) is a shared-use airport together with the Marine Corps Air Station Yuma and located three miles (5 km) south of the central business district (CBD) of Yuma, a city in Yuma County, Arizona, USA. It is mostly used for... The Yuma (Amtrak station) is located at 281 Gila Street in Yuma, Arizona. ... This article is about the US bus line. ...

See also

Winterhaven is a census-designated place located in Imperial County, California. ... The Imperial Sand Dunes. ...

References

  1. ^ Find a County. National Association of Counties. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Arizona (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 21, 2006). Retrieved on November 14, 2006.
  3. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ Gibson, Campbell. "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990." United States Census Bureau. June, 1998. Retrieved on October 7, 2006.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ City of Yuma. Greater Yuma Economic Development Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-06-23.
  7. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ CareerBuilder.com Article

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Yuma, Arizona is at coordinates 32°41′32″N 114°36′55″W / 32.692148, -114.615389 (Yuma, Arizona)Coordinates: 32°41′32″N 114°36′55″W / 32.692148, -114.615389 (Yuma, Arizona)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yuma, Arizona - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1018 words)
Yuma served as the gateway to the new western territory of California, as it was one of the few natural spots to cross the (at that point in time) very wide Colorado River.
Yuma became the county seat for the area in 1864.
Yuma is the hottest city of its size in the United States, with average July high temperatures of 107 degrees Fahrenheit.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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