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Encyclopedia > Yugoslavian Front (WWII)
Yugoslavian Front of WWII
Part of World War II

The Partisan march on Igman, Bosnia
Date 19411945
Location Yugoslavia
Result Partisan victory
Combatants
Allied Powers:
Yugoslav Partisans
Soviet Union
Axis Powers:

Germany
Italy (until 1943)
Bulgaria
Croatia
Milan Nedić's Serbia
Montenegro Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Image File history File links Igman_march_on_27_01_1942. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis powers during the Second World War. ... Image File history File links Yugoslav_Partisans_flag_1945. ... Yugoslav Partisan Flag The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II, the Yugoslav Peoples Liberation War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Area under Axis control over the course of the war shown in black. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(1878-1944). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia_Ustasa. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x596, 36 KB) Reason for deletion request: NOTE: This is not redundant to Flag of Serbia. ... Milan Nedić Serbian Cyrillic Милан Недић (September 2, 1878 – 1946) was a Serbian soldier and politician who was a major collaborator during World War II. Nedić was born in Grocka, Serbia. ... Nedićs Serbia (Nedićeva Srbija) is the popular name for the Serbian nazi puppet state that existed between 1941 and 1944, on the teritory of parts of todays Serbia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro_(1993-2004). ... Flag Capital Cetinje Language(s) Serbian Organizational structure Client state President  - 1941 Serafino Mazzolini  - 1941 - 1943 Alessandro Pirzio Biroli  - 1943 Curio Barbasetti di Prun  - 1943 - 1944 Theodor Geib  - 1944 Wilhelm Keiper Historical era World War II  - Invasion of Yugoslavia 1941  - Disestablished 1944 Currency Italian lira Montenegro existed as a separate... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Kingdom_of_Yugoslavia_(state). ... Dragoljub Draža Mihailović, the founder of the Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland, on a German wanted poster, which offers 100,000 Reichsmarks for his capture, dead or alive The Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland was a guerilla force loyal to the Kingdom of Yugoslavias government in exile during...

Commanders
Josip Broz Tito many
Yugoslavian Front
Seven anti-partisan offensives

1st offensive – 2nd offensive – 3rd offensive – KozaraNeretvaSutjeska – 6th offensive – Drvar – Sremski Front Image File history File links Yugoslav_Partisans_flag_1945. ... Josip Broz Tito (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз Тито, May 7, 1892 (May 25th according to official birth certificate) – May 4, 1980) was the leader of the Second Yugoslavia, which lasted from 1943 until 1991. ... The seven anti-partisan offensives is the name given to major Axis military operations on the territory of former Yugoslavia during World War II, undertaken against the Yugoslav partisan resistance movement. ... First enemy offensive (Serbo-Croatian: Prva neprijateljska ofanziva/ofenziva) was a battle during World War II between Partisans on one side and German and Chetnik troops on the other side. ... Second enemy offensive (Serbo-Croatian: Druga neprijateljska ofanziva/ofenziva) was a battle during World War II between Partisans on one side and German aided with some UstaÅ¡a and Italian troops on the other side. ... Third enemy offensive (Serbo-Croatian: Treća neprijateljska ofanziva/ofenziva) was a battle during World War II between Partisans on one side and German, Italian, UstaÅ¡a and Chetnik troops on the other side. ... Side of the mountain called Kozaracki Kamen - overlooking town of Kozarac Kozara (Козара) is a mountain in western Bosnia and Herzegovina, administratively part of Republika Srpska. ... Fall Weiss (Plan White) was a German strategic plan for a combined Axis attack launched in early 1943 against the Partisans throughout occupied Yugoslavia, in the Independent State of Croatia. ... Combatants Nazi Germany Fascist Italy Ustase regime Bulgaria Chetniks YNLA Commanders Alexander Löhr Rudolf Lüters Josip Broz Tito Strength 127,000 men 300+ airplanes 18,000 men Casualties Unknown 6,391 The Sutjeska offensive from 15 May to 16 June 1943 was a joint attack of the Axis... The Raid on Drvar (code-named Operation Rösselsprung -Knights Leap, by the Germans) was a World War II operation by the Germans in April and May 1944, whose goal was to capture Josip Broz Tito alive and disrupt the leadership of the communist Partisan movement in Yugoslavia. ...


Full list of Axis operations This is a detailed list of axis-perpetrated anti-Partisan operations on the territory of Yugoslavia during World War II. 1941-09-30 - Operation Višegrad 1941-12-02 - Operation Ozren 1942-01-15 - Operation Süd-Kroatien I 1942-01-28 - Operation Süd-Kroatien II 1942-02-18...

The Yugoslavian Front of World War II, also known as the Yugoslav People's Liberation War (Serbo-Croat: Narodnooslobodilački rat, Народноослободилачки рат), was fought in what was the Kingdom of Yugoslavia before World War II and in what became the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia after the war. The war against occupation in Yugostavia was fought from 1941 to 1945 between native Yugoslavian anti-occupation forces and the forces of the Axis Powers. Serbo-Croatian (srpskohrvatski or hrvatskosrpski) is a name for a language of the Western group of the South Slavic languages. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian Government Socialist republic President  - 1945 - 1953 Ivan Ribar  - 1991 Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister  - 1945 - 1963 Josip Broz Tito  - 1989 - 1991 Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29, 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution February 21, 1974  - Secessions... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Area under Axis control over the course of the war shown in black. ...


The native Yugoslavian anti-occupation forces were divided into two guerilla armies: on one side were the the Yugoslav Partisans (communist People's Liberation Army), and on the other, the Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland (also known as Royalist Chetniks). Both participated in the struggle against the occupiers and fought a civil war against each other. Yugoslav Partisan Flag The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II, the Yugoslav Peoples Liberation War. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Dragoljub Draža Mihailović, the founder of the Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland, on a German wanted poster, which offers 100,000 Reichsmarks for his capture, dead or alive The Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland was a guerilla force loyal to the Kingdom of Yugoslavias government in exile during... For the WWII guerilla force, see Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland. ...


The Yugoslav Partisans, under the command of Josip Broz Tito, primarily fought against the German, Italian, Hungarian, Bulgarian, Chetnik and collaborationist forces. Drawing on a cadre of experienced fighters from the Spanish Civil War to train troops and on Communist ideology to win support that crossed national lines, they steadily gained power during the struggle, winning recognition from the Allies and the government-in-exile as the Yugoslav legitimate fighting force. Eventually they prevailed against all of their opponents as the official army of the newly founded Democratic Federal Yugoslavia. Josip Broz Tito (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз Тито, May 7, 1892 (May 25th according to official birth certificate) – May 4, 1980) was the leader of the Second Yugoslavia, which lasted from 1943 until 1991. ... Combatants Spanish Republic With the support of: Soviet Union[1] Nationalist Spain With the support of: Italy Germany Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco Gonzalo Queipo de Llano Emilio Mola José Sanjurjo Casualties 500,000[2] The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... The Yugoslav Peoples Army (YPA) (Serbian and Macedonian: Југословенска народна армија - JHA; Macedonian and Serbian Latin forms: Jugoslovenska narodna armija; Croatian and Bosnian: Jugoslavenska narodna armija - JNA; Slovene: Jugoslovanska ljudska armada - JLA) was the military force of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ...


