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Encyclopedia > Youssef Chahine
Youssef Chahine
Born Youssef Chahine
January 25, 1926 (1926-01-25) (age 81)
Flag of Egypt Alexandria, Egypt
Occupation Film director and producer.

Youssef Chahine (Arabic: يوسف شاهين) (born January 25, 1926 in Alexandria, Egypt) is an Egyptian film director active in the Egyptian film industry since 1950. is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Antiquity and modernity stand cheek-by-jowl in Egypts chief Mediterranean seaport For other uses, see Alexandria (disambiguation). ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Antiquity and modernity stand cheek-by-jowl in Egypts chief Mediterranean seaport For other uses, see Alexandria (disambiguation). ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... The success of Imarat Yacoubian (The Yacoubian Building, 2006), starring Adel Emam, Youssra, and Nour El-Sherif, is a sign of the continuing vigor of the Egyptian film industry. ...


Early life

Chahine began his education at a friars' school and continued his studies at the prestigious Victoria College. After one year at Alexandria University, he moved to the United States to study acting at the Pasadena Playhouse. Victoria College is or was the name of several institutions of secondary or higher education, including: Victoria College, Alexandria, Egypt Victoria University in the University of Toronto, University of Toronto Victoria College, Texas Victoria College of Art Victorian College of the Arts, University of Melbourne Victoria College, Jersey, Channel Islands... Alexandria University (Arabic: جامعة الإسكندرية ) is a university in Alexandria, Egypt. ... The Pasadena Playhouse is a historic theatre located in Pasadena, California. ...

Starting as a director

After returning to Egypt, he turned his attention to directing. Cinematographer Alvise Orfanelli helped Chahine into the film business. His film debut was Baba Amin (1950): one year later, with Nile Boy (1951) he was first invited to the Cannes Film Festival. In 1970 he was awarded a Golden Tanit at the Carthage Film Festival. With The Sparrow (1973), in which he showed his political opinions after the Six Day War with Israel, he directed the first Egypt-Algeria coproduction. He won a Silver Bear in Berlin for Alexandria...Why? (1978), the first installment in what would prove to be an autobiographic quartet, completed with An Egyptian Story (1982), Alexandria, Again and Again (1990), and Alexandria...New York (2004). In one of his films The Sixth Day اليوم السادس, an adaptation of a novel written in French by Lebanese writer André Chedid, the famous Egyptian singer Dalida was the protagonist in the role of a poor Egyptian woman. Cannes Film Festival logo. ... The Tanit dor is the grand prize of the Carthage Film Festival, hosted biannually in Tunisia. ... The Carthage Film Festival is a biannual October film festival hosted by the government of Tunisia. ... The 1967 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Six-Day War or June War, was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. ... The Berlin International Film Festival, also called the Berlinale is one of the most important film festivals in Europe. ... Dalida as shown on a French stamp issued in 2001 Dalida (January 17, 1933 - May 3, 1987) was an Egyptian-born singer, of Italian origin, making her career in France. ...


In 1992 Jacques Lassalle approached him to stage a piece of his choice for Comédie-Française: Chahine chose to adapt Albert Camus' Caligula, which proved hugely successful. The same year he started writing The Emigrant (1994), a story inspired by the Biblical character of Joseph, son of Jacob. This had long been a dream-project and he finally got to shoot it in 1994. This film created a controversy in Egypt between the enlightened wing and the fundamentalists who opposed the depiction of religious characters in films. In 1997, 46 years and 5 invitations later, his work was acknowledged at the Cannes Film Festival with a lifetime achievement award on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the festival. He is also credited with discovering Omar Sharif, whose first starring role was in Chahine's film The Blazing Sun (1954). He also provided Nadia Lutfi with a very early role as a murder victim in Bab al-Hadid (Cairo Station). The Comédie-Française or Théâtre français is the only state theater in France. ... Albert Camus (pronounced )( ) (November 7, 1913 – January 4, 1960) was an Algerian-French author and philosopher. ... Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (August 31, 12 – January 24, 41), more commonly known by his nickname Caligula, was the third Roman Emperor and a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from 37 to 41 CE. During his brief reign, Caligula focused much of his attention on ambitious construction... Joseph interprets the dream of the Pharaoh. ... Joseph interprets the dream of the Pharaoh. ... For the Pakistani actor of the same name, see Umer Sharif. ... Image:Nadia Lutfi Bein EL Kasrein. ...


