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Encyclopedia > Your Black Muslim Bakery

Your Black Muslim Bakery was formed as the establishment of a bakery Yusuf Bey opened in 1968 in Santa Barbara, California, and then relocated to Oakland, California in 1971, which became the center of a Black nationalist community that Bey intended to become a business corridor and model of African American economic self-sufficiency, up until that founder's death in 2003. Deep in debt the following years, the bakery declared reorganizational bankruptcy on October 24, 2006, which was then instead court-ordered on August 3, 2007 to be converted into liquidation bankruptcy, which will become effective on August 9, 2007. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Yusuf Bey (b. ... Nickname: Santa Barbara is situated on the southward-facing coast at far right. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Black nationalism is a political and social movement prominent in the 1960s and early 70s among African Americans in the United States. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Contents

Origins

The founder Yusuf Bey first came to Oakland from Texas with his family while still a student in the early 1950s. As an adult, he opened some cosmetology beauty salon businesses near there and in southern California, before going into the bakery business instead. [1] After discovering the teachings of Elijah Muhammed in the 1960s, Bey converted to Islam in 1964, and founded the Islamic bakery in Santa Barbara in 1968. The group was not affiliated with Louis Farrakhan's movement, the Nation of Islam, though similarities were evident. [2] Nation of Islam minister Keith Muhammad, of East Oakland's Muhammad Mosque #26, stated that the two organizations are distinct and separate.[1] Elijah Muhammad Elijah Muhammad (October 7, 1897–February 25, 1975) led the largely African-American spiritual and political organization, the Nation of Islam from 1934 to 1975. ... Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The baked goods Bey sold were in accordance with the Qur'An, and were free of refined sugar and preservatives, though some items sold were not in accordance with Elijah Muhammad's dietary books: How To Eat To Live, books one and two, as some items contained coconut and oatmeal, which are both considered unfit for human consumption by Elijah Muhammad. Bey named the business Your Black Muslim Bakery on the personal recommendation of his spiritual guide, Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad. In 1971, Bey moved the bakery to Oakland.[1] How To Eat To Live is a series of books published by Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad in the 1960s, which are still in print. ...


By the mid 1980s Bey appeared regularly on a local Oakland Soul Beat cable television lecture program,[2] True Solutions, during which Bey broadcast his hour-long sermons every week. On the program Bey also promoted the bakery, and frequently expounded on the need for the economic self-reliance and "knowledge of self" of African-Americans, whom he lectured the audience as being the "Original Man", a racially-charged idea taking off on the "Out-of-Africa" scientific theory of the Mitochondrial Eve, which was newly popularized at the time. However, Bey's idea differed markedly from the scientific theory. [1] Mitochondrial Eve (mt-mrca) is the name given by researchers to the woman who is the matrilineal most recent common ancestor (MRCA) for all living humans. ...


Controversies

In 1994, Bey's son Akbar Bey was shot four times and killed by a local drug dealer associate outside the old Omni nightclub near the corner of Shattuck Avenue and 50th Street.[2] Court records showed the pathologist's conclusion that Akbar Bey was high on heroin or morphine at the time of his death. An Oakland police lieutenant desbribed Akbar Bey as "a little street thug" once seen well-armed and wearing a bullet-proof vest in a blatant show of force to the police. Three months before his killing, Akbar Bey had been charged with felony counts of carrying a concealed weapon and evading the police, resulting in a car chase and crash at 44th Street and Market Street. [1]


On March 4, 1994, Nedir Bey was involved in the torture and beating of a Nigerian home-seller in an apartment on the 500 block of 24th Street in Oakland, involving a real estate deal. The apartment complex served as a compound for the organization. The extremely violent incident also involved Abaz Bey. Abaz and Nedir Bey were both standing members of the African-American Advisory Committee on Crime, which also included then Oakland Mayor Elihu Harris. The committee had organized a massive conference on crime that same weekend, featuring Jesse Jackson as its keynote speaker.[1] is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... List of mayors of Oakland, California, founded in 1852. ... Elihu Mason Harris is a U.S. Democratic Party politician. ... Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr. ...


By the end of the incident, ninety Oakland Police officers were enganged in hand to hand combat with thirty Black Muslims, some of whom had guns. The two Beys and two other men were charged with felony counts of assault, robbery, and false imprisonment. A year later, all four men pleaded no contest to one felony count of false imprisonment. The prosecutors had cut a plea deal in part because they could not get any tenant witnesses to talk from the apartment complex, where the Bey organization stationed its members as security, like a private compound. Nedir Bey served six months of home detention, and Abaz Bey got eight months home detention.[1]


Primarily through the lobbying and orchestrating done by Nedir Bey, who was the public face of the Bey organization, Yusuf Bey cultivated the patronage of Oakland's civic, political, and religious leaders. He ran unsuccessfully for mayor in 1994, gaining 5% of the vote. [2]


His detractors — notably East Bay Express journalist Chris Thompson — accused of him of cultism, corruption, and anti-Semitism. Many accusations of physical and sexual abuse, including rape and incest, and which were sustained by DNA evidence, were made against Bey, culminating in felony charges which were pending at the time of his death.[3] The East Bay Express (founded 1978) is an Emeryville-based weekly newspaper serving the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... This article does not discuss cult in its original sense of religious practice; for that usage see Cult (religious practice). ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ...


