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Encyclopedia > Yuan T. Lee
Yuan Tseh Lee
Taiwanese chemist and Nobel laureate
Born November 19, 1936
Hsinchu City , Northern Taiwan

Yuan Tseh Lee (Chinese: 李遠哲 Pinyin: Lǐ Yuǎnzhé, Wade-Giles: Li³ Yüan³-che²) (born November 19, 1936) is a famous chemist. He was the first Taiwanese-born Nobel Prize laureate, who, along with the German-Canadian John C. Polanyi and American Dudley R. Herschbach won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1986 "for their contributions to the dynamics of chemical elementary processes." Lee's particular work was on crossed molecular beams further towards its use for general reactions, a method for the study of important reactions for relatively large molecules. Since January 15, 1994, Lee has been the President of the Academia Sinica of the Republic of China (ROC; Taiwan). Image File history File links Ytlee. ... ... Look up chemist on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Nobel Prizes (pronounced no-BELL or no-bell) are awarded annually to people who have done outstanding research, invented groundbreaking techniques or equipment, or made outstanding contributions to society. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Hsinchu (新竹 pinyin Xīnzhú) is a large city in northern Taiwan. ... Pinyin (Chinese: 拼音, pÄ«nyÄ«n) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Look up chemist on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... John Charles Polanyi (born January 23, 1929) is a German/Canadian chemist. ... Dudley Robert Herschbach (born June 18, 1932), a chemist and Frank B. Baird Jr. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The word dynamics can refer to: a branch of mechanics; see dynamics (mechanics) the volume of music; see dynamics (music) DYNAMIC+ This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Alternate meaning: Chinese Academy of Sciences The Academia Sinica (中央研究院; Latin, Chinese Academy), headquartered in the Nangang district of Taipei, is the national academy for the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... National motto: None Official language Mandarin Chinese Capital and largest city Taipei President Chen Shui-bian Premier Frank Hsieh Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 138th 35,980 km² 2. ...

Contents


Early days

Yuan Tseh Lee (right) as young undergraduate student working at NTU lab in early 1960s.
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Yuan Tseh Lee (right) as young undergraduate student working at NTU lab in early 1960s.

Of Fujianese ancestry (specifically, Rongqiao Village (榕橋村), Nan'an County (南安縣), Quanzhou City), Lee was born in Hsinchu City in northern Taiwan to Li Tze-fan (李澤藩 Lǐ Zéfán), an accomplished Hsinchu-born artist, and Ts'ai P'ei (蔡配 Cài Péi), an elementary school teacher from Wuchi Township (梧棲鎮), Taichung County. Lee played on the baseball and ping-pong teams of Hsinchu Elementary School (新竹國小), and later studied at the Hsinchu Senior High School (竹中), where he played tennis and trombone. Due to his achievements in high school, he entered National Taiwan University without taking the entrance examination and earned a B.Sc. in 1959. He earned a M.S. at National Tsing Hua University in 1961 and Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley in 1965. Image File history File links Yuan-tseh-lee-ntu-lab-1960s. ... Image File history File links Yuan-tseh-lee-ntu-lab-1960s. ... In some educational systems, an undergraduate is a post-secondary student pursuing a Bachelors degree. ... NTU may stand for: Nottingham Trent University — A UK based University Nanyang Technological University — A Singapore based university National Taiwan University — A Taiwan university Nephelometric Turbidity Unit — A measure of the cloudiness of a liquid This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Lab is a common shortened form for several terms and can refer to: Laboratory, a place where scientific research and experiments are conducted Lab, a people living in southern Albania Labrador, a region on the easternmost coast of Canada Labrador Retriever, a dog breed Lab color space, the most complete... The 1960s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... Quanzhou (Chinese: 泉州; pinyin: Quánzhōu) is a prefecture level city, located in the Fujian province of China. ... Hsinchu (新竹 pinyin Xīnzhú) is a large city in northern Taiwan. ... Artist is a descriptive term applied to a person who engages in an activity deemed to be an art. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... In education, teachers are those who teach students or pupils, often a course of study, lesson plan, or a practical skill, including learning and thinking skills. ... Taichung County (台中縣, pinyin: Táizhōng Xiàn) is a county in central Taiwan, encompassing Taichung City and administered as part of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Picture of Fenway Park. ... Regional competition level table tennis, showing table, net, and player getting ready to return the ball with a winning backhand topspin stroke. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... National Hsinchu Senior High School is an high school in Hsinchu City, Taiwan. ... Tennis balls This article is about the sport, tennis. ... A lip-reed aerophone with a predominantly cylindrical bore, the trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... 國立臺灣大學 National Taiwan University National Taiwan University (Traditional: 國立臺灣大學; Simplified: 国立臺湾大学; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Tongyong Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuo2-li4 tai2-wan1 ta4-hsüeh2; Hō-ló-oÄ“: Kok-lip Tai-oan Tai-hak; abbreviation NTU) is a university in Taiwan. ... An entrance examination is an examination that educational institutions use to determine whether prospective students are good enough to enter their institution. ... A Bachelor of Science (B.S., B.Sc. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... 國立清華大學 National Tsing Hua University   National Tsing Hua University (Traditional: 國立清華大學; Simplified: 国立清华大学; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuo-li Ching-hua Ta-hsuëh) is a university in Hsinchu City, Taiwan Province, Republic of China. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Doctor of Philosophy, or Ph. ... University of California, Berkeley The University of California, Berkeley (also known as California, Cal, UCB, UC Berkeley, The University of California, or simply Berkeley) is a public coeducational university situated east of the San Francisco Bay in Berkeley, California, overlooking the Golden Gate. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ...

