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Encyclopedia > Yukon River
Yukon River
Map of the Yukon River watershed
Origin Atlin and Tagish Lakes
Mouth Bering Sea
Basin countries United States, Canada
Length 3,700 km (2,300 mi)
Avg. discharge 6,430 m³/s (227,000 ft³/s)
Basin area 832,700 km² (321,500 mi²)

The Yukon River is a major watercourse of northwestern North America. Over half of the river lies in the U.S. state of Alaska, with most of the other portion lying in and giving its name to Canada's Yukon Territory, and a small part of the river near the source located in British Columbia. The river is 3,700 km (2,300 mi) long and empties into the Bering Sea at the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. The average flow is 6,430 m³/s (227,000 ft³/s).[1] The total drainage area is 832,700 km² (321,500 mi²),[2] of which 323,800 km² (126,300 mi²) is in Canada. By comparison, the total area is more than 25% larger than Texas or Alberta. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... River Wey near its source at Farringdon, Hampshire Headstream is the origin of water flow that initiates the subject watercourse. ... Atlin comes from the Tlingit First Nations (not Indians real Indians are from India. ... A portion of Tagish Lake (on the left half of the image) during the Winter, as seen from space. ... Satellite photo of the Bering Sea Bering Sea and the North Pacific Ocean Bearing Sea with Kamchatka Peninsula and Alaska The Bering (or Imarpik) Sea is a body of water north of, and separated from, the north Pacific Ocean by the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) None[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... This article is about Yukon Territory in Canada. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... Satellite photo of the Bering Sea Bering Sea and the North Pacific Ocean Bearing Sea with Kamchatka Peninsula and Alaska The Bering (or Imarpik) Sea is a body of water north of, and separated from, the north Pacific Ocean by the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands. ... The Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta region is a treeless tundra located in southwestern Alaska. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked...


The longest river in Alaska and the Yukon Territory, it was one of the principal means of transportation during the 18961903 Klondike Gold Rush. Paddle-wheel riverboats continued to ply the river until the 1950s, when the Klondike Highway was completed. Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... A typical gold mining operation, on Bonanza Creek. ... A first class tourist riverboat High speed planing riverboat High speed hydrofoil riverboat Local passenger transport craft Riverboat specialized for cargo truck transport Self propelled gravel barge M.V. Splendid China layout A riverboat is a specialized watercraft (vessel) designed for operating on inland waterways. ... The Klondike Highway is a highway that leads from Skagway, Alaska in the United States to Dawson City, Yukon in Canada. ...


Yukon means "great river" in Gwich'in. The river was called Kwiguk, or "large stream", in Yupik. The Lewes River is the former name of the upper course of the Yukon, from Marsh Lake to the confluence of the Pelly River at Fort Selkirk. The Gwichin (sometimes rendered as Kutchin or Gwitchin), literally one who dwells, are a First Nation people who live in the northern part of North America. ... The Yupik (Yupik/Юпик) people speak several distinct languages, depending on their location. ... Marsh Lake (Mud Lake) is a widening of the Yukon River southeast of Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada. ... The Pelly River is a river in Canada, and is a headstream of the Yukon River. ... Fort Selkirk was a trading post on the Pelly River where it flows into the Yukon River in Canadas Yukon Territory. ...


The Yukon River has been heavily polluted from gold mining, military installations, dumps, wastewater, and other sources. The Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council, a cooperative effort of 64 First Nations and tribes in Alaska and Canada, has the goal of making the river and its tributaries safe to drink from again. It has been suggested that Pollutant be merged into this article or section. ... The Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council (YRITWC )is made up of 64 First Nations and tribes in Alaska and Canada, living along the full length of the heavily-polluted Yukon River. ... First Nations is a Canadian term of ethnicity which refers to the aboriginal peoples located in what is now Canada, and their descendants who are neither Inuit nor Métis. ... This article is on the social structure. ...

