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Encyclopedia > Yuen Long

Yuen Long (元朗, Jyutping: jyun4 long5, pinyin: Yuánlǎng) (used to be known as Un Long), one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong, located in the North-West of the New Territories, is a post-war new town set in the centre of Hong Kong's largest alluvial plain. With an area of 144 km², it covers Ping Shan Heung (屏山鄉), Ha Tsuen Heung (廈村鄉), Kam Tin Heung (錦田鄉), Pat Heung (八鄉), San Tin Heung (新田鄉), Shap Pat Heung (十八鄉), Yuen Long Town (元朗市) and Tin Shui Wai (天水圍). Jyutping (Traditional Chinese: 粵拼; Simplified Chinese: 粤拼; pinyin: yuèpÄ«n; Yale: yuhtpÄ«ng; sometimes spelled Jyutpin) is a romanization system for Standard Cantonese developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK) in 1993. ... Pinyin (拼音, pÄ«nyÄ«n) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin. ... The territory of Hong Kong is divided in 18 administrative districts (Population as of 2000) Hong Kong Island Central and Western (274,400) Eastern (620,800) Southern (282,400) Wan Chai (190,300) Kowloon (New Kowloon included) Kowloon City (406,000) Kwun Tong (564,700) Sham Shui Po (372,200... The New Territories (Chinese: æ–°ç•Œ, Pinyin: XÄ«njiè) is the area of land in Hong Kong, north of the Kowloon peninsula, south of Shenzhen He / Shum Chun River (深圳河) and Hong Kongs outlying islands (including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, and Peng Chau), leased from Qing China to Britain in... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that engulfed much of the... A New town or planned community or planned city is a city, town, or community that was designed from scratch, and grew up more or less following the plan. ... Tin Shui Wai (天水圍) is a new town located in the northwest of Yuen Long Town, in Hong Kong. ...


Like Tai Po, Yuen Long used to be a traditional market town. The total population of Yuen Long is around 534 000. The present population of Yuen Long New town is 211,000 and is expected to grow to around 287,000 upon full development. Tai Po district (大埔區; lit. ... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... A New town or planned community or planned city is a city, town, or community that was designed from scratch, and grew up more or less following the plan. ...

Contents


Popular Scenic Spots

1. Kat Hing Wai in Kam Tin is one of the District's best-known walled villages. It is the ancestral home of the Tangs, a famous clan in the territory. Built by the family 500 years ago, it is a rectangular walled village with an area of 100 metres X 90 metres. As a family stronghold, Kat Hing Wai has served the Tangs well through the centuries. In the Qing Dynasty, a five-metre high blue brick wall and four cannon towers were added to defend bandits. Most of the walled villages in Hong Kong are located in the New Territories. ...


Route: West Rail Kam Sheung Road Station or KMB Rt. 54, 64K, 77K


2. Tai Lam Country Park is at the west of New Territory with an area of 54 km². Tai Lam has a small area of porphyry in the NorthEast and for the remaining area, it is composed of highly erodible decomposed granite.In 1952, afforestation started as a measure to protect the water catchment area. In spite of the poor soil conditions and the set-backs of fire damage over the years, mature stands of Acacia confusa, Lophostemon confertus, Pinus massoniana, Pinus elliottii and Eucalyptus species now cover most of the area. In addition, the plantations also offer a good habitat for birds, pangolins, Chinese leopard cat, and barking deer. Nevertheless, Tai Lam is an excellent place for outdoor activities because of its remoteness. Tai Lam Country Park is located in the Yuen Long District at the west of New Territories of Hong Kong. ... Outdoor activities usually mean activities done outdoor. ...


3. Tai Fu Tai, was probably built in 1865 in the reign of the Ching Dynasty. It is a richly embellished residence situated on a spacious ground, with a large open space in front and a garden at the back. The whole compound is surrounded by a green-brick wall. It is a fine example of traditional Chinese dwellings of the scholar-gentry class and is certainly one of the most elegant buildings throughout the territory.


Route: KMB Bus 76K to San Tin


4. Mai Po Marshes is located in the centre of the wetland and has achieved international significance as a stopping and feeding place for migratory birds along the East Asian-Australian Flyway. The birdwatching season runs from October to May and more than 300 type of birds have been recorded in the area, many of them are rarely seen anywhere outside the region. Mai Po Marshes is a nature reserve located near Yuen Long in Hong Kong. ...


