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Encyclopedia > Youth rights
Part of a series of articles on
Discrimination

General forms
Racism
Sexism
Ageism
Religious intolerance
Xenophobia
Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth... It has been suggested that Sex discrimination be merged into this article or section. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling Hate speech · Hate crime Lynching · Gay bashing Genocide · Holocaust Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing Pogrom · Race war Religious persecution Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism White/Black supremacy Hate groups · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism Womens/Universal suffrage Civil rights · Gay rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Policies Discriminatory... Religious intolerance is either intolerance motivated by ones own religious beliefs or intolerance against anothers religious beliefs or practices. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Specific forms
Social
Homophobia · Transphobia
Ableism · Sizeism · Heightism · Adultism
Misogyny · Misandry · Lookism
Gerontophobia · Classism · Elitism
Homophobia is the fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals. ... Transphobia refers to various kinds of aversions towards transsexuality and transsexual or transgendered people, often taking the form of refusal to accept a persons expression of their internal gender identity (See Phobia - terms indicating prejudice or class discrimination). ... Ableism is a term used to describe discrimination against people with disabilities in favor of people who are able-bodied. ... The fat acceptance movement, also referred to as the fat liberation movement, is a grass-roots effort to change societal attitudes about fat people. ... Heightism is a form of discrimination based on height. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... Misogyny () is hatred or strong prejudice against women. ... Misandry (IPA ) is the hatred of males as a sex [1]. The word comes from misos (Greek μῖσος, hatred) + andras (Greek ἄνδρας, man). Although misandry is sometimes confused with misanthropy, the terms are not interchangeable, since the latter refers to the hatred of humanity. ... Lookism is discrimination against or prejudice towards others based on their appearance. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Classism (a term formed by analogy with racism) is any form of prejudice or oppression against people who are in, or who are perceived as being like those who are in, a lower social class (especially in the form of lower or higher socioeconomic status) within a class society. ... Elitism is the belief or attitude that the people who are considered to be the elite — a selected group of persons with outstanding personal abilities, wealth, specialised training or experience, or other distinctive attributes — are the people whose views on a matter are to be taken the most seriously, or...

Against cultures:

Americans
Arabs
Armenians
Canadians
Chinese Anti-Arab Graffiti by Jewish settlers in Gaza Anti-Arabism is prejudice or hostility against Arabs. ...

Europeans
Croats
French
Germans
Greeks For varying degrees of skepticism over the European Union and/or its strengthening, see euroscepticism. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

Indians
Iranians
Italians
Japanese
Polish

Quebecers
Roma
Russians
Serbs
Turks St. ... Antiziganism is racism directed at the Roma people. ... Serbophobia (Serbian, Croatian: србофобиjа, srbofobija), also called anti-Serbism means a sentiment of hostility or hatred towards Serbs, Serbia, or Republika Srpska. ...

Against religions:

Catholics
Christians
Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Disability...

Hindus
Jews
Mormons
Anti-Hindu leaflet launched by fundamentalist Christian churches Anti-Hindu prejudice is a negative perception against Hinduism, Hindus and Indian or Hindu culture. ... An anti-Mormon political cartoon from the late nineteenth century. ...

Muslims
Protestants
Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Disability... Anti-Protestantism is an irrational opposition to Protestantism which is primarily emotional and akin to the irrational hatreds of racism and and anti-semitism. ...

