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Encyclopedia > Youth culture

Youth culture generally refers to the ways adolescents and teenagers differentiate themselves from the parent culture of their community and is seen in the range of youth subcultures. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... American high school students Adolescence (Latin adolescentia, from adolescere, to grow up) is the period of psychological, social, and physical transition between childhood and adulthood (gender-specific, manhood or womanhood). ... Culture (from the [[Latin)) cultura stemming from colere, meaning to cultivate), generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Youth subcultures are youth-based subcultures with distinct styles, behaviors and interests. ...


Youth culture is a reaction to the economic, political, and educational changes in Western civilisation after World War II. Each culture tends to be significantly different to the previous. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Politics is the process by which groups make decisions. ... For alternative meanings for The West in the United States, see the U.S. West and American West. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead: 50,000,000 Military dead: 8,000,000 Civilian dead: 4,000,000 Total dead 12,000,000 World War II (abbreviated WWII), or the Second World War, was a worldwide conflict...

Contents

History

Post-World War Two

Prior to World War II, young people in Western culture had little freedom or influence. With the development of post-war affluence and the subsequent baby boom in the United States and Europe, young people began to gain considerable societal influence and buying power. Throughout the 1950s, the growing numbers of young people in the USA and Europe began to greatly influence music, television, and cinema, spurring the explosion of rock & roll in the late-1950s and a full-blown youth culture in the mid-1960s, partly in the form of subcultures such as mods, rockers, and hippies. The creation of youth specific culture was accelerated by the introduction of public money for schools. In 1875, the Supreme Court made a decision that public money could be used to fund school education. This meant that adolescents and children were gathering together daily, creating their own culture and identities. As teenagers created their own identity and their expendable income increased marketing companies focused their efforts to this emerging subset of society. Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead: 50,000,000 Military dead: 8,000,000 Civilian dead: 4,000,000 Total dead 12,000,000 World War II (abbreviated WWII), or the Second World War, was a worldwide conflict... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Western World. ... A baby boom is any period of greatly increased birth rate within temporal and usually geographical bounds. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Allegory of Music on the Opéra Garnier Music is an art form that involves organized sounds and silence. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Rocker may refer to: Rocker, a British, 1960s style or retro-motorcyclist [ UK usage mainly but growing internationally ] Rocker (archetype), a person who listens to rock and roll or Rock music [ North American and UK usage ] Surfing : Rocker refers to the curvature on the bottom of a surfboard, skimboard, bodyboard... Hippies (singular hippie or sometimes hippy) were members of the 1960s counterculture movement who adopted a communal or nomadic lifestyle, renounced corporate nationalism and the Vietnam War, embraced aspects of Buddhism, Hinduism, and/or Native American religious culture, and were otherwise at odds with traditional middle class Western values. ...


The tastes of young people began to drive fashion, music, films and literature. Corporations quickly took note and adapted to the shift by devising marketing strategies for the new demographic, creating magazines such as NME and eventually their own TV channel, MTV. For young people, being more open to change and challenge, technology came easier and fashions changed quicker than their adult counterparts. Baby boomers began to enter the workforce in the 1970s, and thereby wielded even greater influence, helping to innovate the computer revolution, which would be exploited fully by the next generations of young people. The term fashion usually applies to a prevailing mode of expression, but quite often applies to a personal mode of expression that may or may not apply to all. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). ... MTV (Music Television) is an American cable television network headquartered in New York City. ... A Baby boomer is someone who was born during a period of increased birth rates, or Baby boom, and the term is particularly applied to the those born during the post-World War II period of increased birth rates. ... A BlueGene supercomputer cabinet. ...


1990s youth culture

A young crowd enjoys a rave in Manhattan, New York.
A young crowd enjoys a rave in Manhattan, New York.

In the United Kingdom, Britpop exploded in the mid 1990s, peaking between 1995 and 1997 with the release of the Oasis album (What's the Story) Morning Glory?, and the election of Prime Minister Tony Blair. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1235x790, 88 KB) Summary Rave crowd shot from NASA Rewind in NYC 04-03-04. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1235x790, 88 KB) Summary Rave crowd shot from NASA Rewind in NYC 04-03-04. ... A rave (sometimes referred to as a rave party) is an all-night dance event where DJs and other performers play electronic dance music and rave music. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC, City That Never Sleeps, The Concrete Jungle, The City So Nice They Named It Twice Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City... Britpop was a British alternative rock genre and movement that was at its most popular in Great Britain in the mid 1990s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the UK Labour Party, and Member of the UK Parliament...


Some argue that youth culture in the United States lacked a steady footing during the 1990s, particularly in relation to music, as the industry became increasingly commercialized. The decline and absorption of Grunge epitomised by the suicide of Kurt Cobain tailed into a continuation of the longer-lasting pop product. Although artists like Mariah Carey and the Backstreet Boys were hugely successful commercially, most would agree that they, and similar artists, created no sense of a 'movement.' Their fans held no clear fashions or trends, unlike earlier subcultures such as the Teddy Boys, Mods and Punks of Britain. Many critics felt that the artistic integrity of such groups was compromised by the fact that record companies chose performers based largely upon their age or appearance, and that their music was often written by outside songwriters, featuring heavy production. Perhaps as a result of this change in the music industry, popular music has splintered into many different genres, large music movements, started by bands like The Beatles, have been replaced by smaller-scale movements. Recuperation, in the sociological sense (first proposed by Guy Debord and the Situationist movement), is the process by which radical ideas and images are commodified and incorporated within mainstream society, such as the movement for civil rights in the United States or the push for womens rights. ... Grunge music (sometimes also referred to as the Seattle Sound) is an independent-rooted music genre that became a commercially successful offshoot of hardcore punk, thrash metal, and alternative rock in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – c. ... Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1970) is a American pop and R&B singer, songwriter, record producer, music video director and actress. ... The Backstreet Boys are a Grammy-nominated male vocal pop group that enjoyed enormous success in the mid-late 1990s and 2000s. ... // The Teddy boy youth culture first emerged in Britain (starting in London, and rapidly spreading across the country) during the early 1950s, and soon after became strongly associated with American rock and roll music of the period. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Punks at a music festival The punk subculture is a subculture based on punk rock. ... Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Beatles were an English rock band from Liverpool, comprised of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. ...