Visitors or Tourists may go to Mai Po in the following ways:
-From Central take Bus no. 968 to Yuen Long (West) Bus terminal, then change taxi.
-From Sheung Shui 上水 railway station take Bus 76K to Mai Po village, then walk to the Marsh (around 20 minutes).
-From Sheung Shui 上水 railway station take Bus 76K or Red mini-bus 17 to Mai Po village, then walk to the Marsh (around 20 minutes). Sheung Shui is part of the Fanling-Sheung Shui new town in Hong Kong. ...


*NOTE
On 30 Jan 2004, the HK Gov. suspended public visits to the Mai Po wetland reserve as a supposed measure to protect people from avian flu (H5N1).


5. Hong Kong Wetland Park(香港濕地公園) is located at the northern part of Tin Shui Wai. It was intended to be an ecological mitigation area (EMA) for the wetlands lost due to Tin Shui Wai New Town development. In 1998, a project named as “International Wetland Park and Visitor Centre Feasibility Study” was initiated by the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department and the Hong Kong Tourism Board with a view to expanding the EMA to a wetland ecotourism attraction. After concluding that it was feasible to develop a Wetland Park at the EMA site without compromising its intended ecological mitigation functions and the development of the Wetland Park will also enhance the ecological function of the EMA to a world-class conservation, education and tourism facility, the concerned parties started the Wetland Park Project, which is regarded as one of the Millennium projects by the Administrations. Hong Kong Wetland Park was located at the northern part of Tin Shui Wai, in Hong Kong. ...


6. Shan Pui River (山貝河) became famous since late 2003. This muddy, dirty, narrow river was the water source of the many citizens living in the nearby village. Few months ago, a crocodile was discovered by the citizens living there and soon reporters were attracted to the river to observe it. This premature crocodile was reported as one of the species by the expertise. fhgfMedia:Example. ...

Aviary Pagoda
Aviary Pagoda
Aviary Pagoda (百鳥塔)


Download high resolution version (600x800, 85 KB)Aviary Pagoda ©Tom Wong User:58siukin Wong,2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (600x800, 85 KB)Aviary Pagoda ©Tom Wong User:58siukin Wong,2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


7. Yuen Long Park


Yuen Long Park is a park at Yuen Long Town with recreation facilities. There is a 7-storey pagoda enclosing an aviary.


Route: LRT Shui Pin Wai Station or No. 68M, 968 bus

Dai Shui Ha Tin Hau Temple
Dai Shui Ha Tin Hau Temple
Dai Shui Ha Tin Hau Temple (大樹下天后廟)


Download high resolution version (705x755, 109 KB)Dai Shui Ha Tin Hau Temple ©Tom Wong User:58siukin Wong,2004 This work is copyrighted. ... Download high resolution version (705x755, 109 KB)Dai Shui Ha Tin Hau Temple ©Tom Wong User:58siukin Wong,2004 This work is copyrighted. ...


8. Ping Shan Heritage Trail(屏山文物徑) Ping Shan (屏山) is an area of Hong Kong, part of Yuen Long district, in the New Territories. ...


Ping Shan Heritage Trail was opened on 12th December 1993. Ping Shan is one of the oldest districts in Hong Kong. On the Ping Shan Heritage Trail, there are many traditional buildings such as 聚星樓, 鄧氏宗祠 and so on. At the entrance, visitors can obtain a booklet which tells the background of each building. Tourists may take photos on the heritage trail and understand more of the history of the area.


Route: LRT Ping Shan Station or West Rail Tin Shui Wai Station


9. Tai Tong Lychee Valley


It is sponsored by the South China Agricultural University. Therefore, you can learn a lot from the environment. With the technology support, all the flowers and plants grow very well. People can pick lychees when they are in season.


Route: No. K66 bus or public minibus


Leisure and Cultural Facilities

1. Yuen Long Theatre opened in May 2000. This modern performing arts venue has become a centre for the arts in the Northwest region of the New Territories. The Theatre is situated at Yuen Long Tai Yuk Road in the vicinity of Yuen Long Park, Yuen Long Stadium and the Public Swimming Pool. The bamboo courtyard is a focus within the foyer, which creates an ambience of serenity and tranquility.