The Royalist Chetniks, under the command of General Draža Mihailović cooperated with the Partisans briefly at start, but mostly fought independently against both them and the Germans. Although they helped deliver a number of downed Allied pilots to safety, on a number of other occasions they sided with the Axis forces against the Partisans[1]. Ethnically they were predominantly Serb, and in some regions committed widespread atrocities against non-Serb civilians with the intent of ethnic cleansing[2]. They also suffered from internal divisions serious enough that battles broke out between different factions. Dragoljub Draža Mihailović (Serbian: Драгољуб Дража Михаиловић or Dragoljub Draža Mihailović; Anglicised: Drazha Mihailovich ; also known as Чича or ÄŒiča) (April 27, 1893 - July 17, 1946) was a Serbian general now primarily remembered as leader of the Yugoslav Royal Army in the Fatherland during World War II. After the war, he... The Axis Powers is a term for the loose alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan. ... Armenian civilians, being cleansed from their homeland during the Armenian Genocide. ...

Contents

Invasion of Yugoslavia

Campaigns and theatres of World War II
Europe
Poland  – Phony War – Denmark & Norway  – France & Benelux – Britain  – Eastern Front – North West Europe (1944–45)

Asian and Pacific
China – Pacific Ocean – South-East Asia – South West Pacific – Japan – Manchuria “April War” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Animation of the WWII European Theatre. ... British Ministry of Home Security Poster of a type that was common during the Phony War The Phony War, or in Winston Churchills words the Twilight War, was a phase in early World War II marked by few military operations in Continental Europe, in the months following the German... German battle cruisers in a Norwegian port in June 1940 The Norwegian Campaign led to the first direct confrontation between the military forces of the Allies — United Kingdom and France against Nazi Germany in World War II. The primary reason for Germany seeking the occupation of Norway was Germanys... Combatants France United Kingdom Canada Czechoslovakia Poland Belgium Netherlands Luxembourg Germany Italy Commanders Maurice Gamelin, Maxime Weygand (French) Lord Gort (British Expeditionary Force) H.G. Winkelman (Dutch) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group A) Fedor von Bock (Army Group B) Wilhelm von Leeb (Army Group C) H.R.H. Umberto di... Combatants Soviet Union,[1] Poland, Tannu Tuva (until 1944 incorporation with USSR), Mongolia Germany,[2] Italy (to 1943), Romania (to 1944), Finland (to 1944), Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Spain (to 1943, unofficial) Commanders Joseph Stalin, Aleksei Antonov, Ivan Konev, Rodion Malinovsky, Ivan Bagramyan, Kirill Meretskov, Ivan Petrov, Alexander Rodimtsev, Konstantin Rokossovsky... During World War II, the Western Front was the theater of fighting west of Germany, encompassing France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemberg, and Denmark. ... For the Harry Turtledove alternate history series novel, see Pacific War (Harry Turtledove). ... Pacific Ocean Areas was a major Allied military command during World War II. It was one of four major commands during the Pacific War, and one of two United States commands in the Pacific theatre of operations. ... The South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was the name given to the campaigns of the Pacific War in India, Burma, Thailand, Malaya and Singapore. ... South West Pacific Area (SWPA) was the name given to one of the four major Allied commands in the Pacific theatre of World War II, during 1942-45. ... Combatants Soviet Union Peoples Republic of Mongolia Japan Manchukuo Mengjiang Commanders Aleksandr Vasilevsky Otsuzo Yamada Strength Soviet Union 1,577,225 men, 26,137 artillery, 1,852 sup. ...


Middle East, Mediterranean and Africa
Mediterranean Sea – East Africa – North Africa – West Africa – Balkans (1939-41) – Middle East – Yugoslavia – Madagascar – Italy The Middle East Theatre of World War II is defined largely by reference to the British Middle East Command, which controlled Allied forces in both Southwest Asia and eastern North Africa. ... The Mediterranean region. ... The name African Theatres of World War II encompasses actions which took place in World War II between Allied forces and Axis forces, between 1940 and 1943 both on the African mainland and in nearby waters and islands. ... Combatants Allied Nations Axis Powers The Naval Battle of the Mediterranean was waged during World War II, to attack and keep open the respective supply lines of Allied and Axis armies, and to destroy the opposing sides ability to wage war at sea. ... September 28, 1941. ... During World War II, the North African Campaign, also known as the Desert War, took place in the North African desert from September 13, 1940 to May 13, 1943. ... The name West African campaign refers to two battles during World War II: the Battle of Dakar (also known as Operation Menace) and the Battle of Gabon, both of which were in late 1940. ... Combatants Germany Italy Bulgaria Albania Greece United Kingdom Australia New Zealand Yugoslavia Commanders Maximilian von Weichs Giovanni Messe Alexander Papagos Henry Maitland Wilson The Balkans Campaign was the Italian and German invasion of Greece and Yugoslavia during World War II. It began with Italys annexation of Albania in April... The Middle East Campaign was a part of the Middle East Theatre of World War II. // Overview This campaign included: The British police actions in Palestine. ...


Other
Atlantic – Strategic bombing – North America – Arctic – Antarctica – Caribbean – Australia Combatants Royal Navy Royal Canadian Navy United States Navy (1941–5) Kriegsmarine Regia Marina (1940–3) Commanders Sir Percy Noble Sir Max K. Horton Percy W. Nelles Leonard W. Murray Ernest J. King Erich Raeder Karl Dönitz Casualties 30,248 merchant sailors 3,500 merchant vessels 175 warships 28... Strategic Bombing during World War II was unlike anything the world had previously witnessed. ... Attacks on North America during World War II by the Axis Powers were rare, mainly due to the continents geographical separation from the central theaters of conflict in Europe and Asia. ... Hunting and whaling have always been important ways to make a living on Greenland. ... The second happy time was a phase in the Second Battle of the Atlantic during which Axis submarines attacked merchant shipping to the east and south-east of the United States. ...