Mainstream rock music in the United States in this period sometimes featured a softer sound. Examples include the Friends theme tune I'll Be There for You by The Rembrandts and Breakfast at Tiffany's by Deep Blue Something. The 1990s also featured the emergence of mainstream commercial success of rap and hip hop. The hit Gangta's Paradise by Coolio was one of the first rap songs to cross over into the mainstream. Television shows like South Park and Beavis and Butt-head were popular during the 1990s with youth audiences. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Rock and roll. ... Friends. ... The song titled Ill Be There for You, performed by The Rembrandts, is the theme song to the hit American sitcom Friends which began airing in 1994. ... The Rembrandts are a band formed by Phil Sōlem and Danny Wilde in 1989. ... Breakfast at Tiffanys is a song by American rock band Deep Blue Something, released in 1995. ... Deep Blue Something is an American rock band best known for its hit single Breakfast at Tiffanys. ... Popular West Coast rapper Snoop Dogg performing for the US Navy For information on rap music, see hip hop music. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Gangstas Paradise is a rap song by Coolio (born Artis Ivey) from the movie Dangerous Minds (1995) (starring Michelle Pfeiffer). ... Coolio (born Artis Leon Ivey, Jr. ... South Park is an American, Emmy Award-winning animated television comedy series about four fourth grade school boys who live in the small town of South Park, Colorado. ...     Beavis and Butt-head is an American animated television series. ...


2000s youth culture

Commercial pop and rock in the United States has been overshadowed by urban sounds like hip hop and contemporary RnB. Although recently the hip hop genre has been fading, and new rock/nu metal bands are becoming increasingly popular. Many genres of music are represented, although rock still holds a strong influence; even some 80's bands like Metallica are very popular. James Blunt's 2005 song You're Beautiful became the first British artist to top this chart since Elton John in 1997. But these haven't done much in teen culture today. Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Nu metal (also called aggro metal, or nü metal using the traditional heavy metal umlaut) is a musical genre that has origins in the mid 1990s. ... Metallica is an American heavy metal band, formed on October 28, 1981. ... James Blunt (born James Hillier Blount, 22 February 1974) is a 5-time Grammy Award nominated English singer-songwriter whose debut album, Back to Bedlam, and single releases — especially the number one hit Youre Beautiful — brought him to fame in 2005. ... Youre Beautiful is an adult contemporary song co-written by British singer James Blunt, Sasha Skarbek and Amanda Ghost[1] for Blunts debut album Back to Bedlam (2004). ... Sir Elton Hercules John, CBE[1][2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is an English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ...


Since the demise of Britpop, few bands in Britain have witnessed the commercial success of bands like Oasis, with the possible exception of Coldplay. A resurgence of indie genres with their corresponding subcultures has occurred. This resurgence was fronted by bands like Franz Ferdinand and the Kaiser Chiefs. Elsewhere on the UK scene, urban music has enjoyed increased commercial success. Although urban music television channels (such as BET) & urban radio stations (such as Kiss FM) are dominated by American urban music, there have been some local breakthrough acts like Dizzee Rascal & The Streets. Britpop was a British alternative rock genre and movement that was at its most popular in Great Britain in the mid 1990s. ... Oasis are an English rock band, formed in Manchester in 1991. ... Coldplay are an English rock band from London. ... In popular music, indie music (from independent) is any of a number of genres, scenes, subcultures and stylistic and cultural attributes, characterised by perceived independence from commercial pop music and mainstream culture and an autonomous, do-it-yourself (DIY) approach. ... Franz Ferdinand are a rock band that was formed in Glasgow and was named after Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. ... Kaiser Chiefs are an English indie rock band from Leeds, formed early in 1997. ... Black Entertainment Television (BET for short) is the first television network geared towards African-Americans. ... KISS-FM (99. ... Dylan Mills, known professionally as Dizzee Rascal (born November 1, 1985), is a London-based MC/rapper and producer. ... Mike Skinner (born 27 November 1978), more commonly known by his stage name The Streets, is a rapper from West Heath, Birmingham, England. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Youth Culture - MSN Encarta (761 words)
Youth Culture, in sociology, the collective cultural practices of groups of young people (typically between the ages of 15 and 25), such practices setting these groups apart from the dominant or “mainstream” society.
Youth cultural groups are often to be distinguished through distinctive forms of dress style and shared musical tastes, and are typically found in westernized, consumer-based cultures (although more recent research has identified examples of youth cultures in developing countries).
Youth cultures are often said to be the product of the post-World War II consumer boom, when increasing affluence combined with technological breakthroughs and enhanced mass production techniques created the necessary socio-economic conditions for the birth of a youth market.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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