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Encyclopedia > Young adult (psychology)

According to Erik Erikson's stages of human development, first enumerated in Childhood and Society (1950) a young adult is a person between the ages of 19 and 40, whereas an adolescent is a person between the ages of 13 and 21. The young adult stage in human development precedes middle adulthood. A person in the middle adulthood stage is between the ages of 40 and 65. In maturity, a person is 65 years old or older.[1] This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A separate article is about the punk band called The Adolescents. ... Middle age is the period of life beyond young adulthood but before the onset of old age. ... Paul Kruger in his old age. ...

Contents

Health

Young adults are generally in good health, subject to neither childhood disease nor the problems of senescence. The term childhood disease is sometimes subjective, and does not refer to an accepted, categorical list. ... In biology, senescence is the combination of processes of deterioration which follow the period of development of an organism. ...


Biological function and physical performance reach their peak from 20-35 years of age, waning after 35. Strength peaks around 25 years of age, plateaus through 35 or 40 years of age, and then declines. Flexibility also decreases with age throughout adulthood. However, there are large individual differences and a fit 40-year-old may outcompete a sedentary 20-year-old. [2] Look up fitness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up strength in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ...


Women reach their peak fertility in their early 20s. [3] Assuming unprotected intercourse with a man of the same age, women aged 19-26 have about a 50% chance of becoming pregnant during a given menstrual cycle, compared with 40% in the 27-34 age group and below 30% for women 35-39. [4] Fertility is the natural capability of giving life. ... A pregnant woman Pregnancy is the process by which a mammalian female carries a live offspring from conception until it develops to the point where the offspring is capable of living outside the womb. ... Menstrual cycle The menstrual cycle is a recurring cycle of physiologic changes that occurs in the females of several mammals, including human beings and other apes. ...


In developed countries, mortality rates for the 20-40 age group are typically very low. Men are more likely to die at this age than women, particularly in the 18-25 group: reasons include car accidents and suicide. Mortality statistics among men and women level off during the late twenties and thirties, due in part to good health and less risk-taking behavior. [5] A developed country is a country that has achieved (currently or historically) a high degree of industrialization, and which enjoys the higher standards of living which wealth and technology make possible. ... A car accident in Yate, near Bristol, England, in July 2004. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... Recklessness may be: a legal term describing a persons state of mind when allegedly committing a criminal offence: recklessness (criminal) a state of mind in which a persons acts without caring what the consequences may be: recklessness (psychological) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with...


Cancer is much less common in young than in older adults. [6] Exceptions are testicular cancer, cervical cancer, and Hodgkin's lymphoma. [7] Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system. ... Cervical cancer is a malignant cancer of the cervix. ... Hodgkins lymphoma, also known as Hodgkins disease, is a type of lymphoma first described by Thomas Hodgkin in 1832. ...


In sub-Saharan Africa, HIV/AIDS has hit the early adult population particularly hard. According to a United Nations report, AIDS has significantly increased mortality of between ages 20 to 55 for African males and 20 to 45 for African females, reducing the life expectancy in South Africa by 18 years and in Botswana by 34 years. [8] A political map showing national divisions in relation to the ecological break (Sub-Saharan Africa in green) A geographical map of Africa, showing the ecological break that defines the sub-Saharan area Sub-Saharan Africa is the term used to describe the area of the African continent which lies south... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... This article is about the measure of remaining life. ...


Early adulthood

According to Erikson, the young adult stage involves the personal need for intimacy and sex. Failure to achieve this need results in isolation, which is avoided, and as a result the young adult strives for love and compassion. The young adult learns that love and compassion may get him or her what he or she wants. Definition Intimacy is complex in that its meaning varies from relationship to relationship, and within a given relationship over time. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up isolation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Idiot compassion be merged into this article or section. ...


In modern societies, young adults in their late teens and early 20s encounter a number of issues as they finish school and begin to hold full-time jobs and take on other responsibilities of adulthood. In the late teens and early 20s, young adults become individuals and will set themselves apart. Self becomes the main reliance. Young adults will strive to become independent from parents, take responsibility for themselves and make their own decisions. Adolescents are generally regarded as naïve and inexperienced, but are expected to grow into mature adults in their 20s. They are amateurs in the world of adults. Young adults in this stage of human development learn value in both tangible and intangible objects. Their relationships with their parents and older adults change.