Contemporary wars
Chinese Civil – Soviet-Japanese Border – Finland – French-Thai – Anglo-Iraqi – Greek Civil – Sino-Japanese – Ecuadorian-Peruvian Combatants Nationalist Party of China Communist Party of China Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Strength 4,300,000 (July 1946) 3,650,000 (June 1948) 1,490,000 (June 1949) 1,200,000 (July 1946) 2,800,000 (June 1948) 4,000,000 (June 1949) The Chinese Civil War... Combatants Soviet Union Mongolia Japan Manchukuo Commanders Georgy Zhukov Michitaro Komatsubara Strength 57,000 30,000 Casualties 6,831 killed, 15,952 wounded 8,440 killed, 8,766 wounded The Battle of Khalkhin Gol (Japanese: ノモンハン事件 Nomonhan jiken), sometimes spelled Halhin Gol or Khalkin Gol after the Halha River passing through... Combatants Vichy France (first phase), Free France, British and Commonwealth nations (second phase) Thailand Commanders Jean Decoux Plaek Phibunsongkhram Strength 50,000(First Phase), 150,000 (Second Phase) 60,000(First Phase), 120,000 (Second Phase) Casualties 489 military (First Phase), 12,900+ military (Second Phase) 583 military (First Phase... Combatants Kingdom of Iraq United Kingdom India Commanders Rashid Ali General Sir Edward Quinan Strength five divisions about two divisions Casualties 2,500 KIA, about 6,000 POWs 1,200 (KIA, MIA, WIA) The Anglo-Iraqi War is the name of hostilities between the United Kingdom and the Iraqi nationalist... Combatants Hellenic Army, Royalist forces, Republicans, British troops Communist guerillas (ELAS, DSE) Commanders Alexander Papagos, Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos, James Van Fleet Markos Vafiadis Strength 100,000 men 20,000 men and women[] Casualties 12,777 killed 37,732 wounded 4,527 missing 38,000 killed[] 40,000 captured or surrendered The... Combatants Republic of China Empire of Japan Commanders Chiang Kai-shek, Chen Cheng, Yan Xishan, Feng Yuxiang, Li Zongren, Xue Yue, Mao Zedong, Peng Dehuai Fumimaro Konoe, Hideki Tojo, Matsui Iwane, Jiro Minami, Kesago Nakajima, Toshizo Nishio, Yasuji Okamura, Umezu Yoshijiro Strength 5,600,000 4,100,000 (including 900... Combatants Republic of Peru Republic of Ecuador Commanders Gen. ...

From 6 April 1941, German, Italian, Hungarian, and Bulgarian armies invaded Yugoslavia from all sides and the Luftwaffe bombed Belgrade. The Axis victory was swift and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrendered unconditionally in only 11 days on 17 April 1941. There are several reasons that the Yugoslav Royal Army collapsed so quickly: The army's attempt to defend all the borders managed to spread thin the limited resources available. Few army's in Europe were as modern and as well equipped as the German army (Wehrmacht). The Yugoslavians, like most nations, were not prepared for the terror bombing unleashed by the Germans on civilian population centers. The Yugoslav army reflected some of the divisions within the nation as a whole and some units refused to fight. April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Wehrmacht   (armed forces, literally defence force(s)) was the name of the armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. ...


Yugoslavia was subsequently divided amongst Germany, Hungary, Italy and Bulgaria, with most of Serbia being occupied by Germany. The Croatian fascist leader Ante Pavelić took the opportunity to declare an Independent State of Croatia. The Germans set up a puppet state in Serbia. The Serbian Government of National Salvation, headed by Milan Nedić was also known as Nedic's Serbia. Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... Ante Pavelić (July 14, 1889 - December 28, 1959) was the leader and founding member of the Croatian national socialist/fascist UstaÅ¡e movement in the 1930s and later the leader of the Independent State of Croatia during World War II. // Pavelić was born north of Konjic in Bradina, a small... Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King  - 1941-1943 Tomislav II1 Poglavnik  - 1941-1945 Ante Pavelić Legislature Hrvatski državni Sabor NDH (briefly in 1942) Historical era World War II  - Invasion of Yugoslavia April 6, 1941  - Established April 10, 1941  - Roma Contract May 19, 1941  - Italy... A puppet state is a state whose government, though notionally of the same culture as the governed people - owes its existence (or other major debt) to being installed, supported or controlled by a more powerful entity, typically a foreign power. ... Milan Nedić Serbian Cyrillic Милан Недић (September 2, 1878 – 1946) was a Serbian soldier and politician who was a major collaborator during World War II. Nedić was born in Grocka, Serbia. ... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbian Government Dictatorship Leader Milan Nedić Historical era World War II  - Invasion of Yugoslavia April 1, 1941  - Military defeat May, 1944 Currency Serbian Dinar Nedićs Serbia (Serbian Cyrillic: Недићева Србија, Latin: Nedićeva Srbija) is a popular name of the Serbian state under German occupation in WWII...


Guerrilla war and civil war in Yugoslavia

In April 1941, after the surrender of the Yugoslav Royal Army, some of the remaining Yugoslav soldiers organized the Yugoslav Royal Army in the Fatherland to fight the German occupation. This new army was organized in the Ravna Gora district of western Serbia under Colonel Draža Mihailović. Mihailović's forces, Royalist Chetniks, were almost entirely ethnic Serbs. He directed his units to arm themselves and await his orders for the final push. Mihailović avoided actions which he judged were of low strategic importance. This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ravna Gora (in Serbia) is a meadow in Serbia, on which Chobans (shepheards) used to heard their sheeps. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Dragoljub Draža Mihailović (Serbian: Драгољуб Дража Михаиловић or Dragoljub Draža Mihailović; Anglicised: Drazha Mihailovich ; also known as Чича or ÄŒiča) (April 27, 1893 - July 17, 1946) was a Serbian general now primarily remembered as leader of the Yugoslav Royal Army in the Fatherland during World War II. After the war, he... For the WWII guerilla force, see Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ...


Between 1941 and 1943, the Chetniks had the support of the Western Allies. In 1942, TIME Magazine, featured an article which boasted of the success of Mihailović's Chetniks and heralded him as the sole defender of freedom in Nazi-occupied Europe. The Chetniks became famous for saving downed Allied pilots. However, Tito's Partisans fought the Germans as well during this time. Both Tito and Mihailović had a bounty of 100,000 Reichsmarks offered by Germans for their heads. For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... A pocket watch, a device used to tell time Look up time in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... The Serbian Chetniks, specifically the Yugoslav Army in the Homeland, rescued some 500-600 U.S. and UK airmen who crashed over Yugoslavia in 1944-45. ... Josip Broz Tito (May 7, 1892 - May 4, 1980) was the ruler of Yugoslavia between the end of World War II and his death in 1980. ...


