Ysopet or isopet (little Aesop) refers to a medieval collection of fables in French literature, specifically to versions of Aesop's Fables. Aesops Fables or Aesopica refers to a collection of fables credited to Aesop (circa 620 BC â 560 BC), a slave and story-teller living in Ancient Greece. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... In its strict sense a fable is a short story or folk tale embodying a moral, which may be expressed explicitly at the end as a maxim. ... French literature is literature written in the French language; and especially, literature written in French by citizens of France; it may also refer to literature written in other languages of France. ... Aesops Fables or Aesopica refers to a collection of fables credited to Aesop (circa 620 BC â 560 BC), a slave and story-teller living in Ancient Greece. ...
The origin of the term dates back to the 12th century, where it was first used by Marie de France, whose collection, written in French verse, is, she says, translated from an Old English collection which she attributes to Alfred the Great. (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Marie de France was a poet, in France and England during the late 12th century. ... Alfred (849? â 26 October 899) or Ãlfred was king of the southern Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex from 871 to 899. ...
She was a native of Normandy and lived in the second half of the twelfth century, because she uses the pure Norman dialect of that time, and the two personages alluded to in her works were Henry II of England and his son William, Count of Salisbury.
Marie's contributions to French literature consist of lays, the "Ysopet", and a romance published by Roquefort under the title, "Legend of the Purgatory of Saint Patrick".
The "Ysopet" is a collection of 103 fables translated into French from the English translation of Henry Beauclerc.
Among those that have been taken most seriously are Marie, Abbess of Shaftesbury and half-sister to Henry II, King of England; Marie, Abbess of Reading; Marie de Boulogne; and most compelling of all, Marie de Meulan, wife of Hugh Talbot.
Four works have been attributed to Marie de France, including 12 "Breton lais" (or lays), the "Ysopet"fables, the Legend of the Purgatory of St. Patrick, and, most recently, a saint's life called La Vie seinte Audree or The Life of Saint Audrey.
Scholars have dated Marie's works between about 1160 at the earliest, and about 1215 at the latest, though it is probably that they were written between about 1170 and 1205.
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