On September 19, 2002, Bey turned himself in to Oakland Police when a warrant was issued for his arrest, charged with 27 counts in the alleged rapes of four girls under the age of 14. The cases were pending trial into the following year.[2] The oldest allegation was that beginning twenty years earlier he serially raped through coercion a preteen girl who, as a ten-year-old, came under foster care of Bey and his wife Nora Bey. Bey died of cancer at age 67 while the first case was awaiting trial.[1] is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Following the death of Yusuf Bey in 2003, Waajid Aliawaad Bey became CEO of Your Black Muslim Bakery. In 2004, at age 51, he disappeared for a period of time, until he turned up as a murder victim with the discovery of his badly decomposed body in a shallow grave off Skyline Blvd. in the Oakland Hills.[2] The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges which overlook the northeast side of the valley in which San Francisco Bay is situated. ...


The bakery business was then taken over by Yusuf Bey's son, Antar Bey. At age 23 in early 2005, Antar Bey was in turn shot to death in what police believe to be a failed carjacking while he was stopped to get gas on Martin Luther King Jr. Way, near 53nd Street.[2]


In November 2005, two liquor stores in Oakland were vandalized, another one was burned, and a store owner briefly abducted by men wearing the distinctive bow-tie apparel associated with the Nation of Islam. The men had demanded that the stores stop selling alcohol to African Americans. Bey's son Yusuf Bey IV was among those arrested in connection with the attacks.[2] Winston Churchill wearing a bow tie One of two ways to tie a bow tie Silk bow ties with thistle and bat wing ends For other uses, see Bow tie (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 2006 Yusuf Bey IV was arrested in San Francisco on assault charges after allegedly trying to run down three security guards outside a strip club in his car. Then he was charged with missing several court dates,[2] for which he became wanted on a $375,000 warrant stemming from the incident at the strip club, during which he had allegedly run over one of the security guards.[4]


On October 24, 2006 Your Black Muslim Bakery, Inc., filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, listing its CEO as Yusuf Ali Bey, otherwise known as Yusuf Bey IV. With $900,000 in debts, owed mostly to the mortgage holder, the building was about to be foreclosed upon. The remaining debt, $200,000, was owed to the Internal Revenue Service. The day after the murder of Chauncey Bailey, on August 3, 2007 U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Edward Jellen ordered the case to be converted to Chapter 7 liquidation effective August 9, 2007. [2] October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code governs the process of reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... Seal of the Internal Revenue Service Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Part of the Taxation series        “IRS” redirects here. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code governs the process of liquidation under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Chauncey Bailey Murder Connection Allegations

Before his shooting death in August 2007, journalist Chauncey Bailey, editor of the Oakland Post, was working on a story about the finances of Your Black Muslim Bakery, involving its pending bankruptcy. [5] [6] Chauncey Bailey (1950 – August 2, 2007) was an editor for the Oakland Post from June 2007 until his murder later that year. ... The Oakland Post in Oakland, California is the largest African-American weekly newspaper in northern California serving Oakland, Berkeley, Richmond and San Francisco. ...


On the morning of August 2, 2007, Bailey set out on his usual walk to work in Downtown Oakland. Unknown to him, Devaughndre Broussard, a 19-year-old handyman at Your Black Muslim Bakery who was on probation for a San Francisco robbery conviction, had found out where Bailey lived. Broussard had worked at the bakery as a handyman and cook between August 2006 and March 2007, before leaving to find other work. He was rehired at the bakery around early July 2007.[6] is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Broussard grew up in the Western Addition of San Francisco. When he was 15, Broussard participated in Young Entrepreneurs at Haas, a mentorship program at UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business geared for disadvantaged Bay Area youth. He was among three 10th-grade students who presented their top investment choices in a competition in which they began with a fictional $1 million to invest and worked with a mentor to learn how to analyze target companies. Broussard won a $100 savings bond. [7]In addition to his probation status, Broussard was wanted on an outstanding failure-to-appear warrant for his arrest, charged with a 2006 assault with a firearm in San Francisco.[4] Western Addition is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California. ...


Broussard first looked for Bailey at his office that morning, but Bailey had not yet arrived. Then Broussard drove around the neighborhood, until he spotted him on the street. Broussard admitted to police the next night that he then ambushed and killed Bailey.[6] Oakland Police investigators said that Broussard confessed that he killed Bailey because he was angry over the past and ongoing articles written by Bailey about the bakery and its personnel. [6]


On the day of the Bailey murder Oakland Police and Crime Stoppers of Oakland offered up to $25,000 in reward money for information leading to the arrest of the suspect. Crimestoppers or Crime Stoppers, a part of Crime Stoppers International, is the telephone hotline, separate from the emergency telephone number system, that allows a member of the community to provide anonymous information about criminal activity. ...