Contents

Course

A view of the Yukon River near Dawson City, Yukon
A view of the Yukon River near Dawson City, Yukon

The generally accepted source of the Yukon River is the Llewellyn Glacier at the southern end of Atlin Lake in British Columbia. Others suggest that the source is Lake Lindeman at the northern end of the Chilkoot Trail. Either way, Atlin Lake flows into Tagish Lake, as eventually does Lake Lindeman after flowing into Lake Bennett. Tagish Lake then flows into Marsh Lake. The Yukon River proper starts at the northern end of Marsh Lake, just south of Whitehorse. Some argue that the source of the Yukon River should really be Teslin Lake and the Teslin River, which has a larger flow when it reaches the Yukon at Hootalinqua. The upper end of the Yukon river was originally known as the Lewes River until it was established that it actually was the Yukon. North of Whitehorse, the Yukon River widens into Lake Laberge, made famous by Robert W. Service's "The Cremation of Sam McGee." Other large lakes that are part of the Yukon River system include Kusawa Lake (into the Takhini River) and Kluane Lake (into the Kluane and then White River). Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 2. ... The Town of the City of Dawson or Dawson City is a town in the Yukon Territory, Canada. ... Atlin comes from the Tlingit First Nations (not Indians real Indians are from India. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... The Chilkoot Trail is a trail in the Chilkoot mountains in Alaska that leads from Dyea, Alaska, United States to Bennett, British Columbia, Canada through the Chilkoot Pass in the Coast Mountains. ... A portion of Tagish Lake (on the left half of the image) during the Winter, as seen from space. ... Lake Bennett is a lake partly in the province of British Columbia and partly in the Yukon Territory, in Canada. ... Marsh Lake (Mud Lake) is a widening of the Yukon River southeast of Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada. ... Whitehorse (IPA: /ʍaɪt. ... Teslin River at Johnsons crossing The Teslin River is a river in southern Yukon Territory, Canada, that flows 393 miles from its source, Teslin Lake, to its confluence with the Yukon River. ... Lake Laberge is a widening of the Yukon River north of Whitehorse. ... Robert W. Service Robert William Service (January 16, 1874 – September 11, 1958) was a poet and writer. ... The Cremation of Sam McGee is the most famous of Robert W. Services poems. ... Kluane Lake is located in the southwest area of the Yukon. ...


The river passes through the communities of Whitehorse, Carmacks, (just before the Five Finger Rapids) and Dawson City in the Yukon Territory, and into Circle, Fort Yukon, Stevens Village, Tanana, Ruby, Galena, Nulato, Grayling, Holy Cross, Russian Mission, Marshall, Pilot Station, St. Marys (which is accessible from the Yukon at Pilot Point), and Mountain Village. After Mountain Village, the main Yukon channel frays into many channels, sprawling across the delta. There are a number of communitites after the "head of passes," as the channel division is called locally: Nunum Iqua, Alakanuk, Emmonak, and Kotlik. Of those delta communities, Emmonak is the largest with roughly 760 people in the 2000 census. Emmonak's gravel airstrip is the regional hub for flights. Whitehorse (IPA: /ʍaɪt. ... Carmacks is a village in the Yukon on the Yukon River along the Klondike Highway. ... The City of Dawson is a town in the Yukon territory of Canada, located at a latitude of 64° 03 45 N and a longitude of 139° 25 50 W. The current population is approximately 2,000. ... This article is about Yukon Territory in Canada. ... Circle (also called Circle City) is a census_designated place located in Yukon_Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ... Fort Yukon is a city located in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ... Stevens Village is a census-designated place located in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ... Tanana is a city located in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ... Ruby is a city in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States. ... Galena is a city located in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ... Nulato is a city located in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ... Grayling is a city located in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ... Holy Cross is a city located in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ... Russian Mission is a city located in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska. ... Marshall is a city located in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska. ... Pilot Station is a city located in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska. ... Mountain Village is a city located in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska. ... Mountain Village is a city located in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska. ... Alakanuk is a city located in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska. ... Emmonak is a city located in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska. ... Kotlik is a city located in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska. ... Emmonak is a city located in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska. ... Emmonak is a city located in Wade Hampton Census Area, Alaska. ...