Throughout World War II, the Royalist Chetniks were faced with two main enemies: On one side was the German occupiers and on the other side were the ideologically opposite Communist Partisans. While remaining mortal enemies of the Germans and the Ustashe, the Chetniks were known for making clandestine deals with the Italians and some of the other occupying and quisling forces. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Ustaše (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular Ustaša or Ustasha) was a Croatian organization placed in control of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941, which pursued Nazi policies. ...


The Yugoslavian Partisans and the People's Liberation Army fought both a guerrilla campaign against the Axis occupiers and a civil war against the Chetniks. The Partisans enjoyed gradually increasing levels of support. People's committees were organized to act as civilian governments in areas of the country liberated by the Partisans. In places, even limited arms industries were set-up. Look up guerrilla in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


At the very beginning, the Partisan forces were relatively small, poorly armed, and without any infrastructure. But they had two major advantages over other military and paramilitary formations in former Yugoslavia: The first and most immediate advantage was a small but valuable cadre of Spanish Civil War veterans. Unlike some of the other military and paramilitary formations, these veterans had experience with a modern war fought in circumstances quite similar to those found in World War II Yugoslavia. Their other major advantage, which became more apparent in later stages of war, was in Partisans being founded on communist ideology rather than ethnicity. Therefore Partisans could expect at least some levels of support in almost any corner of the country, unlike other paramilitary formations limited to territories with Croat or Serb majority. This allowed their units to be more mobile and fill their ranks with larger pool of potential recruits. Combatants Spanish Republic With the support of: Soviet Union[1] Nationalist Spain With the support of: Italy Germany Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco Gonzalo Queipo de Llano Emilio Mola José Sanjurjo Casualties 500,000[2] The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict...


Seven major Axis offensives

The Axis forces were quite aware of the Partisans in Yugoslavia. They tried to destroy the Partisans with numerous minor offensives. There were also seven major anti-Partisan Offensives specifically aimed at the destruction of all Partisans in Yugoslavia. These major offensives were typically combined efforts by the German Wehrmacht, the German SS, the Fascist Italians, the Ustaše, the Croatian Home Guard, the Serbian Volunteer Corps, the Serbian State Guard, the Bulgarians, and the Hungarians. At times the Royalist Chetniks agreed to participate against the Partisans. The major offensives included two larger efforts: Fall Weiss (Plan White) and Operation Schwarz (Operation Black). These were known in the Yugoslav annals as the 4th Offensive (Battle of Neretva) and the 5th Offensive (Battle of Sutjeska). This is a detailed list of axis-perpetrated anti-Partisan operations on the territory of Yugoslavia during World War II. 1941-09-30 - Operation ViÅ¡egrad 1941-12-02 - Operation Ozren 1942-01-15 - Operation Süd-Kroatien I 1942-01-28 - Operation Süd-Kroatien II 1942-02-18... The seven anti-partisan offensives is the name given to major Axis military operations on the territory of former Yugoslavia during World War II, undertaken against the Yugoslav partisan resistance movement. ... Wehrmacht   (armed forces, literally defence force(s)) was the name of the armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Italian fascism (in Italian, fascismo) was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... The Ustaše (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular Ustaša or Ustasha) was a Croatian far-right organisation put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941. ... Croatian Home Guard (Croatian: Hrvatsko domobranstvo, often abbr. ... SDK patch Serbian Volunteer Corps or SDK (Српски Добровољачки Корпус/Srpski Dobrovoljački Korpus) also known as ljotićevci by their ideological leader Dimitrije Ljotić was a military formation in German controlled Serbian State during World War II. In July 1941 the full scale rebelion communists and Chetniks erupted in Serbia. ... Serbian State Guard (SDS) also known as nedićevci was the name of the military force that was used to complement the civil police units within Nedićs Serbia. ... For the WWII guerilla force, see Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland. ... Fall Weiss (Plan White) was a German strategic plan for a combined Axis attack launched in early 1943 against the Partisans throughout occupied Yugoslavia, in the Independent State of Croatia. ... The Sutjeska offensive (May-June 1943) was a failed attempt by the Axis forces to destroy the anti-occupation Yugoslav partisan force, marking a turning point for Yugoslavia during World War II. This action--codenamed Operation Schwarz (Black) by the Germans--took place near the Sutjeska river, in Italian-occupied... Fall Weiss (Plan White) was a German strategic plan for a combined Axis attack launched in early 1943 against the Partisans throughout occupied Yugoslavia, in the Independent State of Croatia. ... The Sutjeska offensive in mid-1943 was a joint attack of the Axis forces that aimed to destroy the Yugoslav partisan force, near the Sutjeska river in southeastern Bosnia. ...


The seven major offensives against the Yugoslav Partisans are as follows:

First enemy offensive in western Serbia against the Republic of Užice, from September to November 1941.
Second enemy offensive took place in eastern Bosnia in January 1942, with the partisan troops forced to retreat over mount Igman next to Sarajevo.
Third enemy offensive, an offensive against partisan forces in eastern Bosnia, Montenegro, Sandžak and Hercegovina in spring 1942. Mistakenly identified by some sources as the battle of Kozara in summer 1942.
Fourth enemy offensive, also known as Fall Weiss, spanning the area between western Bosnia and northern Hercegovina and culminating in the partisan retreat over the Neretva river, from January to April 1943.
Fifth enemy offensive, also known as the Sutjeska offensive or Operation Schwartz, a complete encirclement of partisan forces in southeastern Bosnia and northern Montenegro in May and June 1943.
Sixth enemy offensive, a series of operations undertaken by the Wehrmacht and the Ustaše after the surrender of Italy in an attempt to secure the Adriatic coast in autumn 1943 and winter 1944.
Seventh enemy offensive, the final attempt to against the core of the resistance movement in western Bosnia in spring 1944, including Operation Rösselsprung, an unsuccessful German airdrop on the town of Drvar directed against Tito personally, on 25 May 1944.