Yuan Tseh Lee in his office at deparment of chemistry in UC Berkeley in early 1980s.
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Yuan Tseh Lee in his office at deparment of chemistry in UC Berkeley in early 1980s.

Image File history File links Yuan-tseh-lee-early1980s. ... Image File history File links Yuan-tseh-lee-early1980s. ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as Cal, UC Berkeley, UCB, or simply Berkeley) is a prestigious, public, coeducational university situated in the foothills of Berkeley, California to the east of San Francisco Bay, overlooking the Golden Gate and its bridge. ... The 1980s, in its most obvious sense, was the decade between 1980 and 1989. ...

Contributions to Chemistry

In February 1967, he started working with Dudley Herschbach at Harvard University on reactions between hydrogen atoms and diatomic alkali molecules and the construction of a universal crossed molecular beams apparatus. In 1974, he returned to Berkeley as professor of chemistry and principal investigator at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, becoming a U.S. citizen the same year. At Berkeley, Lee retains the title of Professor of the Graduate School Emeritus. He is also University Professor Emeritus of the University of California system. February is the second month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dudley Robert Herschbach (born June 18, 1932), a chemist and Frank B. Baird Jr. ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ... General Name, Symbol, Number hydrogen, H, 1 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 1, 1, s Appearance colorless Atomic mass 1. ... For the battery, see alkaline battery The word alkali can mean:- In chemistry, an alkali is a specific type of base, formed as a carbonate, hydroxide or other ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkali earth metal element. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... The Berkeley Lab is perched on a hill overlooking the Berkeley central campus and San Francisco Bay. ... The University of California (UC) is a public university system within the State of California. ...

Chemical paper print from Chemica scripta containing professor Yuan's nobel lecture in 1986.
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Chemical paper print from Chemica scripta containing professor Yuan's nobel lecture in 1986.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (561x800, 153 KB) Summary Chemica Scripta paper print, containing professor Yuans nobel lecture in 1986. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (561x800, 153 KB) Summary Chemica Scripta paper print, containing professor Yuans nobel lecture in 1986. ... Look up Address (disambiguation) in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Address may refer to— A name for the location of an individual or organization. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Political role

Yuan T. Lee played an important role during the 2000 ROC Presidential election. On the last week of the election he announced his support for the candidacy of Chen Shui-bian who subsequently won a narrow victory over James Soong. Chen nominated Lee to become Premier, but Lee declined after deliberating for a few days. Lee has been the President of the Academia Sinica since 1994 and renounced his U.S. citizenship to take the post. The Election for the 10th-term President and Vice-President of the Republic of China (第十任中華民國總統、副總統選舉), the second ever direct elections for President and Vice President of the Republic of China on Taiwan and the 10th under the 1947 Constitution, were held on March 18, 2000. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... Soong Chu-yu James Chu-yu Soong (宋楚瑜 Wade-Giles: Sung Chu-yü; pinyin: Sòng ChÇ”yú; born March 16, 1942) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... The President of the Executive Yuan (行政院長), colloquially referred to as the Premier (閣揆), is the head of the Executive Yuan or executive branch of the Republic of China government which currently administers Taiwan. ...

Yuan Tseh Lee receiving Nobel price in chemistry by King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden in 1986.
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Yuan Tseh Lee receiving Nobel price in chemistry by King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden in 1986.