Hazards

The bridge across the Yukon River at Carmacks on the Klondike Highway
The bridge across the Yukon River at Carmacks on the Klondike Highway
The E. L. Patton Yukon River Bridge carries the Dalton Highway over the Yukon north of Fairbanks.
The E. L. Patton Yukon River Bridge carries the Dalton Highway over the Yukon north of Fairbanks.

Volcanoes near the Yukon River, such as Volcano Mountain in the Fort Selkirk Volcanic Field, may have once partly blocked or at least altered the Yukon River by lava flows. Any future activity in this area could disrupt the course of the river and could have serious impacts on people living or working downstream. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1632x1232, 495 KB) A bridge across the Yukon river at Carmacs, Yukon, Canada Picture taken August 14th, 2005 by Janothird File links The following pages link to this file: Yukon River Klondike Highway ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1632x1232, 495 KB) A bridge across the Yukon river at Carmacs, Yukon, Canada Picture taken August 14th, 2005 by Janothird File links The following pages link to this file: Yukon River Klondike Highway ... Carmacks is a village in the Yukon on the Yukon River along the Klondike Highway. ... The Klondike Highway is a highway that leads from Skagway, Alaska in the United States to Dawson City, Yukon in Canada. ... Photo of the E.L. Patton bridge over the Yukon River, taken July 1998 by User:Stan Shebs File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo of the E.L. Patton bridge over the Yukon River, taken July 1998 by User:Stan Shebs File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The highway and pipeline run generally parallel to each other; this segment is between the Arctic Circle and Coldfoot. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Volcano Mountain is an active cinder cone in central Yukon Territory, Canada, located a short distance north of Fort Selkirk, near the confluence of the Pelly and Yukon Rivers. ... The Fort Selkirk Volcanic Field is a volcanic field in the Stikine Volcanic Belt, Yukon Territory, Canada. ... Look up lava, Aa, pahoehoe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Bridges

Despite its length, there are only four vehicle-carrying bridges across the river:

A car ferry crosses the river at Dawson City in the summer; it is replaced by an ice bridge over the frozen river during the winter. Plans to build a permanent bridge were announced in March 2004, although they are currently on hold because bids came in much higher than budgeted. Map of Alaska Highway (in red) The Alaska Highway, also the Alaskan Highway, Alaska-Canadian Highway, and the Alcan Highway, runs from Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Fairbanks, Alaska, via Whitehorse, Yukon. ... Robert Campbell ( 21 February 1808 – 9 May 1894) was a Hudsons Bay Company fur trader and explorer. ... The Klondike Highway is a highway that leads from Skagway, Alaska in the United States to Dawson City, Yukon in Canada. ... For other uses, see Fairbanks (disambiguation). ... The highway and pipeline run generally parallel to each other; this segment is between the Arctic Circle and Coldfoot. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ...


There are also 2 pedestrian-only bridges in Whitehorse, as well as a dam across the river and a hydroelectric generating station. The construction of the dam flooded the White Horse rapids, which gave the city its name, and created Schwatka Lake. Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... The White Horse rapids were rapids on the Yukon River in Canadas Yukon Territory, named for their supposed resemblance to the mane of a charging white horse. ... Schwatka Lake is a reservoir created by the damming of the Yukon River at Whitehorse. ...


The river flows into several parklands and refuges including:

The Innoko National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife refuge in western Alaska in the United States. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge Map The Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge is a United States National Wildlife Refuge covering about 19 million acres (77,000 km²) in southwestern Alaska. ...