First enemy offensive (Serbo-Croatian: Prva neprijateljska ofanziva/ofenziva) was a battle during World War II between Partisans on one side and German and Chetnik troops on the other side. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... The Republic of Užice (Serbo-Croatian: Užička Republika) was a short-lived military mini-state that existed in Autumn 1941 in the western part of Nazi-occupied Serbia. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Second enemy offensive (Serbo-Croatian: Druga neprijateljska ofanziva/ofenziva) was a battle during World War II between Partisans on one side and German aided with some UstaÅ¡a and Italian troops on the other side. ... Motto none Anthem Intermeco Bosnia and Herzegovina() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Sarajevo Official languages Bosnian Croatian Serbian Government Parliamentary democracy  -  Presidency members NebojÅ¡a Radmanović1 Haris Silajdžić2 Željko KomÅ¡ić3  -  Chairman of the Council of Ministers Nikola Å pirić  -  High Representative 4 Independence... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Igman is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Nickname: Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Third enemy offensive (Serbo-Croatian: Treća neprijateljska ofanziva/ofenziva) was a battle during World War II between Partisans on one side and German, Italian, UstaÅ¡a and Chetnik troops on the other side. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006   -  Recognized... Map of Sandžak Sandžak (Serbian: Санџак, Sandžak, Bosnian: Sandžak, Albanian: Sanxhak or Sanxhaku, Turkish: Sancak) is a geographical region in central Balkans. ... Herzegovina (natively Херцеговина/Hercegovina) is a historical region in the Dinaric Alps that composes the southern part of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Side of the mountain called Kozaracki Kamen - overlooking town of Kozarac Kozara (Козара) is a mountain in western Bosnia and Herzegovina, administratively part of Republika Srpska. ... Bridge on Neretva river, damaged in Battle of Neretva The Battle of Neretva also known by the German code-name Fall Weiss (German for Case White), and known in Yugoslavia as the Fourth enemy offensive (Serbo-Croatian ÄŒetvrta neprijateljska ofenziva) was a German strategic plan for a combined Axis attack... River Neretva in Mostar, 2004 Neretva is a river in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... The Sutjeska offensive from 15 May to 16 June 1943 was a joint attack of the Axis forces that aimed to destroy the Yugoslav partisan force, near the Sutjeska river in southeastern Bosnia. ... River Sutjeska in Sutjeska National Park Sutjeska is Bosnia and Herzegovinas oldest National park. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Wehrmacht   (armed forces, literally defence force(s)) was the name of the armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... The UstaÅ¡e (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular UstaÅ¡a or Ustasha) was a Croatian organization placed in control of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941, which pursued Nazi policies. ... The Armistice with Italy is an armistice that occurred on September 8, 1943, during World War II. It was signed by Italy and the Allied armed forces, who were occupying the southern half of the country at the time. ... The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Combatants Nazi Germany and Chetniks YNLA Commanders Kurt Rybka Josip Broz Tito Strength Unknown One infantry brigade Casualties 213 killed 881 wounded 51 missing(Axis sources) ~6000 civilians and soldiers killed (Axis sources) The Raid on Drvar (code-named Operation Rösselsprung -Knights Leap, by the Germans) was a... Operation Rösselsprung (Knights Leap) was a World War II operation by the Germans in April and May 1944, whose goal was to capture Josip Broz Tito and disrupt the leadership of the communist Partisan movement in Yugoslavia. ... A C-130 Hercules airdropping a light tank. ... Drvar is a town and a municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina, located on the road between Bosansko Grahovo and Bosanski Petrovac, also near Glamoč. It is administratively part of the West Bosnia Canton of the Federation. ... Josip Broz Tito (May 7, 1892 - May 4, 1980) was the ruler of Yugoslavia between the end of World War II and his death in 1980. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ...

Tito recognized over Mihajlović

Later in the conflict the Partisans were able to win the moral, as well as limited material support of the Allies, who until then had supported General Dragoljub "Draža" Mihailović's Royalist Chetnik Forces, but were finally convinced of who was doing the fighting against the Axis in the region by many military missions dispatched to both sides during the course of the war. The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis powers during the Second World War. ... Dragoljub Drazha Mihailovich (Драгољуб Дража Михаиловић, also ÄŒiča, Draža Mihailović), (April 26, 1893–July 17, 1946) was a Serbian general who became a war hero in World War I and who later led the Yugoslav Royal Army in the Fatherland aka: Chetniks during World War II. U.S. president Harry S...


From 28 November to 1 December 1943, during the Teheran Conference the Partisans received official recognition as the legitimate national liberation force by the Allies. Subsequently the Allies set up the RAF Balkan Air Force under the influence and suggestion of Brigadier-General Fitzroy MacLean. The aim of this air force was to provide increased supplies and tactical air support for Tito's forces. November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... From left to right, Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill The Tehran Conference was the meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill between November 28 and December 1, 1943 that took place in Tehran, Iran. ... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The RAFs Balkan Air Force was a late-World War II air formation. ... Brigadier General (sometimes known as a one-star general from the United States insignia) is the lowest rank of general officer in some countries, usually ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Sir Fitzroy Hew Royle MacLean of Duart and Strachur, 1st Baronet of Dunconnel, (March 11, 1911, Egypt - June 15, 1996, Scotland) was a Scottish diplomat, adventurer, writer and politician. ...


On 16 June 1944, the Tito-Šubašić agreement between Partisans and the Royal Government was signed on the island of Vis. The document called on all Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs to join the Partisans. The Partisans were recognized by the royal government as Yugoslavia's regular Army. Mihajlović and many Chetniks refused to answer the call. June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Tito-Å ubaÅ¡ić Agreement was an attempt by the Westerners to merge pre-war royal government of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia with the communist-lead partisans who were defending the country in Second World War and were de facto rulers on the liberated territories. ... Vis is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, the furthest one from the coast that is also inhabited. ...


On 29 August, King Peter II of Yugoslavia dismissed general Mihailović as a Chief-of-Staff of Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland. On 12 September the King appointed Tito in Mihailović's place. August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... King Peter II (Serbian Cyrillic: Краљ Петар II Карађорђевић) (6 September 1923 – 3 November 1970) was the last King of Yugoslavia. ... Dragoljub Draža Mihailović, the founder of the Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland, on a German wanted poster, which offers 100,000 Reichsmarks for his capture, dead or alive The Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland was a guerilla force loyal to the Kingdom of Yugoslavias government in exile during... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ...


From 30 March to 8 April 1945, Colonel Dragoljub Mihailović's Chetniks mounted a final attempt to establish themselves as a credible force fighting the Axis in Yugoslavia. The Chetniks fought a combination of Croatian Ustaša and Croatian Home Guard forces in the Battle on Lijevča field, near Banja Luka in what was then the Independent State of Croatia. The battle ended in victory for the Croatians and defeat for the Chetniks. March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (90th in leap years). ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... The UstaÅ¡e (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular UstaÅ¡a or Ustasha) was a Croatian far-right organisation put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941. ... Croatian Home Guard (Croatian: Hrvatsko domobranstvo, often abbr. ... Combatants Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland Croatian Armed Forces Commanders Pavle ĐuriÅ¡ić, Petar Bačević Vladimir MetikoÅ¡, Marko Pavlović The Battle on Lijevča field was a battle fought between March 30 and April 8, 1945 between the Croatian Armed Forces (the amalgamated UstaÅ¡a and Home Guard forces... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King  - 1941-1943 Tomislav II1 Poglavnik  - 1941-1945 Ante Pavelić Legislature Hrvatski državni Sabor NDH (briefly in 1942) Historical era World War II  - Invasion of Yugoslavia April 6, 1941  - Established April 10, 1941  - Roma Contract May 19, 1941  - Italy...