Manifestations
Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching
Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups
Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom
Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war
Religious persecution · Gay bashing
Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia
Slave redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Driving While Black be merged into this article or section. ... Lynching is a form of violence, usually murder, conceived of by its perpetrators as extra legal punishment for offenders or as a terrorist method of enforcing social domination. ... Hate speech is a controversial term for speech intended to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against a person or group of people based on their race, gender, age, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, language ability, moral or political views, socioeconomic class, occupation and... A Jewish cemetery in France after being defaced by Neo-Nazis. ... A hate group is an organized group or movement that advocates hate, hostility or violence towards a group of people or some organization upon spurious grounds, despite a wider consensus that these people are not necessarily better or worse than any others. ... Genocide is the mass killing of a group of people as defined by Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or... ... Pogrom (from Russian: ; from громить IPA: - to wreak havoc, to demolish violently) is a form of riot directed against a particular group, whether ethnic, religious or other, and characterized by destruction of their homes, businesses and religious centers. ... Ethnocide is a concept related to genocide; unlike genocide, which has entered into international law, ethnocide remains primarily the province of ethnologists, who have not yet settled on a single cohesive meaning for the term. ... Armenian civilians, being cleansed from their homeland during the Armenian Genocide. ... Race war is a slang term referring to developing hostilities between ethnic groups divided on the basis of race. ... It has been suggested that Historical persecution by Christians#Theological debate of persecution be merged into this article or section. ... The persecution of gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgendered individuals is the practice of attacking a person, usually physically, because they are or are perceived to be lesbian, gay or transgender. ... Pedophobia is the fear of infants, children, or childhood[1] // Pediophogia is an alternate term for pedophobia[2]. Pedophobia is related to other age-focused fears, including ephebiphobia and gerontophobia. ... Ephebiphobia (from Greek ephebos έφηβος = teenager, underage adolescent and fobos φόβος = fear, phobia), also known as hebephobia (from Greek hebe = youth), denotes both the irrational fear of teenagers or of adolescence, and the prejudice against teenagers or underage adolescents. ...

Movements
Discriminatory
Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism
Kahanism
Anti-discriminatory
Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights
Women's/Universal suffrage · Men's rights
Children's rights · Youth rights
Disability rights · Inclusion
Social model of disability · Autistic rights
Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The Aryan race is a notion mentioned in the Old Persian inscriptions and other Persian sources from c. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... Supremacism is the belief that a particular race, religion, gender, belief system or culture is superior to others and entitles those who identify with it to dominate, control or rule those who do not. ... Speaking: US-born Rabbi Meir Kahane, leader of the Kach party in the Knesset. ... This English poster depicting the horrific conditions on slave ships was influential in mobilizing public opinion against slavery. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... The term womens suffrage is a social, economic and political reform movement aimed at extending suffrage — the right to vote — to women. ... Universal suffrage (also general suffrage or common suffrage) consists of the extension of the right to vote to all adults, without distinction as to race, sex, belief, or economic or social status. ... Mens rights is a stream in the mens movement. ... The childrens rights movement was born in the 1800s with the orphan train. ... The disability rights movement aims to improve the quality of life of people with disabilities. ... Inclusion is a term used by activist people with disabilities and other disability rights advocates for the idea that human beings should freely, openly and happily accommodate any other human being that happens to be differently-abled without question or qualification of any kind. ... The Social Model of Disability proposes that barriers and prejudice and exclusion by society (purposely or inadvertently) are the ultimate factors defining who is disabled and who is not in a particular society. ... The autism rights movement (which has also been called autistic self-advocacy movement [2] and autistic liberation movement [3]) was started by adult autistic individuals in order to advocate and demand tolerance for what they refer to as neurodiversity. ...

Policies
Discriminatory
Segregation: Racial/Ethnic/Religious/Sexual
Apartheid · Redlining · Internment
Anti-discriminatory
Emancipation · Civil rights · Desegregation
Integration · Reservation · Reparations
Affirmative action · Racial quota
The Rex Theatre for Colored People Racial segregation is characterized by separation of different races in daily life when both are doing equal tasks, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or... The Rex Theatre for Colored People Racial segregation is characterized by separation of people of different races in daily life when both are doing equal tasks, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the... Religious segregation involves the separation of people on the basis of religion. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... For the automotive term, see redline. ... For other uses, see Internment (disambiguation). ... Look up emancipation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Desegregation is the process of ending racial segregation, most commonly used in reference to the United States. ... Children at a parade in North College Hill, Ohio Racial integration, or simply integration includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation). ... Reservation in Indian law is a term used to describe the governmental policy whereby a percentage of seats are reserved in the Parliament of India, State Legislative Assemblies, Central and State Civil Services, Public Sector Units, Central and State Governmental Departments and in all Public and Private Educational Institutions, except... In the philosophy of justice, reparation is the idea that a just sentence ought to compensate the victim of a crime appropriately. ... Affirmative action refers to concrete steps that are taken not only to eliminate discrimination —whether in employment, education, or contracting—but also to attempt to redress the effects of past discrimination. ... Racial quotas in employment and education are numerical requirements for hiring, promoting, admitting and/or graduating members of a particular racial group. ...