Tributaries

Yukon Territory

The Yukon River from Midnight Dome next to Dawson City, Yukon
The Yukon River from Midnight Dome next to Dawson City, Yukon
  • Takhini River
  • Big Salmon River
  • Little Salmon River
  • Nordenskiold River
  • Teslin River
  • Pelly River
    • Macmillan River
  • Stewart River
    • Nadaleen River
    • Lansing River
    • Hess River
    • McQuesten River
  • White River
    • Donjek River
      • Kluane River
      • Nisling River
    • Beaver Creek
  • Sixtymile River
  • Indian River
  • Klondike River
  • Fortymile River

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Town of the City of Dawson or Dawson City is a town in the Yukon Territory, Canada. ... Teslin River at Johnsons crossing The Teslin River is a river in southern Yukon Territory, Canada, that flows 393 miles from its source, Teslin Lake, to its confluence with the Yukon River. ... The Pelly River is a river in Canada, and is a headstream of the Yukon River. ... Klondike River crossing Dempster Highway (upstream) The Klondike River is a tributary of the Yukon River in Canada and gave its name to the Klondike Gold Rush. ... The Fortymile River is a river in Alaska and the Yukon. ...

Alaska

(tributaries in the Yukon)
    • Miner River
      • Fishing Branch
    • Bell River
      • Eagle River
      • Rock River (Yukon)
    • Driftwood River (Yukon)
    • Old Crow River
    • Bluefish River
(tributaries in Alaska)
    • Coleen River
    • Black River
      • Wood River
      • Bear Mountain Creek
      • Mountain Creek
    • Chandalar Creek
    • Sheenjek River
      • Sheenjek River East Fork
      • Koness River
      • Eskimo Creek
  • Christian River
  • Chandalar River
    • East Fork Chandalar River
    • Middle Fork Chandalar River
    • North Fork Chandalar River
    • West Fork Chandalar River
    • Marten Creek
  • Birch Creek
  • Hadweenzic River
  • Beaver Creek
  • Hodzana River
  • Dall River
  • Ray River
  • Big Salt River
  • Hess Creek
  • Garnet Creek
    • Fish Creek
  • Texas Creek
  • Coal Creek
  • Tanana River
  • NC Creek
  • Tozitna River
  • Blind River
  • Bering Creek
  • Nowitna River
    • Sulatna River
  • Big Creek
    • Beaver Creek
    • Glacier Creek
  • Melozitna River
    • Black Sand Creek
    • Little Melozitna River
  • Ruby Slough
  • Yuki River
    • East Fork Yuki River
  • Kala Creek
    • Kelly Creek
  • Galena Creek
  • Bishop Creek
  • Koyukuk River
    • Workyard Creek
    • Gisasa River
    • Kateel River
    • Dulbi River
    • Huslia River
      • Nulitna River
      • Tom Cook Slough
      • Billy Hawk Creek
    • Cutoff Slough
    • Hogatza River
      • Clear Creek
    • Batza River
    • Matthews Slough
      • Little Indian River
      • Indian River
        • Calamity Creek
      • Pocahontas Creek
    • Kanuti River
    • Discovery Creek
    • Alatna River
      • Siruk Creek
    • South Fork Koyokouk River
      • Jim River
    • Jane Creek
    • John River
    • North Fork Koyukuk River
  • Nulato River
  • Khotol River
  • Anvik River
  • Bonasila River
    • Stuyahok River
  • Innoko River
    • Paimiut Slough
      • Reindeer River
    • Iditarod River
      • Yetna River
      • First Chance Creek
    • Mud River
    • Dishna River
      • Coffee Creek
      • Tolstoi Creek
        • Madison Creek
        • Mastodon Creek
          • Hurst Creek
    • Taft Creek
    • Finland Creek
    • Scandinavian Creek
    • North Fork Innoko River
      • Tango Creek
      • West Fork North Fork Innoko River
    • Colorado Creek
  • Kako Creek
  • Engineer Creek
  • Reindeer River
  • Atchuelinguk River
  • Andreafsky River
  • Kashunuk River (distributary)