Final operations of the People's Liberation Army

In early August 1944, the Bulgarian government quit the war and ordered all Bulgarian forces to be removed from Greece and Yugoslavia. Concurrently, with Allied air support and assistance from the Red Army, the Partisans turned their attention to Nedić's Serbia. The area under Nedić had seen relatively little fighting since the fall of the Republic of Užice in 1941. On 20 October, the Red Army and the Partisans liberated Belgrade after a joint operation. At the onset of winter, the Partisans effectively controlled the entire eastern half of Yugoslavia - Serbia, Vardar Macedonia, Montenegro - as well as most of the Dalmatian coast. The Wehrmacht and the Ustaše fortified a front in Syrmia that held through the winter 1944-45. For other uses, see August (disambiguation). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Red Army flag The Workers and Peasants Red Army (Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия, Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya; RKKA or usually simply the Red Army) were the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918 and that, in 1922, became the army of the Soviet Union. ... Nedićs Serbia (Nedićeva Srbija) is the popular name for the Serbian nazi puppet state that existed between 1941 and 1944, on the teritory of parts of todays Serbia. ... Užice (Serbian Cyrillic: Ужице) is a town located in Serbia and Montenegro at 43. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... Vardar Macedonia (Macedonian: Вардарска Македонија, Vardarska Makedonija; Bulgarian: Вардарска Македония, Vardarska Makedoniya), also known as Southern Serbia]/Old Serbia (Serbian:Јужна Србија / Стара Србија, Južna Srbija / Stara Srbija) is the north-western area of the Macedonia region. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006   -  Recognized... Dalmatia, highlighted, on a map of Croatia. ... Map of the Syrmia region Syrmia (Serbian: Srem (Cyrillic: Срем), Croatian: Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. ...


On 20 March 1945, the Yugoslav Army launched a general offensive in the Mostar-Višegrad-Drina sector. With large swaths of Bosnian, Croatian and Slovenian countryside already under Partisan guerilla control, the final operations consisted in connecting these territories and capturing major cities and roads. March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Mostar (Мостар) is a city and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the center of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation. ... The bridge on the Drina (around 1890) ViÅ¡egrad (Cyrillic: Вишеград) is a town and municipality in the eastern part of Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


For the general offensive, Josip Broz Tito allegedly had a force of about 800,000. His force was organized into four armies (1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th) and, in addition, he had eight independent corps (II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, IX, and X). Against Tito, Army Group E had seven German army corps (XV Mountain, XV Cossack, XXI, XXXIV, LXIX, and LXXXXVII). These corps included seventeen divisions (1st Cossack, 2nd Cossack, 11th, 41st, 104th, 22nd, 181st, 7th SS, 373rd Croat, 392nd Croat, 237th, 188th, 438th, 138th, 14th SS Ruthenian, and Stefan Division). In addition to the seven corps, the Axis had naval forces to defend the coast, strong police forces to secure the rear, and roughly twenty divisions of armed quislings. The quislings included Ustaše and Croatian Home Guard units. There were even some remnants of the Serbian State Guard and the Serbian Volunteer Corps. Josip Broz Tito (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз Тито, May 7, 1892 (May 25th according to official birth certificate) – May 4, 1980) was the leader of the Second Yugoslavia, which lasted from 1943 until 1991. ... The XVth Cossack Cavalry Corps was a German cavalry corps during World War II. Over a million men with ancestral roots in the Soviet Union fought together with the German armed forces against Joseph Stalins government. ... The UstaÅ¡e (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular UstaÅ¡a or Ustasha) was a Croatian organization placed in control of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941, which pursued Nazi policies. ... Croatian Home Guard (Croatian: Hrvatsko domobranstvo, often abbr. ... Serbian State Guard (SDS) also known as nedićevci was the name of the military force that was used to complement the civil police units within Nedićs Serbia. ... SDK patch Serbian Volunteer Corps or SDK (Српски Добровољачки Корпус/Srpski Dobrovoljački Korpus) also known as ljotićevci by their ideological leader Dimitrije Ljotić was a military formation in German controlled Serbian State during World War II. In July 1941 the full scale rebelion communists and Chetniks erupted in Serbia. ...


Bihać was liberated by the Yugoslavian 4th Army the same day that the general offensive was launched. The 4th Army, under the command of Petar Drapšin, broke through the defenses of the XV Cossack Corps. By 20 April, Drapšin liberated Lika and the Croatian Littoral, including the islands, and reached the old Yugoslav border with Italy. On 1 May, after liberating the former Italian possessions of Rijeka and Istria from the German LXXXXVII Corps, the Yugoslavian 4th Army beat the Allies to Trieste by one day. Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 70,896 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 37 Mayor Hamdija Lipovača (SDP) Website http://www. ... Petar DrapÅ¡in (November 15th, 1914 - December 2nd, 1945) was a Yugoslav Partisan commander. ... The XVth Cossack Cavalry Corps was a German cavalry corps during World War II. Over a million men with ancestral roots in the Soviet Union fought together with the German armed forces against Joseph Stalins government. ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... Lika is a mountainous region in central Croatia, roughly bound by the Velebit mountain from the southwest and the PljeÅ¡evica mountain from the northeast. ... It has been suggested that Littoral Croatia be merged into this article or section. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian. ... Map of Istria Istria (Croatian and Slovenian: Istra, Italian: Istria) is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. ... Trieste (Italian: Trieste; Slovenian, Croatian and Serbian: Trst; German: Triest) is a city and port in northeastern Italy right on the border with Slovenia. ...


On 5 April, the Yugoslavian 2nd Army, under the command of Koča Popović, forced a crossing of the Bosna River, liberated Doboj, and reached the Una River. On 8 May, along with units of the Yugoslavian 1st Army, the 2nd Army freed Zagreb. April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (96th in leap years). ... Koča Popović as SFRJ Minister of Foreign Affairs Koča Popović (March 14, 1908 - October 20, 1992) was a communist volunteer in the Spanish Civil War, 1937-1939. ... The Bosna is the third longest river in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is considered one of the countrys three major internal rivers, along with the Neretva and Vrbas. ... Doboj (Cyrillic: Добој) is a city and a municipality in the Republika Srpska entity, Bosnia and Herzegovina, situated on the river Bosna. ... Una is a river in the western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina; in its lower course it borders Croatia. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (129th in leap years). ... Zagreb (pronounced ) is the capital and the largest city of Croatia. ...


On 6 April, the II Corps, the III Corps, and the V Corps of the People's Liberation Army took Sarajevo from the German XXI Corps. April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... Nickname: Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ...