Lee's supporting Chen was not without controversy. Lee's participation in politics was verbally attacked by novelist Li Ao, Li criticized Lee as "filled with hypocrisy" (「充滿偽善」) by claiming to be a scholar who pursues neutrality and truth, yet ignoring the black gold activity, which Li claims that Chen Shui-bian engaged in as the mayor of Taipei. Li Ao's opinion is in the minority, however. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x869, 60 KB) Summary Taiwanese chemist Yuan Tseh Lee receiving Nobel price award in chemistry by King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x869, 60 KB) Summary Taiwanese chemist Yuan Tseh Lee receiving Nobel price award in chemistry by King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. ... The word king has many meanings: For the head of state, see Monarch. ... Carl XVI Gustaf (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus) (born April 30, 1946), styled HM The King, is the King of Sweden. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Li Ao Li Ao (李敖 pinyin Lǐ Áo) (born April 25, 1935), is a writer, social commentator, historian, and politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Look up Hypocrisy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Hypocrisy is the act of pretending to have morals or virtues that one does not truly possess or practice. ... Black gold (Chinese: 黑金; pinyin: hÄ“i jÄ«n) is a term used in the Republic of China (Taiwan) to refer to political corruption. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ...


Recent works

During his tenure, Lee has worked tirelessly to create new research institutes, advance scientific research within Taiwan, and to recruit and cultivate top scholars for the Academic Sinica. A scholar is either a student or someone who has achieved a mastery of some academic discipline. ... Alternate meaning: Chinese Academy of Sciences The Academia Sinica (中央研究院; Latin, Chinese Academy), headquartered in the Nangang district of Taipei, is the national academy for the Republic of China on Taiwan. ...

Lee Yuan-tseh was a scientist at LBNL when he won his Nobel Prize in 1986.
Lee Yuan-tseh was a scientist at LBNL when he won his Nobel Prize in 1986.

However, Lee remains unpopular among many students and parents who have criticized him for his involvement in educational reforms that many feel to have put unncessary burden and administrative complications on the students and reduced competitiveness of tertiary education. His critics have often said that Lee should stick to the sciences and stop using his Nobel pedigree to influence educational and political policies, areas with which he is not familiar. Image File history File links Yuan_T._Lee. ... Image File history File links Yuan_T._Lee. ... The Berkeley Lab is perched on a hill overlooking the Berkeley central campus and San Francisco Bay. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Nobel laureate Yuan Tseh Lee head of the delegation of Chinese Taipei talks to president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo of the Phillipines during the 11th Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Leader's Meeting.
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Nobel laureate Yuan Tseh Lee head of the delegation of Chinese Taipei talks to president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo of the Phillipines during the 11th Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Leader's Meeting.

At the request of President Chen, Lee was Chinese Taipei's representative in the 2002 APEC leaders' summit in Mexico. (Presidents of the Republic of China have been barred from joining the APEC summits because of objections from the People's Republic of China.) Lee represented President Chen again in the 2003 and 2004 APEC summits in Thailand and Chile, respectively. Image File history File links Yuantlee-politics-apec. ... Image File history File links Yuantlee-politics-apec. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is the current (14th) president of the Philippines. ... ... APEC can also stand for Atlantic Provinces Economic Council Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a group of Pacific Rim countries who meet with the purpose of improving economic and political ties. ... The heads of government of all Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation members meet annually in a summit called APEC Economic Leaders Meeting rotating in location among APECs member economies. ... APEC may refer to: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Action Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour Advanced Placement European Civilization Atlantic Provinces Economic Council This article consisting of a 4-letter acronym or initialism is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... The Office of the President of the Republic of China is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ...

Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian (right) shakes hands with Yuan-tseh Lee. Lee, was the head of Taiwan's delegation to the 2004 APEC meeting in Chile.
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Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian (right) shakes hands with Yuan-tseh Lee. Lee, was the head of Taiwan's delegation to the 2004 APEC meeting in Chile.

In January 2004, he and industrial tycoon Wang Yung-ching and theatre director Lin Hwai-min issued a joint statement asking both Chen Shui-bian and Lien Chan to "drop hatred and extreme behavior and resort to honesty." This, and other critical statements of the President, led to speculation that he would not back Chen again in the 2004 elections until he issued a statement of support for the DPP on March 17, 3 days before polls opened. In the news, however, this endorsement was overshadowed by a dispute between DPP legislator Shen Fu-hsiung and first lady Wu Shu-chen. When ask to comment about the endorsement, opposition candidate Lien Chan remarked (in English) So what?. Image File history File links Yuan-tseh-lee-president-chen-shui-bian. ... Image File history File links Yuan-tseh-lee-president-chen-shui-bian. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... APEC may refer to: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Action Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour Advanced Placement European Civilization Atlantic Provinces Economic Council This article consisting of a 4-letter acronym or initialism is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Wang Yung-ching (王永慶; pinyin: Wáng Yǒngqìng, born in Taiwan, 18 January 1917) is an influential entrepreneur with a large business empire in Taiwan. ... Dr. Lien Chan Lien Chan (連戰, in pinyin: Lián Zhàn) (born August 27, 1936, in Xian) is a Taiwanese politician. ... Elections for the President and Vice President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) were held on March 20, 2004. ... Wu Shu-chen (Chinese: 吳淑珍) (born July 11, 1953-) is the wife of Chen Shui-bian, the President of the Republic of China. ... Dr. Lien Chan Lien Chan (連戰, in pinyin: Lián Zhàn) (born August 27, 1936, in Xian) is a Taiwanese politician. ...