Law
Discriminatory
Anti-miscegenation · Anti-immigration
Alien and Sedition Acts · Nuremberg Laws
Jim Crow laws · Black codes · Apartheid laws
Anti-discriminatory
List of anti-discrimination acts Miscegenation is an archaic term invented in 1863 to describe people of different human races (usually one European and one African) producing offspring; the use of this term is invariably restricted to those who believe that the category race is meaningful when applied to human beings. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... ======== many recent edits that had nothing to do with article. ... The Nuremberg Laws of 1935 were denaturalization laws passed by the government of Nazi Germany. ... The Jim Crow Laws were state and local laws enacted in the Southern and Border States of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965 and affected African Americans and many other races. ... The Black Codes were laws passed to restrict civil rights and civil liberties of African Americans, particularly former slaves. ... The Apartheid Legislation in South Africa was a series of different laws and acts which were to help the apartheid-government to enforce the segregation of different races and cement the power and the dominance by the Whites, of substantially European descent, over the other race groups. ... This is a list of anti-discrimination acts (often called discrimination acts), which are laws designed to prevent discrimination. ...

Other forms
Nepotism · Cronyism
Colorism · Linguicism
Ethnocentrism · Triumphalism
Adultcentrism · Isolationism
Economic discrimination

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Nepotism This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Crony redirects here. ... Colorism is a form of discrimination which primarily occurs in the United States. ... Linguicism is a form of prejudice, an -ism along the lines of racism, ageism or sexism. ... Ethnocentrism is the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of ones own culture. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Supremacism. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth... Isolationism is a foreign policy which combines a non-interventionist military and a political policy of economic nationalism (protectionism). ... Economic discrimination is a term that describes a form of discrimination based on economic factors. ...

Related topics
Prejudice · Supremacism · Intolerance
Tolerance · Diversity · Multiculturalism
Political correctness · Reverse discrimination
Eugenics · Racialism
For with(out) prejudice in law, see Prejudice (law). ... Supremacism is the belief that a particular race, religion, gender, belief system or culture is superior to others and entitles those who identify with it to dominate, control or rule those who do not. ... Intolerance is the lack of ability or willingness to tolerate something. ... It has been suggested that toleration be merged into this article or section. ... Diversity is the presence of a wide range of variation in the qualities or attributes under discussion. ... Multiculturalism is a philosophy that is sometimes construed as ideology advocating that modern society should at least embrace and include distinct cultural groups with equal cultural and political status. ... Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Disability... Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution: Logo from the Second International Congress of Eugenics, 1921, depicting it as a tree which unites a variety of different fields. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