On 12 April, the Yugoslavian 3rd Army, under the command of Kosta Nađ, forced the Drava. The 3rd Army then fanned out through the Podravina, reached a point north of Zagreb, and crossed the old Austrian border with Yugoslavia in the sector of Dravograd. The 3rd Army closed the ring around the enemy forces when its advanced motorized detachments linked up with detachments of the 4th Army in Carinthia. April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... The Drava at Drávaszabolcs, Hungary The Drava at Vízvár, Hungary The Drava at Maribor, Slovenia The Drava (German: Drau, Slovenian, Croatian and Italian: Drava, Hungarian: Dráva) is a river in southern Central Europe. ... The Drava river at Maribor, Slovenia Podravina (in Croatian) or Podravje (in Slovenian) is a Slavic name for the Drava river basin in Croatia and Slovenia. ... Area: 105. ... Carinthia (German: Kärnten, Italian: Carinzia, Slovenian: KoroÅ¡ka) is an Austrian state or Land, located in the south of Austria. ...


Also on 12 April, the Yugoslavian 1st Army, under the command of Peko Dapčević penetratrated the fortified front of the German XXXIV Corps in Syrmia. By 22 April, the 1st Army had smashed the fortifications and was advancing towards Zagreb. After taking Zagreb with the Yugoslavian 2nd Army, both armies advanced in Slovenia. On 9 May, Maribor and Ljubljana fell to the Partisans. April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... Peko Dapčević (1913-1999) was a Montenegrin communist who fought in the Spanish Civil War, joined the Partisan uprising in Montenegro, and became commander of the First Army. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (130th in leap years). ... Area: 147. ...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city in Slovenia. ...


From 10 May to 15 May, the People's Liberation Army continued to surround and destroy additional enemy forces throughout the rest of Croatia and Slovenia. May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (131st in leap years). ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (136th in leap years). ...


On 2 May, the German capital city, Berlin, fell. On 9 May 1945, the Germans surrendered unconditionally and the war in Europe officially ended. The Italians had quit the war in 1943, the Bulgarians in 1944, and the Hungarians earlier in 1945. Only the quislings remained. May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


Aftermath

On 8 March 1945, a coalition Yugoslavian government was formed in Belgrade with Tito as Premier and Ivan Šubašić as Foreign Minister. King Peter II of Yugoslavia agreed to await a referendum before returning from exile. March 8 is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Dr. Ivan Å ubaÅ¡ić (May 7th 1892 - March 22nd 1955) is Croatian and Yugoslav politician, best known as the last Ban of Croatia. ... King Peter II (Serbian Cyrillic: Краљ Петар II Карађорђевић) (6 September 1923 – 3 November 1970) was the last King of Yugoslavia. ...


In early May, the remnants of the Serbian State Guard, the Serbian Volunteer Corps, the Croatian Home Guard, the Ustaše, and the XVth Cossack Cavalry Corps surrendered to British forces. May is the fifth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Serbian State Guard (SDS) also known as nedićevci was the name of the military force that was used to complement the civil police units within Nedićs Serbia. ... SDK patch Serbian Volunteer Corps or SDK (Српски Добровољачки Корпус/Srpski Dobrovoljački Korpus) also known as ljotićevci by their ideological leader Dimitrije Ljotić was a military formation in German controlled Serbian State during World War II. In July 1941 the full scale rebelion communists and Chetniks erupted in Serbia. ... Croatian Home Guard (Croatian: Hrvatsko domobranstvo, often abbr. ... The UstaÅ¡e (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular UstaÅ¡a or Ustasha) was a Croatian organization placed in control of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941, which pursued Nazi policies. ... The XVth Cossack Cavalry Corps was a German cavalry corps during World War II. Over a million men with ancestral roots in the Soviet Union fought together with the German armed forces against Joseph Stalins government. ...


On 5 May, in the town of Palmanova (50 km northwest of Trieste), between 2,400 and 2,800 members of the Serbian Volunteer Corps surrendered to the British. On 12 May, about 2,500 additional Serbian Volunteer Corps members surrendered to the British at Unterbergen on the Drava River. May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... Palmanova (Friulian: Palme) is a town in northeastern Italy, close to the border with Slovenia. ... SDK patch Serbian Volunteer Corps or SDK (Српски Добровољачки Корпус/Srpski Dobrovoljački Korpus) also known as ljotićevci by their ideological leader Dimitrije Ljotić was a military formation in German controlled Serbian State during World War II. In July 1941 the full scale rebelion communists and Chetniks erupted in Serbia. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (133rd in leap years). ... The Drava at Drávaszabolcs, Hungary The Drava at Vízvár, Hungary The Drava at Maribor, Slovenia The Drava (German: Drau, Slovenian, Croatian and Italian: Drava, Hungarian: Dráva) is a river in southern Central Europe. ...


From 11 May to 12 May, British troops in Klagenfurt, Austria, were harrassed by arriving forces of the People's Liberation Army. In Belgrade, the British ambassador to the Yugoslavian coalition government handed Tito a note demanding that the Yugoslav troops withdraw from Austria. May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (132nd in leap years). ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (133rd in leap years). ... Klagenfurt, (Slovenian Celovec) is the capital of the federal state of Carinthia, in Austria, on the Glan river. ...


On 15 May, Tito placed Yugoslav forces in Austria under Allied control. A few days later he agreed to withdraw them. By 20 May, Yugoslav troops in Austria had begun to withdraw. May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (136th in leap years). ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (141st in leap years). ...


Around 1 June, most of the Serbian State Guard, the Serbian Volunteer Corps , the Croatian Home Guard, the Ustaše, and the XVth Cossack Cavalry Corps who surrendered to the British were turned over to the Yugoslavian government as part of what is sometimes referred to as Operation Keelhaul. The Yugoslav Army proceeded to brutalize the POWs in what became known as the Bleiburg massacres. June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... Operation Keelhaul was a programme carried out in Austria by British forces in May and June 1945 that decided the fate of thousands of post-war refugees fleeing eastern Europe. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


On 8 June, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Yugoslavia agreed on the control of Trieste. June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ...


On 29 November, after a questionable referendum, Peter II was deposed by Yugoslavia's Communist Constituent Assembly while he was still in exile. On the same day, the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was established as a socialist state during the first meeting of the Communist-led Parliament in Belgrade. Josip Broz Tito was named Prime Minister. November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... The term socialist state (or socialist republic, or workers state) can carry one of several different (but related) meanings: Strictly speaking, any real or hypothetical state organized along the principles of socialism may be called a socialist state. ... Josip Broz Tito (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз Тито, May 7, 1892 (May 25th according to official birth certificate) – May 4, 1980) was the leader of the Second Yugoslavia, which lasted from 1943 until 1991. ...