Route: Yuen Long Tai Yuk Road near Police Station LRT 'Fung Nin Road' Station or No. 68M, 68X, 968 bus


2. Yuen Long Town Hall Yuen Long Town Hall is located in Kau Yuk Road, near Yuen Long Police Station. It is to organize courses and leisure activities. There is also study room.


Route: LRT Fung Nin Road Station or No. 68M, 68X, 968 bus


3. Yuen Long Swimming Pool It is situated at Tai Yuk Road.There are 5 Standard swimming pools for four seasons.


Route: LRT FUNG Lin Road Station or No. 68M, 68X, 968 bus


4. Tin Shui Wai Swimming Pool It is situation at 1 Tin Pak Road. There are 3 standard swimming pools for four seasons and a children swimming pool in summer.


Route: LRT Tin Wu Station


5. Yuen Long Public Library It is at 1/F of Yuen Long Government Offices, 2 Kiu Lok Square, Yuen Long.


Route: LRT Hong Lok Road or No. 68M, 68X, 968 bus


6. Tin Shui Wai Public Library It is at No. 101-102, 1/F, Kingswood Ginza, Phase 2, 18 Tin Yan Road, Tin Shui Wai.


Route: LRT Tin Wing Station or No. 276A bus


Transportation

Though Yuen Long is located in the North-West part of N.T., it has a well-built traffic network. It is easily accessible from different parts of Hong Kong by bus, mini-bus, railway etc.


-Bus (by Kowloon Motor Bus)
-Light Rail (by Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC))
-West Rail (by Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC), started at December 2003)
-Long Ping and Yuen Long
-Mini-bus
-Taxi The Kowloon Motor Bus Company (1933) Limited (KMB) is the largest of the three franchaised bus operators in the urban area of Hong Kong, and one of the largest privately-owned public bus operators in the world. ... Opening Date 25 September 1988 Routes 9 Number of trains 1191 Service Area Tuen Mun, Yuen Long The KCR Light Rail is one of the four systems of the KCR network in Hong Kong. ... The Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (九廣鐵路公司), frequently abbreviated to KCRC or just KCR, is wholly owned by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region government and based in Hong Kong. ... Opening Date 20 December 2003 Stations 9 Number of trains 23 Service Area Tuen Mun, Yuen Long, Tsuen Wan, Sham Shui Po The West Rail is one of the three lines of the KCRC network in Hong Kong. ... The Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (九廣鐵路公司), frequently abbreviated to KCRC or just KCR, is wholly owned by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region government and based in Hong Kong. ... Long Ping is a KCRC station located in the northern part of Yuen Long and south east of Long Ping Estate, both in the New Territories. ... Yuen Long Station Yuen Long is a KCRC station located in Yuen Long. ...


After the operations of Route 3 and Tai Lam Tunnel in mid 1998, the external transport of Yuen Long has already been improved significantly.The travelling time from Yuen Long Town to Hong Kong Island can be shorten to 40 minutes, comparing to around one and a half hour in the past.

West Rail Station in Yuen Long
West Rail Station in Yuen Long
West Rail Station in Yuen Long
West Rail Station in Yuen Long
Light Rail
Light Rail


Out looking of Yuen Long West Rail Station ©Tom Wong User:58siukin Wong,2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Out looking of Yuen Long West Rail Station ©Tom Wong User:58siukin Wong,2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Yuen Long West Rail Station ©Tom Wong User:58siukin Wong,2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Yuen Long West Rail Station ©Tom Wong User:58siukin Wong,2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Light Rail File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Light Rail File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Culture

Special festivals

  • Tin Hau Festival (天后誕巡遊)

The Tin Hau Festival is on the 23rd of March on the lunar calendar. It celebrates the god who protects the lives of the citizens, Tin Hau. On the festival, the villagers in Yuen Long gather together and carry out a parade that consists of various traditional rituals, such as lion dancing that can last up to 3 hours. Matsu (媽祖, pinyin: Māzǔ, Wade-Giles: Ma-tsu, lit. ... A lunar calendar is a calendar whose date indicates the moon phase. ... The term God is capitalized in the English language as a proper noun when used to refer to a specific monotheistic concept of a Supreme Being in accordance with Christian, Jewish (sometimes as G-d - cf. ... United States Marines on parade. ... A ritual is a formalised, predetermined set of symbolic actions generally performed in a particular environment at a regular, recurring interval. ... Costumed southern lion dancer in action at a Chinese New Year celebration Lion dance (Chinese: 舞獅; pinyin: wǔshī) is a form of traditional dance in Chinese culture, in which performers mimic the lions movements in a cloak of lion costume. ...