Settling down

After the upheaval of the early 30's, the middle to late 30's (roughly ages 34-39) are often characterized by settling down. People in their 30's may increase the financial and emotional investments they make in their lives. Many have been employed long enough to gain promotions and raises. They often become more focused on advancing their careers and gaining stability in their personal lives. They may have started a family.


See also

See Adult. ... “Adolescent” redirects here. ... A twenty-something is a person in the age group 20 to 29. ... A thirty-something is a person in the age group 30 to 39 years old. ... For other uses, see Youth (disambiguation) Youth is defined by Websters New World Dictionary as, The time of life when one is young; especially: a: the period between childhood and maturity b: the early period of existence, growth, or development. ...

References

  1. ^ Martin Briner, Erik Erikson page, 1999, on Briner's site about learning theories, USMA Department of Mathematical Sciences, Center for Assessment and Program Evaluation (CAPE), United States Military Academy at West Point. Accessed 24 November 2006.
  2. ^ Shephard, Roy J. (7 March 1998). "Aging and Exercise". Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine and Science. T.D.Fahey. Retrieved on 2007-06-26. 
  3. ^ http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001191.htm Infertility] Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia Update Date: 5/15/2006 Updated by: Melanie N. Smith, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA. Review provided by VeriMedHealthcare Network.
  4. ^ http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2002/04/30/MN182697.DTL Study speeds up biological clocks: Fertility rates dip after women hit 27] Carl T. Hall, San Francisco Chronicle April 30, 2002
  5. ^ Life Expectancy Profiles. BBC (6th June 2005). Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  6. ^ UK cancer mortality statistics by age. Cancer Research UK (May 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  7. ^ Cancers at a glance. Cancer Research UK (May 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  8. ^ Ngom, Pierre and Clark, Samuel (18 August 2003). "Adult Mortality In The Era Of HIV/AIDS: Sub-Saharan Africa" (pdf). Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
Preceded by
Adolescence
Stages of human development
Young Adult
Succeeded by
Middle age

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “Adolescent” redirects here. ... Human development is the process of growing to maturity and reaching ones full potential. ... Middle age is the period of life beyond young adulthood but before the onset of old age. ...

External links

happy Human development is the process of growing to maturity. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... “Baby” redirects here. ... Childhood (song) Childhood is a broad term usually applied to the phase of development in humans between infancy and adulthood. ... “Adolescent” redirects here. ... For the adult insect stage, see Imago. ... Middle age is the period of life beyond young adulthood but before the onset of old age. ... Paul Kruger in his old age. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The effects of ageing on a human face Elderly woman Ageing or aging is the process of systems deterioration with time. ... In biology, senescence is the combination of processes of deterioration which follow the period of development of an organism. ... In Developmental psychology, a stage is a distinct phase in an individuals development. ... John Bowlby (1907 - 1990) was a British developmental psychologist in the psychoanalytic tradition, notable for his pioneering work in attachment theory. ... Mother and child. ... Jean Piaget (August 9, 1896 – September 16, 1980) was a Swiss philosopher, natural scientist and developmental psychologist, well known for his work studying children, his theory of cognitive development and for his epistemological view called genetic epistemology. He created in 1955 the International Centre for Genetic Epistemology in Geneva and... // Although there is no general theory of cognitive development, one of the most historically influential theories was developed by Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist (1896–1980). ... Lawrence Kohlberg (October 25, 1927 – January 19, 1987) was an American psychologist. ... Kohlbergs stages of moral development are planes of moral adequacy conceived by Lawrence Kohlberg to explain the development of moral reasoning. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... // Psychosocial development as articulated by Erik Erikson describes eight developmental stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Young adult (psychology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (356 words)
According to Erik Erikson's stages of human development, first enumerated in Childhood and Society (1950) a young adult is a person between the ages of 19 and 40, whereas an adolescent is a person between the ages of 12 and 18.
The young adult stage in human development precedes middle adulthood.
The young adult learns that love and compassion may get him or her what he or she wants.
Vandergrift's YA Literature Page (778 words)
Young adult literature is often thought of as a great abyss between the wonderfully exciting and engaging materials for children and those for adults--just as young adults are often ignored in planning library facilities and services.
These contemporary problem novels reflect the troubled times in which young readers are coming of age, but young people also need to laugh at themselves and at their world and to escape that world in flights of fancy.
With greater freedom in both content and form, young adult literature is moving into a closer connection with adult literature, and fluent readers in this age group may read primarily adult books.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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