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Encyclopedia > Yukaghirs

The Yukaghir, or Yukagirs (Юкагиры in Russian; self-designation: одул (odul), деткиль (detkil')) are a people in East Siberia, living in the basin of the Kolyma River. According to the 1970 census, their total number was 600 people.


The Tundra Yukagirs live in the Lower Kolyma region in Sakha, the Taiga Yukagirs - in the Upper Kolyma region in Sakha and Srednekansky District of the Magadan Oblast. By the time of the Russian colonization in the 17th century, the Yukagir tribal groups (Chuvans, Khodyns, Anauls etc.) occupied territories from the Lena River to the mouth of the Anadyr River. The number of the Yukagirs decreased between the 17th and 19th centuries due to epidemics, internecine wars and tsarist colonial policy. Some of the Yukagirs have assimilated with the Yakuts, Evens and Russians.


The Yukaghir language is a language isolate, now thought to be distantly related to the Uralic languages. The language is regarded as endangered.


See also: Paleosiberian languages


  Results from FactBites:
 
Yukaghir - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (374 words)
The Yukaghir, or Yukagirs (Юкагиры in Russian; self-designation: одул (odul), деткиль (detkil')) are a people in East Siberia, living in the basin of the Kolyma River.
The Yukaghir language is a language isolate, now thought to be distantly related to the Uralic languages.
The surviving tribes are the Odul of Nelemnoe, the Vadul of Andryushkino and the Chuvan of Anadyr river area.
NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Yukaghir (1312 words)
Geographical distribution of Yukaghir, Finnic, Ugric and Samoyedic languages The Yukaghir languages are a family of related languages spoken in Russia by the Yukaghir, a Siberian people, living in the basin of the Kolyma River.
Yukaghir legends and folklore tell of this simultaneous invasion of the Russians and the Sakha, beginning an age of decline and ethnocide for the Yukaghir.
The two last principal groups of Yukaghir are centred in the Kolyma region, in the north-east of Yakutia: in the Upper Kolyma, the descendendents of different clans of the taiga, hunters and fishers are clustered in the village of Nelemnoe, situated on the Yasachnaya River and at Zyryanka.
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