As of 2005, professor Yuan is emeritus professor of Physical chemistry at NTU, and president of Academia Sinica.
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As of 2005, professor Yuan is emeritus professor of Physical chemistry at NTU, and president of Academia Sinica.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1044x1560, 241 KB) Summary Taiwanese chemist Yuan Tseh Lee in an interview as of 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1044x1560, 241 KB) Summary Taiwanese chemist Yuan Tseh Lee in an interview as of 2005. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Physical Chemistry is the combined science of physics, chemistry, thermodynamics, and quantum mechanics which functions to provide molecular-level interpretations of observed macroscopic phenomena. ... NTU may stand for: Nottingham Trent University — A UK based University Nanyang Technological University — A Singapore based university National Taiwan University — A Taiwan university Nephelometric Turbidity Unit — A measure of the cloudiness of a liquid This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Alternate meaning: Chinese Academy of Sciences The Academia Sinica (中央研究院; Latin, Chinese Academy), headquartered in the Nangang district of Taipei, is the national academy for the Republic of China on Taiwan. ...

Personal life and awards

With Bernice Wu Chin-li (吳錦麗 Wú Jǐnlì), whom Lee has known since elementary school, he has 3 children: Ted (news broadcasting personnel), Sidney (doctor), and Charlotte (sociologist). NewS (NEWS) is a J-pop group from Johnny & Associates, which also produced groups such as SMAP, TOKIO, Kinki Kids and Tackey & Tsubasa. ... Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. ...

Lee beside his wife and daughter as of 1986.
Lee beside his wife and daughter as of 1986.

Lee was one of the four Nobelists who established the Wu Chien-Shiung Foundation. In addition to the Nobel Prize, his awards and distinctions include Sloan Fellow (1969); Fellow of American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1975); Fellow Am. Phys. Soc. (1976); Guggenheim Fellow (1977); Member National Academy of Sciences (1979); Member Academia Sinica (1980); E.O. Lawrence Award (1981); Miller Professor, Berkeley (1981); Fairchild Distinguished Scholar (1983); Harrison Howe Award (1983); Peter Debye Award (1986); National Medal of Science (1986). Yuan T. Lee family; from http://www. ... Yuan T. Lee family; from http://www. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Chien-Shiung Wu (吳健雄 Pinyin: Wú Jiànxíong) (May 31, 1912 - February 16, 1997) was a female Chinese American physicist with an expertise in radioactivity. ... The House of the Academy, Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Guggenheim Fellowships are awarded annually by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts. ... President Harding and the National Academy of Sciences at the White House, Washington, DC, April 1921 The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a corporation in the United States whose members serve pro bono as advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine. ... National Medal of Science The National Medal of Science, also called the Presidential Medal of Science, is an honor given by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social...


External links

  • Nobel bio
  • CNN:Taiwanese Nobel laureate offers to be peace envoy to China
  • Academia Sinica profile
  • Lee page at Berkeley

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lee Yuan-tseh - definition of Lee Yuan-tseh in Encyclopedia (788 words)
Lee played on the baseball and ping-pong teams of Hsinchu Elementary School (新竹國小;), and later studied at the Hsinchu Senior High School (竹中), where he played tennis and trombone.
Lee's participation in politics was verbally attacked by novelist Li Ao, a presidential candidate during the same 2000 election.
Li criticized Lee as "filled with hypocrisy" (「充滿偽善」;) by claiming to be a scholar who pursues neutrality and truth, yet ignoring the fl gold activity, which Li claims that Chen Shui-bian engaged in as the mayor of Taipei.
Yuan T. Lee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (900 words)
Lee's participation in politics was verbally attacked by novelist Li Ao, Li criticized Lee as "filled with hypocrisy" (「充滿偽善」) by claiming to be a scholar who pursues neutrality and truth, yet ignoring the fl gold activity, which Li claims that Chen Shui-bian engaged in as the mayor of Taipei.
Lee, was the head of Taiwan's delegation to the 2004 APEC meeting in Chile.
As of 2005, professor Yuan is emeritus professor of Physical chemistry at NTU, and president of Academia Sinica.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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