On 13 March 1946, Mihailović was captured by agents of the Yugoslavian Department of National Security (Odsjek Zaštite Naroda or OZNA). From 10 June to 15 July, he was tried for high treason and war crimes. On 15 July, he was found guilty and sentenced to death by firing squad. On 16 July, a clemency appeal was rejected by the Presidium of the National Assembly. March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... OZNA or Organ ZaÅ¡tite Naroda (Armije) (lit. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... Traitor redirects here. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 168 days remaining. ...


During the early hours of 18 July, Mihailović, together with nine other Chetnik officers, was executed in Lisičiji Potok. This execution essentially ended the World War II-era civil war between the communist Partisans and the Royalist Chetniks. July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


War victims

The number of victims in Yugoslavia during World War II has never been determined exactly. The official Yugoslav post-war estimate of 1,700,000 is considered overblown. In late 1980s, independent studies were conducted by Vladimir Žerjavić and Bogoljub Kočović based on demographics, setting the tally at a little over one million: 1,027,000 and 1,014,000, respectively. Žerjavić's study has been accepted by the United Nations. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Vladimir Žerjavić (August 2, 1912 - September 5, 2001) was a Croatian economist and a United Nations specialist who published a series of revisionist historical articles and books during the 1980s and 1990s in which he argued that the scope of the Holocaust in World War II-era Croatia was exaggerated. ... Bogoljub Kočović (1920) is a Serbian statistician. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


Vladeta Vučković in 1947 compiled a tally for the purpose of war reparations, but has later described his report as overblown; according to him, Tito's government pushed for a larger estimate. 16 years later Yugoslavia has accepted that number of victims has been "only" 950,000, but not happy even with that number they have demanded to list all victims in 1964. In the end there has been "only" 600,000 confirmed war victims. That number has become state secret until Yugoslavia's dissolution in 1991. 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Josip Broz Tito (May 7, 1892 - May 4, 1980) was the ruler of Yugoslavia between the end of World War II and his death in 1980. ...


Number of victims by today most credited stats is:

Country Victims
Bosnia and Hercegovina 177,045[3]
Croatia 194,749
Kosovo 7,927
Macedonia 19,076
Montenegro 16,903
Slovenia 40,781
Serbia 97,728
Vojvodina 41,370 [4]

Number of victims by ethnicity is: Bosnia and Herzegovina (also variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. ... For uses of the name Kosova, see Kosova (disambiguation). ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006   -  Recognized... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ...

Nationality Victims
Albanians 3,241
Bosnian 32,000[5]
Croatian 83,257
Hungarian 2,680
Jews 45,000
Macedonians 6,724
Montenegrin 16,278
Slovacs 1,160
Slovenians 42,027
Serbians 346,740
Turks 686
Unknown 16,202

See also

Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... “April War” redirects here. ... The seven anti-partisan offensives is the name given to major Axis military operations on the territory of former Yugoslavia during World War II, undertaken against the Yugoslav partisan resistance movement. ... This is a detailed list of axis-perpetrated anti-Partisan operations on the territory of Yugoslavia during World War II. 1941-09-30 - Operation ViÅ¡egrad 1941-12-02 - Operation Ozren 1942-01-15 - Operation Süd-Kroatien I 1942-01-28 - Operation Süd-Kroatien II 1942-02-18... AVNOJ (AntifaÅ¡ističko V(ij)eće Narodnog OsloboÄ‘enja Jugoslavije), standing for Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia, was the political umbrella organization for the peoples liberation committees that was established on November 26, 1942 to administer terrorities under their control. ... Yugoslav Partisan Flag The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II, the Yugoslav Peoples Liberation War. ... Serbian State Guard (SDS) also known as nedićevci was the name of the military force that was used to complement the civil police units within Nedićs Serbia. ... SDK patch Serbian Volunteer Corps or SDK (Српски Добровољачки Корпус/Srpski Dobrovoljački Korpus) also known as ljotićevci by their ideological leader Dimitrije Ljotić was a military formation in German controlled Serbian State during World War II. In July 1941 the full scale rebelion communists and Chetniks erupted in Serbia. ... The UstaÅ¡e (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular UstaÅ¡a or Ustasha) was a Croatian organization placed in control of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941, which pursued Nazi policies. ... Croatian Home Guard (Croatian: Hrvatsko domobranstvo, often abbr. ... For the WWII guerilla force, see Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland. ... Dragoljub Draža Mihailović, the founder of the Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland, on a German wanted poster, which offers 100,000 Reichsmarks for his capture, dead or alive The Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland was a guerilla force loyal to the Kingdom of Yugoslavias government in exile during... When in 1933 Hitler gained power, the world was little, if at all, aware of the intensity and duration of the armed conflict that would follow in just a few short years. ... This page is intended to serve as a focal point for studying Italian military history during the WWII-era. ... Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King  - 1941-1943 Tomislav II1 Poglavnik  - 1941-1945 Ante Pavelić Legislature Hrvatski državni Sabor NDH (briefly in 1942) Historical era World War II  - Invasion of Yugoslavia April 6, 1941  - Established April 10, 1941  - Roma Contract May 19, 1941  - Italy... Nedićs Serbia (Nedićeva Srbija) is the popular name for the Serbian nazi puppet state that existed between 1941 and 1944, on the teritory of parts of todays Serbia. ... Flag Capital Cetinje Language(s) Serbian Organizational structure Client state President  - 1941 Serafino Mazzolini  - 1941 - 1943 Alessandro Pirzio Biroli  - 1943 Curio Barbasetti di Prun  - 1943 - 1944 Theodor Geib  - 1944 Wilhelm Keiper Historical era World War II  - Invasion of Yugoslavia 1941  - Disestablished 1944 Currency Italian lira Montenegro existed as a separate... Adolf Hitler with Tsar Boris III The military history of Bulgaria during World War II embraces a primary period of neutrality until 1 March 1941, a period of alliance with the Axis Powers until 9 September 1944 and a period of alignment with the Allies until the end of the... // In Hungary, the Great Depression induced a drop in the standard of living and the political mood of the country shifted further toward the right. ... Greece dealt the first victory for the allies by resisting initial attempts of Italian invasion and pushing Mussolinis forces back into Albania. ... The United Kingdom declared war on Nazi Germany in 1939, after the German invasion of Poland. ...

References

  1. ^ Please refer to sources cited in the Serbian Wikipedia article on Chetnik collaboration in WWII.
  2. ^ Please refer to sources cited in the Serbian Wikipedia article on Chetnik atrocities in WWII.
  3. ^ Together with Croatia, part of NDH
  4. ^ Today part of Serbia
  5. ^ Mostly Muslims in Bosnia

The Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH) was a Nazi/Fascist puppet state in World War II. It was set up in April 1941 on parts of the territory of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia after its occupation. ...

External links

  • Battles & Campaigns During World War II in Yugoslavia

 
 

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