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Encyclopedia > Yu the Great

King Yu of Xia of China, in chinese: "", (2070 BC-2061 BC),born Si Wen Ming, in chinese: "姒文命" , often called Da Yu (大禹,who mean "Yu the Great"). The Xia Dynasty (Chinese: 夏朝; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsia-chao), ca. ... (Redirected from 2070 BC) (29th century BC - 28th century BC - 27th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2775 - 2650 BC - Second Dynasty wars in Egypt 2750 BC - End of the Early Dynastic I Period, and the beginning of the Early Dynastic II...


Yu was the legendary first Chinese monarch of the Xia Dynasty, considered as the founder of the dynasty. Occasionally identified as one of The Three August Ones and the Five Emperors, he is best remembered for teaching the people flood control techniques to tame China's rivers and lakes. The Xia Dynasty (Chinese: 夏朝; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsia-chao), ca. ... The Three August Ones and Five Emperors (Chinese: 三皇五帝; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: san-huang wu-ti) were mythological rulers of China during the period from 2500 BC to 2205 BC, which is the time preceding the Xia dynasty. ... Look up Flood in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A flood (in Old English flod, a word common to Teutonic languages; compare German Flut, Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float) is an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land, a deluge. ...


Yu's father, Gun, was assigned by Yao to regulate the floods but was so unsuccessful in his attempt that he was executed by the later ruler Shun. Recruited as a successor to his father, Yu began dredging new river channels as outlets, spending a back-breaking thirteen years and some 20,000 workers in the task. Emperor Yao (Traditional Chinese:堯, Simplified Chinese:尧) (2337 - 2258 BC) was a semi-mythical Chinese ruler, one of the Three August Ones and the Five Emperors. ... The Emperor Shun (舜) (2258-2211 BC) was a legendary leader of prehistoric China, among the Three August Ones and the Five Emperors. ...


Yu is remembered as an example of perseverance and determination. He is revered as the perfect civil servant. Stories abound about his work in flood techniques taking such importance to him that he bypassed his house three times in thirteen years but never went in — reasoning that a family reunion would take his time and mind away from the flood control problem. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Shun was so impressed by Yu's efforts that he passed the throne to him instead of his own son.


According to historical texts, Yu died at Mount Kuaiji (south of present day Shaoxing) whilst on a hunting tour on the southern frontier of his empire, and was buried there, where a mausoleum was built in his honor. A number of emperors in imperial times have travelled there to perform ceremonies in his honour, notably Qin Shi Huang. A temple, Dayu Ling (大禹陵), has been built on the traditional site where the ceremonies are performed. A boat on one of Shaoxings waterways, near the city center. ... A mausoleum is a large and impressive tomb, usually constructed for a deceased leader. ... Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇) (November or December 260 BC-September 10, 210 BC), personal name Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC, and then the first emperor of a unified China from 221 BC to 210 BC, ruling under the name First Emperor. ...


Before Yu's time, the title of emperor was passed to the next person considered by the community to have the highest virtue, instead of from father to son. However, Yu's son, Qǐ (啟), proved very capable himself and was recommended to be the next ruler of the dynasty. This became the precedent of rulership based on heredity in China. Virtue (Greek αρετη; Latin virtus) is the habitual, well-established, readiness or disposition of mans powers directing them to some goodness of act. ... Heredity (the adjective is hereditary) is the transfer of characteristics from parent to offspring, either through their genes or through the social institution called inheritance (for example, a title of nobility is passed from individual to individual according to relevant customs and/or laws). ...


External link

  • http://www.threekingdoms.com/history.htm#3_1
Preceded by:
Emperor Shun
King of the Xia Dynasty
2070 BC–2061 BC
Succeeded by:
King Qi of Xia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (563 words)
During China's Great Flood, Yu's father, Gun (鯀), was assigned by King Yao (堯) to tame the raging waters.
According to historical texts, Yu died at Mount Kuaiji (south of present day Shaoxing) while on a hunting tour on the southern frontier of his empire, and was buried there.
Yu is further mythologized when it is claimed that he was born from the corpse of his father, Gun (or Kun).
Yu the Great Summary (1007 words)
Yu is one of the legendary model sovereigns upon whom the Yellow River and the Luo River deities bestowed the mystical diagrams Hetu ("river chart") and Luoshu ("Lo writing").
Yu was the legendary first Chinese monarch of the Xia Dynasty, considered the founder of the dynasty.
Before Yu's time, the title of emperor was passed to the next person considered by the community to have the highest virtue, instead of from father to son.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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