Cuisine

Missing image Poon Choi in a wooden bowl Poon Choi (盤菜) (also known as Big Bowl Feast) is a traditional type of Chinese food served in wooden basins instead of the porcelain or metal kind. ... Sweet heart cakes A sweet heart cake (老婆餅 or lo po pang) is a traditional Chinese pastry made with winter melon and almond paste. ...

Statistical Information

Demographic characteristics
Population 449,070
Proportion of population (%) Aged under 15 20
Aged 15-64 71
Aged 65 and over 9
Median age 33
Proportion of population aged 15 and over being never married (%) Male 32
Female 27
Education
School attendance rate of population aged 6-18 (%) 92.9
Proportion of non-student population aged 20 and over having attained tertiary education (%) 10.9
Labour force characteristics
Labour force 219,444
Labour force participation rate (%) Male 74.0
Female 48.2
Both sexes 60.9
Median monthly income from main employment of working population (HK$) 10,588.7
Household characteristics
Number of domestic households 137,211
Average domestic household size 3.2
Median monthly domestic household income (HK$) 16,763.5
Housing characteristics
Number of occupied quarters 136,705
Average number of domestic households per unit of quarters 1.01
Proportion of domestic households owning the quarters they occupy (%) 48.15
Median monthly domestic household mortgage payment and loan repayment (HK$) 7,693.83
Median mortage payment and loan repayment to income ratio (%) 24.63
Median monthly domestic household rent (HK$) 2,513.04
Median rent to income ratio (%) 16.36

A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion or a fraction as a whole number. ... The Hong Kong Dollar (ISO 4217: HKD) is the official currency of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) within the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Future

Entering into the Year 2004, development in Yuen Long has been carrying out very rapidly. The West Rail project and other major infra-structural projects have all together changing the face of Yuen Long from an old rural area into a vibrant and dynamic city.


Apart from the West Rail project, the Hong Kong government recently approved the construction of the North-West gateway 西部通道, the fourth cross border route,between Hong Kong and China and the project is expected to complete in 2005. The site chosen in Hong Kong is 鰲磡石, located at the North West of Yuen Long and that in China is 蛇口, the busiest harbour port. The bridge will be of 5.4km long and the expected traffic capacity is 80,000 car per day. It will bring great benefit to residents in Yuen Long as going back to mainland China will only take 15 minutes.


Expressway---Route: Number 10


Connecting Yuen Long to North Lantau Island

  • Route: Number 10

Additional Information

The following is a list of buildings, sites and areas in Hong Kong: List of the 18 districts of Hong Kong, with a partial list of their sub-areas and streets Hong Kong Island Central and Western Central Admiralty Kennedy Town Mid-levels Sai Ying Pun Shek Tong Tsui Sheung... The Yuen Long Tin Shui Wai Democratic Alliance (元朗天水圍民主陣線) is a pro-democracy political group formed under the initiatives of Legislator and former Democratic Party member Albert Chan Wai-yip in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

External links

  • Yuen Long District Council
  • Electoral Boundary Map
  • Yuen Long New Town
  • Tin Shui Wai New Town
  • Yuen Long Theatre
  • Yuen Long Town Hall
  • Yuen Long New Town
  • Hong Kong government pamphlet about the development of the new town
  • Hong Kong Tourism Board
  • WWF Hong Kong
  • Hong Kong Wetland Park
  • Yuen Long Special
  • Mondophoto.net - 579 Public Domain photos of Hong Kong and Yuen Long