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Theories of rights
Animal rights
Children's rights
Civil rights
Collective rights
Group rights
Human rights
Inalienable rights
Individual rights
Legal rights
Men's rights
Natural rights
Negative & positive
Social rights
"Three generations"
Women's rights
Workers' rights
Youth rights
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Youth rights refers to a set of philosophies intended to enhance civil rights for young people. Youth rights are inherently responsive to the oppression of young people, with advocates challenging ephebiphobia, adultism and ageism through youth participation, youth/adult partnerships, and ultimately, intergenerational equity. A right is the power or privilege to which one is justly entitled or a thing to which one has a just claim. ... A civet, or sea fox, photographed in the Zigong Peoples Zoo, Sichuan, 2001. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... The term collective rights refers to the rights of peoples to be protected from attacks on their group identity and group interests. ... Group rights are rights that all members of a group have by virtue of being in that group. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... The term inalienable rights (or unalienable rights) refers to a set of human rights that are in some sense fundamental, are not awarded by human power, and cannot be surrendered. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A right is the power or privilege to which one is justly entitled or a thing to which one has a just claim. ... Mens rights is a stream in the mens movement. ... Natural rights is a philosophical hition of universal rights that are seen as inherent in the nature of people and not contingent on human actions or beliefs. ... Within the philosophy of human rights, some philosophers and political scientists see a distinction between positive and negative rights. ... Social rights refer to what are usually positive rights, which ensure to all people a fair standard of treatment. ... The division of human rights into three generations was initially proposed in 1979 by the Czech jurist Karel Vasak at the International Institute of Human Rights in Strasbourg. ... The term women’s rights typically refers to freedoms inherently possessed by women and girls of all ages, which may be institutionalized or ignored and/or illegitimately suppressed by law or custom in a particular society. ... Labor rights or workers rights are a group of legal rights and claimed human rights having to do with labor relations between workers and their employers. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... A separate article is about the punk band called The Adolescents. ... Oppression is the negative outcome experienced by people targeted by the cruel exercise of power in a society or social group. ... Ephebiphobia (from Greek ephebos έφηβος = teenager, underage adolescent and fobos φόβος = fear, phobia), also known as hebephobia (from Greek hebe = youth), denotes both the irrational fear of teenagers or of adolescence, and the prejudice against teenagers or underage adolescents. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling Hate speech · Hate crime Lynching · Gay bashing Genocide · Holocaust Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing Pogrom · Race war Religious persecution Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism White/Black supremacy Hate groups · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism Womens/Universal suffrage Civil rights · Gay rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Policies Discriminatory... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... Intergenerational equity [1] is a value concept which focuses on the rights of future generations. ...

Contents

Movement

The "youth rights movement", also described as "youth liberation", is a nascent grass-roots movement whose aim is to fight against ageism and for the civil rights of young people - those "under the age of majority", which is 18 in most countries. It is ostenisbly an effort to combat pedophobia and ephebiphobia throughout society by promoting youth voice, youth empowerment and ultimately, intergenerational equity through youth/adult partnerships.[1] Grassroots democracy is a tendency towards designing political processes where as much decision-making authority as is practical is shifted to the organizations lowest geographic level of organization. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling Hate speech · Hate crime Lynching · Gay bashing Genocide · Holocaust Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing Pogrom · Race war Religious persecution Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism White/Black supremacy Hate groups · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism Womens/Universal suffrage Civil rights · Gay rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Policies Discriminatory... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Pedophobia is the fear of infants, children, or childhood[1] // Pediophogia is an alternate term for pedophobia[2]. Pedophobia is related to other age-focused fears, including ephebiphobia and gerontophobia. ... Ephebiphobia (from Greek ephebos έφηβος = teenager, underage adolescent and fobos φόβος = fear, phobia), also known as hebephobia (from Greek hebe = youth), denotes both the irrational fear of teenagers or of adolescence, and the prejudice against teenagers or underage adolescents. ... Youth voice is a fairly common neologism to refers to the distinct ideas, opinions, attitudes, knowledge, and actions of young people as a collective body. ... Youth empowerment is an attitudinal, structural, and cultural process whereby young people gain the ability, authority, and agency to make decisions and implement change in their own lives and the lives of other people, including youth and adults. ... Intergenerational equity [1] is a value concept which focuses on the rights of future generations. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights...


As opposed to "children's rights" groups, which tend to advocate entitlements for young people and favor paternalistic handling of minors by government, youth rights organizers seek to enhance the role of young people in society through youth empowerment and equal rights.[citation needed] The childrens rights movement was born in the 1800s with the orphan train. ... Image of traditional cultural paternalism: Father Junipero Serra in a modern portrayal at Mission San Juan Capistrano, California Paternalism refers usually to an attitude or a policy stemming from the hierarchic pattern of a family based on patriarchy, that is, there is a figurehead (the father, pater in Latin) that... Youth empowerment is an attitudinal, structural, and cultural process whereby young people gain the ability, authority, and agency to make decisions and implement change in their own lives and the lives of other people, including youth and adults. ... The Equal Rights Party was a Canadian political party that nominated two candidates in the 5 March 1891 federal election. ...