The following day on August 3, 2007, Yusuf Bey IV and six others were arrested on probable cause warrants, including Broussard in connection with the alleged murder of Chauncey Bailey. is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Chauncey Bailey (1950 – August 2, 2007) was an editor for the Oakland Post from June 2007 until his murder later that year. ...


Beginning early at 5 a.m. that morning of August 3, 2007, more than 200 Oakland Police officers and SWAT team members armed with search warrants closed off a number of blocks of San Pablo Avenue, a major thoroughfare in North Oakland. The area of focus included homes and the business properties of Your Black Muslim Bakery, which operates two business locations on either side of the street between Stanford Avenue and 59th Street. The pre-dawn raids followed a two-month investigation into a variety of violent crimes, including kidnapping and murder. Police used stun grenades and broke down doors to gain entry. In a news conference later that day, Oakland Deputy Police Chief Howard Jordan said that several weapons and other evidence of value linked the murder of Chauncey Bailey to members of the group.[5] Police also recovered spent ammunition from the rooftops, and detained 19 people for questioning. [6] is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... This article is about Special Weapons and Tactics. ... A search warrant is a written warrant issued by judge or magistrate which authorizes the police to conduct a search of a person or location for evidence of a criminal offense, and seize the evidence. ...


In addition to the bakeries, the police also raided nearby homes. In the 1000 block of 59th Street, police recovered the shotgun used in the murder of Bailey at the home where Broussard was also detained. The rear yard of the home connected directly to the bakery property. [4] Police also raided homes in the 900 block of Aileen Street a few blocks east of the bakery. [6]


Of the 19 detainees on that morning, five were arrested along with Broussard, and Yusuf Bey IV, on probable cause arrest warrants stemming from prior investigations into violent crimes from the preceding two-year period. Days later, police were still seeking two additional suspects. Police would not give details, but journalists believed two of the cases to involve the predawn double homicide shooting of two men in July 2007 blocks from the bakery. On July 8, 2007 one victim was killed in the 1000 block of 60th Street, and then on July 12, 2007 the other victim was gunned down in the 6200 block of San Pablo Avenue. Another case involved the kidnapping on July 19, 2007 of some women for ransom, before they escaped their captors. [6] is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


The Alameda County Health Department closed the bakery, after rat droppings were found inside, and dead rats found on the rooftop, among other filth and waste which was leaking into drainage lines. As a result, police officers called in Oakland's Vector Control during the raid, along with the state of California Department of Fish and Game and the Alameda Country District Attorney's Office environmental crimes unit. Pending fines could reach up to $5,000 per day.[6]


Coincidentally on the night of August 3, 2007 a tax accountant for the bakery was the victim of a shot being fired at his West Oakland home, but he believed that it had nothing to do with the other incidents.[4] is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... West Oakland is a neighborhood in Oakland, California. ...


On August 4, 2007 Broussard was booked on suspicion of murder, for the killing of Bailey, having told police detectives that he considered himself "a good soldier." Yusuf Bey IV was also booked that day, on the outstanding San Francisco warrant. His brother Joshua Bey and two of the other arrestees from the morning prior were being held in connection with the earlier kidnapping, including the assault of one woman. [4] is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Chris Thompson (November 12, 2002). The Sinister Side of Yusuf Bey's Empire. East Bay Express.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Angela Hill and Josh Richman (2007-08-04). Esteemed enterprise spirals out of control. Oakland Tribune.
  3. ^ [1], sfgate.com
  4. ^ a b c d e Angela Hill and Harry Harris (2007-08-05). Confessed killer: I'm 'a good soldier'. Oakland Tribune.
  5. ^ a b Police Link Bailey Homicide To Black Muslim Group. KTVU (2007-08-03).
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Harry Harris, Kristin Bender and Kelly Rayburn (2007-08-04). Cops: Editor's killer confesses. Oakland Tribune.
  7. ^ Henry K. Lee (2007-08-07). Handyman at bakery held in editor's death. San Francisco Chronicle.

The East Bay Express (founded 1978) is an Emeryville-based weekly newspaper serving the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... The Oakland Tribune is a daily newspaper published in Oakland, California by the ANG Newspapers, a subsidiary of MediaNews Group. ... The Oakland Tribune is a daily newspaper published in Oakland, California by the ANG Newspapers, a subsidiary of MediaNews Group. ... KTVU (Channel 2) is the San Francisco Bay Areas FOX affiliate. ... The Oakland Tribune is a daily newspaper published in Oakland, California by the ANG Newspapers, a subsidiary of MediaNews Group. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ...

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