Districts of Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong
Hong Kong Island: Central and Western | Eastern | Southern | Wan Chai
Kowloon (including New Kowloon): Kowloon City | Kwun Tong | Sham Shui Po | Wong Tai Sin | Yau Tsim Mong
New Territories: Islands | Kwai Tsing | North | Sai Kung | Sha Tin | Tai Po | Tsuen Wan | Tuen Mun | Yuen Long


The territory of Hong Kong is divided in 18 administrative districts (Population as of 2000) Hong Kong Island Central and Western (274,400) Eastern (620,800) Southern (282,400) Wan Chai (190,300) Kowloon (New Kowloon included) Kowloon City (406,000) Kwun Tong (564,700) Sham Shui Po (372,200... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The night view of the Island side as seen from the Kowloon side - the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Hong Kong Island (香港島, colloquially the Island side) is the island where the colonial settlement of the Hong Kong territory, Victoria City, was founded. ... District slogan: none Location within Hong Kong S.A.R. (Click here for satellite image) District Council Chairman Chan Tak-chor Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 12. ... The Eastern District (東區) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... The Southern District (南區) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... District slogan: none Location within Hong Kong S.A.R. (Click here for satellite image) District Council Chairman Ada Wong Ying-kay JP Area   â€“Land   â€“Water ? km² km² km² Population   â€“Total (2000)   â€“Density 190,300 /km² Latitude Longitude  ?°? N ?°? E Official website: Wanchai District Council The Wan Chai District (灣仔區, literally... Location within China In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon (九龍; Cantonese IPA:; Jyutping: gau2 lung4; Mandarin Pinyin: JiÇ”lóng; lit. ... New Kowloon (Chinese: 新九龍; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: san1 gau2 lung4, Mandarin Pinyin: XÄ«n JiÇ”lóng) is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong, bounded in the south by Boundary Street, and in the north by the ranges of the Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Tates Cairn and Kowloon Peak. ... Kowloon City (Chinese: 九龍城; pinyin: ; Cantonese IPA:; Jyutping: gau2 lung4 sing4) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Kwun Tong (觀塘區; Jyutping: gwun1 tong4 keoi1; Cantonese IPA: ) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Sham Shui Po District (深水埗區) is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Wong Tai Sin (黃大仙; Pinyin Huang2da4xian1) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Yau Tsim Mong (油尖旺) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... The New Territories (Chinese: æ–°ç•Œ, Pinyin: XÄ«njiè) is the area of land in Hong Kong, north of the Kowloon peninsula, south of Shenzhen He / Shum Chun River (深圳河) and Hong Kongs outlying islands (including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, and Peng Chau), leased from Qing China to Britain in... Kwai Tsing (Chinese: 葵青區, Jyutping: kwai4 cing1 keoi1, pinyin: kuí qÄ«ng qÅ«) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... North District (北區) is the northernmost district of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... The position of Sai Kung District within the Hong Kong S.A.R. Sai Kung (西貢; pinyin: Xi1gong4; Cantonese: sai1 gung3) is the second-largest of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... District slogan: none Location within Hong Kong S.A.R. (Click here for satellite image) District Council Chairman WAI Kwok-hung, JP Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 60 km² km² km² Population   â€“Total (2001)   â€“Density > 600,000 /km² Latitude Longitude 22°39 N 114°21 E Official website: Sha Tin District Council... Tai Po district (大埔區; lit. ... Tsuen Wan (荃灣區) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Tuen Mun (屯門) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ...

New towns in Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong
Tsuen Wan (Tsuen Wan, Kwai Chung and Tsing Yi) | Sha Tin (Sha Tin and Ma On Shan) | Tuen Mun | Tai Po | Fanling-Sheung Shui (Fanling and Sheung Shui) | Yuen Long | Tseung Kwan O | Tin Shui Wai | North Lantau (Tung Chung and Tai Ho)

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Yuen Long District - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1434 words)
Yuen Long District (Traditional Chinese: 元朗區, Jyutping: jyun4 long5, pinyin: Yuánlǎng, used to be known as Un Long), is one of the districts of Hong Kong located in the northwest of the New Territories.
Yuen Long New Town was developed from the traditional market town of Yuen Long Town from the late 1970s.
Yuen Long Park (元朗市鎮公園) is a park at Yuen Long Town with recreational facilities.
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