Controversy has followed many of his movies. The Sparrow attacks Egyptian corruption and blamed it for the defeat in the Six Day War. Chahine's autobiographical series makes frequent and explicit reference to bisexuality. Cairo Station, albeit a classic of Egyptian cinema, also shocked viewers both by the sympathy with which a "fallen woman" is depicted and by the violence with which she's killed.


  • Baba Amin (Papa Amin)- 1950 بابا أمين
  • El mohareg el kebyr (The Big Clown) - المهرج الكبير
  • Enta habyby (You're My Love) - إنت حبيبى
  • Ibn al-Nil (Nile Boy) - 1951 إبن النيل
  • Sira` Fi al-Wadi (The Blazing Sun, Mortal Revenge)- 1954 صراع فى الوادى
  • Sira` fi el-Minaa (Dark Waters)- 1956 صراع فى الميناء
  • Salwa al fatah al saghyra allaty tokalem el abkar (Salwa the littile girl who talk to cows) - سلوى الفتاة الصغيرة التى تكلم الأبقار
  • Bab al-Hadid (Cairo Station or Cairo Main Station)- 1958 باب الحديد
  • Al Nasser Salah Ad-Din (The Victorious Saladin) - 1963 الناصر صلاح الدين
  • Fagr youm gedyd (Dawn of a New Day) - 1964 فجر يوم جديد
  • 'Biyaa El Khawatem'" (The Ring Salesman) produced in 1965 (based on the musical of 1964) بياع الخواتم
  • Al-Ard (The Land)- 1969 الأرض
  • El Asfur (The Bird) - العصفور
  • Al-Ekhtyiar (the Choice) - الإختيار
  • Awdet el ebn el dal (Return of The Prodigal Son) - 1976 عودة الإبن الضال
  • Iskandariyah... lih? (Alexandria... Why?)- 1978 إسكندرية... ليه؟
  • Hadduta Misriyah (An Egyptian Story)- 1982 حدوتة مصرية
  • Wadaan Bonabart (Adieu Bonaparte) - 1985 وداعا بونابرت
  • al-Yawm al-Sadis (The Sixth Day) - 1987 اليوم السادس
  • Iskandariyah Kaman wa Kaman (Alexandria Again and Forever)- 1990 إسكندرية كمان وكمان
  • El kahera menawara be 2ahlalaha - القاهرة منورة بأهلها
  • Al-Mohagir (The Emigrant)- 1994المهاجر
  • Al-Massir (The Destiny) - 1997 المصير
  • Al-Akhar (The Other) الآخر
  • Sokoot Hansawwar (Silence, We're Rolling) سكوت ح نصور
  • Iskandariyah-New York (Alexandria-New York) إسكندرية-نيويورك
  • Heya Fawda (What a Mess!) هي فوضى (premiere at the Venice Film Festival)

Sira` Fi al-Wadi (Arabic: ‎, English: or The Blazing Sun) is a 1954 Egyptian romance/drama film directed by the acclaimed Egyptian film director Youssef Chahine. ... The Venice Film Festival (it: Mostra Internazionale dArte Cinematografica) is the oldest Film Festival in the World (began in the 1932) and takes place every year in late August/early September on the Lido di Venezia in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi, in Venice, Italy. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
albawaba.com: middle east news information (439 words)
At the age of 24, Chahine was able to shape his cinema; he was not confined by the limited perception of Egyptian public.
For Chahine, his films were not simply a means of entertainment but a way to educate, inform and push the cultural boundaries.
Gabriel Youssef Chahine was educated at the prestigious Victoria College in Alexandria.
  More results at FactBites »



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