History

First emerging as a distinct movement in the 1930s, youth rights have long been concerned with civil rights and intergenerational equity. Tracing its roots to youth activists during the Great Depression, youth rights has influenced the civil rights movement, opposition to the Vietnam War, and many other movements. Since the advent of the Internet youth rights is gaining predominance again. Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Intergenerational equity [1] is a value concept which focuses on the rights of future generations. ... Youth activism is best summarized as youth voice engaged in community organizing for social change. ... The Great Depression was a time of economic down turn, which started after the Stock Market Crash on October 29, 1929, also known as Black Tuesday. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Opposition to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War began slowly and in small numbers in 1964 on various college campuses in the United States. ...

First emerging as a distinct movement in the 1930s, the history of youth rights in the United States has long been concerned with civil rights and intergenerational equity. ...

Distinction between youth rights and children's rights

Differences between calls for youth rights and children's rights are not the same. The children's rights movement advocates changes that are often restrictive towards children, with accusations of paternalism, pedophobia, and adultism often leveled at their efforts[citation needed]. A comparison of 1970s youth liberation literature and child rights literature from groups such as the Children's Defense Fund demonstrate a clear distinction.[2] The childrens rights movement was born in the 1800s with the orphan train. ... Image of traditional cultural paternalism: Father Junipero Serra in a modern portrayal at Mission San Juan Capistrano, California Paternalism refers usually to an attitude or a policy stemming from the hierarchic pattern of a family based on patriarchy, that is, there is a figurehead (the father, pater in Latin) that... Pedophobia is the fear of infants, children, or childhood[1] // Pediophogia is an alternate term for pedophobia[2]. Pedophobia is related to other age-focused fears, including ephebiphobia and gerontophobia. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... The Childrens Defense Fund is a child advocacy group. ...


Key youth rights issues

Of primary importance to youth rights advocates are historical perceptions of young people, which are informed by paternalism, adultism and ageism in general, as well as fears of children and youth. Image of traditional cultural paternalism: Father Junipero Serra in a modern portrayal at Mission San Juan Capistrano, California Paternalism refers usually to an attitude or a policy stemming from the hierarchic pattern of a family based on patriarchy, that is, there is a figurehead (the father, pater in Latin) that... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling Hate speech · Hate crime Lynching · Gay bashing Genocide · Holocaust Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing Pogrom · Race war Religious persecution Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism White/Black supremacy Hate groups · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism Womens/Universal suffrage Civil rights · Gay rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Policies Discriminatory... Pedophobia is the fear of infants, children, or childhood[1] // Pediophogia is an alternate term for pedophobia[2]. Pedophobia is related to other age-focused fears, including ephebiphobia and gerontophobia. ... Ephebiphobia (from Greek ephebos έφηβος = teenager, underage adolescent and fobos φόβος = fear, phobia), also known as hebephobia (from Greek hebe = youth), denotes both the irrational fear of teenagers or of adolescence, and the prejudice against teenagers or underage adolescents. ...


Youth rights advocates believe those perceptions inform laws throughout society, including voting rights, age of candidacy, age of consent, Child labor laws, right-to-work laws, curfews, drinking age, driving age, emancipation of minors, voting age, minors and abortion, closed adoption, Corporal punishment, the age of majority, military conscription and the right to sign Contracts. This article is about law in society. ... Voting rights refers to the right of a person to vote in an election. ... Age of candidacy is the minimum age at which a person can legally qualify to hold certain elected government offices. ... Worldwide age of consent laws. ... Categories: Stub | United States law | U.S. history of labor relations ... ... A curfew can be one of the following: An order by the government for certain persons to return home before a certain time. ... Many nations have a legal drinking age, or the minimum age one must be to drink alcohol. ... Driving is the controlled operation of a vehicle, which is usually a motor vehicle such as a truck, bus, or car. ... Emancipation of minors is a legal mechanism through which a person below the age of majority gains certain civil rights, generally identical to those of adults. ... A voting age is a minimum age established by law that a person must attain in order to be eligible to vote in a public election. ... Many jurisdictions have laws applying to minors and abortion. ... Closed Adoption (sometimes called secret adoption) is the process where an infant is adopted by another family, but the record of the natural (birth) parent(s) is kept sealed. ... Corporal punishment is the deliberate infliction of pain intended to correct behavior or to punish. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Conscript (disambiguation). ... A contract is any promise or set of promises made by one party to another for the breach of which the law provides a remedy. ...