The Charley River is a river in Alaska. ... The Porcupine River is a river in Alaska and in the Yukon. ... The Coleen River is a river in Alaska. ... The The Black River is a river in Gates of the Arctic National Park, Alaska. ... The Sheenjek River is a river in Alaska. ... The Chandalar River is a river in Alaska. ... The Wind River is a river in Alaska. ... Birch Creek is a river in Alaska. ... Beaver Creek is a river in Alaska. ... Fairbanks Tanana River The Tanana River (TA-nuh-naw) is a tributary of the Yukon River in Alaska in the United States. ... The Nabesna River flows northward from Wrangell-St. ... The Delta River is a tributary of the Tanana River, which in turn is a tributary of the Yukon River in Alaska in the United States. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Chena River is a river that flows in the interior of Alaska from the Alaskan White Mountains east of Fairbanks into the Tanana River near Fairbanks. ... Rafting on the Nenana River, near Denali National Park The Nenana River is a tributary of the Tanana River, approximately 150 mi (241 km) long, in central Alaska in the United States. ... The Kantishna River is a river in Gates of the Arctic National Park, Alaska. ... Bluebell Creek can refer to: Bluebell Creek (Alaska), a tributary of the Yukon River Bluebell Creek (British Columbia) Bluebell Creek (Colorado) Bluebell Creek (Iowa), a minor tributary of the Upper Mississippi River Category: ... The Nowitna River is situated in central Alaska west of Tanana. ... The Melozitna River is a river in Alaska. ... Zane hills and Koyukuk river The Koyukuk River is a principal tributary of the Yukon River, approximately 500 mi (805 km) long, in northern Alaska in the United States. ... The Huslia River is a river in Alaska. ... The Hogatza River is a river in Alaska. ... The Alatna River is a river in Alaska. ... The John River is a river in Alaska. ... Anvik River is a 140-mile-long (225 km) river in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... The Innoko River is a river in western Alaska at about 64°0 North 156°30 West. ... The Iditarod River is a river in western Alaska, at about 63°02 North 158°45 West. ... The Andreafsky River is a river in the U.S. state of Alaska. ...

See also

This is a partial list of rivers in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Arctic Watershed Upper Liard River Rancheria River Frances River Hyland River Coal River La Biche River Peel River Ogilvie River Blackstone River Hart River Wild River Bonnet Plume River Snake River Firth River Malcolm river Trail River Babbage River Blow River Bering Sea Watershed Yukon River Marsh Lake McClintock Creek...

References

  1. ^ Brabets, et al, 2000 Environmental and Hydrologic Overview of the Yukon River Basin, Alaska and Canada p56.
  2. ^ Brabets, et al, 2000 Environmental and Hydrologic Overview of the Yukon River Basin, Alaska and Canada p48.

External links

  • Canadian Council for Geographic Education page with a series of articles on the history of the Yukon River
  • The Yukon River Bridge at Dawson City
  • [1] "Experience Alaska's Yukon River & the Nowitna National Wildlife Refuge" at "Yukon River Lodge"
  • Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council

  Results from FactBites:
 
Yukon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1434 words)
Yukon or Yukon Territory or (usually) The Yukon is one of Canada's northern territories, in the country's extreme northwest.
The two main Yukon rivers flowing into the Mackenzie in the Northwest Territories are the Liard River in the southeast and the Peel River and its tributaries in the northeast.
Yukon was one of eight jurisdictions in Canada to offer same-sex marriage before the passage of Canada's Civil Marriage Act, along with British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec and Saskatchewan.
Yukon River - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (585 words)
The longest river in Alaska and the Yukon, it was one of the principal means of transportation during the Klondike Gold Rush in 1898 to 1899.
The generally accepted source of the Yukon River is the Llewellyn Glacier at the southern end of Atlin Lake in British Columbia.
The upper end of the Yukon river was originally known as the Lewes River until it was established that it actually was the Yukon.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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