There are specific set of issues addressing the rights of youth in schools, including zero tolerance, gulag schools, In loco parentis, and student rights in general. Homeschooling, unschooling, and alternative schools are popular youth rights issues. In the United States and Canada, zero tolerance policies are applied in schools and other education venues. ... A behavior modification facility (or Youth Residential Program) is a private, residential educational institution to which parents send adolescents who are perceived as displaying asocial behavior, in an attempt to alter their conduct. ... The term en loco parentis, Latin for in the place of a parent, refers to the legal responsibility of a person or organization to take on some of the functions and responsibilities of a parent. ... In 1969, the United States federal courts ruled that, Students do not shed their constitutional rights. ... Homeschooling – also called home education or home school – is the education of children at home rather than in a public or private school. ... Unschooling is a form of education in which learning is based on the students interests, needs, and goals. ... In education, the phrase alternative school usually refers to a school based on a non-traditional, new, or non-standard educational philosophy. ...


Strategies for gaining youth rights include developing youth programs and organizations that promote youth activism, youth participation, youth empowerment, youth voice, youth/adult partnerships and intergenerational equity between young people and adults. Youth programs are special opportunities created for people between the ages of 10 and 25, depending on your country. ... A Youth organization is a formal organization aimed at children and adolescents for education and socialization. ... Youth activism is best summarized as youth voice engaged in community organizing for social change. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... Youth empowerment is an attitudinal, structural, and cultural process whereby young people gain the ability, authority, and agency to make decisions and implement change in their own lives and the lives of other people, including youth and adults. ... Youth voice is a fairly common neologism to refers to the distinct ideas, opinions, attitudes, knowledge, and actions of young people as a collective body. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... Intergenerational equity [1] is a value concept which focuses on the rights of future generations. ...


Prominent youth rights individuals

Youth rights, as a philosophy and as a movement, has been informed and is led by a variety of individuals and institutions across the United States and around the world. In the 1960s and 70s John Holt, Richard Farson, Paul Goodman and Neil Postman were regarded authors that spoke out about youth rights throughout society, including education, government, social services and popular citizenship. John Caldwell Holt (April 14, 1923 - September 14, 1985) was an American author and educator, one of the best known proponents of homeschooling, and a pioneer in youth rights theory. ... Paul Goodman (1911–1972) was a poet, writer, public intellectual. ... Neil Postman (March 8, 1931 - October 5, 2003) was a prominent American educator, media theorist, and cultural critic. ...


Alex Koroknay-Palicz has become a vocal youth rights proponent, making regular appearances on television and in newspapers. Mike A. Males is a prominent sociologist and researcher who has published several books regarding the rights of young people across the United States. Several organizational leaders, including Sarah Fitz-Claridge of Taking Children Seriously, Bennett Haselton of Peacefire and Adam Fletcher of The Freechild Project conduct local, national, and international outreach for youth and adults regarding youth rights. Alex Koroknay-Palicz (born July 2, 1981) is an American activist. ... Mike A. Males (born 1950) is an American sociologist who teaches at UC Santa Cruz. ... Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. ... Taking Children Seriously, TCS, is a worldwide parenting movement and educational philosophy based upon the idea that it is possible and desirable to raise and educate children without either doing anything to them against their will, or making them do anything against their will. ... Bennett Haselton is the founder of Peacefire. ... Peacefire. ... Adam Fletcher (b. ... The Freechild Project logo The Freechild Project or Freechild is an international non-profit program connecting young people and social change around the world through a large online web portal for youth and adults. ... Youth programs are special opportunities created for people between the ages of 10 and 25, depending on your country. ...


Prominent youth rights organizations

The National Youth Rights Association is the primary youth rights organization in the United States, with local chapters across the country and constant media exposure. Americans for a Society Free from Age Restrictions has been a historically important organization, fostering a great deal of attention online. The Freechild Project has gained a reputation for interjecting youth rights issues into organizations historically focused on youth development and youth service through their consulting and training activities. The Global Youth Action Network engages young people around the world in advocating for youth rights, and Peacefire provides technology-specific support for youth rights activists. NYRA logo The National Youth Rights Association is the largest Youth Rights group in the United States, with several thousand members. ... Americans for a Society Free from Age Restrictions (ASFAR) is an organization dedicated to protecting and advancing the legal civil rights of youth. ASFAR is an organization within the youth rights movement, which moves to increase rights and privileges for youths in a manner equal to those held by the... The Freechild Project logo The Freechild Project or Freechild is an international non-profit program connecting young people and social change around the world through a large online web portal for youth and adults. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Youth service is tantamount to any volunteer community service activity conducted by any person under the age of 25. ... The Global Youth Action Network (GYAN) is an international network of youth NGOs working to incubate global partnerships and increase youth participation. ... Peacefire. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ...


See also

Youth politics is a category of issues which distinctly involve, affect or otherwise impact youth. ... In 1969, the United States federal courts ruled that, Students do not shed their constitutional rights. ... This camel is driven by a child jockey. ... A poster from the Canadian Department of Justice Trafficking in human beings is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons for the purpose of exploitation. ... Slave redirects here. ... Youth empowerment is an attitudinal, structural, and cultural process whereby young people gain the ability, authority, and agency to make decisions and implement change in their own lives and the lives of other people, including youth and adults. ... Youth voice is a fairly common neologism to refers to the distinct ideas, opinions, attitudes, knowledge, and actions of young people as a collective body. ... Ephebiphobia (from Greek ephebos έφηβος = teenager, underage adolescent and fobos φόβος = fear, phobia), also known as hebephobia (from Greek hebe = youth), denotes both the irrational fear of teenagers or of adolescence, and the prejudice against teenagers or underage adolescents. ... A separate article is about the punk band called The Adolescents. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... Pedophobia is the fear of infants, children, or childhood[1] // Pediophogia is an alternate term for pedophobia[2]. Pedophobia is related to other age-focused fears, including ephebiphobia and gerontophobia. ...

External links

  • National Youth Rights Association (United States)
  • NYRA on Myspace
  • Youth Rights Network
  • U-18 Movement on MySpace

References

  1. ^ Fletcher, A. (2006) Washington Youth Voice Handbook Olympia, WA: CommonAction.
  2. ^ Axon, K. (n.d.) The Anti-Child Bias of Children's Advocacy Groups Chicago, IL: Americans for a Society Free of Age Restrictions.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Youth rights movement in the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (367 words)
The youth rights movement, also described as "youth liberation," is a nascent grass-roots movement whose aim is to fight against ageism (also known as adult chauvinism) and for the self-determination civil rights for persons "under the age of majority"-- 18 in most countries.
Youth rights is different from children's rights, and the two movements are sometimes at odds with each other (again, for curious reasons).
The children's rights movement advocates changes that are often restrictive, protection oriented, and paternalistic, that is, done for children rather than by children.
Youth rights - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (152 words)
Youth rights refers to a set of philosophies intended to enhance civil rights for young people.
As opposed to children's rights groups, which tend to advocate entitlements for young people and favor paternalistic handling of minors by government, youth rights organizers seek to enhance the role of young people in society through equal rights.
These philosophies were espoused by John Caldwell Holt and others who have come to view society's treatment of children as hypocritical and anachronistic.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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